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A preliminary revision of knowledge status of felids in Argentina Mastozool. neotrop.
Lucherini,Mauro; Soler,Lucía; Luengos Vidal,Estela.
Argentina is the host of 10 wild felids (28% of the world total). Although the Cat Specialist Group Action Plan has classified the conservation status of Argentine cats as relatively good, the ranking was based on a largely incomplete database for at least 80% of the species. Here we review the current status of knowledge and research effort of Argentine cats, compare it with their distribution, habitat association and conservation status and provide guidelines for their future research. Between 1990 and 2000, cat research has received increasing attention in Argentina. Twenty-four projects have been carried out, but only 13 studies are still in progress. A rank of research priority has been calculated for each felid and ecoregion. Our analysis showed that...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Argentina; Carnivores; Conservation; Diversity; Ecoregions; Felids; Latin America; Leopardus tigrina; Oncifelis guigna; Oreailurus jacobita.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0327-93832004000100002
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A Scientometric view of some Biological disciplines in Chile Biol. Res.
KRAUSKOPF,MANUEL.
During the last decade the articles published by Chilean Research Centers grew 1,73 which compares to the 2.34 fold increase of mainstream research articles registered as a whole in Latin America. However, the relative impact of the Chilean publications surpassed that of Latin America. In Biological Sciences, traditionally the strongest research area within Chile, Latin America also shows a steeper slope of growth. Qualitatively, biological disciplines in Chile are comparable to those published in Latin America although in Chile there are specialties as Physiology that surpass the average world's impact. The scientometric data is consistent with the fall in individual grants that the Chilean Research Fund (FONDECYT) has been allocating during the last...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Research output; Biological sciences; Chile; Latin America; Scientometric analyses.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-97602002000100012
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Adapting prospective structural analysis to strengthen sustainable management and capacity building in community-based natural resource management contexts Ecology and Society
Local communities collectively managing common pool resources can play an important role in sustainable management, but they often lack the skills and context-specific tools required for such management. The complex dynamics of social-ecological systems (SES), the need for management capacities, and communities’ limited empowerment and participation skills present challenges for community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) strategies. We analyzed the applicability of prospective structural analysis (PSA), a strategic foresight tool, to support decision making and to foster sustainable management and capacity building in CBNRM contexts and the modifications necessary to use the tool in such contexts. By testing PSA in three SES in Colombia,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Argentina; Colombia; Latin America; Local knowledge; Mexico; Participatory techniques; Social-ecological systems; Strategic foresight.
Ano: 2016
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Agricultura familiar agroecólogia en América Latina en un contexto de cambio climático Organic Eprints
IFOAM EU, Regional Group.
Esta publicación ha sido producida por IFOAM y por la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM, Peru) a través de su proyecto AGROECO, financiado por el Fondo Canadiense de Investigacion en Seguridad Alimentaria Internacional (CIFSRF). Esta publicación ha sido cofinanciada por la Comisión Europea, DG Ambiente. La responsabilidad del contenido es del editor y la Comisión no es responsable por cualquier uso que se le de a la información que contiene. Federación Internacional de Movimientos de Agricultura Orgánica. Se autoriza la reproducción total o parcial siempre y cuando se mencione la fuente.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Food systems; Latin America; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/29858/1/agroecological_family_agriculture_in_latin_america_in_a_climate_change_context.pdf
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Agricultural Export Diversification in Latin America and the Caribbean AgEcon
Taylor, Timothy G.; Francis, Brian.
Agriculture, in general, and agricultural exports in particular, have long been critical to economic growth and development in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Despite the importance of agriculture to the region and the vast amount of resources devoted to the promotion of agricultural export diversification in LAC, there has been virtually no research undertaken to assess the degree to which the agricultural export structures in LAC countries have in fact diversified. Using disaggregate data on agricultural exports over the 1961-2000 period for 10 LAC countries, entropy-based measures of diversification are computed and analyzed. The empirical results show that the post-1985 period has witnessed some degree of agricultural export diversification...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Caribbean; Diversification; Entropy; Exports; Latin America.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43284
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An Analysis of Latin American Peanut Trade AgEcon
Lee, Dae-Seob; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Fletcher, Stanley M..
