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Registros recuperados: 35
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Agricultural Organization in an Era of Traceability AgEcon
Sykuta, Michael E..
From production to retail, information systems have become increasingly important in the agrifood system. Retailers use information systems to improve inventory management and increase efficiency in production and logistics. Innovations in agribiotechnology and food safety issues highlighted by incidences related to Starlink corn and “mad cow disease” have raised consumer concerns about their food products. In addition to food safety concerns, consumers are increasingly willing to pay premiums for nonobservable quality characteristics in their food products. This paper outlines a framework for evaluating the implications of traceability for the organization of the agricultural system and highlights potential organizational responses to traceability...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agrifood system; Contracting; Organizational economics; Traceability; L14; L22; L23; Q13.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43512
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Alleged Transmission Undersupply: Is Restructuring the Cure or the Cause? AgEcon
Brennan, Timothy J..
Widespread concern over transmission capacity requires theoretical support to infer inadequacy from observed trends indicating reductions in the ratio of transmission to generation capacity over time. If integrated utilities had been regulated with allowed returns exceeding capital costs, transmission generation ratios would have been excessive, and observed trends might be a correction. However, numerous commentators claim that post-restructuring transmission rates have been too low, with NIMBY also discouraging investment. We model the possibility that inadequate separation between generation and transmission may result in reduced investment, in order to preserve incumbent market power in generation. However, consideration of transmission price caps and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Electricity transmission; Regulation; Deregulation; Vertical integration; Environmental Economics and Policy; L94; L51; L22.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10723
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Comportamiento de los sectores de la industria alimentaria desde la perspectiva de las tasas de absorcion interna AgEcon
Rios, Merce Sala.
Resumen: El presente trabajo analiza la evolución de la industria alimentaria de la economía española a lo largo del período 1986-1998. El objetivo es llegar a conclusiones acerca de la especialización productiva, la demanda y los intercambios con el exterior. Conclusiones que se abordan a nivel sectorial. Ello es así desde el momento en que se ha desglosado la industria alimentaria en 12 sectores que serán sobre los que se trabajará. En definitiva, se trata de evaluar los principales cambios en la estructura de mercado de los distintos sectores mediante el análisis de un modelo contable que parte de la igualdad entre recursos y empleos. Dicho modelo nos permitirá aproximar conceptos como la tasa de absorción, la tasa de apertura, la tasa de penetración y...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; L22; Q00; L22; Q00.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28784
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"Co-Operative Identity" - A Theoretical Concept for Dynamic Analysis of Practical Co-Operation: The Dutch Case AgEcon
Szabo, Gabor G..
The "concept of the co-operative identity" (consisting from the definition, aims and functions of cooperatives and the so-termed co-operative principles) serves as a general theoretical background for the economic analysis of agricultural co-operation. The development of Dutch dairy co-operatives is used as a case study example, which suitably illustrates and represents the processes taking place in the European Union. Some suggestions for further research on the co-operative identity according to each country and different branches and sectors in order to see the substance of co-operation from different economic and non-economic aspects are proposed.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Co-operative; Identity; Principles; Strategy; Agribusiness; Q13; L14; L22.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24453
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Does Vertical Integration Effect Market Power? Evidence from U.S. Food Manufacturing Industries AgEcon
Bhuyan, Sanjib.
Vertical Integration
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food industries; Market power; Vertical integration; Vertical merger; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Production Economics; L13; L22; Q13.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43737
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Endogenous R&D Investment and Market Structure: A Case Study of the Agricultural Biotechnology Industry AgEcon
Anderson, Benjamin; Sheldon, Ian M..
Over the past three decades, the agricultural biotechnology sector has been characterized by rapid innovation, market consolidation, and a more exhaustive definition of property rights. The industry attributes consistently identified by the literature and important to this analysis include: (i) endogenous sunk costs in the form of expenditures on R&D; (ii) seed and agricultural chemical technologies that potentially act as complements within firms and substitutes across firms; and (iii) property rights governing plant and seed varieties that have become more clearly defined since the 1970s. This paper adds to the stylized facts of the agricultural biotechnology industry to include the ability of firms to license technology, a phenomenon observed only...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Licensing; Market structure; R&D; Agricultural biotechnology; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; L22; L24; Q16.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107832
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Forest-Mill Integration: A Transaction Costs Perspective AgEcon
Niquidet, Kurt; O'Kelly, Glen.
