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A FÖLBÉRLETI DÍJ ÉS A FÖLD ÁRÁNAK ALAKULÁSA AgEcon
Marsalek, Sandor; Deme, Pal; Szabo, Ferenc; Hagen, Istvan Zsombor.
A Gyöngyösi Kistérségben végzett felmérés tapasztalatai azt mutatták, hogy élénkült a kistérség földpiaca. A földbérleti díjak és árak egyaránt emelkedő tendenciát mutattak, szélsőséges ingadozások mellett. A vizsgált időszakban ér-tékesítettek termőföldet hektáronként 80 ezer forintért és 4,5 millió forintért is. Egyszerre van jelen a földtől való mindenáron való szabadulás és a vétel szándé-ka. A jövőre nézve a földár és a haszonbérleti díj növekedése várható, de ez az EU átlag alatt alakul hosszabb távon is. A föld birtoklása – helyzetétől függően – a jövőben kimagasló hozamot biztosíthat, és várhatóan meghaladja a lekötött bankbetétek hozamát, sőt esetenként extraprofit is elérhető. A termelőeszközök közül ma már csak a földingatlan és a munkaerő...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Termőföld; Földpiac; Földbérlet; Földért életjáradék; Agricultural land; Land market; Land rental; Life annuity for land; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57662
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A FÖLDPIAC SAJÁTOSSÁGAI MAGYARORSZÁGON AZ UNIÓS CSATLAKOZÁS IDEJÉN AgEcon
Hamza, Eszter; Misko, Krisztina.
A felmérés tapasztalatai azt mutatják, hogy a magyarországi földpiacon1 ki-várás tapasztalható. Kereslet elsősorban az egyes megyék kiváló és jó minőségű, kedvező fekvésű területei, illetve a nagyobb kiterjedésű, egybefüggő szántók és erdők iránt van. A gyengébb minőségű, kedvezőtlen fekvésű, nehezen megköze-líthető területeken, a zsáktelepülések és az elöregedő falvak környékén túlkínálat jellemző. Nehezen értékesíthetők a beékelődő, szórtan elhelyezkedő, kis méretű, illetve a rendezetlen tulajdonviszonyú (osztatlan közös tulajdonú) területek. Az eladók között nagy számban találhatók megélhetési gondokkal küzdő idősebb, il-letve öröklés, vagy kárpótlás útján földhöz jutott, gazdálkodni nem kívánó tulaj-donosok. A földvásárlók között egyre több tőkeerős...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Földpiac; Földforgalom; Földár; Földbérlet; Termőföld; Land market; Land turnover; Land price; Land lease; Arable land; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54415
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A földpiaci sajátosságok és tendenciák AgEcon
Kurucz, Adrienn.
Az elmúlt években ugyan emelkedtek a hazai földárak, de az uniós csatlakozástól várt jelentős árnövekedés és földpiaci forgalomélénkülés elmaradt, sőt, a bérleti díjakban sem hozott átütő fordulatot. A közelmúltban erősödött a magyarországi földpiac megmozdulását várók tábora, a 2011 májusában lejáró derogáció miatt. A szakemberek optimisták, mert a lejáró derogációval kiszélesedhet a vásárlói kör. A hazai agrárgazdaság egyik legnagyobb gondja a tőkehiány, ami akadályozza a technikai és technológiai fejlesztést, az ágazat versenyképessé és jövedelmezőbbé tételét. A földpiac megnyitása becslések szerint ezer milliárd forintot hozhatna az ágazatba, hatalmas lökést adhatna az innovációnak és ugrásszerűen javíthatna az agrárgazdaságból közvetve vagy...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Földpiac; Földár; Beruházás; Válság; Derogáció; Land market; Land prices; Investment; Crisis; Derogation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99140
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A Panel Data Analysis of the Determinants of Farmland Price: An Application to the Effects of the 1992 Cap Reform in Belgium AgEcon
Duvivier, Romain; Gaspart, Frederic; Frahan, Bruno Henry de.
This study identifies the effects of the 1992 and subsequent CAP reforms on arable farmland price in Belgium. We first propose a brief literature review of studies identifying the determinants of farmland price. Afterwards, we use a panel data set to estimate a capitalization model of farmland price. We first show that the compensatory payments introduce by the 1992 CAP reform exert a positive effect on the arable farmland price in Belgium. We also identify a structural break in the land price equation after the adoption of the new support instruments as well as a regional break between Wallonia and Flanders.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmland price; Land market; Common Agricultural Policy; Capitalization of agricultural support; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q10; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24577
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Agrárkérdések, alapkérdések, a termőföld AgEcon
Alvincz, Jozsef.
