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Acute exposure to lead increases myocardial contractility independent of hypertension development BJMBR
Fioresi,M.; Furieri,L.B.; Simões,M.R.; Ribeiro Junior,R.F.; Meira,E.F.; Fernandes,A.A.; Stefanon,I.; Vassallo,D.V..
We studied the effects of the acute administration of small doses of lead over time on hemodynamic parameters in anesthetized rats to determine if myocardial contractility changes are dependent or not on the development of hypertension. Male Wistar rats received 320 µg/kg lead acetateiv once, and their hemodynamic parameters were measured for 2 h. Cardiac contractility was evaluated in vitro using left ventricular papillary muscles as were Na+,K+-ATPase and myosin Ca2+-ATPase activities. Lead increased left- (control: 112 ± 3.7 vs lead: 129 ± 3.2 mmHg) and right-ventricular systolic pressures (control: 28 ± 1.2vs lead: 34 ± 1.2 mmHg) significantly without modifying heart rate. Papillary muscles were exposed to 8 µM lead acetate and evaluated 60 min later....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Lead; Myocardial contractility; Ventricular pressure.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2013000200178
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Antioxidant Status, Lipid Peroxidation and Testis-histoarchitecture Induced by Lead Nitrate and Mercury Chloride in Male Rats BABT
Bas,Hatice; Kalender,Suna.
ABSTRACT This study was done to evaluate the effects of lead nitrate and mercury chloride in testis tissues of Wistar rats. Lead nitrate and mercury chloride are widely used heavy metals in industry. Oral lead and mercury administrations to adult male rats at doses 45 mg/kg bw and 0.02 mg/kg bw, respectively for 4 weeks caused a significant increasing in MDA levels and antioxidant enzyme activities (SOD, CAT, GPx and GST). The MDA levels and acivities of antioxidant enzymes was lower in rats that were administrated by lead nitrate than mercury chloride treated group. Light microscopic analyses revealed that lead nitrate and mercury chloride induced numerous histopathological changes in testis tissues of rats. Histopathological observations of the testis...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Antioxidant enzymes; Lead; Mercury; Oxidative stress; Testis.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132016000100341
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Arsenic, cadmium and lead concentrations in Yerba mate commercialized in Southern Brazil by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry Ciência Rural
Santos,Lisia Maria Gobbo dos; Vicentini Neto,Santos Alves; Iozzi,Giovanna; Jacob,Silvana do Couto.
ABSTRACT: “Mate” or “Yerba Mate” (Ilex paraguariensis) is a native South American plant, commonly consumed in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and southern Brazil. Recent research has detected the presence of many vitamins and metals in this plant. Theses metals are also part of yerba mate’s mineral composition, due to soil and water contamination by pesticides and fertilizers, coal and oil combustion, vehicle emissions, mining, smelting, refining and the incineration of urban and industrial waste. Regardless of their origin, some inorganic elements, such as arsenic, cadmium and lead, are considered toxic, since they accumulate in all plant tissues and are, thus, introduced into the food chain. In this context, the aim of the present study was to determine and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Arsenic; Cadmium; Lead; ICP-MS; Yerba mate.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782017001200751
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ASSESSMENT OF BIOAVAILABILITY OF HEAVY METALS AFTER VERMICOMPOSTING IN THE PRESENCE OF ELECTRONIC WASTE Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Damasceno,Odilaine Inácio de Carvalho; Reis,César; Reis,Efraim Lázaro; Bellato,Carlos Roberto; Fidêncio,Paulo Henrique.
ABSTRACT Heavy metals contained in electronic waste, if discarded improperly, can become bioavailable after vermicomposting, posing a risk to the environment. Small-scale vermicomposting experiments were carried out with printed circuit boards (PCBs) to investigate the migration of heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, and Sn) to the final compost, as well as the mobility and bioavailability of these metals. High total levels of Pb, Sn and Cu in samples of manure with electronic waste (MEW) and vegetables with electronic waste (VEW) were detected. Based on the initial metal levels in the PCBs and their concentration in the resulting compost, the order of migration of these metals to the MEW and VEW samples was Sn (23.1 %)>Pb (18.4 %)>Ni (4.63 %)>Zn (0.46...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Electronic waste; Metal contamination; Lead; Sequential extraction.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832015000601786
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Assessment of heavy metal residues in Brazilian poultry and swine tissue Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Alkmim Filho,J. F.; Germano,A.; Dibai,W.L.S.; Vargas,E.A.; Melo,M.M..
