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Amélioration des techniques d'élevage de la chevrette Macrobrachium rosenbergii en Guyane ArchiMer
Griessinger, Jean-michel; Gondouin, Philippe; Dutto, Gilbert; Lacroix, Denis; Pollet, Thierry; Falguiere, Jean-claude; Mer, Gilles.
En 1987, l'analyse du système d'élevage en continu menée par l' IFREMER tant sur les fermes guyanaises que sur la station expérimentale de Kourou a permis de mettre en évidence les limites et les faiblesses de ce mode d'élevage. Elle a montré la nécessité d'un meilleur contrôle du cheptel depuis l'ensemencement jusqu'à la commercialisation afin de pouvoir atteindre de manière fiable des rendements de l'ordre de 2,5 T/ha/an.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Elevage; Chevrette; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Guyane; Zootechnie; Production; Grow-out; Freshwater prawn; Macrobrachium rseenbergii; French Guiana; Production.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00041/15266/12618.pdf
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Aménagement des techniques de production de la chevrette Macrobrachium rosenbergii en Guyane ArchiMer
Griessinger, Jean-michel; Lacroix, Denis; Falguiere, Jean-claude; Pollet, Thierry; Gondouin, Philippe; Mer, Gilles.
En 1987, la filière de production de chevrettes Macrobrachium rosenbergii en Guyane Française a fait l'objet d'intervention du laboratoire d'aquaculture de l'IFREMER à 2 niveaux : un appui technique à la profession, et des expérimentations à la station expérimentale gérée en commun par IFREMER et INRA, à KOUROU. L'appui technique a porté sur la formation d'éleveurs notamment pour le démarrage des exploitations, l'amélioration des techniques d'exploitation et de choix des classes détaillées commerciales, la maîtrise des caractéristiques du milieu d'élevage par l'utilisation des amendements classiques, la lutte contre la contamination des produits par les germes coliformes. Le programme de recherche a porté en 1987 sur l'analyse du milieu d'élevage et tenté...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Elevage; Chevrette; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Guyane; Zootechnie; Hydrologie; Production.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00041/15267/12619.pdf
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Aquaculture activities in Fiji ArchiMer
Vereivalu, T.
Fiji has no aquaculture tradition, but the Government is engaged in aquaculture production since 1969, with the help of other countries and international organization like F.A.O. Some species have been tested: Fishes: Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus ) and Tilapia ; Molluscs: Oyster (Crassostrea echinata ) and Mussel (Mytilus viridis ); Crustacean: freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii ) and shrimps (Penaeus monodon, P. indicus, P. stylirostris ).
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tilapia; Ctenopharyngodon idella; Pisces; Mytilus viridis; Mollusca; Penaeus stylirostris; Penaeus indicus; Penaeus monodon; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Crustacea.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/acte-1498.pdf
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Aquaculture et prospective : un passé simple et ses futurs antérieurs ArchiMer
Lacroix, Denis.
Aquaculture is one of the main supply of protein in feed for mankind, notably in Asia. It increases and had exceeded the level of production of world fisheries, which is decreasing. According to sites and rearing methods, aquaculture contributes to add value but also in some cases to impact negatively the aquatic ecosystems. In the coastal area, a rich and productive zone, but also a place of conflicts, this activity presents a high potential for development if it takes into account the rules of sustainability. The conditions of this sustainability may be cleared with appropriate methods of foresight analysis applied for each development project. The analysis of the professional experience of D. Lacroix for 33 years in aquaculture is structured in three...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Prospective; Durabilité; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Aquaculture; Foresight analysis; Sustainability; Macrobrachium rosenbergii.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14349/11633.pdf
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Aquaculture of edible species in French Polynesia ArchiMer
Patrois, Jacques.
In French Polynesia, the research on rearing edible species has began in 1971. The aims were: to develop the local production of sea foods to satisfy the domestic market and to create new activities and employments in rural areas.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Penaeus stylirostris; Penaeus indicus; Penaeus monodon; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Perna viridis; Crassostrea rhizophorae; Saccostrea echinata; Mollusca; Prawn culture; Shrimp culture; Rearing; Marine fish; Marine molluscs; Marine crustaceans; Freshwater crustaceans; Aquaculture.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/acte-1450.pdf
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Chemical composition and fatty acid contents in farmed freshwater prawns PAB
Portella,Carolina de Gasperi; Sant'Ana,Léa Silvia; Valenti,Wagner Cotroni.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the chemical composition and fatty acid contents of Amazonian and giant river prawns. After four-month farming, with the same diet for both species, palmitic and stearic acids were the main saturated fatty acids. Oleic acid was the main monounsatured fatty acid, and the eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids were the most abundant polyunsaturated acids. Amazonian prawn has higher levels of protein and polyunsaturated fatty acids than those of the giant river prawn, which shows its potential for aquaculture.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Macrobrachium amazonicum; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Amino acid; Fatty acids; Meat quality.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2013000800046
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Compensatory growth of Malaysian prawns reared at high densities during the nursery phase R. Bras. Zootec.
