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Registros recuperados: 31
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A comunicação para o desenvolvimento como uma estratégia de inserção socioprodutiva de agricultores familiares em um deserto alimentar. Repositório Alice
NOBREGA, A. R. da; FARIAS, J. L. de S.; CAVALCANTE, R. M. B.; MACHADO, A. B. N..
Resumo: A Política Nacional de Agroecologia e Produção Orgânica (Pnapo) foi criada em 2012, com o objetivo de integrar, articular e adequar as políticas públicas que contribuem para a produção sustentável de alimentos saudáveis e livres de contaminantes químicos, aliando o desenvolvimento rural com a conservação dos recursos naturais e a valorização do conhecimento dos povos e comunidades tradicionais. Este texto apresenta uma análise do processo de construção desta política com base nas percepções dos representantes das diversas instituições do governo e da sociedade civil que participam da sua gestão. Entrevistas semiestruturadas foram realizadas com esses representantes e uma análise de conteúdo foi procedida com base nas transcrições das entrevistas....
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Brasil; Região Nordeste; Sobral; Semiárido; Deserto alimentar; Construção social; Conhecimento local; Atores sociais; Atores institucionais; Smallholders; Local knowledge; Food Desert; Agricultura Familiar; Desenvolvimento Sustentável; Políticas Públicas; Comunidade Rural; Desenvolvimento Rural; População Rural; Pobreza Rural; Comunicação; Agricultural communications; Rural communities; Family farms; Semiarid soils; Brazil.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1108031
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Adapting prospective structural analysis to strengthen sustainable management and capacity building in community-based natural resource management contexts Ecology and Society
Local communities collectively managing common pool resources can play an important role in sustainable management, but they often lack the skills and context-specific tools required for such management. The complex dynamics of social-ecological systems (SES), the need for management capacities, and communities’ limited empowerment and participation skills present challenges for community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) strategies. We analyzed the applicability of prospective structural analysis (PSA), a strategic foresight tool, to support decision making and to foster sustainable management and capacity building in CBNRM contexts and the modifications necessary to use the tool in such contexts. By testing PSA in three SES in Colombia,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Argentina; Colombia; Latin America; Local knowledge; Mexico; Participatory techniques; Social-ecological systems; Strategic foresight.
Ano: 2016
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Aspectos metodológicos do trabalho de campo para caracterização de solos a partir do saber local: estudo de caso no norte de Minas Gerais. Infoteca-e
CORREIA, J. R.; ANJOS, L. H. C. dos; NEVES, D. P.; LIMA, A. C. S.; TOLEDO, L. de O.; CALDERANO FILHO, B..
ABSTRACT: Despite of all modem communications tools, difficulties of dialogue still exist between technicians and local community members when dealing with natural resources. This is related to many factors, from the predominantly technical formation of the teachers and researches to the difficult of local population members to be understood about their relationship with the surrounding environment. In the case of Soil Science, this problem also occurs. Proposals for planning soil sustainable usage, usually, are compromised because the do not consider the local knowledge, especially in rural communities, where there is no basic material compatible to the work scale needed. The approach of observing the environment and how humans interact with it, from the...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Reconhecimento do solo; Classificação do solo; Mapeamento; Pedologia; Conhecimento local; Comunidade rural; Soil survey; Soil classification; Mapping; Soil sciences; Local knowledge; Rural communities.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/570243
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Conocimiento local y crecimiento inicial del ojite (Brosimum alicastrum Swartz) bajo distintas condiciones de manejo en la zona de Lomeríos del municipío Paso de Ovejas, Veracruz, México. Colegio de Postgraduados
Domínguez Lagunes, Maira Antonia.
La investigación se realizó en dos etapas. El objetivo de la primera etapa fue documentar el conocimiento local sobre Brosimum alicastrum como árbol forrajero. Las entrevistas con los ganaderos mostraron que el 83% conocía aspectos ecológicos del árbol, el 9% la biología y un 77% aspectos sobre manejo del árbol; esta especie cayó en el desuso a partir del reparto agrario (1940) cuando la delimitación de las parcelas restringió el acceso a los árboles. Se concluyó que existe conocimiento sobre la utilización del árbol aunque limitado, y que el desarrollo tecnológico propició a que este recurso fuera cayendo en desuso; aunque aún existe interés en recuperarlo y utilizarlo. El objetivo de la segunda etapa considerando la primera, fue analizar el crecimiento...