The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of arsenic, lead and cadmium residues in samples of liver, kidney and muscle of poultry and swine during the years from 2002 to 2008. A total of 1978 samples were analyzed: 1031 of poultry and 947 of swine from Brazilian slaughterhouses. The samples were analyzed at the National Agricultural Laboratory using the atomic absorption spectrometry technique. In poultry, the arsenic residues were detected in 53.6% of liver samples, although no results have exceeded the MRL. In kidneys, 39.7% of the samples showed measurable residues and there was no violation of the limits. Regarding lead, there were 5 contaminated liver samples and 24 contaminated kidney samples (1.5 and 3.6% respectively). In muscle tissue...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Trace elements; Arsenic; Cadmium; Lead.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352014000200022
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Avaliação da presença de metais pesados em nove méis produzidos e comercializados no Distrito Federal. Repositório Alice
ROSA-CAMPOS, A. A.; ROCHA, J. E. da S.; BORGO, L. A.; SILVA, M. S. da..
Resumo: O mel brasileiro é produzido principalmente por abelhas africanizadas a partir do néctar ou da secreção das plantas e, devido às suas características genéticas dessas espécies de abelhas, dispensa o uso de antibióticos e pesticidas, como acaricidas e fungicidas. A composição das amostras de méis está intimamente relacionada com o tipo de florada utilizada por estas abelhas para a elaboração do produto final. Um dos componentes de grande importância são os minerais presentes no mel que representam de 0,02% a 1%. Dentre estes minerais observamos os chamados metais pesados, que podem indicar tanto a origem geográfica do mel quanto o nível de poluição ambiental por estes metais. Logo, faz-se necessário a pesquisa da presença ou não de metais pesados...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Abelha; Mel; Metal pesado; Chumbo; Cobre; Cromo; Níquel; Zinco; Honey bees; Honey; Heavy metals; Lead; Copper; Chromium; Nickel; Zinc.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/977384
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Biodisponibilidade de chumbo por extratores químicos em solo tratado com ácidos húmicos e carvão ativado. Repositório Alice
SANTOS, N. M. dos; ACCIOLY, A. M. de A.; NASCIMENTO, C. W. A. do; SILVA, I. R.; SANTOS, J. A. G..
A contaminação de solos por chumbo no município de Santo Amaro da Purificação-BA se originou a partir da instalação na cidade de uma metalúrgica na década de 60 e representa um sério risco à população local. A determinação dos teores disponíveis de Pb no solo é uma ferramenta importante para monitorar os riscos desta contaminação. No entanto, diferentes métodos são utilizados para determinar os teores disponíveis de Pb no solo, o que gera valores distintos entre os extratores. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi comparar a eficiência das extrações feitas com solução Mehlich 1, DTPA e CaCl2, na avaliação da disponibilidade Pb em solo tratado com diferentes amenizantes. A amostra de solo utilizada no experimento foi coletada próximo à metalúrgica. As doses...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Chumbo; Poluição; Solo; Metal pesado; Lead; Heavy metals; Pollution; Soil.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1028280
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BIOMASS PRODUCTION AND HEAVY METAL ABSORPTIONBY FOUR PLANTS GROWN AT THE MORAVIA DUMP, MEDELLÍN, COLOMBIA. Acta biol.Colomb.
SOLANGE SÁNCHEZ,MARÍA; TORRENEGRA,RUBÉN DARÍO; MARTÍNEZ,HERNÁN; SALAZAR,CLAUDIA EUGENIA; BARAHONA,ROLANDO.
Dumps are sites where the presence of high heavy metal (HM) concentration is a common occurrence, creating the need for implementing restoration processes immediately after their closure. In the 7.6 ha and 45 m high Morro de Moravia dump, arose from the disposal of Medellín solid wastes from 1974 to 1984, previous studies have demonstrated high contents of contaminants, including HM, prompting the need to identify effective mechanisms to implement its restoration. The objective of this study was to evaluate the adaptation, growth and phytoremediation capacity of Bidens pilosa, Lepidium virginicum, Brachiaria decumbens and Arachis pintoi. Content of HM (mg/kg) in Moravia residue matrix went from 17 to 8193 for Pb, 44 to 564 for Cr, 0.2 to 339 for Cd and 77...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Bidens pilosa; Brachiaria decumbens; Chromium; Lead; Phytoremediation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-548X2010000200019
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Central lead administration inhibits water intake and sodium appetite in rats BJMBR
De-Castro-e-Silva,E.J.; Castro,L.; Luz,C.P.; Ferreira,H.; Lima,A.K.S.; Souza,F.S.F.; Maldonado,I.; Macêdo,D.F.; Ferreira,M.G.; Bandeira,I.P.V.; Amor,A.L.M.; Carvalho,F.L.Q.; Rocha Jr.,M.A.; Fregoneze,J.B..