Marques,H.L.A.; Lombardi,J.V..
The objective of this work was to verify the occurrence of compensatory growth in Malaysian prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) reared in pens, after being stocked in cages under high densities during nursery phase. The experiment was carried out in 0.5 m² cages and 2-m² pens set in natural bottom pond with 2,400 m². Prawn post-larvae (PL) with an average weight of 0.026 ± 0.012 g (nursery phase) were initially stocked in 16 cages at the densities of 50, 400, 800 and 1,200 PL m-2. Sixty days later, prawns were transferred to 16 growing pens, at the density of 12 prawns m-2. Initial average weight of the prawn in this phase was the final average weight registered in the nursery phase, as follows: 50 PL m-2 = 2.3 ± 0.3 g; 400 PL m-2 = 0.5 ± 0.03 g; 800 PL m-2...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biomass; Freshwater prawn; Growing; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Pens; Survival.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982011000400001
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Comportamento alimentar do camarão de agua doce, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) (Crustacea, Palaemonidae) durante a fase larval: análise qualitativa Zoologia
Barros,Helenice P; Valenti,Wagner C.
Feeding behavior of the larvae's prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii De Man, 1879, in each stage of development was studied face alArtemia Linnaeus, 1758 nauplii, dry and wet diets. Groups of ten larvae in each stage were placed in 500 ml beakers at 29ºC in filtered brackish water. After the fasting period of acclimatization, the three types of food were offered separately to the larvae and the feeding behavior was observed during 30 min. Feeding perception, capture, grasp and ingestion of food were used to determine feeding pattern. Stage I lawac do not eat. The feeding behavior of larvae was similar on the stages II - XI. The perception in distance does not occur in most individuais; the feeding process generally started with the physrcal contact of food...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Larvae; Feeding behavior.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81751997000400003
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Desempenho larval do camarão-d'água-doce (Macrobrachium rosenbergii De Man, 1879) submetido a diferentes regimes alimentares R. Bras. Zootec.
Thomaz,Luciana Almada; Oshiro,Lídia Miyako Yoshii; Bambozzi,Andrea Cecchetto; Seixas Filho,José Teixeira de.
O desempenho das larvas de Macrobrachium rosenbergii submetidas a quatro diferentes regimes alimentares foi verificado utilizando a observação diária dos subestádios larvais e as primeiras metamorfoses. As larvas foram estocadas em densidade de aproximadamente 100 larvas.l-1, em 16 tanques retangulares, com capacidade de 33 litros. O experimento foi dividido em quatro unidades experimentais (blocos), nos quais foram testados quatro regimes alimentares na larvicultura em circuito aberto, com quatro repetições por tratamento. Os regimes alimentares substituindo progressivamente náuplio de Artemia sp. (nas) pelo rotífero Brachionus plicatilis (rots) foram os seguintes tratamentos: 100% Brachionus plicatilis (30 rots/mL) (T1); 100% Artemia (5 nas/ mL) (T2),...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aqüicultura; Alimentação; Brachionus plicatilis; Camarão-d'água-doce; Larvicultura; Macrobrachium rosenbergii.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982004000800003
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Efeito da densidade populacional sobre as curvas de crescimento de Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) em cultivo semi-intensivo (Crustacea, Palaemonidae) Zoologia
Valenti,Wagner Cotroni; Mello,Jeanette de Toledo Cardoso de; Castagnolli,Newton.
In this article the length growth curves of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) held in different population densities were analysed. Postlarvae prawns were stocked into five 0,02 ha earthen ponds at densities of 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 ind./m² during six months. Forthnightly, the mean total length of animals from each pond were obtained by means of random samples. For each population the length growth curves and the instantaneous growth rate expressions were determined. The growth rate and the asymptotic maximum length decreased with the stocking density raised. This effect is greater when the density ranges in low levels. The growth decrease can be due to intraspecific competition for life resources and to negative interactions between individuals, as...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Crustacea; Palaemonidae; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Ecology.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81751993000300009
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Eficiência da eletroejaculação de morfotipos machos do camarão-de-água-doce Macrobrachium rosenbergii R. Bras. Zootec.