Palavras-chave: Brosimum alicastrum; Vegetación nativa; Conocimiento local; Zonas rurales; Reservorios; Desuso; Hidrogel; Native vegetation; Local knowledge; Rural zones; Reservoirs; Disuse; Hydrogel; Agroecosistemas Tropicales; Maestría.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1875
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Control de incendios forestales con sistemas de captación del agua de lluvia. Colegio de Postgraduados
León Villalobos, José María.
Las aeronaves se han convertido en el medio más eficaz, rápido y moderno en la lucha contra los megaincendios forestales; el agua, elemento operativo fundamental está limitada en disponibilidad, reduciendo la eficiencia de la labor. Los sistemas de captación del agua de lluvia (SCALL), pueden ser usados para solucionar la escasez de agua en el control aéreo de incendios forestales y su ubicación estratégica en zonas de alta incidencia es primordial para mejorar la eficiencia en el control de incendios y salvaguardar los bosques mexicanos. En este estudio se realizó una evaluación de la aptitud territorial para establecer SCALL en tres municipios del estado de México: Chalco, Tlalmanalco e Ixtapaluca, mediante la selección de cinco variables determinantes:...
Palavras-chave: Análisis multicriterio; Control aéreo de incendios forestales; Area de captación; Conocimiento local; Probabilidad de lluvia; Multicriteria analysis; Wildfire fighting; Catchment area; Local knowledge; Precipitacion probability; Edafología; Maestría.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1685
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Facilitating collective action and enhancing local knowledge: a herbal medicine case study in Talaandig communities, Philippines AgEcon
Hartanto, Herlina; Valmores, Cecil.
The indigenous people of Talaanding in Basac village, Bukidnon, the Philippines, had to deal with a high occurrence of disease and a high number of malnourished children in their village. This situation was due to the inability of the local health clinic to provide adequate health service and medicine to the community. Using an approach that promotes social learning and collective action, a CIFOR Adaptive Collaborative Management (ACM) research team facilitated a group of women, mostly the village health workers, in addressing their local health problems by using their local knowledge of medicinal plants and herbal medicines. This paper describes the ACM concept and the social learning processes that the women went through in identifying their...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Social learning; Local knowledge; Medicinal plants; Adaptive collaborative management; Philippines; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50072
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Farmers’ knowledge and use of soil fauna in agriculture: a worldwide review Ecology and Society
Pauli, Natasha; School of Earth and Environment, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia; natasha.pauli@uwa.edu.au; Abbott, Lynette K; School of Earth and Environment, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia; lynette.abbott@uwa.edu.au.
General knowledge of the small, invisible, or hidden organisms that make soil one of the most biodiverse habitats on Earth is thought to be scarce, despite their importance in food systems and agricultural production. We provide the first worldwide review of high-quality research that reports on farmers’ knowledge of soil organisms in agriculture. The depth of farmers’ knowledge varied; some farming communities held detailed local taxonomies and observations of soil biota, or used soil biological activity as indicators of soil fertility, while others were largely unaware of soil fauna. Elicitation of soil biota knowledge was often incidental to the main research goal in many of the reviewed studies. Farmers are rarely deliberately or...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Ethnoecology; Ethnopedology; Farmer knowledge; Local knowledge; Soil biota.
Ano: 2016
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Genesis of an indigenous social-ecological landscape in eastern Panama Ecology and Society
Sharma, Divya; Department of Biology, McGill University; divya.sharma2@mail.mcgill.ca; Vergara-Asenjo, Gerardo; Department of Biology, McGill University; Instituto Forestal de Chile; gevergara@gmail.com; Potvin, Catherine; Department of Biology, McGill University; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute; catherine.potvin@mcgill.ca.