We have demonstrated that acute third ventricle injections of lead acetate (PbAc) exert a powerful antidipsogenic effect and induce a significant increase in renal sodium excretion. In the present study we confirm the antidipsogenic effect of lead and demonstrate that central administration of this metal, in minute amounts, significantly reduces salt intake both during dehydration and after central angiotensinergic stimulation. Adult male Wistar rats had the third ventricle cannulated seven days before the experiments. During this period they had free access to distilled water and hypertonic saline solution (1.5%). After a 24-h period of fluid deprivation, experimental animals received third ventricle injections of PbAc (0.3, N = 8 and 3.0 nmol/rat, N =...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Lead; Angiotensin II; Water intake; Sodium intake; Rats.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X1999001000011
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Contaminação por chumbo na serrapilheira do Parque Nacional da Tijuca - RJ Acta Botanica
Oliveira,Rogério Ribeiro de; Lacerda,Luiz Drude de.
As matas formadoras do Parque Nacional da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro, apresentaram em sua serrapilheira um teor médio de chumbo de 16,2 µg/g ao longo de um ano. A entrada do metal no sistema via queda da serrapilheira foi de 140 g/ha/ano. O Pb atinge o sistema florestal pela deposição atmosférica, e tem origem provável na queima de combustíveis (gasolina e petróleo)
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Litter; Lead; Tijuca National Park.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33061987000300016
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Correlation between heavy metal ions (copper, zinc, lead) concentrations and root length of Allium cepa L. in polluted river water BABT
Palacio,Soraya Moreno; Espinoza-Quiñones,Fernando Rodolfo; Galante,Raquel Manozzo; Zenatti,Dilcemara Cristina; Seolatto,Araceli Aparecida; Lorenz,Evandro Kleber; Zacarkim,Carlos Eduardo; Rossi,Nickeli; Rizzutto,Márcia de Almeida; Tabacniks,Manfredo Harri.
The present work was performed using the common onion (Allium cepa L.) as a bioindicator of toxicity of heavy metals in river water. The test waters were collected at two sampling sites: at the beginning and the end of the Toledo River. The bulbs of A. cepa L. were grown in test water with nine concentration levels of copper, zinc and lead from 0.1 to 50 ppm. In the laboratory, the influence of these test liquids on the root growth was examined during five days. For test liquids containing below 0.03-ppm dissolved Cu the root growth was reduced by 40% However, the same reduction occurred for 1-ppm dissolved Zn. For dissolved Pb, results reveal toxicity above 0.1 and 0.6 ppm at the beginning and the end of the Toledo river water, respectively.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Acute toxicity; Bioassay; Copper; Zinc; Lead; Allium cepa L.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132005000400024
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Differential effects of lead and zinc on inhibitory avoidance learning in mice BJMBR
de Oliveira,F.S.; Viana,M.R.; Antoniolli,A.R.; Marchioro,M..
We studied the effects of chronic intoxication with the heavy metals lead (Pb2+) and zinc (Zn2+) on memory formation in mice. Animals were intoxicated through drinking water during the pre- and postnatal periods and then tested in the step-through inhibitory avoidance memory task. Chronic postnatal intoxication with Pb2+ did not change the step-through latency values recorded during the 4 weeks of the test (ANOVA, P>0.05). In contrast, mice intoxicated during the prenatal period showed significantly reduced latency values when compared to the control group (day 1: q = 4.62, P<0.05; day 7: q = 4.42, P<0.05; day 14: q = 5.65, P<0.05; day 21: q = 3.96, P<0.05, and day 28: q = 6.09, P<0.05). Although chronic postnatal intoxication with Zn2+...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Lead; Zinc; Inhibitory avoidance; Memory.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2001000100014
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Dinâmica do chumbo no lago do parque Ingá, Maringá, PR, Brasil BABT
Vaz,Sérgio Renato; Lenzi,Ervim; Luchese,Eduardo Bernardi; Fávero,Luzia O. B..