A termőföld kérdése a „rendszerváltástól” kezdődően új megvilágításba került. Az azt megelőző évtizedekben hazánkban uralkodó marxi munkaérték-elmélet alapján a termőföldnek, mint a mezőgazdaság legfőbb termelési tényezőjének – mivel az nem a munka eredményeként keletkezett – hivatalosan nem volt értéke. Nem létezett valójában földpiac sem. A magántulajdon körében hagyott kis parcellák esetenkénti adásvétele még csak jelzőértékként sem volt értelmezhető a föld árára vonatkozóan. Az elmúlt két évtized agrárpolitikai koncepciótlansága, és ebből eredően a birtokpolitika, valamint a mezőgazdasági üzemszabályozás elmaradása következtében a hazai földtulajdon-, valamint a birtokviszonyok a kárpótlási folyamat eredményét, illetve annak tovább torzult...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Birtokrendezés; Üzemszabályozás; Földpiac; Földár; Családi gazdaságok; Farm ownership; Farm regulations; Land market; Land prices; Family farms; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99187
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Agricultural Land Markets and Land Leasing in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia AgEcon
Petroska Angelovska, Neda; Ackovska, Marija; Bojnec, Stefan.
The aim of this study is to identify the driving forces that shape agricultural land structures, land market and land leasing in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). Institutional developments and land reforms have so far been modest in the FYROM, and have not contributed to significant changes in agricultural ownership, operational structures, or land market and land leasing arrangements. Land ownership and land use are bimodal, consisting of several small-scale family farms and a few large-scale agricultural enterprises. The small family farms own and operate land on several small parcels, which is one of the major obstacles to the modernisation of family farm production. They produce food for household subsistence with mixed crop, fruit,...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural land ownership; Agricultural land operation; Land market; Price of land; Rental values; Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120176
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COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF THE DUTCH NATURE CONSERVATION POLICY: DIRECT, INDIRECT EFFECTS AND TRANSACTION COSTS OF THE ECOLOGICAL MAIN STRUCTURE IN THE NETHERLANDS AgEcon
Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Polman, Nico B.P.; Slangen, Louis H.G..
The scattering of nature areas in the Netherlands and the increased demand for nature lead to a governmental project in 1990 to complete a network of nature favouring areas, the ecological main structure, in 2018. The financial and economic costs and benefits of this project were analysed. Targets for purchasing of agricultural land and conversion into nature were adjusted several times as the land price doubled between 1995 and 2000. The purchasing rate still has to double, which will probably drive up the land price even further. The alternative is long-term contracts with farmers or private landowners for nature conservation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cost-benefit analysis; Transaction costs; Land market; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43970
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CREDIT MARKET IMPERFECTIONS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF POLICY RENTS: THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY IN THE NEW EU MEMBER STATES AgEcon
Ciaian, Pavel; Swinnen, Johan F.M..
This article analyses how credit market imperfections affect the impacts of subsidies by analyzing the effects of agricultural subsidies in the new Eastern Member States of the European Union with a partial equilibrium model which integrates credit and land market imperfections. We show that credit constraints have important implications for the distribution of policy rents. Credit market imperfections may induce very different effects of direct payments and lump-sum transfers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Imperfect credit markets; Land market; Policy rents; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6591
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Decoupled Programs, Payment Incidence, and Factor Markets: Evidence from Market Experiments AgEcon
Bastian, Christopher T.; Nagler, Amy M.; Menkhaus, Dale J.; Ehmke, Mariah D.; Whitaker, James B.; Young, C. Edwin.
We use laboratory market experiments to assess the impact of asymmetric knowledge of a per-unit subsidy and the effect of a decoupled annual income subsidy on factor market outcomes. Results indicate that when the subsidy is tied to the factor as a per-unit subsidy, regardless of full or asymmetric knowledge for market participants, subsidized factor buyers distribute nearly 22 percent of the subsidy to factor sellers. When the subsidy is fully decoupled from the factor, as is the case with the annual payment, payment incidence is mitigated and prices are not statistically different from the no-policy treatment.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Laboratory market experiments; Agricultural subsidies; Subsidy incidence; Land market; Ex ante policy analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q18; D03; C92.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104108
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Farm Size and Land Use Changes in Vietnam Following Land Reforms AgEcon
Marsh, Sally P.; MacAulay, T. Gordon.