Knowledge of the interplay between ecological and social influences in the context of land-use decision-making is sparse. To help fill this gap, we conducted participatory land-cover mapping in an indigenous territory of eastern Panama to identify factors that influenced household land-use decisions. The map illustrated a mosaic of land cover dominated by pasture. Primary discourse on influences from 35 semistructured interviews with landowners, women, and youth emphasized economic concerns, such as subsistence, and social-cultural factors, such as reticence to abandon traditional agriculture. Multivariate analysis showed that timing of family settlement helped determine proportion of forest cover, and place of origin helped determine proportion of short...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Eastern Panama; Deforestation; Forest cover; Indigenous migration; Land-cover mapping; Land-use change; Land-use decisions; Livelihood strategies; Local knowledge; Reforestation; Social-ecological landscape.
Ano: 2015
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Global environmental change: local perceptions, understandings, and explanations Ecology and Society
Byg, Anja; Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences Group, James Hutton Institute, UK; anja.byg@hutton.ac.uk; Thornton, Thomas F; Oxford University, School of Geography and the Environment; thomas.thornton@ouce.ox.ac.uk.
Global environmental change (GEC) is an increasingly discussed phenomenon in the scientific literature as evidence of its presence and impacts continues to grow. Yet, while the documentation of GEC is becoming more readily available, local perceptions of GEC— particularly in small-scale societies—and preferences about how to deal with it, are still largely overlooked. Local knowledge and perceptions of GEC are important in that agents make decisions (including on natural resource management) based on individual perceptions. We carried out a systematic literature review that aims to provide an exhaustive state-of-the-art of the degree to and manner in which the study of local perceptions of change are being addressed in GEC research. We...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive strategies; Cognitive psychology; Local knowledge; Ontologies; Small-scale societies.
Ano: 2016
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Gobernanza comunitaria, género y manejo de recursos forestales no maderables (RFNM) en San Miguel Mixtepec : Oaxaca. el caso de poleo (Satureja macrostema). Colegio de Postgraduados
Ortega Ortega, Tomás.
Los Recursos Forestales No Maderables (RFNM) contribuyen en el bienestar de las comunidades forestales de México, pero existen pocos trabajos que analicen su dinámica de aprovechamiento y ecología. El presente trabajo se realizó con hombres y mujeres de San Miguel Mixtepec, Oaxaca. El objetivo general de la investigación es identificar, analizar y documentar las estrategias implementadas por la gobernanza comunitaria, para regular el aprovechamiento del poleo (Satureja macrostema) que crece en el complejo montañoso local, el cual tiene diferentes usos entre las comunidades del municipio. La metodología utilizada fue ecológica, cualitativa y cuantitativa con perspectiva de género. Los resultados indican que su aprovechamiento es regulado por acuerdos...
Palavras-chave: Manejo; Conocimiento local; Mercadeo; Género; Management; Local knowledge; Trade; Gender; Desarrollo Rural; Maestría.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2124
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Human–Nature Relationship in Mediterranean Streams: Integrating Different Types of Knowledge to Improve Water Management Ecology and Society
Clemente, Adelaide; Environmental Biology Centre, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon; maclemente@fc.ul.pt; Nielsen, Kurt Aagaard; Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change, University of Roskilde; aagaard@ruc.dk; Branquinho, Cristina; Environmental Biology Centre, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon; cmbranquinho@fc.ul.pt.
The social and ecological systems of Mediterranean streams are intrinsically linked as a result of long human occupation. In this region, these links vary greatly across small distances due to geomorphology, resulting in great diversity across space, which poses particular challenges for understanding and managing these systems. This demands (i) interdisciplinary integration of knowledge that focuses on the social–ecological interactions, while according due consideration to the whole; and also (ii) transdisciplinary integration, integrating lay and expert knowledge to understand local specificities. To address these needs—a focus on interactions and local knowledge—the research presented here studies the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Co-evolution; Ecological indicators; Interdisciplinary; Local knowledge; Natural resource management; Portugal; Social– Ecological systems; Transdisciplinary.
Ano: 2009
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Identificación de especies leñosas nativas promisorias para la restauración de la selva baja caducifolia del centro de Veracruz. Colegio de Postgraduados
Suárez Islas, Alfonso.