Este trabalho analisa a dinâmica do chumbo no lago do parque do Ingá, Maringá - PR. Mensalmente durante um ano foram coletadas amostras de água e sedimentos e o pH e temperatura medidos no ato da coleta. Nas amostras de água foi determinada a Demanda Química de Oxigênio (DQO) e a concentração total de Pb na água e sedimentos. A determinação da concentração Pb na água e sedimentos foi feita com a técnica da espectrometria da absorção atômica, modalidade chama. Os valores médios mensais encontrados, em intervalos e médias globais foram respectivamente: concentração de Pb na água, em ng.mL-1, não detectado (nd) - 55,56 e 19,23; Pb em sedimentos, em µg.g-1, 48,73 - 92,87 e 71,93; pH, 7,02 - 8,23 e 7,60; temperatura, em °C, 19,33 - 27,48 e 23,73; DQO, em...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Lead; Lakes; Environmental pollution; Elements environmental dynamic; Environment.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89131998000400010
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Distribuição espacial de metais pesados em solos do entorno da baia de Todos os Santos - BA. Repositório Alice
SANTOS, N. M. dos; NASCIMENTO, C. W. A. do; ACCIOLY, A. M. de A..
A baía de Todos os Santos é conhecida por um dos mais importantes casos de contaminação urbana por chumbo no mundo. O presente estudo foi realizado para avaliar a distribuição espacial e fontes de Pb, Zn, As, Cd e Hg em solos circundante a BTS usando análise geoestatística. Um total de 114 amostras de solo superficial (0,0 - 0,2 m de profundidade), foram coletadas em 38 locais de amostragens e a concentração de Pb, Zn, As, Cd e Hg foram determinadas em ICP-OES ou AA-FIAS após digestão em micro-ondas. Mapas de distribuição espacial foram feitos usando o método da interpolação de Krigagem. As maiores concentrações de Pb, Zn e Cd no solo, foram encontrados próximo a cidade de Santo Amaro da Purificação, onde existe uma fundição de chumbo abandonada,...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Solo; Chumbo; Soil; Lead.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1026472
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Ecotoxicological Effects of Three Heavy Metals on the Root Growth of Four Vascular Plants Agricultura Técnica
Iannacone O.,José; Alvariño F.,Lorena.
Environmental risk assessment (ERA) of terrestrial environments polluted by heavy metals in Peru requires standardized biological organisms, the use of which is simple, practical, sensitive and repeatable, such as seeds of higher plants used in eco-toxicological bioassays. The aim of this research was to evaluate the phytotoxic effects of Cr6+, Hg2+ and Pb2+ as potassium dichromate (K2Cr(2)0(7)), mercury chloride (Cl2Hg) and lead acetate ((CH3C00)2Pb), respectively, on growing roots of four species of higher terrestrial plants: onions (Allium cepa L., Liliaceae), red beets (Beta vulgaris L., Chenopodiaceae), rice (Oriza sativa L., Poaceae) and radishes (Raphanus sativus L., Brassicaceae) at 192 h (8 days) exposure. Bioassays of static sub-lethal toxicity...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Heavy metals; Peru; Seeds; Vascular plants; Seeds; Mining waste; Chromium; Mercury; Lead.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-28072005000200009
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EDTA assisted phytorremediation of a Pb contamined soil: metal leaching and uptake by jack beans Scientia Agricola
Gabos,Mariana Bassetto; Abreu,Cleide Aparecida de; Coscione,Aline Reneé.
Lead (Pb) is one of the main soil contaminants. It is also of difficult phytoremediation due to its low solubility and high retention on soil particles. EDTA application to soil is a strategy to increase heavy metal phytoextraction, but such chelants usually cause phytotoxicity and metal leaching side effects. Therefore, these research work objectives were to evaluate the effects of single (0.5 g kg-1) and split (0.25 + 0.25 g kg-1) EDTA application on Pb uptake by jack beans (Canavalia ensiformis L.) as well as on Pb vertical movement in a Pb contaminated soil material. Two sets of experiments were carried out under greenhouse conditions: in the first one, plants were grown in 3L-pots filled with a Pb-contaminated soil to evaluate Pb uptake by plants; for...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Canavalia ensiformis L.; Lead; Phytoremediation; Chelant.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162009000400012
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Effect of lead acetate on neurobehavioral development of rats BJMBR
Mello,C.F.; Kraemer,C.K.; Filippin,A.; Morsch,V.M.; Rodrigues,A.L.S.; Martins,A.F.; Rubin,M.A..