The U.S. export share in the world peanut market has decreased due to heavy competition. In this paper, the Latin American peanut industry is modeled using seemingly unrelated regression (SUR). Based on these estimations, a scenario analysis was conducted. The results show that the Latin American demand is not affected dramatically by either domestic of world price shocks. The effects of price changes on net trade are noticeable. However, the world price does not significantly affect the Latin American peanut supply. The results imply that Latin American peanut farmers are more sensitive to changes in domestic prices than world price changes.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Latin America; Peanuts; Scenario analysis; SUR; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q17.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43744
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Ancestral genetic composition of a human population from the Colombian southwest using autosomal AIM-InDels JBAG
Urbano,L; Portilla,E.C; Builes,J.J; Gusmão,L; Sierra-Torres,C.H.
Genetic markers with allele distribution differences in human populations provide human ancestry information that can be used to evaluate admixture proportions in different ethnic groups, including stratification in genetic association studies. The aim of this study was to determine the African, European and Native American admixture proportion by making use of 46 insertion-deletion informative ancestry record markers set in 500 Latin American people in the Department of Cauca, Colombia. Allelic frequencies were established, Hardy Weinberg test was performed, comparisons in genetic distances among population groups were estimated using Arlequin v 3.5, and STRUCTURE v 2.3.4 software was used to determine the population’s ancestry admixture. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Genetic ancestry; InDels; AIMs; Latin America; Human populations.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1852-62332016000300004
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Assessing the Sustainability of Small Farmer Natural Resource Management Systems. A Critical Analysis of the MESMIS Program (1995-2010) Ecology and Society
Sustainability assessment oriented to improve current systems and practices is urgently needed, particularly in the context of small farmer natural resource management systems (NRMS). Unfortunately, social-ecological systems (SES) theory, sustainability evaluation frameworks, and assessment methods are still foreign not only to farmers but to many researchers, students, NGOs, policy makers/operators, and other interested groups. In this paper we examine the main achievements and challenges of the MESMIS Program (Spanish acronym for Indicator-based Sustainability Assessment Framework), a 15-year ongoing effort with impact in 60 case studies and 20 undergraduate and graduate programs mainly in Ibero-America that is attempting to cope with the stated...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Complex systems; Latin America; Natural resource management; Small farmers; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability assessments.
Ano: 2012
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Atlas of Organics: Four maps of the world of organic agriculture Organic Eprints
Paull, John; Hennig, Benjamin.
This paper presents four maps of the world of organic agriculture. Density equalising maps (cartograms) have previously been published of the world of organic agriculture based on the reported hectares of certified organically managed agriculture land. The four maps in the present atlas of organic agriculture are visual presentations of current global organics data: (a) certified organic agriculture hectares; (b) certified organic wildculture hectares; (c) total certified organic production hectares (organic agriculture plus wildculture plus forestry plus aquaculture); (d) certified organic producers. Australia dominates in the world map of the organic agriculture hectares, Europe is strongly represented, and Africa is weakly represented. Finland dominates...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems; Africa; Asia; Australia; China; European Union; India; Latin America; North America; United Kingdom; United States; World; Knowledge management; Europe.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30187/1/PaullHennig2016.OAMaps.pdf
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Background: The ‘First Meeting of Organic Producers and Researchers’ and the ‘First Organic Producers Fair of Latin America and the Caribbean’ Organic Eprints
Garibay, Salvador.
The ‘First Meeting of Organic Producers and Researchers’ and the ‘First Organic Producers Fair of Latin America and the Caribbean’ was held in September 2006 in Managua (Nicaragua) and hosted more than 19 Nicaraguan and Latin-American organizations, as well as international development organizations. The event took place with the collaborative support of FiBL, based in Switzerland.
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Latin America.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/13171/1/garibay%2D2007%2Dworld%2Dof%2Dorganic%2Dbackground.pdf
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Between Two Poles: Matching Trade and Exchange Rate Regimes in Mercosur AgEcon
Busse, Matthias; Hefeker, Carsten; Koopmann, Georg.
The paper reviews exchange rate options for Mercosur countries. We start from the observation that most of the countries in the region have a longstanding tendency to adopt fixed exchange rates, and ask how such a system could best be designed. The Argentine crisis has demonstrated that unilateral currency pegs imply the risk of serious misalignments with other trading partners and subsequent realignments. The standard basket peg is not a solution because of its limited transparency and credibility. We therefore discuss a proposal to create dual currency boards that could be a workable solution for the Mercosur countries.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Exchange Rate Regime; Currency Board; Latin America; Mercosur; International Relations/Trade; F31; F4.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26327
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Biofuels Potential in Latin America and the Caribbean: Quantitative Considerations and Policy Implications for the Agricultural Sector AgEcon
Ludena, Carlos E.; Razo, Carlos; Saucedo, Alberto.
