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Analyse technico-économique de projets d'élevage d'ombrine (Sciaenops ocellata) en cages flottantes à la Martinique ArchiMer
Houel, S; Falguiere, Jean-claude; Paquotte, Philippe.
The availability in interesting sites and the zootechnical performances of tropical fish are two impo rt ant assets in favor of the development of fish farming in the Caribbean islands. This repor presents a technical and financial analysis of red drum farming projects in floating cages in Martinique(French West Indies). This project analysis makes it possible to compare the economic feasability of a small-scale production system with that of a semi-industrial one submitted to different technical constraints. The main criteria of the project analysis are the profitability of the funded capital, the financial feasability during the buildup period, the profitability at a steady state and the cost price. Production costs are hi gher in the the small-scale...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Caribbean; French West Indies; Martinique; Financial analysis; Production costs; Finfish; Aquaculture; Sciaenops ocellata; SEM; Caraïbes; Antilles Françaises; Martinique; Analyse économique; Coûts de production; Poissons; Aquaculture; Sciaenops ocellata.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1996/rapport-4019.pdf
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Assessment of the contamination of marine fauna by chlordecone in Guadeloupe and Martinique (Lesser Antilles) ArchiMer
Dromard, Charlotte; Bodiguel, Xavier; Lemoine, Soazig; Bouchon-navaro, Yolande; Reynal, Lionel; Thouard, Emmanuel; Bouchon, Claude.
Chlordecone is an organochlorine pesticide, used in the Lesser Antilles from 1972 to 1993 to fight against a banana weevil. That molecule is very persistent in the natural environment and ends up in the sea with runoff waters. From 2003 to 2013, seven campaigns of samplings have been conducted to evaluate the level of contamination of fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. The present study is the first assessment and the first comparison of the concentrations of chlordecone between marine areas, taxonomic groups, and ecological factors like trophic groups or preferential habitat of fish species. The four most contaminated marine areas are located downstream the contaminated rivers and banana plantations. Crustaceans seemed to be more sensitive to the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chlordecone; Organochlorine pollution; Marine fauna; Contamination; Guadeloupe; Martinique.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00309/41989/41379.pdf
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Blackfin tuna (Thunnus atlanticus) fishing around FADs in Martinique (French West Indies) ArchiMer
Taquet, Marc; Reynal, Lionel; Laurans, Martial; Lagin, Alain-sabin.
This paper examines the fishing of blackfin tuna (Thunnus atlanticus) around Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) in Martinique (French West Indies). It is based on the compared analysis of catches from monthly experimental fishing surveys and sampling of commercial landings. The data collected in these two different ways allowed comparison of blackfin tuna length frequencies. A large part of the commercial landings were made up of young immature tuna with a fork length of less than 40 cm, whereas the experimental longline catches were mainly made up of fish with a fork length ranging between 55 and 75 cm. We give evidence that these discrepancies were mostly due to the fishing technique used. Indeed, contrarily to the experimental surveys, Martinican fishermen...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Martinique; West Central Atlantic; Experimental fishing survey; Biology; FAD; Fish aggregating device; Thunnus atlanticus; Blackfin tuna.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-1392.pdf
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Comparaison des captures des grands poissons pelagiques en Martinique avec ou sans DCP ArchiMer
Laurans, Martial; Taquet, Marc; Reynal, Lionel; Lagin, Alain-sabin.
In recent years, the use of fads in Martinique has evolved from an experimental stage to a productive one. This transformation results in the pitching up of operational device park by the regional fishery committee. Nevertheless, this technical change in fishing practices is not implemented in a homogeneous way all around the island; some differences exist especially between the Atlantic and the Caribbean coasts. From surveys carried out during an annual cycle on two main landing sites, this study describes the pelagic fishing activity around fads and in the open sea. A comparison of fishing strategies adopted in different places as well as an analysis of the results obtained by the fishing units in terms of species (size of catches and daily yields) allow...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Artisanal fishing Attracting techniques Multivariate analysis Pelagic fisheries Sampling Tuna fisheries Article Geographic Terms: ASW; Caribbean Sea; Lesser Antilles; Martinique.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00042/15298/12657.pdf
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Démarche d'amélioration des DCP à la Martinique ArchiMer
Guillou, Annie; Lagin, Alain-sabin; Lebeau, Alain; Priour, Daniel; Repecaud, Michel; Reynal, Lionel; Sacchi, Jacques; Taquet, Marc.
