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Registros recuperados: 23
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Abondance et composition du phytoplancton sur les lagunes méditerranéennes oligo et mésohalines ArchiMer
Derolez, Valerie; Bec, Béatrice; Grillas, Patrice; Sanchez, Ana Elena; Raimbault, Patrick.
In the context of WFD implementation on Mediterranean lagoons, work has been carried out since 2010 by Ifremer, Tour du Valat and IRSTEA (Onema and AERM & C fundings), to assess the relevance of macrophytes and macrofauna indicators for oligohaline and mesohaline lagoons (mean salinity <18 PSU). The question of the relevance of indicator metrics and thresholds for the "phytoplankton" biological quality element also arises, especially due to the confined nature of olgo-mesohaline lagoons. The objective of this study is to characterize the abundance and composition of phytoplankton on 5 oligo and mesohaline lagoons of the French Mediterranean coast (Scamandre, Crey, Charnier, Bolmon and Grand Palun). Analyses of accessory pigments (chlorophyll and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lagunes; Méditerranée; Oligohalin; Mésohalin; Phytoplancton; Cytométrie; Pigments chlorophylliens; Lagoons; Mediterranean Sea; Oligohaline; Mesohaline; Phytoplankton; Cytometry; Chlorophyll pigments..
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00357/46816/46682.pdf
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Communication mer-lagune: impact d'une réouverture sur l'ichtyofaune de la lagune Ebrié (Côte d'Ivoire) OceanDocs
Albaret, J.J.; Ecoutin, J.-M..
La réouverture artificielle de la passe de Grand-Bassam, pratiquée en septembre 1987 dans le but de limiter la prolifération des végétaux aquatiques, a modifié l'environnement et la structure des peuplements ichtyologiques de la partie orientale de la lagune Ebrié (Côte d'Ivoire). Les résultats de deux séries d'observations réalisées en mai 1988 montrent une élévation notable de la salinité et une augmentation de la composante marine au sein des peuplements de poissons par rapport à la situation antérieure (années de référence: 1980 et 1981).
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Lagoons; Communication; Sea; Environmental impact.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5371
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distribution of phosphorus fractions and some of heavy metals in surface sediments of burullus lagoon and adjacent mediterranean sea OceanDocs
Radwan, A.M.; Khalil, M.K.; El-Moselhy, K.M..
Twelve samples were collected from the surface sediments of lagoon and adjacent Mediterranean Sea. Samples were analyzed for grain size, total organic carbon (TOC), total carbonate (CaCO3), various forms of phosphorus and heavy metals (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, Co, Cd and Pb). The results indicated that the sediments were composed of sand, silt and clay enriched with carbonate (1.95 – 34.1%) and total organic carbon (0.06 and 3.62%). The total-P content ranged between 58 and 1186 μg/g, and the fraction associated with apatite minerals (PHCl) was the dominant (it constitutes about 50 – 73% of TP) implying that it was the main storage of phosphate. The various P phases demonstrated significant positive correlation with mean size, silt, clay, TOC, CaCO3 and TP,...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Field Study; Sediments; Heavy metals; Lagoons; Heavy metals; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2223.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1888
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Environmental water needs and impacts of irrigated agriculture in river basins: A framework for a new research program AgEcon
Smakhtin, Vladimir U..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water resource management; Water conservation; Irrigated farming; River basins; Environmental effects; Ecosystems; Water requirements; Water allocation; Catchment areas; Lagoons; Wetlands; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92695
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Etude du fonctionnement hydrosédimentaire d'un écosystème lagunaire sur des échelles de temps multiples. Application au complexe lagunaire "étangs Palavasiens - étang de l'Or - canal du Rhône à Sète" ArchiMer
Castaings, Jerome.
The sedimentary evolution of coastal lagoons is a complex phenomenon involving both short term extreme processes (floods, storms) and long term processes (mean sea level variations, climate change). If general mechanisms of these phenomena are well known, their spatial and temporal variability makes them difficult to assess at the local scale. The diversity of lagoonal environments and human influence makes this even more risky. I have focussed this study on the case of a Mediterranean lagoon system : “Palavasian lagoons, Or lagoon, and Rhône-Sète waterway” which is located in the Gulf of Lion (South of France). A ultidisciplinary approach was used to assess sediment dynamics on multiple time scales. An average filling rate of 1.3 mm.year-1 over the two...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dynamique sédimentaire; Géochronologie; Hydrodynamique; Échelles temporelles; Lagunes; Sediment dynamic; Geochronology; Hydrodynamic; Time scales; Lagoons.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00193/30436/28853.pdf
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Evolution saisonnière des populations de diatomées benthiques dans les lagunes aménagées de Certes ArchiMer
Malissen, M.o.; Lasserre, P..
