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Registros recuperados: 15
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Avaliação da endogamia de uma população de aves de postura White Leghorn. Repositório Alice
ROSA, J. O.; VARGAS, G.; BERNARDES, P. A.; FIGUEIREDO, E. A. P. de; LEDUR, M. C.; MUNARI, D. P..
2013
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Inbreeding; Layers; Mating; Galinha para postura; Endogamia; Acasalamento.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/968179
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Commercial laying hen diets formulated according to different recommendations of total and digestible amino acids Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Casartelli,EM; Filardi,RS; Junqueira,OM; Laurentiz,AC; Assuena,V; Duarte,KF.
An experiment was conducted to evaluate different commercial laying hen diets formulated based on recommendations for total and digestible amino acids. One hundred and twenty Lohmann LSL commercial laying hens aged 25 weeks were distributed in a completely randomized experimental design involving five replications of six birds in four treatments. Diet formulation on a total amino acid basis followed the recommendations of NRC (1994) and Rostagno et al. (2000), whereas formulation on digestible amino acids basis was according to Rostagno et al. (2000) and Degussa (1997) recommendations. The experimental period was divided into five periods of fourteen days. Performance parameters (egg production, feed intake, feed conversion, egg mass) were evaluated for...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Egg quality; Layers; Nutrition; Performance; Poultry.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2005000300007
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Diagnosis of Gallibacterium Anatis in Layers: First Report in Turkey Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Yaman,S; Sahan Yapicier,O.
ABSTRACT Gallibacterium anatis, a member of the Pasteurellaceae family, leads to decrease in egg-production, animal welfare and increase in mortality. This study aimed to diagnose G. Anatis, which caused economic losses in laying hens by using conventional and molecular techniques. In this study, G. anatis was examined from a total of 200 dead chicken tissues (heart, liver, lung, spleen and trachea) in laying hen farms that observed a decrease in egg production with respiratory system infection. Conventional methods based on colony morphology, sugar fermentation tests and hemolytic properties and molecular conformation using 16S rRNA-23S rRNA specific primers were performed to identify G. anatis. G. anatis was isolated in 20 (10%) of the examined samples...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Gallibacterium anatis; Isolation and identification; Layers; PCR.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2019000300307
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Effect of Dietary Inclusion of Sodium Bicarbonate on Digestibility of Nutrients and Immune Response in Caged Layers During the Summer Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Abbas,G; Ahmad,F; Saeed,M; Ayasan,T; Mahmood,A; Yasmeen,R; Kamboh,A.
ABSTRACT The aim of this project was to investigate the effect of dietary inclusion of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) on nutrient digestibility and immune response of caged layers during summer when the temperature exceeds 40 ˚C. For immune response trial, White Leghorn layers (n=160; 24 weeks old) were purchased from a poultry farm and were divided into five treatment/diets groups (4 replicate/treatment). Diet A, was without NaHCO3 and served as control whereas, diets B, C, D, and E contained 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0% NaHCO3, respectively. All these birds were vaccinated against Newcastle disease (ND) virus at the start of the experiment and thereafter with one-month intervals. Blood samples were collected from two birds/replicate at 10 days post vaccination...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Heat stress; Layers; Newcastle disease; Nutrient digestibility; Sodium bicarbonate.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2019000200339
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Effects of calcium levels and limestone particle size on the egg quality of semi-heavy layers in their second production cycle Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Pizzolante,CC; Saldanha,ESPB; Laganá,C; Kakimoto,SK; Togashi,CK.
A 112-day trial was carried out to evaluate the effect of dietary calcium level and limestone particle size on the egg quality of 288 Hy-Line Brown semi-heavy layers, with 83 weeks of age at the beginning of the experiment. A completely randomized experimental design was applied in a 2x3 factorial arrangement, with two dietary calcium levels (3.5 and 4.0%) e three limestone particle size compositions (100% fine limestone (FL), with 0.185mm; 30% coarse limestone (CL), with 2.83mm, + 70% FL, with 0.185mm; and 50% CL, with 2.83mm, + 50% FL, with 0.185mm), with six replicates of eight birds each. Mean geometric diameter and in-vitro solubility of the limestone sources were, respectively, 0.185mm and 18.7% for the fine limestone, and 2.83mm and 10.5% for the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Eggs; Eggshell quality; Layers; Levels; Minerals.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2009000200002
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Effects of Laser Beak Trimming on the Development of Brown Layer Pullets Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Petrolli,TG; Petrolli,OJ; Girardini,LK; Zotti,MLAN; Baggio,RA; Junqueira,OM.