Since 1983, the research on the optimal conception of FADs in Martinique was particularly focused on the improvement of their resistance to different maritime or human aggressions. Following several experimentations made with different types of fads, the choice was brought on light devices anchored in 1 500 to 2 000 m depths and an experimental approach was conducted to identify the causes of loss of fads and to attempt to modelize their hydrodynamic behaviour with relation to the sea conditions. Three mathematical models are used to simulate the fad behaviour under current action and swell, and to estimate the forces exerted on each part of the device. The results of this study are presented. The fad design used nowadays for the development of pelagic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Attracting techniques Fishing technology Maintenance and repair Tuna fisheries Article Geographic Terms: ASW; Caribbean Sea; Lesser Antilles Lesser Antilles; Martinique.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00042/15287/12673.pdf
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Engins et techniques de pêche de la Martinique ArchiMer
Guillou, Alain; Lagin, Alain-sabin.
This document is mainly a catalogue of the different types of fishing gears noticed all around Martinique during a ten years period (1985-1994)The technical description of these gears and their plans are presented, according to FAO standards. Besides these descriptions, the origins of the introduction in Martinique of the main categories of gears are related .Moreover,, the operating conditions of each fishing gear as well as the targeted species are dealt with. In addition, recent gears and techniques such as fishing aggregating devices (FADs) and associated fishing techniques are described. These ones appeared in Guadeloupe and Martinique during the last eighties years. Furthermore, the main characteristics of the martinican fishing fleet structure...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Artisanal fishing; Caribbean islands; Martinique; Fishing techniques; Fishing gears; Pêche artisanale; Petites Antilles; Martinique; Techniques de pêche; Engins de pêche.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1997/rapport-1120.pdf
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Etat d'avancement des travaux sur les poissons tropicaux en Martinique ArchiMer
Soletchnik, Patrick; Thouard, Emmanuel; Galllet De Saint-aurin, D.; Suquet, Marc; Hurtaud, P.; Mesdouze, J. P..
Ce document se compose de 3 publications : - overview of the studies conducted on the finfish, Palometa (Trachinotus goodei), in Martinique, - spawning of palometa (Trachinotus goodei), in capacity, - spawning of yellowtail snapper (Ocyurus chrysurus ; Bloch, 1791) in capacity. Cette dernière publication, résume l'essentiel des informations obtenues sur la sarde et présentées d'une façon exhaustive dans le document scientifique n°9. Les 2 premières publications de ce document, consacrées à la carangue, font état des derniers résultats acquis sur cette espèce.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Poissons tropicaux; Elevage; Maturation; Reproduction; Trachinotus goodei; Ocyurus chrysurus; Martinique; Aquaculture; Tropical finfishs; Rearing; Maturation; Reproduction; Trachinotus goodei; Ocyurus chrysurus; Martinique.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00131/24262/22258.pdf
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Evaluation des ressources démersales du plateau insulaire martiniquais ArchiMer
Froehlicher, Hermione; Pawlowski, Lionel; Weiss, Jerome; Reynal, Lionel; Thouard, Emmanuel.
Cette étude a pour but de déterminer l’état des ressources ciblées par les pêcheries démersales, majoritairement artisanales, exerçant sur le plateau insulaire martiniquais. Les espèces ciblées par ces pêcheries sont nombreuses (56 groupes d’espèces) et principalement capturées à la nasse. Cette étude se focalise sur les 12 groupes d’espèces principaux en termes de volume débarqué, valeur et nombre de marées effectuées. La courte série temporelle (11 années d'échantillonnage) et les données disponibles (CPUE et volumes de captures) imposent d'utiliser les méthodologies associées aux stocks à données limitées : tendance sur indices de biomasse et modèle de production. Ces deux méthodes sont confrontées dans cette évaluation. L’approche globale est avec un...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Martinique; Évaluation de stock; Stock à données limitée; Modélisation.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00595/70677/71784.pdf
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Expertise sur 3 masses d’eau de la Réunion (étangs de Saint-Paul et du Gol) et de Martinique (étang des Salines) : typologie et surveillance DCE ArchiMer
Derolez, Valerie; Giraud, Anaïs.