El objetivo de esta tesis fue identificar leñosas nativas de valor socioeconómico y ecológico para la restauración de la selva baja caducifolia de Paso de Ovejas, Veracruz. Se estudio: 1) el conocimiento local de las especies leñosas, a través de talleres y entrevistas y 2) el desempeño inicial de ocho de estas especies en un potrero degradado, plantadas en forma mixta así como en enriquecimiento. El estudio del conocimiento local arrojó un total de 76 especies citadas. Se analizaron los datos a través de índices de importancia cultural, percepción de escasez e importancia para fauna silvestre. Todas las especies mencionadas fueron útiles, las más importantes fueron fabáceas. Dos tercios del total se percibieron como escasas; el 70% fueron consideradas...
Palavras-chave: Conocimiento local; Desempeño de plantas; Importancia cultural; Plantación mixta; Plantación de enriquecimiento; Cultural importance; Enrichment; Local knowledge; Mixed plantation; Seedling performance; Botánica; Doctorado.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/621
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Instrumental Learning and Sustainability Indicators: Outputs from Co-Construction Experiments in West African Biosphere Reserves Ecology and Society
Bouamrane, Meriem; MAB-UNESCO; m.bouamrane@unesco.org.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Biosphere reserves; Integrated natural resource management; Interaction indicators; Instrumental learning; Local knowledge.
Ano: 2008
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Instrumental Learning and Sustainability Indicators: Outputs from Co-Construction Experiments in West African Biosphere Reserves ArchiMer
Levrel, Harold; Bouamrane, M.
Co-adaptive management of biodiversity is largely based on a collective learning process. This collective learning concerns "instrumental policy learning," "social policy learning," and " political learning." This paper focuses on instrumental policy learning that has been launched in four West African biosphere reserves. It is based on a MAB-UNESCO/UNEP-GEF programme concerning the co-construction of interaction indicators (between development and conservation), inspired by the Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM) methodology. Using this process, we were able to test conventional Pressure-State-Response indicators, highlight their limitations, and develop new indicators starting from stakeholders' stories and perceptions. These new indicators can...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Local knowledge; Instrumental learning; Interaction indicators; Integrated natural resource management; Biosphere reserves.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-5290.pdf
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Integrating local knowledge and science: economic consequences of driftwood harvest in a changing climate Ecology and Society
Jones, Chas E; International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks; chas@chasjones.com; Kielland, Knut; Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks; kkielland@alaska.edu; Hinzman, Larry D; International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks; ldhinzman@alaska.edu; Schneider, William S; Oral History Department, University of Alaska Fairbanks; wsschneider@alaska.edu.
The integration of local knowledge and science represents an opportunity to enhance the understanding of interrelations among climate, hydrology, and socioeconomic systems while providing mutual benefits to scientists and rural communities. Insight from rural Alaskans helped to identify a social-ecological threshold used to model potential driftwood harvest from the Yukon River. Information from residents of Tanana, Alaska, was combined with scientific data to model driftwood harvest rates. Modeling results estimated that between 1980 and 2010, hydrologic factors alone were responsible for a 29% decrease in the annual wood harvest, which approximately balanced a 23% reduction in wood demand because of a decline in number of households. The...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biomass; Climate; Driftwood; Economics; Flood; Hydrology; Large woody debris; Local knowledge; Participatory research; Social-ecological model; Threshold.
Ano: 2015
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Integrating traditional knowledge when it appears to conflict with conservation: lessons from the discovery and protection of sitatunga in Ghana Ecology and Society
McPherson, Jana M.; Centre for Conservation Research, Calgary Zoological Society; janam@calgaryzoo.com; Sammy, Joy; Centre for Conservation Research, Calgary Zoological Society; Protected Areas and Poverty Reduction Canada-Africa Learning Alliance, Vancouver Island University; joy.sammy@gmail.com; Sheppard, Donna J.; Centre for Conservation Research, Calgary Zoological Society; Nature Conservation Research Centre; Protected Areas and Poverty Reduction Canada-Africa Learning Alliance, Vancouver Island University; Rural Studies, School of Environmental Design and Rural Development, University of Guelph; donnas@calgaryzoo.com; Mason, John J.; Nature Conservation Research Centre; jos091963@gmail.com; Brichieri-Colombi, Typhenn A.; Centre for Conservation Research, Calgary Zoological Society; TyphenBC@calgaryzoo.com; Moehrenschlager, Axel; Centre for Conservation Research, Calgary Zoological Society; axelm@calgaryzoo.com.
