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A MSFD complementary approach for the assessment of pressures, knowledge and data gaps in Southern European Seas: The PERSEUS experience ArchiMer
Crise, A.; Kaberi, H.; Ruiz, J.; Zatsepin, A.; Arashkevich, E.; Giani, M.; Karageorgis, Aristomenis; Prieto, L.; Pantazi, M.; Gonzalez-fernandez, D.; D'Alcala, M. Ribera; Tornero, V.; Vassilopoulou, V.; Durrieu De Madron, Xavier; Guieu, C.; Puig, P.; Zenetos, A.; Andral, Bruno; Angel, D.; Altukhov, D.; Ayata, S. D.; Aktan, Y.; Balcioglu, E.; Benedetti, F.; Bouchoucha, Marc; Buia, M. -c.; Cadiou, Jean-francois; Canals, M.; Chakroun, M.; Christou, E.; Christidis, M. G.; Civitarese, Giuseppe; Coatu, V.; Corsini-foka, M.; Cozzi, S.; Deidun, A.; Dell'Aquila, A.; Dogrammatzi, A.; Dumitrache, C.; Edelist, D.; Ettahiri, Omar; Fonda-umani, S.; Gana, S.; Galgani, Francois; Gasparini, S.; Giannakourou, A.; Gomoiu, M. -t.; Gubanova, A.; Gucu, Ali-cemal; Gurses, Ozgur; Hanke, G.; Hatzianestis, I.; Herutx, B.; Hone, R.; Huertas, E.; Irisson, J. -o.; Isinibilir, M.; Jimenez, J. A.; Kalogirou, S.; Kapiris, K.; Karamfilov, Ventzi; Kavadas, S.; Keskin, G.; Kideys, Ahmet; Kocak, M.; Kondylatos, G.; Kontogiannis, C.; Kosyan, R.; Koubbi, Philippe; Kuspilic, G.; La Ferla, R.; Langone, L.; Laroche, Sophie; Lazar, Luminita; Lefkaditou, E.; Lemeshko, I. E.; Machias, A.; Malej, A.; Mazzocchi, M. -g.; Medinets, Volodymyr; Mihalopoulos, N.; Miserocchi, S.; Moncheva, Snejana; Mukhanov, V.; Oaie, Gheorghe; Oros, A.; Ozturk, A. A.; Ozturk, B.; Panayotova, M.; Prospathopoulos, A.; Radu, G.; Raykov, V.; Regiero, P.; Reygondeau, G.; Rougeron, Natacha; Salihoglu, B.; Sanchez-vidal, A.; Sannino, G.; Santinelli, C.; Secrieru, D.; Shapiro, G.; Simboura, N.; Shiganova, Tamara; Sprovieri, M.; Stefanova, Kremena; Streftaris, N.; Tirelli, V.; Tom, Moshe; Topaloglu, B.; Topcu, N. E.; Tsagarakis, K.; Tsangaris, C.; Tserpes, G.; Tugrul, S.; Uysal, Z.; Vasile, Daniela; Violaki, K.; Xu, J.; Yuksek, Ahsen; Papathanassiouh, E..
PERSEUS project aims to identify the most relevant pressures exerted on the ecosystems of the Southern European Seas (SES), highlighting knowledge and data gaps that endanger the achievement of SES Good Environmental Status (GES) as mandated by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). A complementary approach has been adopted, by a meta-analysis of existing literature on pressure/impact/knowledge gaps summarized in tables related to the MSFD descriptors, discriminating open waters from coastal areas. A comparative assessment of the Initial Assessments (IAs) for five SES countries has been also independently performed. The comparison between meta-analysis results and IAs shows similarities for coastal areas only. Major knowledge gaps have been...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Southern European Seas; Good Environmental Status; Initial Assessment; PERSEUS project.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00273/38422/36743.pdf
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Bilan de l’optimisation des campagnes halieutiques réalisée dans le cadre du programme de surveillance de la directive cadre stratégie pour le milieu marin (DCSMM) - année 2018. ArchiMer
Baudrier, Jerome.
