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Registros recuperados: 26
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Caracterización de la temperatura superficial del mar en los sitios de visita turística de la Reserva Marina de Galápagos OceanDocs
Ortega, J.; Jara, V.; Alvarez, M.; Rentería, W..
El presente estudio consiste en un análisis descriptivo de los parámetros físicos (temperatura-salinidad) y corrientes superficiales y sub-superficiales, obtenidos en los sitios de visita turística de la Reserva Marina de Galápagos (RMG), los cuales describen las condiciones oceanográficas de dichos lugares. Estos datos han sido procesados con el propósito de establecer una caracterización de la temperatura superficial del mar en estos sitios, y sus variaciones a lo largo del 2011. Esta caracterización será soportada con el uso de los datos del Análisis Operacional de Temperatura Superficial del Mar y de Hielo Marino (UKMO-L4HRfnd-GLOB-OSTIA) a fin de conseguir una continuidad en la serie de tiempo anual.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Temperature; Salinity; Surface temperature; Sea ice; Marine parks; Surface currents currents.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4658
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Community Participation in the Planning and Management of Marine Protected Areas: A Study Of Kenya and the Philippines OceanDocs
Ole-MoiYoi, L.K..
For countless centuries, fishing-dependent indigenous communities have protected their marine environments from over-exploitation. Understanding that proper conservation guaranteed food for future generations, many of these communities fished only during certain times of the year, or divided up fishing grounds based on familial ties. However, as these communities lost water rights following the formation of certain nation-states, and international fishing fleets moved into the world’s oceans, a need arose to devise new techniques for protecting marine environments. Not only is this protection necessary to maintain biodiversity, but also to guarantee food security and the cultural traditions of fishing villages around the world. In 1957, British biologists...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Protected areas; Marine parks; Local communities; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_9000107.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/369
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Contexte socioculturel, protection et gestion intégrée de la biodiversité du Parc National des Îles de la Madeleine OceanDocs
Diagne, A.M..
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Protected resources; Biodiversity; Marine parks; Biodiversity; Marine parks; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_33949; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36402.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2494
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Contribution à l'inventaire des ascidies (Chordata: Ascidiacea) du parc marin de Zembra-Zembretta (nord Tunisie) OceanDocs
Mestiri, M.; Espla Alfonso, R.A.; Ben Mustapha, K.; Romdhane, M.S..
تم القيام بتصنيف القربيات التابعة للمحمية البحرية لزمبرة و زمبرتة. فقد وقع استخراج 81 عينة عن طريق الغوص بالنسبة الى القيعان الصخرية ومعاشب البوزيدونبا، أما بالنسبة الى القيعان الرملية فقد استعملنا الدراقة. إجماليا تم التعرف إلي 20 نوعا من بينها نوعان Synoicum cf. duboscquiو و Didemnum coriaceum Didemnum granulosum يقع الإعلان عنها لأول مرة بتونس هذا بالإضافة إلى سبعة أنواع يقع الإعلان عنها بزمبرة. بالإضافة إلى هذه الدراسة تم القيام بمراجعة للمعطيات المرجعية الخاصة بالقربيات بالحديقة البحرية لزمبرة و زمبرتة و ذلك بهدف تحيين قائمة القربيات بهذه المنطقة. هذه القائمة تضم إلى حد الأن 38 نوعا. الكلمات المفاتيح : القربيات- تصنيف- المنطقة الشرقية للبحر الابيض المتوسط- زمبرة و زمبرتة
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Invertebrate zoology; Taxonomy; Quantitative distribution; Check lists; New records; Marine parks; Taxonomy; Marine parks; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7631; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36402.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1534
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Contribution a l’inventaire des ascidies (<Chordata: ascidiacea>) du parc marin de Zembra-Zembretta (nord Tunisie) OceanDocs
Mestiri, M.; Espla Alfonso, R.; Ben Mustapha, K.; Romdhane, M.S..