Trois masses d’eau situées sur le littoral de l’île de la Réunion et de la Martinique présentent des fonctionnements et des caractéristiques atypiques, ce qui pose actuellement des difficultés dans le cadre de l’application de la DCE. Les deux masses d’eau réunionnaises, l’étang du Gol et l’étang de Saint-Paul, sont actuellement identifiées en tant que plans d’eau au titre de la DCE. La masse d’eau martiniquaise, l’étang des Salines, est quant à elle identifiée en tant que masse d’eau de transition. L’objectif de cette étude est d’apporter une expertise, sur la base des données disponibles et des échanges avec les experts locaux et nationaux, concernant : · la typologie des masses d’eau, · les paramètres chimiques, physico-chimiques et biologiques...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Masses d’eau de transition; Typologie; La Réunion; Martinique; DCE; Surveillance.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00335/44573/44289.pdf
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Grands pélagiques et Dispositifs de Concentration de Poissons (DCP) en Martinique (Antilles françaises) ArchiMer
Taquet, Marc.
Les ressources récifales et côtières du plateau insulaire de la Martinique subissent une pression anthropique croissante et ne sont plus en mesure d'assurer un revenu suffisant aux pêcheurs professionnels. La présente étude a pour objectif d'accompagner le redéploiement de l'activité de la flottille martiniquaise de proximité vers l'exploitation des ressources en grands poissons pélagiques à l'aide de dispositifs de concentration de poissons (DCP), sans imposer un changement d'échelle des unités d'exploitation. Les travaux sont développés selon deux axes complémentaires (i) l'amélioration technologique des DCP, (ii) une meilleure connaissance de la biologie des grands poissons pélagiques exploitables dans la zone d'activité de la flottille. La modélisation...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dispositif de concentration de poissons; DCP; Poissons pélagiques; Flottilles insulaires; Pêche artisanale; Pêche expérimentale; Pêche tropicale; Thonidés; Martinique; Caraïbe; Antilles françaises.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00128/23907/21851.pdf
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L'agrégation de thons de sub-surface au sein du système [DCP ancré - macronecton - environnement - pêche] en Martinique : étude hiérarchique par méthodes acoustiques, optiques et halieutiques ArchiMer
Doray, Mathieu.
Artificial Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) are known to concentrate tropical tunas. This aggregative behaviour drastically increases the vulnerability of these species to fishing. Alternatively, FADs can be used as oceanic observatories to study the aggregative behaviour of large pelagic fish. We conducted sea surveys in Martinique (Lesser Antilles) to i) establish a typology of the pelagic fish aggregations found around moored FADs ii) study their relations with their biotic and abiotic environment and the local fishery. The mean biomass of large pelagic fish aggregations was also estimated to provide scientific inputs to achieve a sustainable management of the moored FAD fishery. The first part presents the background of the study. We introduce the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Martinique; Lesser Antilles; Hierarchy; Advection diffusion models; Geostatistics; Micronekton; Tuna/environment relationships; Aggregative behaviour; Tuna; Underwater video; Echosounding; FAD; Martinique; Petites Antilles; Hiérarchie; Modèles d'advection diffusion; Géostatistique; Micronecton; Relation thon/environnement; Comportement agrégatif; Thon; Vidéo sous marine; Acoustique; DCP.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/these-1735.pdf
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Le Dispositif de Concentration de Poissons (DCP): une alternative à la forte pression de pêche sur les ressources récifales de la Martinique ArchiMer
Taquet, Marc.