The French initial assessment of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) highlighted the lack of reliable data concerning offshore areas. During the planning of the monitoring programmes, the scientists therefore proposed to partially cover this gap by using existing fisheries research vessel surveys deployed for the purposes of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). Testing phases from October 2013 to August 2015 explored ways of improving the effectiveness of these surveys and making them better suited to delivering the information needed for MSFD. The process became operational at the beginning of the year 2016 and six fisheries research surveys henceforth collect new data, with or without additional sampling techniques. This report provides an...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Monitoring programme; Fisheries surveys; Integrated ecosystem monitoring; Marine management; Data Collection Framework..
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00483/59505/62378.pdf
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Detecting critical choke points for achieving Good Environmental Status in European seas Ecology and Society
Potts, Tavis; Department of Geography & Environment, University of Aberdeen; Tavis.Potts@abdn.ac.uk; O'Higgins, Tim; Scottish Association for Marine Science; tim.o'higgins@sams.ac.uk; Brennan, Ruth; Scottish Association for Marine Science; ruth.brennan@sams.ac.uk; Cinnirella, Sergio; CNR - Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research; s.cinnirella@iia.cnr.it; Brandt, Urs Steiner; University of Southern Denmark; usb@sam.sdu.dk; Beusekom, Justus van; Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht; justus.van.beusekom@awi.de; Troost, Tineke A; Deltares ; tineke.troost@deltares.nl; Paltriguera, Lucille ; CEFAS ; lucille.paltriguera@cefas.co.uk; Hosgor, Ayse Gunduz ; Middle East Technical University; hosgor@metu.edu.tr.
Choke points are social, cultural, political, institutional, or psychological obstructions of social-ecological systems that constrain progress toward an environmental objective. Using a soft systems methodology, different types of chokes points were identified in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland, the Baltic, and the North and Mediterranean seas. The choke points were of differing types: cultural and political choke points were identified in Barra and the Mediterranean, respectively, whereas the choke points in the North Sea and Baltic Sea were dependent on differing values toward the mitigation of eutrophication. We conclude with suggestions to identify and address choke points.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Marine policy; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Marine sustainability; Soft systems methodology; Systems science.
Ano: 2015
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Elaboration de propositions de suivi de la pêche récréative au titre de la DCSMM ArchiMer
Régimbart, Amélie.
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive is based on the ecosystem approach in order to assess and manage human activities affecting marine environment. The sustainable exploitation of commercial stocks is one of the MSFD objectives. Data used for stock assessment mainly come from commercial fishery databases and scientific campaigns. However, in some cases, there is evidence that recreational fisheries have a significant impact on stocks. That is why the French monitoring program for MSFD requires to expand monitoring to some species that are not directly concerned by the Data Collection Framework. Thus, new surveys need to be conducted in order to meet the DCF and MSFD data collection requirements. We propose here to implement appropriate methods for...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pêche récréative; Directive Cadre Stratégie pour le Milieu Marin; Programme de surveillance; Évaluation des stocks; Recreational fisheries; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Monitoring programme; Stock assessment.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00511/62258/66459.pdf
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European Broad-Scale Seabed Habitat Maps Support Implementation of Ecosystem-Based Management ArchiMer
Andersen, Jesper H.; Manca, Eleonora; Agnesi, Sabrina; Al-hamdani, Zyad; Lillis, Helen; Mo, Giulia; Populus, Jacques; Reker, Johnny; Tunesi, Leonardo; Vasquez, Mickaël.
We have analyzed the development of “Broad-Scale Seabed Habitat Maps” (BSHM) and their potential use in a European context with regard to the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) implementation, MPA designation and network assessment as well as other applications of BSHMs. The analyses are anchored in BSHMs developed by a series of interlinked EU projects (e.g. UKSeaMap, BALANCE, MESH, Mesh Atlantic, EUSeaMap 2012, and EUSeaMap 2016) and all maps are based on environmental data. Some EU Member States have used BSHMs as part of their MSFD Initial Assessments published in 2012. However, we conclude that BSHMs are a prerequisite for another key MSFD activity, i.e. mapping of potentially cumulative effects of multiple human stressors. Further, BSHMs...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benthic Habitats; Mapping; Ecosystem-Based Management; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Marine Protected Areas (MPA).