In Canada, where public ownership of forestland is prevalent, a central decision facing policy makers is how to allocate timber resources to private forest companies. Debates tend to focus around what proportion of the annual harvest should be devoted to markets opposed to long-term contracts. To give a guide to policy makers, we surveyed forest firms from New Zealand and Sweden where this decision is based purely on a commercial basis. On average, mills source fifty percent of their fibre from the market. However, using a fractional logit model, we test whether theories from transaction cost economics influence this decision. Results are consistent with transaction cost economics; firms decrease the proportion of fibre sourced from a market with...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Transaction costs; Forest tenure; Vertical integration; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; D23; K23; L22; L73.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37086
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Fundamental Forces Affecting Livestock Producers AgEcon
Lawrence, John D.; Mintert, James R..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Market Forces; Livestock Production; Porter’s Five Forces; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; L10; L22; L80; Q13.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104212
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FUNDAMENTAL FORCES AFFECTING THE U.S. FRESH BERRY AND LETTUCE/LEAFY GREEN SUBSECTORS AgEcon
Cook, Roberta L..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Berries; Competitiveness; Fresh Produce; Leafy Greens; Lettuce; Market Forces; Porter's Five Forces; Shipper; Structural Change; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q13; L10; L22; M21.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120009
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FUNDAMENTAL FORCES AFFECTING U.S. FRESH PRODUCE GROWERS AND MARKETERS AgEcon
Cook, Roberta L..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Competitiveness; Fresh Fruits and Vegetables; Fresh Produce; Market Forces; Porter's Five Forces; Shipper; Structural Change; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q13; L10; L22; M21.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120008
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Globalization of innovation activity by transnational corporations: and its importance in the present economic crisis AgEcon
Zorska, Anna.
The research aims to investigate the process of globalizing innovation activity conducted by transnational corporations (TNCs), in a wider context of economic changes outside and inside companies. The process has been triggered by decentralization and internationalization of R&D, “creative transition” of foreign subsidiaries as well as implementing research networks and the open innovation model of TNCs’ innovation activity. Under the present economic crisis some slowdown and reorientation of innovation programs are implemented in order to reduce their costs and increase effectiveness. The globalization of corporate innovation activity can contribute to reaching some of TNCs’ goals both under the present crisis and the future revival of the world...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Globalization; Innovations; Economic crisis; TNC.; International Development; D21; F23; L22; O32.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94610
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Governance of the Agri-food Chains as a Vector of Credibility for Quality Signalization in Europe AgEcon
Raynaud, Emmanuel; Sauvee, Loic; Valceschini, Egizio.
For many agricultural products, the quality of the final products strongly depends on different stages of the productive chain. This stresses the importance of relationships between quality signal owners and suppliers in the vertical chain. Based on a New Institutional Economics analysis, the goal of this paper is twofold: (i) to design a framework to study the links between quality signaling, coordination in the supply chains and the institutional environment, (ii) to conduct a comparative analysis to identify, compare and explain the modes of organization implemented for the governance of different quality signs. The general hypothesis is that, in order to assure the credibility of a quality signal, there must be an efficient alignment between quality...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Alignment; Credibility; Governance structures; Quality signals; Agribusiness; L14; L15; L22.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24917
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Healthy Competition in the Animal Health Industry AgEcon
Buhr, Brian L.; Holtkamp, Derald; Sornsen, Steve.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Pharmaceutical Industry; Five Forces; Animal Health; Veterinary; Competition; Economics; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Q13; Q18; L11; L22; L2; L66.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104213
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Identification of Supply Models of Retailer and Manufacturer Oligopoly Pricing AgEcon
Villas-Boas, Sofia Berto; Hellerstein, Rebecca.
This note outlines conditions under which we can identify a vertical supply model of multiple retailers' and manufacturers' oligopoly-pricing behavior. This is an important question particularly when the researcher believes, contrary to the traditional assumption followed in the empirical literature, that retailers may not be neutral pass-through intermediaries. We show that a data-set of an industry's product prices, quantities, and input prices over time is sufficient to identify the vertical model of retailers' and manufacturers' oligopoly-pricing behavior given nonlinear demand, for homogeneous-products industries, and given multi-product firms, for differentiated-products industries.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Identification; Vertical relationships; Oligopoly models of multiple manufacturers and retailers.; Demand and Price Analysis; Industrial Organization; L13; L22.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25052
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La nueva economía institucional y la economía de los recursos naturales: comunes, instituciones, gobernanza y cambio institucional AgEcon
Caballero-Miguez, Gonzalo; Garza-Gil, Maria Dolores.