Rising oil prices has led to increased interest to replace domestic demand for liquid fuels for transport (petrol and diesel) with biofuel production (ethanol and biodiesel). One of the pioneers in biofuel production is Brazil, which since the 1970s has established a government program that promotes the production and consumption of ethanol. Currently, Brazil is the leading producer of ethanol in the world and has started also programs for biodiesel production based on soybeans, oil palm and other crops. Other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have also expressed interest in biofuel production, and have started programs, and in some cases the legislation that promotes biofuel production. However, most of the analysis of biofuel crops has been...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Land availability; Price effect; Agricultural structure; Latin America; Caribbean; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q42; Q48; Q11; Q15.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9986
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Brasil. Infoteca-e
RIBASKI, J.; LIMA, P. C. F..
Anadenantheru macrocarpa - Angico; Capparis flexuosa L. - Feijão bravo; Euculvptus camaldulensis - Eucalipto roxo; Leucaena leucocephala - Leucena; Mimosa caesalpiniuefolia - Sabia; Mimosa hostilis - Jurema preta; Prosopis juliflora - Algaroba; Spondias tuberosa - Umbuzeiro.
Tipo: Capítulo em livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Angico; Feijao-bravo; Eucalipto roxo; Leucena; Jurema-preta; Umbuzeiro; America Latina; Brasil; Semi-arida; Anademanthera macrocarpa; Capparis flexuosa; Eucalyptus rostrata; Arid; Semiarid zone; Species; Algaroba; Caatinga; Espécie; Leucaena Leucocephala; Mimosa Caesalpiniaefolia; Mimosa Hostilis; Planta; Prosopis Juliflora; Sabiá; Spondias Tuberosa; Vegetação; Zona Arida; Latin America; Brazil; Vegetation.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/133050
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Cattle Accumulation and Land Use Intensification by Households in the Brazilian Amazon AgEcon
Caviglia-Harris, Jill L..
In developing countries across the globe the impact of livestock on deforestation levels has been profound. This paper explores the role of the cattle industry in household decision making for small landholders in the Brazilian Amazon. Important inquiries raised in the literature are addressed, including the determinants of the co-evolution of deforestation and cattle herds, the possibility of production specialization, and the role of cattle in household livelihoods. Panel data suggest that households have changed focus from crop introduction to cattle. Empirical models reveal that location, wealth, and education are among the important determinants of production decisions and cattle accumulation. Policy recommendations include a focus on the cattle...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Latin America; Brazil; Household production; Land use; Cattle; Deforestation; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10233
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Colombia's Discharge Fee Program: Incentives for Polluters of Regulators? AgEcon
Blackman, Allen.
Colombia's discharge fee system for water effluents is often held up as a model of a well-functioning, economic-incentive pollution control program in a developing country. Yet few objective, up-to-date evaluations of the program have appeared. Based on a variety of primary and secondary evaluative data, this paper finds that that the program has been beset by a number of serious problems including limited implementation in many regions, widespread noncompliance by municipal sewage authorities, and a confused relationship between discharge fees and discharge standards. Nevertheless, in several watersheds, pollution loads dropped significantly after the program was introduced. While proponents claim the incentives that discharge fees created for polluters...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environment; Economic incentive; Market based instrument; Discharge fees; Water pollution; Latin America; Colombia; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q53; Q56; Q58; O13; O54.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10869
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Compensation and Rewards for Environmental Services in the Developing World: Framing Pan-Tropical Analysis and Comparison Ecology and Society
Swallow, Brent M.; World Agroforestry Centre; B.Swallow@cgiar.org; Kallesoe, Mikkel F.; World Conservation Union; mfk@iucnsl.org; Iftikhar, Usman A.; World Conservation Union; usman.iftikhar@undp.org; van Noordwijk, Meine; World Agroforestry Centre; M.Vannoordwijk@cgiar.org; Bracer, Carina; Forest Trends; C.Bracer@climatefocus.com; Scherr, Sara J.; Ecoagriculture Partners; sscherr@ecoagriculture.org; Raju, K. V.; Institute for Social and Economic Change; kvraju@isec.ac.in; Duraiappah, Anantha Kumar; United Nations Environment Programme; Anantha.Duraiappah@unep.org; Ochieng, Benson O.; African Centre for Technology Studies; b.ochieg@ilegkenya.org; Mallee, Hein; International Development Research Centre; hmallee@idrc.org.sg; Rumley, Rachael; World Agroforestry Centre; r_rumley2@yahoo.com.