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00426/53719/54588.pdf
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Fishing impact and environmental status in European seas: a diagnosis from stock assessments and ecosystem indicators ArchiMer
Gascuel, Didier; Coll, Marta; Fox, Clive; Guenette, Sylvie; Guitton, Jerome; Kenny, Andrew; Knittweis, Leyla; Nielsen, J. Rasmus; Piet, Gerjan; Raid, Tiit; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Shephard, Samuel.
Stock-based and ecosystem-based indicators are used to provide a new diagnosis of the fishing impact and environmental status of European seas. In the seven European marine ecosystems covering the Baltic and the North-east Atlantic, (i) trends in landings since 1950 were examined; (ii) syntheses of the status and trends in fish stocks were consolidated at the ecosystem level; and (iii) trends in ecosystem indicators based on landings and surveys were analysed. We show that yields began to decrease everywhere (except in the Baltic) from the mid-1970s, as a result of the over-exploitation of some major stocks. Fishermen adapted by increasing fishing effort and exploiting a wider part of the ecosystems. This was insufficient to compensate for the decrease in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem approach to fisheries management; Ecosystem indicators; Good environmental status; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Stock assessment; Trophic level.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00201/31256/29910.pdf
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Indicators for Sea-floor Integrity under the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive ArchiMer
Rice, Jake; Arvanitidis, Christos; Borja, Angel; Frid, Chris; Hiddink, Jan G.; Krause, Jochen; Lorance, Pascal; Ragnarsson, Stefan Aki; Skold, Mattias; Trabucco, Benedetta; Enserink, Lisette; Norkko, Alf.
The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires European states to maintain their marine waters in 'Good Environmental Status'. The MSFD includes 11 descriptors of "Good Environmental Status" (GES), including "Sea-floor Integrity". This descriptor is defined as: "Sea-floor integrity is at a level that ensures that the structure and functions of the ecosystems are safeguarded and benthic ecosystems, in particular, are not adversely affected." This contribution briefly summarizes the main conclusions of an international expert group established to review the scientific basis for making this concept operational. The experts concluded that consideration of 8 attributes of the seabed system would provide adequate information to meet...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea-floor Integrity; Benthic indicators; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Good Environmental Status.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00049/16039/18002.pdf
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Marine litter within the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive ArchiMer
Galgani, Francois; Hanke, Georg; Werner, S.; De Vrees, L..
There have been numerous anthropogenic-driven changes to our planet in the last half-century. One of the most evident changes is the ubiquity and abundance of litter in the marine environment. The EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD, 2008/56/EC) establishes a framework within which EU Member States shall take action to achieve or maintain good environmental status (GES) of their marine waters by 2020. GES is based on 11 qualitative descriptors as listed in Annex I of the MSFD. Descriptor 10 (D 10) concerns marine litter. As a follow-up to the related Commission Decision on criteria and methodological standards (2010/477/EU) in which 56 indicators for the achievement of GES are proposed, the EC Directorate-General for the Environment, on the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Descriptor 10; Harm; Litter; Marine debris; Marine litter; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Monitoring; MSFD; Research; Sources; Targets.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00155/26586/24792.pdf
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Monitoring small pelagic fish in the Bay of Biscay ecosystem, using indicators from an integrated survey ArchiMer
Doray, Mathieu; Petitgas, Pierre; Huret, Martin; Duhamel, Erwan; Romagnan, Jean-baptiste; Authier, Matthieu; Dupuy, Christine; Spitz, Jerome.
This paper is a practical contribution to two important debates raised by the implementation of marine ecosystem based management: (i) which ecosystem data can be provided by a fisheries survey optimised for ecosystem monitoring; and (ii) how to combine/select potential indicators to derive useful information on marine ecosystem status and dynamics? A suite of 143 potential indicators, including spatial indices, representing small pelagic fish and their biotic and abiotic environments are presented. Indicators were routinely derived from the PELGAS integrated ecosystem survey conducted in spring in the Bay of Biscay (BoB). The general patterns over time in this suite of 5–16 years, non-stationary time series are characterised using a methodology based on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Min/max autocorrelation factors; Time correlation; Survey-based indicators; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Ecosystem variability; Bay of Biscay; Pelagic ecosystem.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00414/52552/53443.pdf
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Overview of eutrophication indicators to assess environmental status within the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive ArchiMer
Ferreira, Joao G.; Andersen, Jesper H.; Borja, Angel; Bricker, Suzanne B.; Camp, Jordi; Da Silva, Margarida Cardoso; Garces, Esther; Heiskanen, Anna-stiina; Humborg, Christoph; Ignatiades, Lydia; Lancelot, Christiane; Menesguen, Alain; Tett, Paul; Hoepffner, Nicolas; Claussen, Ulrich.