In lagoons and estuarine ecosystems, the benthic microflora contributes considerably to the primary production of the area and consists largely of diatoms Monthly samplings have been made from December 1976 to March 1978 in a shallow station characterized by the lack of macrophytes. Two sets of monthly sam­plings were made allowing in theone hand a qualitative analysis and on the other hand a quantitative study by cellular counts. The diatom populations show a cyclic evolution with two peaks : one in February 1977 and the other in September 1977. This cycle is confirmed by the di­versity and dominance analysis. Seasonal evolution is characterized by the domi­nance of one or more species with well marked succession of dominant species (Nitzschia Navicula et...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diatomées benthiques; Variations saisonnières; Diversité; Lagunes; Bassin d'Arcachon; Benthic diatoms; Seasonal variations; Diversity; Lagoons; Arcachon Bay.
Ano: 1979 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00306/41679/40888.pdf
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Impact des perturbations anthropiques sur l'évolution du phytoplancton de la lagune de Boughrara, ( tunisie ) OceanDocs
Romdhane, M.S.; Ben Rejeb-Jenhani, A..
La détérioration de la qualité des eaux de la lagune de Boughrara, conséquence de divers apports polluants et d’échanges d’eaux limités avec la mer, s’est traduite par un accroissement sévère de l’eutrophisation du milieu se manifestant notamment par d’importantes proliférations microalgales. L’analyse de l’évolution de l’ensemble des groupes phytoplanctoniques a montré que les périodes de forte biomasse algale sont caractérisées par des développements monospécifiques. L’importance relative croissante de la classe des dinoflagellés se manifestent par un net accroissement du rapport dinoflagellés / diatomées. Le très fort développement de l’espèce Gymnodinium cf nagasakiense , (densités maximales de l’ordre de 6.10 6 cellules par litre ) espèce connue...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Diatoms; Environmental factors; Lagoons; Phytoplankton; Geographical distribution.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/236
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Impact of macroalgal dredging on dystrophic crises and phototrophic bacterial blooms (red waters) in a brackish coastal lagoon ArchiMer
Guyoneaud, R; De Wit, R; Matheron, R; Caumette, P.
The Prevost lagoon (Mediterranean coast, France), was subject to annual dystrophic crises caused by the biodegradation of opportunistic macroalgae (Ulva lactuca) in the past. These crises result in anoxic waters with subsequent blooms of Purple Sulphur Bacteria (red waters) which, by oxidizing sulphide, contribute to the reestablishment of oxic conditions in the water column. Mechanical dredging of the macroalgal biomass has been carried out in the lagoon since 1991 with the aim of preventing the ecological and economic disturbances caused by such crises. Dredging began just before the phototrophic bloom when the water was already hypoxic (O-2 = 0.7 mg . L-1) and contained sulphilde (H2S = 7.3 mg . L-1) and purple patches of phototrophic bacteria...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Milieu lagunaire; Macroalgues; Crise dystophique; Eaux rouges; Bactéries phototrophes; Lagoons; Macroalgae; Dystrophic crisis; Red waters; Phototrophic bacteria.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43658/43216.pdf
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Impacts of irrigation on inland fisheries: Appraisals in Laos and Sri Lanka AgEcon
Nguyen-Khoa, Sophie; Smith, Laurence; Lorenzen, Kai.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fisheries; Irrigation effects; Assessment; Social aspects; Villages; Irrigation programs; Lagoons; Drainage; Households; Rice; Case studies; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92824
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L’algue rouge "Gracilaria verrucosa" (hudson) papenfuss de la lagune de Bizerte (Tunisie septentrionale) : essai de culture en mode suspendu et composition biochimique OceanDocs
Mensi, F.; Ksouri, J.; Hammami, W.; Romdhane, M.S..
L'algue rouge, Gracilaria verrucosa, a été cultivée, durant le printemps 2009, en mode suspendu à différents emplacements et profondeurs représentant les différences biogéochimiques de la lagune de Bizerte au Nord de la Tunisie. La concentration et la distribution des nutriments (ammonium, phosphate) dans l'eau, ainsi que la salinité, la température, l’oxygène et la transparence de l’eau ont été déterminées. Les méthodes analytiques internationales standardisées ont été appliquées. Les effets du mode de culture, de l’emplacement et de la profondeur sur les rendements en poids, protéines, R-Phycoérythrine et sucres totaux de l’algue ont été étudiés. La croissance de Gracilaria a été similaire dans les différents sites mais plus lente dans les profondeurs...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Algal culture; Ammonium compounds; Biochemical composition; Biogeochemistry; Carbohydrates; Dissolved oxygen; Environmental conditions; Growth; Intensive culture; Lagoons; Off-bottom culture; Raw materials; Red algae; Biogeochemical cycle.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4497
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Major Fishes of West African Coastal Waters and Their Morphological Characterization, with Emphasis on Sarotherodon melanotheron Teleostei, Cichlidae) OceanDocs
Falk, T.M.; Teugels, G.G..