This is the first of a series of papers that review the state of knowledge and practice regarding compensation and rewards for environmental services in the developing world. The paper begins with an assessment of the historical development of compensation and reward mechanisms within a broader context of changing approaches to nature conservation and environmental policy. The assessment shows that greater interest in compensation and reward mechanisms has emerged within a policy context of changing approaches to nature conservation and flexible multi-stakeholder approaches to environmental management. In the developing world, an even greater variety of perspectives has emerged on the opportunities and threats for using compensation and rewards for...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Africa; Asia; Compensation; Ecosystems service; Latin America; Payment for environmental service; Rewards.
Ano: 2009
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Competiveness of Latin American Exports in the U.S. Banana Market AgEcon
Muhammad, Andrew; Fonsah, Esendugue Greg; Zahniser, Steven.
U.S. banana demand differentiated by country of origin is estimated using the generalized dynamic Rotterdam model. Results indicate that dynamic factors play a significant role in determining the allocation of U.S. banana expenditures across exporting sources. Of particular interest is Guatemala’s increased share and Costa Rica’s decreased share of U.S. banana supply. A number of factors explained why Guatemala replaced Costa Rica as the leading U.S. supplier in 2007. (1) Guatemala is the least expensive source on average. (2) Habit persistence, adjustment costs, and other dynamic factors favor Guatemala’s exports. (3) Given increases in the relative price of Costa Rica’s bananas, the price competition between Costa Rica and Guatemala is highly...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bananas; Imports; Demand; Latin America; United States; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade; F14; Q11; Q13; Q17.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98365
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Conservation and Development in Latin America and Southern Africa: Setting the Stage Ecology and Society
Romero, Claudia; Tropical Conservation and Development Program, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida.; romero@ufl.edu; Athayde, Simone; Tropical Conservation and Development Program and Amazon Conservation Leadership Initiative, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida.; simonea@ufl.edu; Collomb, Jean-Gael E.; Wildlife Conservation Network; jgcollomb@gmail.com; DiGiano, Maria; Tropical Conservation and Development Program, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida; marimardig@mac.com; Schmink, Marianne; Tropical Conservation and Development Program, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida.; schmink@LATAM.UFL.EDU; Schramski, Sam; Tropical Conservation and Development Program, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida; schramski@ufl.edu; Seales, Lisa; Tropical Conservation and Development Program, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida; lisaseal@ufl.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Africa; Complex social-ecological systems; Conservation; Development; Knowledge networks; Local institutions; Economic incentives; Latin America.
Ano: 2012
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Conservation narratives in Peru: envisioning biodiversity in sustainable development Ecology and Society
In the mega-diverse country Peru, a resource intensive development model collides with the interest of conserving biodiversity. Peruvian biodiversity experts have developed different lines of argumentation as to how to integrate conservation into the sustainable development of their country. Applying grounded theory, I define five groups of conservation narratives based on the analysis of 72 qualitative interviews with experts working in areas of biodiversity conservation. I have labeled them: biodiversity protectionists, biodiversity traditionalists, biodiversity localists, biodiversity pragmatists, and biodiversity capitalists. These groups are each discussed in connection with what they have to say about biodiversity in relation to human life,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Environmental discourses; Extractivism; Latin America; Natural capital; Political ecology; Protected areas; Sustainability.
Ano: 2016
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Design and Analysis of Conservation Projects in Latin America: an Integrative Approach to Training Ecology and Society
Galindo-Leal, Carlos; Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International; C.GALINDO@CONSERVATION.ORG.
The Latin American countries have a disproportionate importance in global biodiversity conservation. Six of the 14 megadiversity countries that house 60–70% of the species in the world are located on this region. Unfortunately, the number of environmental professionals in Latin America is extremely small. Furthermore, most of them have no postgraduate degrees and are unacquainted with general research methodology and recently developed concepts and tools. In addition, many speak no English and have no way to communicate with colleagues in other parts of the world. In collaboration with Latin American colleagues, universities, government agencies, and nongovernment organizations, I have been developing an integrated field course titled "Design and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biodiversity conservation; Capacity building; Conservation projects; Field courses; Latin America; Project analysis; Project design..
Ano: 2001
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