In 2009, following approval of the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD, 2008/56/EC), the European Commission (EC) created task groups to develop guidance for eleven quality descriptors that form the basis for evaluating ecosystem function. The objective was to provide European countries with practical guidelines for implementing the MSFD, and to produce a Commission Decision that encapsulated key points of the work in a legal framework. This paper presents a review of work carried out by the eutrophication task group, and reports our main findings to the scientific community. On the basis of an operational, management-oriented definition, we discuss the main methodologies that could be used for coastal and marine eutrophication assessment....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eutrophication; Chlorophyll; Dissolved oxygen; Harmful algae; Marine; Coastal; Assessment methods; Europe; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Water Framework Directive.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00039/15055/12609.pdf
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Potential economic impacts of achieving good environmental status in Black Sea fisheries Ecology and Society
Goulding, Ian C; Megapesca Lda, Portugal; ian@megapesca.com; Stobberup, Kim A; Megapesca Lda, Portugal; megapesca@mail.telepac.pt.
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) mandates that European Union (EU) member states achieve Good Environmental Status (GEnS) based on an ecosystem-based approach to management. For commercial fisheries, the primary target under the MSFD is one of maximum sustainable yield. Of Black Sea riparian nations, only Romania and Bulgaria are EU member states. Focusing at the supranational level, we review institutions and instruments relevant to management of the Black Sea. The economic values of current fish catches are assessed, and the results of a recent analytical assessment of fish stocks are used to estimate potential future values based on maximum sustainable yields. In the Black Sea region, despite long-standing attempts to improve fisheries...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Black Sea; Economic impacts; Good Environmental Status; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Maximum sustainable yield; Small pelagic fish.
Ano: 2014
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Seafloor change detection using multibeam echosounder backscatter: case study on the Belgian part of the North Sea ArchiMer
Montereale-gavazzi, Giacomo; Roche, Marc; Lurton, Xavier; Degrendele, Koen; Terseleer, Nathan; Van Lancker, Vera.
To characterize seafloor substrate type, seabed mapping and particularly multibeam echosounding are increasingly used. Yet, the utilisation of repetitive MBES-borne backscatter surveys to monitor the environmental status of the seafloor remains limited. Often methodological frameworks are missing, and should comprise of a suite of change detection procedures, similarly to those developed in the terrestrial sciences. In this study, pre-, ensemble and post-classification approaches were tested on an eight km2 study site within a Habitat Directive Area in the Belgian part of the North Sea. In this area, gravel beds with epifaunal assemblages were observed. Flourishing of the fauna is constrained by overtopping with sand or increased turbidity levels, which...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Multibeam; Seafloor backscatter; Change detection; Seafloor integrity; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Reference calibration area.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00387/49807/50379.pdf
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Sustaining Europe’s seas as coupled social-ecological systems Ecology and Society
Mee, Laurence; ;; Cooper, Philip; University of Bath; p.cooper@bath.ac.uk; Kannen, Andreas; Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Centre for Materials and Coastal Research, Department Human Dimensions in Coastal Areas; Andreas.Kannen@hzg.de; Gilbert, Alison J; Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University Amsterdam; alison.gilbert@vu.nl.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Ecosystem approach; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Regional seas; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2015
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Temporal constraints on ecosystem management: definitions and examples from Europe’s regional seas Ecology and Society
O'Higgins, Tim; Scottish Association for Marine Science; Tim.O\\\'Higgins@sams.ac.uk; Cooper, Philip; School of Management, University of Bath; p.cooper@bath.ac.uk; Roth, Eva; Southern Denmark University; er@sam.sdu.dk; Newton, Alice; Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU); anewton@ualg.pt; Farmer, Andrew; Institute for European Environmental Policy; AFarmer@ieep.eu; Goulding, Ian C; Megapesca Lda.; ian@megapesca.com; Tett, Paul; Scottish Association for Marine Science; paul.tett@sams.ac.uk.