Over the last decade the Vietnamese government has instigated land reforms that recognise the household as the basic unit of production and allocate land use rights to households. Under the 1993 Land Law these rights can be transferred, exchanged, leased, inherited, and mortgaged. This Land Law provided the foundation for the development of a market for land use rights. During 2001, 400 farm households were surveyed in four provinces in Vietnam. Along with production and consumption data, evidence was sought of land accumulation and consolidation, land use changes, and attitudes to land reform issues. Analysis of the data shows that there is an active market for land use rights, but the level of activity varies considerably between provinces. Some...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Land reform; Land market; Vietnam; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57919
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Institutions and properties of the transaction: influences on land rental contract design in Poland AgEcon
Hurrelmann, Annette.
The article analyses influences on the design of land rental contracts in Poland. Attention is paid to the effect of both the properties of the transaction as identified in Transaction Cost Economics (asset-specificity, uncertainty, frequency) and the features of the institutional environment (legal as well as customary rules) as studied by the Economics of Property Rights. The conclusion is that institutional influences have a very strong effect and should not be disregarded in the explanation of contract choice.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Institutions; Transaction costs; Contract choice; Poland; Land market; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97390
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Integrating small farms in agent based models AgEcon
Roder, Norbert; Kantelhardt, Jochen.
In German agriculture structural change is mainly a result of the outmigration of smaller farms from the sector. The decisions of these farmers to leave or stay in the sector, are not based solely on financial data and market expectations. Other aspects are important such as the preservation of the cultural landscape, the continuation of the family tradition, or self-realisation. Only if these goals are adequately integrated into land use models, one can hope that the type and magnitude of reactions predicted by the model will be similar to that observed in reality. The main goal of this paper is to present a model approach that allows for the integration of non-monetary aspects into an agri-economic land use model. The approach is tested for a sample of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmer attitude; Linear programming; Agent based modelling; Land market; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Land Economics/Use; Q12; Q15; R14.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52826
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LAND CONSOLIDATION AS A FACTOR FOR SUCCESSFUL DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN MOLDOVA AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Cimpoies, Dragos.
Since 1991, Moldova has carried out a wide range of radical reforms affecting its social and economic system. The land reform, which was practically completed in 2000, created over 1 million landowners among the rural population. Many of them entrusted their land to managers of newly created corporate farms. Others used their privately owned land to establish independent family farms. The creation of independent family farms (so-called "peasant farms") was one of the primary goals of the land reform. More than 280,000 peasant farms have been created, averaging 1,86 hectares in size. The small size of the peasant farms, whose holdings are furthermore split into 3-4 parcels, raises considerable concerns about their long-term viability and has led to an...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land consolidation; Land lease; Land market; Moldova; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7171
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Land Market With Fragmented Landownership Rights in Bulgaria: An Institutional Approach AgEcon
Dirimanova, Violeta.
The land restitution in Bulgaria led to a severe fragmentation in land ownership. This has an impact on the agricultural development and land market. The article investigates the land transactions on the sale and rentals markets. In order to explain the processes three new institutional economic theories will be employed: property rights theory, transaction costs theory and agricultural contract theory. First, the article reviews the appropriateness of each theory, and second, results of conducted survey in two regions of Bulgaria with different degrees of land fragmentation. Key words: Bulgaria, Contractual arrangements, Land fragmentation, Land market, Land transactions, Property rights
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bulgaria; Contractual arrangements; Land fragmentation; Land market; Land transactions; Property rights; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24445
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Land Reform and Development of Agricultural Land Markets in Russia AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Shagaida, Natalya.
Russia has experienced dramatic changes in land ownership and tenure since 1991: agricultural land has been largely privatized, individual landowners now have legal rights to most agricultural land in the country, and prohibitions on buying and selling of land have been recently removed. The necessary pre-conditions for the development of agricultural land markets have been met and we are beginning to witness transactions that involve individual landowners, and not only the state. Further development of the land market is circumscribed by the inadequacy of the administrative and technical infrastructure. The paper discusses the evolving legal framework for land reform, considers the impacts on privatization and ownership structure of agricultural land, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land reform; Land market; Land leasing; Transition; Land Economics/Use; P23; P26; P31; P32; Q15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24604
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LATIFUNDIUMOK MAGYARORSZÁGON? AgEcon
Biro, Szabolcs.