Goldberg,Rubens Sterental; Oshiro,Lídia Miyako Yoshii.
RESUMO - O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a aplicabilidade da técnica de eletroejaculação para manejos de inseminação artificial, bem como o potencial ejaculatório de cada um dos tipos morfológicos de machos adultos do Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Estímulos elétricos foram aplicados em 48 exemplares de camarão-de-água-doce, recém capturados em viveiros de engorda, para melhor compreensão do comportamento reprodutivo de cada um: os de quela azul (BC), sexualmente ativos e dominantes; os de quela laranja (OC), sexualmente inativos; e os pequenos (SM), com comportamento oportunista, os quais somente realizam a cópula, caso a corte da fêmea tenha sido previamente realizada por um macho BC. Não houve diferença entre as freqüências de ejaculação observadas...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ejaculação; Inseminação artificial; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Morfotipo; Espermatóforo.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982000000100001
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HUFA levels in eggs of wild and cultured broodstock of <i>Macrobrachium rosenbergii</i> OMA
Lavens, P.; Piyatiratitivorakul, S.; Menasveta, P.; Sorgeloos, P..
The variation in egg quality, i.e. the potential of the egg to produce viable fry, is still a limiting factor in the commercial production of marine fish and crustacean fry. Better knowledge in this field would contribute to improved and especially more consistent hatchery outputs and to the development of more suitable broodstock diets. So far, objective criteria to evaluate egg quality are scarce. However, it is very likely that the nutrient composition of the eggs may be a good indicator for egg viability as it reflects the nutrient demands of the developing embryo and larva. Since (n-3) highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs) have been identified as essential nutrients for the larvae of marine fish, shrimp and prawn a case study has been initiated with...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biochemical composition; Brood stocks; Comparative studies; Eggs; Fatty acids; Prawn culture; Shrimp culture; Macrobrachium rosenbergii.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=2876
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In vitro hatching of <i>Macrobrachium rosenbergii</i> eggs: optimisation of environmental conditions OMA
De Caluwé, J.; Korkor, A.M.E.; Hisbi, D.; Lavens, P.; Sorgeloos, P..
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Macrobrachium rosenbergii.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=2544
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L'aquaculture du Macrobrachium rosenbergii aux Antilles Francaises ArchiMer
Lacroix, Denis.
The aquaculture of Macrobrachium rosenbergii is launched in Martinigue by the regional council in 1976. A first "green water" type hatchery is built and provides juveniles to the first ponds. In 1978, CNEXO is asked to cooperate in scientific assistance. A new hatchery is built with COP "clear water" system and produces in 1980. The development of ponds (20 ha) needs the increase of the hatcheries capacity, which is now done with one single method and intensive larval first stage (7-8 millions PL. cap). In Guadeloupe, the first ponds started in 1978. Two cooperatives and 11 ha of ponds at this time have determined the construction of CNEXO in the construction of a regional hatchery. A small light one is already under production since July 83.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Malacostraca; Growth; Hatcheries; Aquaculture systems; Aquaculture development; Guadeloupe; Production Martinique; Grossissement; Écloserie; Macrobrachium.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1194.pdf
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L'élevage de la crevette tropicale d'eau douce ArchiMer
Griessinger, Jean-michel; Lacroix, Denis; Gondouin, Philippe.
This book represents a two year study by a team of French biologists to collect, summarise and present the experience and knowledge gained in the rearing of the giant freshwater prawn, not only in the French overseas territories but also in the main countries which are developing this culture. This document comprises four parts : - The first describes the world market. The prawn rearing is already an economic reality in the tropical world, the United States and in Europe. - The second on shows that, although the culture techniques are quite complex, production systems can be adapted to local conditions and markets. - The third part is a practical guide, both for investors and farmers, giving all necessary data to start-up and monitor a project in the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: World market; Tropical zone; Practical guide; Production systems; Biology; Prawn rearing; Crevette tropicale d'eau douce; Exploitation; Production; Biologie; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Guide pratique; Aquaculture.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1991/rapport-639.pdf
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Les cellules folliculaires secondaires de la crevette Macrobrachium rosenbergii (Decapoda, Palaemonidae): Mise en evidence d'un reseau tubulaire implique dans les echanges entre l'hemolymphe et l'ovocyte ArchiMer
Meuzy, J; Jugan, P; Zerbib, C.