Our ability to meet environmental targets is often constrained by processes and events that occur over long timescales and which may not be considered during the planning process. We illustrate with examples and define three major types of temporal scale phenomena of relevance to marine managers: Memory and Future Effects (jointly called Legacy Effects) and Committed Behaviors. We examine the role of these effects in achieving marine environmental targets in Europe under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the implications for future management, indicating the increased importance that these temporal phenomena give to reducing future pressures.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Ecosystem approach; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Temporal scales.
Ano: 2014
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Testing CPUE-derived spatial occupancy as an indicator for stock abundance: application to deep-sea stocks ArchiMer
Trenkel, Verena; Beecham, Jonathan A.; Blanchard, Julia L.; Edwards, Charles T. T.; Lorance, Pascal.
The status of an exploited population is ideally determined by monitoring changes in abundance and distributional range and pattern over time. Area of occupancy is a measure of the current distribution. Unfortunately, for many populations, scientific abundance and distribution information is not readily available. To evaluate the reliability of commercial fishing data for deriving occupancy indicators that could serve as proxies for stock abundance, we investigated four questions: 1) Occupancy changes with stock biomass, but is this change strong enough to make occupancy a sensitive indicator of population biomass? 2) Fishing boats follow fish, but when does such activity alter the positive macroecological relationship between occupancy and abundance? 3)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Catch per unit effort; Spatial patterns; Macroecology; Fisheries management; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; MSFD.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00176/28759/27232.pdf
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The maintenance costs of marine natural capital: A case study from the initial assessment of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive in France ArchiMer
Levrel, Harold; Jacob, Celine; Bailly, Denis; Charles, Mahe; Guyader, Olivier; Aoubid, Scheherazade; Bas, Adeline; Cujus, Alexia; Fresard, Marjolaine; Girard, Sophie; Hay, Julien; Laurans, Yann; Paillet, Jerome; Agundez, Jose A. Perez; Mongruel, Remi.
There are two ways of assessing the costs of environmental degradation: as the costs associated with the loss of benefits resulting from the degradation of natural capital, and as the maintenance costs required to compensate for the actual or potential degradation of natural capital. The first of these methods is based on the Total Economic Value (TEV) of benefits forgone because of the depletion of ecosystem services delivered by marine biodiversity. The second method is based on the costs required to maintain a good state of marine biodiversity, one which makes it possible to deliver ecosystem services. This paper gives an illustration of this second approach. It details how these maintenance costs have been calculated in the initial assessment of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Maintenance cost; Marine ecosystems; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Economic analysis.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29967/29457.pdf
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The PELGAS survey: ship-based integrated monitoring of the Bay of Biscay pelagic ecosystem ArchiMer
Doray, Mathieu; Petitgas, Pierre; Romagnan, Jean-baptiste; Huret, Martin; Duhamel, Erwan; Dupuy, Christine; Spitz, Jerome; Authier, Matthieu; Sanchez, Florence; Berger, Laurent; Doremus, Ghislain; Bourriau, Paul; Grellier, Patrick; Masse, Jacques.
The Pélagiques Gascogne (PELGAS) integrated survey has been developed by a multidisciplinary team of Ifremer and La Rochelle University scientists since 2000, joined by commercial fishermen in 2007. Its initial focus was to assess the biomass and predict the recruitment success of anchovy in the Bay of Biscay in spring. Taking advantage of the space and versatility of R/V Thalassa II, sampling has been progressively extended to other ecosystem components. PELGAS therefore further developed the second objective of monitoring and studying the dynamic and diverse Biscay pelagic ecosystem in springtime. The PELGAS survey model has allowed for the establishment of a long-term time-series of spatially-explicit data of the Bay of Biscay pelagic ecosystem since...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pelagic ecosystem; Integrated ecosystem monitoring survey; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Ecosystem variability; Bay of Biscay; Fishing vessels.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00407/51801/52401.pdf
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