This paper describes the fishing activity in Martinique, French West Indies. It draws up the balance sheet of acquirements about marine resources of the island. The difficulties of fisheries management are discussed with reference to biologists and economists works in the last ten years. We also show how management efforts to decrease fishing pressure on reef resources has induced the implantation of a new technology: the Fish Aggregating Deviee. The differing histories of development of FADs in the French West Indies are compared. The positive results from the introduction of the FADs and the estimated risks due to the transferance of fishing pressure on the continental shelf is presented. The use of FADs to enhance the exploitation of marine resources is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DCP; Gestion des pêches; Martinique; FAD; Fisheries management; Martinique.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00113/22409/20106.pdf
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Le stock de Lambi (Strombus gigas, L.) en Martinique : analyse de la situation 1986-1987, modélisation de l'exploitation, options d'aménagement ArchiMer
Rathier, I.
The stock of Lambi, Strombus gigas (gastropod: strombidae), coastal benthic resource, has been exploited artisanally since the prehistoric period in Martinique. Nowadays, three lines of work exploit the species: free diving, nets (since the middle of the century) and scuba diving since 1985. This report presents the activity of each line of work, surveyed directly from 1986 to 1987: fishing zones and resource allocation, production, effort and performance, detail of catches (by length). The socio economic characteristics of the lambi fishermen are studied. The significant production of leisure fishing is also estimated. The decrease in the production and performance, as well as the lowering of the size of the first catch for about thirty years show that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Management; Operating system; Aquaculture; Population dynamic; Stock evaluation; Martinique; Strombus gigas; Lambi; Aménagement; Régime d'exploitation; Forçage du recrutement; Aquaculture; Dynamique de population; Évaluation de stock; Martinique; Strombus gigas; Lambi.
Ano: 1993 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1993/these-3751.PDF
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Les conflits d'usage de l'espace littoral martiniquais ArchiMer
Thebaud, Olivier.
This report presents, in two parts, the results of a study carried out on the coast of Martinique, during 1993. The first part presents the evolution of perceptions and uses of coastal areas, linked to the socio-economic transformations of the island. Completing this presentation, based on the analysis of management plans from different periods, an overview of the recent state of occupation of coastal areas in Martinique is also given. The second part presents four case studies of conflictual situations concerning access to coastal areas, on l and and at sea, considering differents types of activities and decision-making processes. For each case study, an investigation has been conducted to identify implied actors, their motivations and strategies, as well...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Regulation; Decision making process; Conflicts; Martinique; Coast; SEM; Réglementation; Processus de décision; Conflits; Martinique; Littoral.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1994/rapport-2140.pdf
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Madanidinium loirii gen. et sp nov. (Dinophyceae), a new marine benthic dinoflagellate from Martinique Island, Eastern Caribbean ArchiMer
Chomerat, Nicolas; Bilien, Gwenael.
A new benthic phototrophic dinoflagellate is described from sediments of a tropical marine cove at Martinique Island and its micromorphology is studied by means of light and electron microscopy. The cell contains small golden-brown chloroplasts and the oval nucleus is posterior. It is laterally compressed, almost circular in shape when viewed laterally. It consists of a small epitheca tilted toward the right lateral side and a larger hypotheca. In the left view, the cingulum is more anterior and the epitheca is reduced. The cingulum is displaced and left-handed. This organism is peculiar in having no apical pore and its thecal plate arrangement is 2 ' 1a 7 '' 5c 3s 5 ''' 1 ''''. The plates are smooth with small groups of pores scattered on their surface....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Caribbean; Benthic; Dinophyceae; SEM; Phylogeny; Morphology; Taxonomy; Martinique; RDNA.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00195/30622/29458.pdf
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Marée verte en martinique ArchiMer
Piriou, Jean-yves.
Few years ago, proliferations of the green seaweed Enteromorpha have been noticed on sorne beaches of the southem coast of Martinique (American French Island). A study, in the year 1992, shows that Enteromorpha has a seasonal development, that nitrogen is the limiting factor, and that its principal feeding cornes from urban discharges thrown away directly into growing areas.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Azote; Enteromorpha; Martinique; Proliférations; Rejets urbains; Nitrogen; Enteromorpha; Martinique; Proliferations; Urban discharges.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00132/24277/22275.pdf
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Mise au point technique de l'élevage de l'ombrine Sciaenops ocellata à la Martinique ArchiMer
Soletchnik, Patrick; Goyard, Emmanuel; Thouard, Emmanuel.
