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An Osteometric Evaluation of the Mandibular Condyle in a Black KwaZulu-Natal Population International Journal of Morphology
Ishwarkumar,S; Pillay,P; DeGama,B. Z; Satyapal,K. S.
The mandibular condyle is the rounded protuberance that articulates with the mandibular fossa to form the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The shape of the mandibular condyle may be classified according to five basic shapes viz. flattened, convex, angled, rounded and concave. Previous research indicated that variation in the shape and size of the mandibular condyle, exists and that population-specific differences may also occur. This study aimed to document the shapes and size of the mandibular condyle and determine their relationship with regard to sex, age and race (if any). The morphometric and morphological parameters of the mandibular condyle were measured and assessed in 54 dry mandible specimens (n= 108). The Wedel et al. (1978) classification scheme...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Mandibular condyle; Mandibles; Osteology; Morphometry; Morphology.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022016000300005
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Bifid Condylar Process: Cases Report International Journal of Morphology
Fuentes Fernández,Ramón; Flores Flores,Homero; Silva Mella,Héctor; Flores Lillo,Tania.
The bifid condylar process is a rare anomaly. Most of the known cases are radiographic findings, mainly in ortopantomography and nuclear magnetic resonance. The condition is usually asymptomatic, while in some cases are associated with ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint. It is reported that the presence of bifid condylar process is not determined by age and gender, but the findings are among the ages of 3 to 67 years, with the average age of 35 years. The present report presents two cases of patients with abnormalities of condylar process detectable through radiographic examination.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Condylar process; Mandibular condyle; Panoramic radiography; Anatomic variation.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022009000200038
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Bilateral Bifid Mandibular Condyle: A Case Report International Journal of Morphology
Melo,Suzana Lubambo de; Barbosa,Joanna Martins Novais; Peixoto,Aline Carvalho; Santos,Thiago de Santana; Gerbi,Marleny.
The bifid mandibular condyle is an exceedingly rare anomaly, frequently diagnosed as an incidental finding in a panoramic radiograph. Its etiology and pathogenesis are unknown, though the most acceptable theory suggests that trauma is at the origin of the condition. This article reports a new case of bilateral bifid condyle in a 21-year-old female with history of trauma in childhood.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Condylar process; Mandibular condyle; Anatomic variation; Computed tomography.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000300043
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Morphological Aspects of the Embryonic Development of the TMJ in Rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus) Treated With Fluoxetine International Journal of Morphology
Cavalcanti,Ully Dias Nascimento Távora; Baratella Evêncio,Liriane; Evêncio Neto,Joaquim; Castro,Raul Manhães de; Cardona,Aryana Soares; Melo,Marina Lins Maymone de; Lins,Rafael Claudino.
The TMJ has been to the Dental community a key point in the search of knowledge, being it part of the temporomandibular joint complex and of the estomatognathic system which are in charge of the mastication, speech, swallowing, as well as participation in breathing and taste perception. For the majority of the women in serious state of depression, which do not respond psychotherapeutic treatment, pharmacological treatment it's applied. The antidepressants serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most recommended in these cases. The teratogenic effect of the SSRIs is considered controversial, studies done with women who used these drugs during the pregnancy showed that the respiratory and central nervous systems are the most affected, was...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: TMJ; Mandibular condyle; Serotonin; Fluoxetine; Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022009000300041
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Reliability of Two Techniques for Measuring Condylar Asymmetry with X-Rays International Journal of Morphology
Fuentes,R; Engelke,W; Bustos,L; Oporto,G; Borie,E; Sandoval,P; Garay,I; Bizama,M; Borquez,P.
Among structural alterations that can be a risk factor for temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) is condylar asymmetry. In order to measure the condylar asymmetry index in panoramic x-rays quantitatively, two methods have been proposed: those of Habets and Kjellberg. The aim of this study was to determine whether the x-ray method of measuring condylar asymmetries in orthopantomographies presents a minor tendency to error due to slight displacements of the head in the horizontal plane. 30 patients between 18 and 25 years of age were assessed. Each of them underwent three panoramic x-rays in three different positions: orthoradial, and at 5 and 10 horizontal angles. Then the Habets and Kjellberg measurements were taken. Habets' technique did not show any...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Temporomandibular joint; Mandibular condyle; Temporomandibular joint disorders; Facial asymmetry.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000300005
Registros recuperados: 5
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