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Registros recuperados: 6
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A Review of Value-Added Centers: Objectives, Structures, Staffing, and Funding AgEcon
Holcomb, Rodney B.; Johnson, Aaron J..
Value-added centers have been established in many states. These centers vary greatly in objectives, operational structures, staffing, and funding. This paper uses examples of several centers and programs, with a specific emphasis on three centers, to provide a better understanding of value-added centers and their operations.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Multidisciplinary; Planning; Value-added; Agribusiness; L3; O1; Q0.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6525
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El impacto social de la privatización y de la regulación de los servicios públicos en el Perú AgEcon
Torero, Maximo; Pasco-Font Quevedo, Alberto.
Casi cinco años después de haber culminado las privatizaciones en telecomunicaciones y electricidad, así como haber realizado importantes reformas en agua potable y alcantarillado, es necesario realizar un balance sobre los resultados de dichas reformas. A fin de determinar si el resultado fue positivo o negativo, esta investigación trata de cuantificar los efectos de las privatizaciones de los servicios públicos (agua, telecomunicaciones y electricidad) sobre el consumo y bienestar de los hogares urbanos peruanos. Por tanto, nuestro principal objetivo es analizar los efectos sobre la distribución del ingreso e identificar que hogares se beneficiaron y cuales se perjudicaron por los cambios en precios originados por las privatizaciones. Para lograr este...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Servicios públicos; Telecomunicacions; Electricidad; Privatización; Saneamiento; Perú; Public Services; Telecomunications; Electricity; Sanitation; Privatization; Peru; Public Economics; L3.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37758
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Middlemen, Non-Profits, and Poverty AgEcon
Chau, Nancy H.; Goto, Hideaki; Kanbur, Ravi.
In many markets in developing countries, especially in remote areas, middlemen are thought to earn excessive profits. Non-profits come in to counter what is seen as middlemen's market power, and rich country consumers pay a "fair-trade" premium for products marketed by such non-profits. This paper provides answers to the following five questions. How exactly do middlemen and non-profits divide up the market? How do the price mark up and price pass-through differ between middleman and non-profits? What is the impact of non-profits entry on the wellbeing of the poor? Should the government subsidize the entry of non-profits, or the entry of middlemen? Should wealthy consumers in the North pay a premium for fair trade products, or should they support fair...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Middlemen; Non-profits; Poverty; Market Access; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Productivity Analysis; F15; I32; L3.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55931
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One Player Games versus Two Player Games: Comparing Agribusiness Cooperatives with Investor-Owned Business Models AgEcon
Parker, Frederick.
Cooperative business firms are prevalent in agribusiness, yet no concise generalized model exists to demonstrate how and why cooperative firms differ from, and may be selected over, the more common investor owned business firm. It is shown within a generic transaction game that cooperatives fill both producer and consumer roles as an aggregated player that is expected to maximize aggregate producer and consumer payoffs rather than maximizing either payoff separately, which contrasts with investor owned firms as essentially two player games between separate and competing producers and consumers where each player seeks to maximize their separate payoff individually. A cardinally valued game theoretic matrix is used to demonstrate the expected differences...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Game Theory; Collective Action; Agricultural Economics; Theory of the Firm; Agribusiness; B5; C7; D7; L2; L3; Q1.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100691
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The Effects of Strengthened IPR Regimes on the Plant Breeding Sector in Developing Countries AgEcon
Eaton, Derek J.F.; Tripp, Robert; Louwaars, Niels P..
This paper analyzes the effect of intellectual property rights (IPR) regimes on the plant breeding sector in developing countries. Most of these countries have implemented a system of plant variety protection (PVP), or are in the process of doing so, generally as part of their obligations under the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) of the World Trade Organization (WTO). This paper presents the results of research on the initial effects of IPRs on the plant breeding sector in five case study countries (China, Colombia, India, Kenya and Uganda). Three of the countries have PVP systems in place and the other two are in the process of either developing or implementing legislation. But the ease of implementing PVP seems to have...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; L3; O3; Q16.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25455
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The Role of Participation in CVM Survey Design: Evidence from a Tap Water Improvement Program in Northern Thailand AgEcon
Ahlheim, Michael; Fror, Oliver; Sinphurmsukskul, Nopasom.
In the environmental economics literature results from contingent valuation mail surveys (MS) are usually considered less reliable than results from face-to-face surveys (FtF). This is mostly due to low response rates and self-selection effects of the respondents. However, MS are much less costly than FtF surveys so that there exists a strong need to make MS more reliable in order to save costs for environmental policy makers. This paper proposes a participatory procedure of survey design in order to improve MS questionnaires. In an empirical study of water quality improvement it is demonstrated that this procedure yields results identical to those of a FtF survey. In contrast to focus groups commonly applied in contingent valuation, we are able to show...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Contingent valuation; Water quality improvement; Participatory techniques; Mail surveys; Elicitation question formats; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; D6; H4; L3; Q25; Q51.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25692
Registros recuperados: 6
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