The West African coastal zone is rich in estuaries and lagoons. Estuaries are abundant in the area from the mouth of Senegal to Guinea (e.g., Sine Saloum, Casamance); lagoons are generally present from Cote d'Ivoire to the Niger Delta in Nigeria (e.g., Ebrie Lagoon, Porto Novo Lagoon, Lagos Lagoon). Because of their important diversity, it is difficult to give their physical and biological definitions. They are all, however, characterized by a typical and rich fish species composition
Tipo: Proceedings Paper Palavras-chave: Fish species; Coastal zone; Lagoons; Estuaries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/737
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Modification de l'équilibre démographique de la meiofaune dans les lagunes aménagées de Certes ArchiMer
Castel, J.; Lasserre, P..
Monthly sampling for a 2-year period allowed comparisons between the communities of meiofauna living in fish ponds ("reservoirs a poissons de Certes") and those inhabiting a contiguous tidal pool ("lac de tonne"). Nematods and copepods constitute the bulk of the meiofaunal populations. The community structure of co­pepods is considered in detail.The communities of copepods are clearly separated between the two areas. In terms of abundance, diversity and species persistence, the meiofauna is more stable in the intertidal pool than in the fish ponds. When the seasons are well marked, the community structure of the cope­pods in the fish ponds is nearly equilibrated in spring, with a maximum of diver­sity in May-June. During high eutrophication periods, in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lagunes; Diversité; Distribution différentielle; Meiofaune; Copépodes; Bassin d'Arcachon; Lagoons; Diversity; Differential distribution; Meiofauna; Copepods; Arcachon Bay.
Ano: 1979 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00306/41681/40890.pdf
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Numération et approche qualitative des populations bactériennes des lagunes aménagées de Certes (Arcachon). I. Bactéries hétérotrophés aérobies ArchiMer
Baleux, B.; Caumette, P.; Trousselier, M..
Numeration, biomass, distribution within time, some physiological characters and a taxonomical outline, with a standardized micro method, of aerobic hétérotrophie bacteria isolated from sediments an waters, from fishponds of "Domaine de Certes" (Arcachon) from june 1977 to may 1978 are described. Number of hétérotrophie bacteria evolved in a significant way, according to seasons, and bacterial biomass is higher in the sediments than in the waters. Metabolic or physiological differences (proteolysis, denitrification) appeared among populations due to the origin of sediments. Moreover the qualitative study pointed out taxonomical units as Bacillus associated to seasons, or Agrobacterium associated to vegetable detritical sediments.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lagunes; Bactéries hétérotrophes aerobies; Biomasse; Taxonomie; Micro méthode; Enzymatiques; Lagoons; Aerobic heterotrophic bacteria; Biomass; Taxonomy; Enzymatic micro methods.
Ano: 1979 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00306/41677/40886.pdf
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Numération et approche qualitative des populations bactériennes des lagunes aménagées de Certes (Arcachon). II. Bactéries sulfo-oxydantes photosynthétiques ArchiMer
Baleux, B.; Caumette, P.; Trousselier, M..
Chromatiaceae are unceasing present in the sediment of Certes's lagoons. The genera isolated ares Thiocapsa (80%),Chromatium and Ectothio- rhodospira. From august to October 1977, physical-chemical and bacteriological analysis, in red water present in lagoons, show the Chromatiaceae proliferation and presence of hydrogen sulfide. In October 1977, a study of white water development display the absence of sulphurbacteria and the presence of hydrogen sulfide,carbon dioxide and carbonate. The important role of photo­trophic bacteria in the sulphur cycle are demonstrated by comparison between these waters.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bactéries phototrophes; Eaux rouges; Eaux blanches; Lagunes; Phototrophic bacteria; Red water; White water; Lagoons.
Ano: 1979 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00306/41678/40887.pdf
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Nutrition chez des copepodes en milieu lagunaire mediterraneen en fonction de la concentration en particules et de la temperature ArchiMer
Gaudy, R; Pagano, M.
The zooplankton of an eutrophic brackish lagoon (Etang de Berre), near Marseille (France) was studied during an annual cycle. It was characterized by large populations of a pelagic copepod (Acartia tonsa ). Grazing on natural particles by this species was investigated. Adults were able to use an extended range of particle sizes, but showed selectivity for particles concentration was observed (14 mu m). Temperature and particles concentration appear to modify the selectivity behavior. Juvenile stages could also catch particles of various size but did not show the same selectivity for the peak particles as adults. Daily food ration was high comparatively to open-sea copepods. Taking into account several results obtained on food ration, egg production and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Copepoda; Lagoons; Energy budget; Seasonal variations; Particle concentration; Zooplankton; Food availability; Temperature effects; Nutrition.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-1526.pdf
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Problems and perspectives of the pearl oyster aquaculture in French Polynesia. ArchiMer
Cabral, P.