In recent decades, the New Institutional Economics has brought about the “return of institutions” to the economic mainstream, and institutional theory and analysis have been developed from Ronald Coase’s notion of transaction costs and Douglass North’s view on institutions. The Nobel Prize award in Economics to Oliver Williamson and Elinor Ostrom in 2009 has pointed out the relevance of the new institutional approach. Natural Resource Economics has included the institutional determinants of the management of natural resources into its research agenda. In this sense, the advances of the New Institutional Economics allows the development of institutional analysis in the field of the Economics of Natural Resources, such as Elinor Ostrom’s work has shown. This...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; B52; Q00; L22.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99096
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Location of Production and Consolidation in the Processing Industry: The Case of Poultry AgEcon
Goodwin, Harold L., Jr..
The poultry industry is the most vertically integrated of U.S. agriculture and food production and is rapidly progressing toward being one of the most concentrated. In 2002, the top 15 broiler states accounted for 94.4% of U.S. production. From 1982-2002, the top four broiler firms had a fivefold increase in Ready-to-Cook (R-T-C) pounds, a tripling of plants and four-and eight-firm concentration ratio increases of 27.9% to 48.2% and 44.1% to 66.6%. In a broad sense, chicken became more affordable, appealing, and available; total R-T-C pounds increased from 234 to 663 million pounds between 1982 and 2002.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Broilers; Concentration; Poultry pricing; Poultry production; Vertical integration; L11; L22; M11; Q13; R30.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43510
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MARKET FORCES AND CHANGES IN THE PLANT INPUT SUPPLY INDUSTRY AgEcon
Olson, Kent D.; Rahm, Michael; Swanson, Michael J..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Input Supply Industry; Fertilizer; Plant Nutrients; Seed; Capital; Market Forces; Structural Change; Porter’s Five Forces; Agribusiness; Q13; L10; L22; M22; L80.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100786
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Markets, Contracts, or Integration? The Adoption, Diffusion, and Evolution of Organizational Form AgEcon
Sykuta, Michael E.; Klein, Peter G.; James, Harvey S., Jr..
The rise of contract farming and vertical integration is one of the most important changes in modern agriculture. Yet the adoption and diffusion of these new forms of organization has varied widely across regions, commodities, or farm types, however. Transaction cost theories and the like are not fully effective at explaining the variation of adoption rates of different organizational forms, in part because of their inherent static nature. In order to explain the adoption, diffusion and evolution of organizational form, a more dynamic framework is required. This paper lays out such a framework for understanding the evolution of organizational practices in U.S. agriculture by drawing on existing theories of economic organization, the diffusion of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Contracting; Vertical integration; Organizational innovation; Diffusion; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; L14; L22; Q13; O33.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19390
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New Cooperative Development Issues AgEcon
Henehan, Brian M.; Hardesty, Shermain D.; Shultz, Madeline; Wells, John.
This article briefly reviews the increased interest in new cooperative development, factors for successful cooperative development, and strategies to improve the performance of new and emerging cooperatives. The article highlights issues identified by a panel of cooperative leaders, USDA specialists and academic experts
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; New Cooperatives; Developing Cooperatives; Agribusiness; P13; L22; L43.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117412
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Partial Implementation of COOL: Economic Effects in the U.S. Seafood Industry AgEcon
Joseph, Siny; Lavoie, Nathalie; Caswell, Julie A..
Mandatory Country of Origin Labeling (MCOOL) was implemented on seafood in the United States on April 4, 2005. MCOOL exempts the foodservice sector and excludes processed seafood from labeling. This paper contributes to understanding the economics of the MCOOL law for seafood by showing that current partial implementation may have unintended consequences on the domestic supply chain. While labeling satisfies the market demand for information provision in one market, exemptions in the other market may create incentives for the diversion of imports, which are assumed to be lower in quality than domestic seafood, to the non-labeled sector. Analyzing alternate scenarios such as voluntary labeling shows that total welfare may be greatest under this scenario...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Country of origin labeling; Product differentiation; Information asymmetry; Seafood; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing; L15; L22; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55921
Registros recuperados: 35
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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