ABSTRACT Laser beak trimming is a promising alternative to conventional hot-blade beak trimming as it is less painful and provides better beak uniformity and better animal welfare. In this study, laser vs. hot-blade beak trimming were compared in 400 Hy-line Brown pullets between 2-16 weeks of age. At 7 days of age, birds were distributed according to a completely randomized design into two treatments, with 10 replicates (pens) of 20 birds each. Birds and feed offer and residues were weekly weighed to determine weight gain, feed intake, and feed conversion ratio. In weeks 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks, one bird per experimental unit was sacrificed to measure the development of the heart development, liver, proventriculus, gizzard, small intestine, and bursa. And...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Layers; Organs; Oviduct.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2017000100123
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Influence of low-protein diet with different levels of amino acids on laying hen performance, quality and egg composition Anais da ABC (AABC)
ALAGAWANY,MAHMOUD; EL-HINDAWY,MOHAMED M.; EL-HACK,MOHAMED E. ABD; ARIF,MUHAMMAD; EL-SAYED,SABRY ABD.
Abstract The present study aimed to investigate the consequences of dietary levels of crude protein (CP) and total sulfur amino acids (TSAA, Met+Cys) on productive performance, egg quality and egg components for Lohmann Brown laying hens through 18-34 weeks of age. A 2×3 factorial design experiment was conducted using two levels of CP (16 and 18 %) and three levels of Met+ Cys (0.67, 0.72 and 0.77 %). A total of 144 Lohmann Brown laying hens at 18 weeks of age were randomly divided into 6 treatment groups. The best values of final body weight and body weight change were recorded by the hens fed 18 % CP diet. Increasing dietary CP up to 18 % accompanied with the best (P> 0.01) feed conversion, egg weight and egg mass. The combination between low-CP diet...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Layers; Low-protein diet; Amino acids; Production; Egg quality; Blood.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652020000100712
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LAYERS '99, PART I: REFERENCE OF 1999 TABLE EGG LAYER MANAGEMENT IN THE U.S. AgEcon
The National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) is sponsored by the USDA:APHIS:Veterinary Services (VS). The NAHMS Layers '99 Study was designed to provide information about the nation's layer population for education and research purposes. The USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) collaborated with VS to select a statistically-valid sample from 15 states for Layers '99. The 15-state target population accounted for over three-quarters of the table egg layers in the U.S. as of December 1, 1998. The study was limited to companies with 30,000 or more layers. While the majority of farm sites were contract farms (61.0 percent), the majority of birds were located on company owned farms (72.6 percent), indicating that company owned farms...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Layer; Layers; Poultry; Pullet; Flock; Egg; Table egg; Lay; Molt; Cage; Contract farm; Coccidiosis; Newcastle disease; Infectious bronchitis; Salmonella enteritidis; S.e.; Competitive exclusion; Laryngotracheitis; LT; Mycoplasma gallisep; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32757
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LAYERS '99, PART II: REFERENCE OF 1999 TABLE EGG LAYER MANAGEMENT IN THE U.S. AgEcon
The National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) is sponsored by the USDA:APHIS:Veterinary Services (VS). The NAHMS Layers '99 Study was designed to provide information about the nation's layer population for education and research purposes. The USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) collaborated with VS to select a statistically-valid sample from 15 states for Layers '99. The 15-state target population accounted for over three-quarters of the table egg layers in the U.S. as of December 1, 1998. The study was limited to companies with 30,000 or more layer. About two-thirds (68.1 percent ) of farm sites did not allow visitors that did not have a business reason for visiting the operation in the layer houses. The percentage of farm sites...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Layer; Layers; Layer house; Poultry; Pullet; Flock; Egg; Table egg; Lay; Biosecurity; Feeder; Visitor; Morbidity; Disease; Disinfect; Salmonella enteritidis; S.E.; Management; Molt; Production; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32765
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Mathematical Model to Compare Egg Production C Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Fialho,FB; Ledur,MC; Avila,VS.
A segmented polynomial model was used on several egg production curves in an attempt to analyze the differences between the curves in a more descriptive manner. Production curves from different commercial and experimental genetic lines of layers were used. The parameters of the model include the age and level of peak production, rate of decrease in production after the peak and time between start and peak of production. These and other derived variables were compared between the curves using contrasts. The methodology used allowed an easier interpretation of the curves, and the detection of differences in sexual maturity, uniformity and peak of production. This work validates the segmented polynomial model for use in future research dealing with analysis...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Egg production; Layers; Laying hens; Model.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2001000300002
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Performance and egg quality of laying hens fed diets containing aflatoxin, fumonisin and adsorbent Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Siloto,EV; Sartori,DRS; Oliveira,EFA; Sartori,JR; Fascina,VB; Berto,DA.