We investigated the effects of lead exposure during the pre- and postnatal period on the neurobehavioral development of female Wistar rats (70-75 days of age, 120-150 g) using a protocol of lead intoxication that does not affect weight gain. Wistar rats were submitted to lead acetate intoxication by giving their dams 1.0 mM lead acetate. Control dams received deionized water. Growth and neuromotor development were assessed by monitoring daily the following parameters in 20 litters: body weight, ear unfolding, incisor eruption, eye opening, righting, palmar grasp, negative geotaxis, cliff avoidance and startle reflex. Spontaneous alternation was assessed on postnatal day 17 using a T maze. The animals' ability to equilibrate on a beaker rim was measured on...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Lead; Neurobehavioral development; Undernutrition; Heavy metal intoxication; Teratology; Rat.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X1998000700010
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Enzyme-based Colorimetric and Potentiometric Biosensor for Detecting Pb (II) Ions in Milk BABT
Kaur,Hardeep; Kumar,Sachin; Verma,Neelam.
The aim of the present work was to study a simple colorimetric and potentiometric biosensor based on urease inhibition by Pb (II) ions for its estimation in milk samples. Urease immobilized on nylon membrane by hydrosol gel method was used as the biocomponent to demonstrate the metal effect on the enzyme activity using phenol red as the pH indicator. A lower limit detection of 38.6µm was achieved in the milk and the enzyme membranes were stable for more than two months at 4ºC. In potentiometric approach, response of an ion selective electrode (ISE) to changing ammonium ion concentration as a consequence of urease inhibition by Pb (II) ions was explored to achieve a detection limit of 9.66 µm. Lead specificity was attained by means of masking agents 1,10 -...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biosensor; Urease; Hydrosol- gel immobilization; Lead; Milk; Masking agent.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132014000400613
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Filamentous fungi isolated from Brazilian semiarid tolerant to metallurgical industry wastes: an ex situ evaluation BABT
Silva Júnior,Flavio Manoel Rodrigues da; Pereira,Sônia Valéria.
The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of metallurgical industry wastes on the semiarid soil microbiota using physico-chemical and microbiological parameters, highlighting the filamentous fungi assembly. Soil samples were collected in an area of industrial waste deposit contaminated with lead and mixed with natural soil (control soil) in seven different concentrations (0, 7.5, 15, 30, 45, 60 and 100%). The results showed alterations on the physico-chemical properties of the soil treated with industrial wastes, with a gradate increase of the soil's pH (5.6-10.4) and electrical conductivity (0.3-14.7 dS m-1) and also reduction of organic matter (7.0-1.8%). The use of microbiological parameters (fungal richness and diversity, CO2emission, and the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chaetomium; Microbial activity; Contaminated soils; Filamentous fungi; Lead.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132014000500723
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Genetic damage induced by trophic doses of lead in the neotropical fish Hoplias malabaricus (Characiformes, Erythrinidae) as revealed by the comet assay and chromosomal aberrations Genet. Mol. Biol.
Cestari,Marta Margarete; Lemos,Priscilla Maria M.; Ribeiro,Ciro Alberto de Oliveira; Costa,João Ricardo M. Alves; Pelletier,Emilien; Ferraro,Marcos V.M.; Mantovani,Mário Sérgio; Fenocchio,Alberto Sergio.
The effects of clastogenic or mutagenic agents have rarely been studied in neotropical fish species exposed to contaminated water. In this study, the genetic damage caused by lead in the widely distributed South American fish, Hoplias malabaricus, was assessed using the comet (SCGE) assay and by testing for chromosomal aberrations. Eighteen specimens were acclimatized to laboratory conditions and then chronically exposed to contaminated food by feeding prey (Cyprinus sp.) injected intraperitoneally with doses of inorganic lead adjusted to give a contamination level of 21 mg of Pb2+.g-1 net weight of H. malabaricus. Three fish were sampled for chromosomal analysis after four doses (18 days) and another three after eight doses (41 days) of lead and the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chromosomal aberrations; Comet assay; Genotoxicity; Hoplias malabaricus; Lead; Mutagenesis.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572004000200023
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