Hazánkban az 50 hektár feletti gazdasági szervezetek átlagosan hasznosított me¬zőgazdasági területe 650 ha, ami közel hatszorosa az 50 ha feletti egyéni gazdaságok átlagos területének (114 ha), míg a 650 gazdaságban ez a különbség hússzorosra nö¬vekszik, melyek összesen 1,4 millió hektáron 2,1 ezer ha átlagos területet művelnek. A közvetlen területalapú kifizetések listája szerint jelenleg Magyarországon a 70 leg¬nagyobb agrárüzem – az Eszterházy család hajdani birtokát 20%-kal meghaladó – 350 ezer hektáros összterületet művel. Többségük (a mágnások birtokának megfelelő méretű) 3-5 ezer hektáros, húsz nagyüzem 5-10 ezer hektáros (a régi arisztokrata birtokok alsó határa) területű, további három már 10-15 ezer hektáros területű „szu¬pergazdaság”, amelyek...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Nagybirtok; Földszerzés; Földpiac; Földforgalom; Large farms; Acquisition of land; Land market; Land sales; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99200
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Migración internacional y mercado de tierras : un estudio en 4 ejidos de Valle de Santiago, Guanajuato, México. Colegio de Postgraduados
León Andrade, Marilu.
En el presente trabajo se aborda el estudio de la relación que se establece entre los procesos migratorios internacionales con el mercado de tierras en 4 organizaciones ejidales de Valle de Santiago, Guanajuato. Se plantea a lo largo de esta investigación que existe una relación entre la migración hacia los Estados Unidos y el desarrollo histórico y social de las organizaciones ejidales, la renta y/o venta y la valoración de las tierras entre las generaciones de ejidatarios y sus familias. El marco teórico conceptual se fundamentó en teorías y enfoques teóricos en torno al fenómeno migratorio como las redes sociales de migración y categorías socioeconómicas, tales como: ejidatarios, crisis agrícola y estructura agraria. Finalmente se concluyó que el...
Palavras-chave: Agricultura; Ejidos; Mercado de tierras; Migración internacional; Redes sociales; Agriculture; International migration; Land market; Social networks; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; EDAR; Doctorado.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2197
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O ARRENDAMENTO COMO ESTRATÉGIA PARA ENFRENTAR MUDANÇAS INSTITUCIONAIS: UM ESTUDO COM FORNECEDORES DE CANA DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO AgEcon
Guedes, Sebastiao Neto Ribeiro; Terci, Eliana Tadeu; Peres, Maria Thereza Miguel.
The article analyzes the land rent role for the sugar cane growers of two São Paulo State regions in the context of industry deregulation happened in the early 1990. Literature has shown that deregulation has had a positive impact in the performance of the industry, improving its efficiency and effectiveness. In this context, cane growers faced new challenges demanding adaptations and were induced to adopt strategies taking the land as a reference. The analytical material was obtained through questionnaires applied in a sampling of cane growers from the Ribeirão Preto and Piracicaba regions. The results has shown that land rent has had an important role to offer the conditions to the maintenance of cane growers, the viability of a scaling production, which...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Sugar cane industry; Land market; Institutional change; Land rent..
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43716
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Peculiarities of creation of extra large agricultural companies under conditions of insufficient legislative regulation in Ukraine AgEcon
Borodina, Elena.
Agricultural transformations in Ukraine resulted in division of tracts of land and creation of large number of small private land owners. Since December 1999 these processes were developing with especially high speed after adoption of Presidential Decree "On emergency actions aimed at acceleration of reorganization of agricultural sector of economics", which has become fundamental legislative act in conducting land and agricultural reforms. During the first year after adoption of the abovementioned decree, there started development of land market, which ought to have included: private property for land, legislative protection of land rent, possibilities of free transfers of ownership rights for land from one market subject to another (purchasing and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ukrainian agriculture; Agricultural transformations; Land market; Land latifundia; State agricultural policy.; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10024
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Regional asymmetries in farm size AgEcon
Huettel, Silke; Margarian, Anne; von Schlippenbach, Vanessa.
This paper explores how the initial farm size structure affects the exit decision of farms inducing free land capacities, and the allocation of the newly available land resources to the remaining farms in a particular region. We model an agricultural market where large and small firms first decide whether to leave the market or not; in case of continuing in production the farms compete for getting access to additional land resources in a Vickrey auction. We find that larger farms allocate more additional quantity than small farms; the latter are more likely to leave the market. An empirical illustration gives further support and reveals the relation between farm size structure, farm exits and growth of the large.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Asymmetries; Land market; Capacity allocation; Vickrey auction; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; L11; L12; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/62046
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