Depuis maintenant plus de trois ans, l'équipe IFREMER de Martinique travaille à la mise au point technique de l'élevage de l'ombrine subtropicale (Sciaenosp ocellata), dans des conditions intensives. En matière de reproduction, l'équipe IFREMER a engagé dès 1987, une opération de transfert de la technologie Américaine de maturation et ponte grâce au contrôle environnemental de la température et de la phtopériode. Près de 50 millions d'oeufs ont été produits en 1989, à partir de 5 femelles de 5 à 6 kg. En terme d'alevinage, les "résidus d'expérimentation" ont été de 12 000, 18 000, 9 000 et 89 000 alevins sevrés (1 à 2g), respectivement pour les années 1987, 88, 89 et 1990. En 1990, l'objectif principal de démonstration de la faisabilité de la technique...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ombrine; Sciaenops ocellata; Maturation; Pontes; Alevinage; Grossissement; Martinique.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00130/24140/22146.pdf
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Mise en place et exploitation des DCP en Martinique, aspects reglementaires et economiques ArchiMer
Laisne, L; Angelelli, P.
Since the beginning of 1980, the Martinique fishermen have suffered a deep crisis. The traditional ways of fishing, based on benthic fish exploitation, have seen the decreasing of their profitability due to the over-fishing of the narrow continental shelf offering few resources. The pelagic fishery had become the professional main source of income. This fishery equally encounter difficulties: denied rights of access in the EEZ of Caribbean islands, expensive costs of exploitation. The disposal of FADs offers new ways to the Martinique fishermen. In 1999, it was decided the disposal of a onetworko of 30 permanent FADs around Martinique. The mooring of these FADs must be followed by legal and economic adapted measures to reach the desired aim: the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Attracting techniques Financing Fishery management Licensing Tuna fisheries Article Geographic Terms: ASW; Caribbean Sea; Lesser Antilles; Martinique.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00042/15305/12639.pdf
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Observations sous-marines des communautes de poissons agregees autour des DCP en Martinique: resultats preliminaires ArchiMer
Laurans, Martial; Taquet, Marc; Reynal, Lionel; Lagin, Alain-sabin.
Fishing with a beach seine for catching small pelagic fishes is a traditional activity in Martinique. Since the early eighties, an important decrease in the number of fishermen practising this activity has been recorded. In the context of high exploitation of reef resources, the beach seine presents a low selectivity, catching too many juveniles of demersal fish. The fads established in coastal areas, have been successfully used in others regions of the world for exploiting small pelagics. Thus, it could allow to favour a change of exploitation style of these resources in Martinique. In partnership, Ifremer, the Regional Council and the Fishing Committee have began an evaluation of the potentialities for this type of structures around the island. To...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Attracting techniques Beach seines Behaviour Coastal fisheries Marine fish Tuna fisheries Article Geographic Terms: ASW; Caribbean Sea; Lesser Antilles; Martinique.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00042/15302/12634.pdf
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Peches experimentales des crustaces profonds dans les eaux de la martinique ( pandalidae, nephropidae ). Prospections, rendements et biologie des especes. ArchiMer
Paulmier, Gerard; Gervain, Paul.
The principal objective of the work carried out in the deep waters adjoining the island shelf around Martinique between July 1991 and april 1992 was to establish an initial inventory of potentially exploitable deep benthic resources.The cylindrical lobster pot used during fishing experiments allowed the catch of a varied carcinological marine organisms of which six species at least have economic interest : 5 species of shrimp all belonging to the sub-order of Caridea of the Pandalidae family : Plesionika edwardsi, P. (macropoda) polyacanthomerus, P.laevis, Heterocarpus ensifer and H.laevigatus, and one species of prawn of the Nephropidae family : Eunephrops cadenasi. The yields, compared to those of commercial fishermen, were medium or good for Plesionika...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Depth; Biology; Fishinf; Prawn; Shrimp; Crustaceas; Martinique; Profond; Biologie; Pêche; Langoustine; Crevette; Crustace; Martinique.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1994/rapport-1540.pdf
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