Une étude systématique des ascidies du Parc marin de Zembra-Zembretta a été menée. L’échantillonnage effectué autour de ces îles a été réalisé, pour la majorité des espèces, par scaphandre autonome sur les substrats rocheux et l’herbier à Posidonia oceanica et aussi par dragage sur les fonds meubles (sable et détritique côtier). La profondeur varie selon les stations de 14 à 70m. Au total, une vingtaine d’espèces a été recensée. Elles appartiennent à 6 familles (Polyclinidae, Polycitoridae, Didemnidae, Diazonidae, Pyuridae et Molgulidae), avec une claire dominance des espèces coloniales face aux espèces solitaires (respectivement 85% et 15%). Trois espèces Synoicum cf. duboscqui, Didemnum granulosum et Didemnum coriaceum ont été signalées pour la première...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Check lists; Invertebrate zoology; Marine parks; Quantitative distribution; Taxonomy; New records; Taxonomy; Marine parks; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7631; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36402.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4083
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Coral transplant damage under various management conditions in the Mombasa Marine National Park, Kenya OceanDocs
Cros, A.; McClanahan, T.R..
Two coral species, Porites palmata and Porites lutea, were transplanted into three distinct management areas adjacent to the Mombasa Marine National Park, Kenya: A no-fishing MPA; a gear-restricted reserve with no beach seining; and a reserve with beach seining. Corallivory by fish or breakage by fishing gear was measured over a 57-day period. Porites palmata, the branching species, was more susceptible to disturbance than Porites lutea, the massive species, which showed no difference in mortality rate between the three management areas. Porites palmata was affected more by corallivory than fishing gear and, therefore, suffered more damage from coral predators in the no-fishing MPA. Corals transplanted into the gearrestricted fishing site had the highest...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Marine parks; Coral reefs.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/961
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Découverte inédite d'un lamantin d'Afrique échoué au niveau de l'Aire MArine Protégée (AMP) de Joal-Fadiouth OceanDocs
Ndoye, A,; Dossa, J.; Mané, A.H..
Joal, la ville rendue célébre dans le monde entier par les pôêmes du défunt poéte président sénégalais, LéopoldSédar Senghor, a été le théatre de la découverte inédite d'un lamantin d'Afrique échoué sur ses rivages. La découverte, faite en début mai 2007 au niveau de l'une des toutes premières AMPs sénégalaises, est une preuve irréfutable de la présence de ces mammifères marins sur la Petite Côte Sénégalaise. Votre revue Diiso revient sur ce scoop écologique un mois jour pour jour avant la célébration de la 35e Journée Mondiale de l'Environnement (JME 2007)
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Mangroves; Marine parks; Marine environment; Marine environment; Mangroves; Marine parks; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4610; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_16190; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36402.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2355
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Economic Constraints to the Management of Marine Protected Areas OceanDocs
Tessema, Y.; Emerton, L..
Eastern Africa contains an extensive network of marine protected areas (MPAs), stretching from the Red Sea states of Sudan, Eritrea and Djibouti, along the Indian Ocean coastline of Somaliland, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique, and out to the Indian Ocean islands of Seychelles, Comoros, Réunion, Mauritius and Madagascar. Most of these MPAs have been gazetted because they contain species or habitats of particular interest, importance or conservation concern that are under threat in some way. The main threats to Eastern Africa’s MPAs arise from human economic activities. These include over-fishing and destructive fishing techniques (such as poison fishing, dynamite fishing and the use of small-mesh nets), the over-harvesting of other marine products...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Marine parks; Protected areas.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/373
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Economic Constraints to the Management of Marine Protected Areas: the Case of Kisite Marine National Park and Mpunguti Marine National Reserve, Kenya OceanDocs
Emerton, L.; Tessema, Y..
This document was produced in response to a growing interest by environment and wildlife agencies in Eastern Africa in addressing issues relating to the financial and economic sustainability of MPAs, and to their increasing recognition that economic and financial measures form important tools in MPA management. This study is intended to document practical lessons learned, and to highlight needs and niches for the use of economic and financial tools for MPA management in the region. The case study was carried out as part of the Pilot Project on Partnerships for the Management of Kisite Marine National Park and Mpunguti Marine National Reserve Complex, implemented by the Kenya Wildlife Service and technical assistance from IUCN - The World Conservation...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Marine parks; Economic benefits.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/788
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Economic impacts of marine protected areas: A case study of the Mombasa Marine Park OceanDocs
Ngugi, I..