The first attempt to obtain artificial pearls from the black-lip pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera in French Polynesia dates back to 1963. The pearl oyster culture has grown quickly especially since the eighties. This industry is now the first exportation in value of French Polynesia. 19 atolls of the Tuamotus island have at this time one or more farms and this activity has more and more attractiveness. The rise of this industry has consequently a lot of socio-ecomic repercussions on these atolls. However, as a young industry, the technics and the development are not always controlled and a lot of problems appeared these last years.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: French Polynesia; Pinctada margaritifera; Trade; Economic analysis; Harvesting; Hatcheries; Spat; Lagoons; Mortality; Oyster culture; Pearl oysters.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/acte-1494.pdf
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Quantification of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio cholerae in French Mediterranean coastal lagoons ArchiMer
Cantet, Franck; Hervio-heath, Dominique; Caro, A; Le Mennec, Cecile; Monteil, Caroline; Quemere, Catherine; Jolivet-gougeon, Anne; Colwell, Rita R.; Monfort, Patrick.
Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio cholerae are human pathogens. Little is known about these Vibrio spp. in the coastal lagoons of France. The purpose of this study was to investigate their incidence in water, shellfish and sediment of three French Mediterranean coastal lagoons using the most probable number-polymerase chain reaction (MPN-PCR). In summer, the total number of V. parahaemolyticus in water, sediment, mussels and clams collected from the three lagoons varied from 1 to >1.1 x 10.3 MPN/l, 0.09 to 1.1 x 10.3 MPN/ml, 9 to 210 MPN/g and 1.5 to 2.1 MPN/g, respectively. In winter, all samples except mussels contained V. parahaemolyticus, but at very low concentrations. Pathogenic (tdh- or trh2-positive) V. parahaemolyticus were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio; Lagoons; Shellfish; Water; Sediment; Human pathogen.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00148/25890/23889.pdf
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Review of the state of pollution of the Lagos lagoon OceanDocs
Ajao, E.A..
Guinea coast. It is a shallow expanse of water with restricted circulation in a micro-tidal environment. This aquatic resource of multiple usages receives inputs of domestic The Lagos Lagoon is the largest of the four lagoon systems of the Gulf of hydrocarbon cooling water from a thermal power station and emissions from automobile exhaust. Micro-pollutants examined in the water, sediment and biota have included organic waste, trace heavy metals and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Concentrations detected have identified â hot spotsâ and relatively unpolluted areas for the different contaminants in the lagoon. The results show marked variations and non-uniform distribution from one season to another. It has been difficult to differentiate pollution effects...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Marine pollution; Lagoons; Lagoons; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4158.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2213
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Sampling for a bacteriological study of aquatic enrironments ArchiMer
Troussellier, M; Baleux, B; Andre, P.
Using water samples from several observation levels of a brackish lagoon, statistical solutions are offered for the sampling optimisation of bacteria viable counts. The variability between plate count is studied by the mean of the Taylor's power law. The sampling strategy optimisation, including several sources of variability, is realized by hierarchical analysis of variance and the estimation of the sampling cost of each source. This optimisation procedure results in a great increase of the relative efficiency of the sampling design and allow to obtain significant differences between the bacterial concentrations. The effect of the reduction of the total sampling effort on the precision of these average concentrations pointed out the scientific and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bacteria; Abundance; Variance analysis; Microbiological analysis; Lagoons; Brackishwater environment; Bacterial counters; Biological sampling.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-941.pdf
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Seasonal Variatrion of Cymodocea Nodeosa in the Ghar el Melh Lagoon (Tunisia) with reference to insolation, temperature and salinity effects OceanDocs
Sghaier, Y. R.; Zakhama-Sraieb, R.; Charfi-Cheikhrouha, F..
Two sampling stations were selected in order to assess the response of the seagrass to lagoon conditions. Leaf growth was estimated using Zieman method and rhizome production was evaluated by marking rhizome terminals. The vegetative development of C. nodosa inside the lagoon at the limit of its distribution is different from that observed close to the communication channel with the sea. The growth of C. nodosa show a clear unimodal cycle in the two stations reaching maximum leaf development in summer. Shoot density decreased from 915 to 500 shoot m-2 from the communication channel toward the lagoon. The average total biomass varied between 241.6 ± 34 g DW m-2 and 413.8 ± 46 g DW m-2. Leaf plastochrone interval varied seasonally with an annual average of...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Salinity; Biomass; Seagrass; Lagoons; Water temperature; Lagoons; Salinity; Biomass.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5305
Registros recuperados: 23
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