The effects of aflatoxin and fumonisin and their combination on egg production and quality, as well as the efficacy of a mycotoxin adsorbent in reducing or eliminating these effects in commercial layers. A number of 168 layers with initial age of 37 weeks were submitted to an experimental period of 56 days. A completely randomized experimental design in a 3x2+1 factorial arrangement was applied (3 treatments with mycotoxins: aflatoxin (AF), fumonisin (FU), or aflatoxin + fumonisin (AF+FU); 2 treatments with or without adsorbent; and a control group that was fed no mycotoxins, nor adsorbent), totaling 7 treatments with 6 replicated of 4 birds/cage. The dietary inclusion levels were 1ppm AF, 25ppm FU, and 2 kg adsorbent/ton feed. Birds fed AF presented the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Adsorbent; Aflatoxin; Fumonisin; Layers; Performance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2011000100004
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Performance of layers fed diets containing different oils Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Lelis,GR; Silva,MD da; Tavernari,F de C; Albino,LFT; Rostagno,HS.
A trial was carried out at the Animal Science Department of the Federal University of Viçosa to evaluate the performance of heavy and light layers. During four periods of twenty-eight days, 432 layers in the second production cycle, being 216 Hy Line W36 (light birds) and 216 Hy Line Brown (heavy birds), were used. A completely randomized experimental design with a 1+(4x2x2) factorial arrangement (one control treatment, four oil sources, two inclusion levels, and two genetic lines) with four replicates of six birds per experimental unit, was applied. The treatments consisted of diets containing 16.5% crude protein, formulated to supply the nutritional requirements, and the inclusion of each oil source at 2 or 4%. Soybean, canola, linseed and fish oils were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Canola oil; Fish oil; Layers; Linseed oil; Performance; Soybean oil.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2009000400004
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Technological quality of eggs in relation to the age of laying hens and Japanese quails R. Bras. Zootec.
Zita,Lukas; Ledvinka,Zdenek; Tumova,Eva; Klesalova,Ludmila.
This investigation was carried out to evaluate certain egg quality characteristics of ISA Brown laying hens and Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) in relation to their age. One hundred forty-four brown-egg ISA Brown laying hens and one hundred female quails were used in the study. A total of 1,678 eggs of laying hens and 2,060 eggs of Japanese quails were used during the experiment. The eggs for technological values were collected during two consecutive days in a 4-week period when the laying hens were from 20 to 60 weeks of age and the quails were from nine to 49 weeks of age. The results show that egg weight was affected by the age of the hens and quails (overall means 61.13 g and 12.52 g, respectively). Despite frequens fluctuations, as the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Age; Egg quality; ISA Brown; Layers; Quails.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000900016
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The inclusion of coffee in commercial layer diets Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Mendes,LR; Silva,RB; Bueno,CFD; Couto,FAP; Dias,AN; Fernandes,V; Faria Filho,DE.
This experiment aimed at evaluating the effect of the dietary inclusion of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee on the performance and internal and external egg quality of commercial layers. One hundred and twenty 25-week-old Hy-line Brown layers, with 1575 ± 91 average body weight, were distributed according to a completely randomized experimental design with three treatments (control, 1.2% caffeinated coffee, or 1.2% decaffeinated coffee) of five replicates of eight birds each. The inclusion of 1.2% caffeinated coffee was calculated to supply 6mg caffeine per kg body weight, which is considered a moderate dose. The applied treatments did not influence (p>0.05) feed intake, egg production, egg weight, egg mass, feed conversion ratio, Haugh units,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Layers; Caffeinated coffee; Decaffeinated coffee; Caffeine.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2013000200010
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Turmeric root and annato seed in second-cycle layer diets: performance and egg quality Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Laganá,C; Pizzolante,CC; Saldanha,ESPB; Moraes,JE de.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the inclusion of annato (Bixa orellana L.) and turmeric (Turmeric longa L.) in layer feeds on live performance, egg quality, and yolk pigmentation and depigmentation time. A number of 144 layers were distributed in a completely randomized experimental design, with four treatments with six replicates of six birds each. In the basal diet, sorghum replaced 50% of corn, and was supplemented or not with natural pigments to composse the following treatments: Control (0% pigments), AS (2.0% annato), TR (2% turmeric) and ASTR (1% annato and 1% turmeric). Egg weight (g), egg production (%), egg mass (%), feed intake (g), feed conversion ratio (kg/dz and kg/kg) and mortality were evaluated. The following egg...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Annato; Layers; Second cycle; Sorghum; Turmeric.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2011000300002
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