The conservation of the marine environment is an integral part of the broader initiatives of environmental conservation in Kenya. A major motivation for the delineation of marine protected areas (MPAs) in Kenya has been the promotion of tourism and also the need to conserve marine biodiversity for posterity. However, the conservation of marine resources in Kenya has led to certain resource-use conflicts between national conservation agencies such as the Kenya Wildlife Service and local fishing communities. The study reported in this paper sought to examine the economic implications of the Mombasa Marine Park on a local fishing community, and thus provide an insight into the factors that lead to such conflicts .....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Marine parks.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/830
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Enforcement In Kenya’s Marine Protected Area Network OceanDocs
Muthiga, N..
The Kenyan coastline is approximately 500 km long, with a well developed fringing reef system except where major rivers (Tana and Athi Sabaki) discharge into the Indian Ocean (Hamilton and Brakel, 1984). Additionally patch reefs occur in Malindi and Kiunga in the north and Shimoni in the south on the Kenya Tanzania border (Fig. 1). Coral reefs are the predominant marine ecosystem in terms of ecology and economy but seagrass beds and mangrove forests also contribute to the economy of the coastal communities ( Muthiga ITMEMS). The coastal topography, climate and habitats of the Kenyan coast have been described in McClanahan 1988, McClanahan and Young 1986, Obura et al 2000). In order to conserve and manage these important ecosystems, the government of Kenya...
Tipo: Conference Material Palavras-chave: Marine parks.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/772
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EUCARE Comoros 2002 OceanDocs
The EUCARE teams original proposal was to map the uncharted reefs of Belo sur Mer in western Madagascar, but due to the current political situation at the time, it would have been impossible for EUCARE to fulfil all objectives laid out before the expedition commenced. The team followed up their contingency plan to the Comoros archipelago1. The archipelago comprises of four isolated volcanic islands in the Western Indian Ocean, located to the east of Northern Mozambique and North West of Madagascar. The Marine Park of Moheli (PMM) is situated in the southern extremity of Moheli, the smallest and youngest of the Islands in the Comoros archipelago2,3 (see figure 1). It covers an area of 404 km2 along the south and west coasts of the island and extends from...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Marine parks.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/627
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Factors Influencing the Sustainability of Resource Use and Management Within Multiple Use Marine Protected Areas OceanDocs
Senaratna, S..
Multiple Use Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have emerged as an important mechanism in the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources. This study investigates whether there are common factors that enhance or constrain the sustainability of resource use and management within the MPAs. A comparative analysis of resource use patterns and associated socio-economic, socio-political, and institutional factors was carried out in four MPAs: Hikkaduwa Nature Reserve (Sri Lanka), Mafia Island Marine Park (Tanzania), Hon Mun Marine Protected Area (Vietnam), and the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (Australia). In this investigation a simple analytic framework was used. This was broadly based on a framework developed by the Sustainable Use Specialist Group...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Sustainability; Marine parks; Protected areas.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/343
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Is Choice Modelling Really Necessary? Public versus expert values for marine reserves in Western Australia AgEcon
Rogers, Abbie A..
One of the motivations for choice modelling is to provide values that can be used to inform decisionmakers about the non-market costs and benefits of proposed projects or policies. However, the question must be asked as to whether decision-makers consider choice modelling to be a policy relevant tool. There may be more cost-effective and convenient means of providing comparable policy guidance than commissioning a choice modelling study. For example, advice on decision options may be sought from experts, such as scientists. However, expert advice may not accurately reflect the value judgements of the public. The aim of this study is to investigate whether public and expert preferences diverge, using the choice modelling technique. Two case studies are...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Choice modelling; Valuation; Experts; Public; Marine parks; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100704
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Local Responses to Marine Conservation in Zanzibar, Tanzania OceanDocs
Levine, A..