Cultural traditions can conflict with modern conservation goals when they promote damage to fragile environments or the harvest of imperiled species. We explore whether and how traditional, culturally motivated species exploitation can nonetheless aid conservation by examining the recent “discovery” in Avu Lagoon, Ghana, of sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekii gratus), a species familiar to locals, but not previously scientifically recorded in Ghana and regionally assumed extinct. Specifically, we investigate what role traditional beliefs, allied hunting practices, and the associated traditional ecological knowledge have played in the species’ discovery and subsequent community-based conservation; how they might influence future...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Anlo-Keta Lagoon Complex; Community-based conservation; Local knowledge; Shrines; Traditional beliefs; Traditional ecological knowledge; Traditional species harvest; Tragelaphus spekii gratus.
Ano: 2016
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Interactive Land-Use Planning in Indonesian Rain-Forest Landscapes: Reconnecting Plans to Practice Ecology and Society
Wollenberg, Eva; University of Vermont; lini.wollenberg@uvm.edu; Campbell, Bruce; Center for International Forestry Research; bruce.campbell@cdu.edu.au; Dounias, Edmond; CIFOR; e.dounias@cgiar.org; Gunarso, Petrus; Tropenbos; tropenbos@telkom.net; Moeliono, Moira; Center for International Forestry Research; m.moeliono@cgiar.org; Sheil, Douglas; Institute of Tropical Forest Conservation; douglassheil@itfc.org.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Land- use planning; Adaptive management; Borneo; Decentralization; Local knowledge; Spatial planning; Systems frameworks.
Ano: 2009
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Linking Hunter Knowledge with Forest Change to Understand Changing Deer Harvest Opportunities in Intensively Logged Landscapes Ecology and Society
Brinkman, Todd J; University of Alaska-Fairbanks; fttjb2@uaf.edu; Chapin, Terry; University of Alaska-Fairbanks; terry.chapin@uaf.edu; Kofinas, Gary; University of Alaska-Fairbanks; ffgpk@uaf.edu; Person, David K; Alaska Department of Fish and Game; david.person@alaska.gov.
The effects of landscape changes caused by intensive logging on the availability of wild game are important when the harvest of wild game is a critical cultural practice, food source, and recreational activity. We assessed the influence of extensive industrial logging on the availability of wild game by drawing on local knowledge and ecological science to evaluate the relationship between forest change and opportunities to harvest Sitka black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis) on Prince of Wales Island, Alaska. We used data collected through interviews with local deer hunters and GIS analysis of land cover to determine relationships among landscape change, hunter access, and habitat for deer hunting over the last 50 yr. We then used these...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Access; Forest change; Hunting; Local knowledge; Logging; Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis; Sitka black-tailed deer; Subsistence.
Ano: 2009
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Local ecological knowledge also comes "from books": cultural change, landscape transformation and conservation of biodiversity in two natural protected areas from Portugal IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Carvalho, Ana Maria; Frazão-Moreira, Amélia; Martins, Elisabete.
The study of social and economic change and the consequent landscape transformation in Parque Natural de Montesinho and Parque Natural de Douro Internacional (Northeastern Portugal) allows us to discuss the ambivalent relation between the political aims of biodiversity preservation and social reality in protected rural areas.
Tipo: ConferenceObject Palavras-chave: Portuguese Ethnobotany; Local knowledge; Cultural landscape; Changes in rural areas; Parque Natural Douro Internacional; Parque Natural de Montesinho.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/4620
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Navigating Trade-Offs: Working for Conservation and Development Outcomes Ecology and Society
Campbell, Bruce M; CGIAR Challenge Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); brca@life.ku.dk; Sayer, Jeffrey A; IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature ; jeff.sayer@iucn.org; Walker, Brian; CSIRO - Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Research Organization ; Brian.Walker@csiro.au.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Governance; ICDP; Institutions; Integrated conservation and development; Land-use planning; Local knowledge; Participatory modeling; Participatory research; Resilience perspective.
Ano: 2010
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