The epithelial cells of the ovary secondary follicles have been studied in the prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii using electron microscope and horseradish peroxidase. A network of circomvolutioned and anastomosed tubules, measuring about 0.15 mu m in diameter, communicates with the extracellular space. This tubular network is a temporary structure which extensively increases the permeability of the follicular epithelium.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Malacostraca; Ultrastructure; Oogenesis; Morphogenesis; Epithelia; Ovaries; Vitellogénine; Réseau tubulaire; Epithelium folliculaire; Vitellogenèse; Macrobrachium rosenbergii.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1189.pdf
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Maturation performance, offspring quality and lipid composition of <i>Macrobrachium rosenbergii</i> females fed increasing levels of dietary phospholipids OMA
Cavalli, R.O.; Menschaert, G.; Lavens, P.; Sorgeloos, P..
The effects of increasing levels of dietary phospholipids (PL) on the reproductive performance, egg and larval quality, and lipid composition of females of the freshwater prawn <i>Macrobrachium rosenbergii</i> were investigated. Three isolipidic diets containing similar amounts of highly unsaturated fatty acids but varying levels of PL (0.8, 2.4 and 4.6%) were fed during 180 days to three groups of eight females originating from Thai ponds. No significant differences were observed for fecundity, egg size and hatchability, starved larvae size, and size, survival and tolerance to stress of 8 day-old larvae. Similarly, no major differences in the lipid composition of the midgut gland, ovaries and muscle tissue of females could be detected. Results...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal nutrition; Brood stocks; Complex lipids; Diets; Eggs; Feed composition; Feeding experiments; Females; Prawn culture; Sexual maturity; Sexual reproduction; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Thailand.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=3347
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Performance of <i>Macrobrachium rosenbergii</i> broodstock fed diets with different fatty acid composition OMA
Cavalli, R.O.; Lavens, P.; Sorgeloos, P..
The effect of linoleic acid (18:2n-6) and n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) on the reproductive performance and offspring quality of the freshwater prawn <i>Macrobrachium rosenbergii</i> was evaluated in a 180-day trial. Three isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets containing different levels of fatty acids, high 18:2n-6 and n-3 HUFA concentrations, high 18:2n-6 and low n-3 HUFA, and low 18:2n-6 and n-3 HUFA, were fed ad libitum to three groups of six females. Fecundity was improved by the addition of higher amounts of 18:2n-6 (from 3 to 13 mg g<sup>-1</sup> DW). As a consequence of higher fecundity, smaller eggs were obtained most likely because the number of oocytes competing for a limited amount of yolk was higher. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brood stocks; Fecundity; Feeding experiments; Polyunsaturated fatty acids; Prawn culture; Macrobrachium rosenbergii.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=4006
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Quantitative relationship of two viruses (MrNV and XSV) in white-tail disease of Macrobrachium rosenbergii ArchiMer
Zhang, Hj; Wang, Hm; Yuan, Jf; Li, Lj; Zhang, Jh; Bonami, Jean-robert; Shi, Zl.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV) and extra small virus (XSV) were purified from diseased freshwater prawns M rosenbergii and used to infect healthy post-larvae (PL) by an immersion method. Three groups of prawns were challenged with various combined doses of MrNV and XSV. Signs of white-tail disease (WTD) were observed in Groups 1 and 2, which had been challenged with combinations containing relatively high proportions of MrNV and low proportions of XSV. By contrast there was little sign of WTD in Group 3, which had been challenged with a higher proportion of XSV than MrNV. A 2-step Taqman real-time RT-PCR was developed and applied to quantify viral copy numbers in each challenged PL. Results showed that genomic copies of both viruses were much...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: White tail disease; Real time RT PCR; Extra small virus; Nodavirus; Macrobrachium rosenbergii.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-3568.pdf
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Recent advances in Australian prawns diseases and pathology ArchiMer
Owens, L; Hall, M.
Disease is always limiting in animal production and new syndromes occur in fledgling industries. This paper describes the latest findings in this area.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio damsela; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Malacostraca; Bacteria; Septicaemia; Aetiology; Viruses; Juveniles; Ovaries; Larvae; Pathology; Viral diseases.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/acte-1461.pdf
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