While terrestrial parks and reserves have existed in Tanzania since colonial times, marine protected areas are a much newer endeavor in natural resource conservation. As the importance of marine conservation came to the international forefront in the 1990s, Tanzania experienced a rapid establishment and expansion of marine parks and protected areas. These efforts were indeed crucial to protecting the country’s marine resource base, but they also had significant implications for the lives and fishing patterns of local artisanal fishermen. Terrestrial protected areas in Tanzania have historically been riddled with conflict and local contestation, bringing about numerous debates on the best ways to involve rural residents in conservation planning efforts to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Nature conservation; Marine parks.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/742
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Mafia Island Marine Park, Tanzania: Implications of Applying a Marine Park Paradigm in a Developing Country OceanDocs
Andrews, G..
The group of islands incorporating Mafia Island lie off the east coast of Africa and are a part of mainland Tanzania (Figure 1). The islands are within 20 km of the mainland coast and under the influence of Tanzania’s largest river, the Rufiji. Mafia Island Marine Park (MIMP) was gazetted in April 1995, and its boundary incorporates varied coral reef, mangrove, seagrass and soft bottom habitats, islands of raised Pleistocene reef, cays, and coastal forest with a total area of 821 km2 (Fig. 2). This paper critiques the process and motives for the establishment of the MIMP. The paper explores conservation advantages and disadvantages of the establishment of the Park and the use of the World Conservation Union/Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (IUCN/GBRMP)...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Marine parks.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/905
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Marine invertebrate communities of Baie Ternay National Marine Park and Baie Beau Vallon, Mahe, Seychelles OceanDocs
Pittman, S.J..
Typically, coral reefs are dominated by sedentary colonial organisms. Species compositions are temporally and spatially dynamic and populations may be seen to interact through similar mechanisms as those observed in terrestrial plant communities. In these areas, intense competition for limited niche space, selects for varied defensive and offensive strategies and reproductive life history traits.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Marine parks; Marine invertebrates.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/906
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Marine Protected Areas with an Emphasis on Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples: a Review. Fisheries Centre Research Reports OceanDocs
Guénette, S.; Chuenpagdee, R.; Jones, R..
This report presents a literature review of marine protected areas (MPAs) throughout the world, with an emphasis on 16 case studies that involve community participation and indigenous peoples. Details of three MPAs, namely the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park in Australia, San Salvador Marine Reserve in the Philippines, and the Fagatele Bay Marine Sanctuary in American Samoa, are included to illustrate the importance of community involvement in establishing MPAs. A table summarises each MPA reviewed in terms of its establishment, purpose, level of protection, planning and management process, enforcement, community involvement, problems and results. The successful establishment of marine reserves or marine protected areas depends largely on public support and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Protected areas; Marine parks.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/413
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Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas And Fisheries Reserves OceanDocs
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are defined as “Any area of the littoral or subtidal terrain, together with its overlying water and associated flora, fauna, historical and cultural features, which has been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment” (Kelleher and Kenchington, 1992). This definition includes intertidal reserves, as well as areas for the protection of shipwrecks and archaeological remains. Marine protected areas are designated to conserve the diversity of life according to the three aspects of Biodiversity: ecosystems diversity (habitats and species), species richness and genetic diversity. Also MPAs play a key role in promoting sustainable development. They are designed to enhance the...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Fishery resources; Marine parks.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/765
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Private sector investment in Marine Protected Areas-Experiences of the Chumbe Island Coral Park in Zanzibar/Tanzania OceanDocs
Riedmiller, S..
Chumbe Island Coral Park (CHICOP) illustrates issues that arise with the establishment of a private marine protected area. Though the legal and institutional environment for private investment in conservation in Zanzibar/Tanzania required much higher investment than originally anticipated, establishment and management of the park cost only a fraction of what is commonly budgeted for donorfunded projects through government agencies. Out of necessity, cost control and income-generating activities of private operations are more developed, thus creating better prospects for sustainability. Training local fishermen as park rangers by volunteers proved to be particularly cost effective and crucial to the success of the MPA and facilitates direct partnership with...
Tipo: Conference Material Palavras-chave: Marine parks.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/855
Registros recuperados: 26
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