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A comparison of growth and biochemical composition of Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lmk.) and Mytilus edulis (L.) on the West coast of Cotentin, Normandy, France 1999-2000 ArchiMer
Kopp, Joel; Cornette, Florence; Simonne, Charlotte.
The blue mussel, Mytilus edulis has been reared along the Normandy coast line since the 1960s. The gonadal cycle of this mussel species shows a sharp decrease in meat quality during the winter period after spawning. This decline in meat quality is so severe that sales have to be suspended from December to July. Another species of mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, which is reared in the lagoons along the French shore of the Mediterranean Sea has a different spawning cycle. An experiment was undertaken to study the meat quality of M. Galloprovincialis throughout the year after the spat were transferred from the Mediterranean Sea to the Normandy coast. This species showed an immediate adaptation to the gonadal cycle of M. edulis. Despite suggestions from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Meat quality; Mytilus galloprovincialis; Mytilus edulis; Gonadal cycle.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-422.pdf
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Animal performance, yield and characteristics of the meat of quail fed diets containing vegetable and mixed glycerin PAB
Farrapo,Samily de Paulo; Alves,Marcio Gleice Mateus; Brito,Jéssica de Carvalho; Batista,Ana Sancha Malveira; Freitas,Ednardo Rodrigues; Nascimento,Germano Augusto Jerônimo do.
Abstract: The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of the inclusion of vegetable and mixed glycerin in the diet of broiler quail (Coturnix coturnix coturnix) on animal performance, yield of carcass and organs, and physical and sensory characteristics of the meat. A total of 432 quails aged 1-42 days were used in a completely randomized design with a 4×2+1 factorial arrangement (5, 10, 15, and 20% inclusion of vegetable or mixed glycerin, besides one treatment without glycerin) with 4 replicates of 12 birds each. Feed intake, weight gain, feed conversion, yield (carcass, breast, thigh+drumstick, heart, liver, gizzard, and abdominal fat), and physical and sensory characteristics of the meat. The diet containing mixed glycerin resulted in higher...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Coturnix coturnix coturnix; Carcass yield; Meat quality; Weight gain.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2017000900768
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Association of CAPN1 and CAST gene polymorphisms with meat tenderness in Bos taurus beef cattle from Argentina Genet. Mol. Biol.
Corva,Pablo; Soria,Liliana; Schor,Alejandro; Villarreal,Edgardo; Cenci,Macarena Pérez; Motter,Mariana; Mezzadra,Carlos; Melucci,Lilia; Miquel,Cristina; Paván,Enrique; Depetris,Gustavo; Santini,Francisco; Naón,Juan Grigera.
The activity of the calpains/calpastatin proteolytic system is closely related to the postmortem tenderization of meat. We investigated the association between beef tenderness and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers on the CAPN1 gene (SNP316, alleles C/G; SNP530 alleles A/G) and the CAST gene 3' untranslated region (SNP2870, alleles A/G). We sampled nine slaughter groups comprising 313 steers which had been reared in beef production systems in Argentina between 2002 and 2004 from crosses between Angus, Hereford and Limousin cattle. Minor allele frequencies for the markers were 0.27 to 0.46 (C), 0.02 to 0.18 (A), and 0.24 to 0.53 (A), respectively. The presence of CAPN1 markers had significant effects on meat shear force but no detectable effects...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Beef cattle; CAPN1; CAST; Genetic markers; Meat quality.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572007000600006
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Associations of MYF5 gene polymorphisms with meat quality traits in different domestic pig (Sus scrofa) populations Genet. Mol. Biol.
Liu,Min; Peng,Jian; Xu,Dequan; Zheng,Rong; Li,Feng’e; Li,Jialian; Zuo,Bo; Lei,Minggang; Xiong,Yuanzhu; Deng,Changyan; Jiang,Siwen.
The MYF5 gene is first inducibly expressed in muscle cell during embryonic muscle development and plays an important role in regulating the differentiation of skeletal muscle precursors. In this study we used PCR-RFLP to investigate two pig (Sus scrofa) populations (n = 302) for two MYF5 gene polymorphisms, a previously unreported novel Met-Leu shift single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) MYF5/Hsp92II located on exon 1 and the previously identified intron 1 MYF5/HinfI SNP. Haplotype and association analysis showed that haplotypes of the two SNPs were significantly associated with drip loss rate (DLR, p < 0.05), water holding capacity (WHC, p < 0.05), biceps femoris meat color value (MCV2, p < 0.05), biceps femoris marbling score (MM2, p < 0.01),...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Meat quality; MYF5 gene; Pigs; Polymorphism; Sus scrofa.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572007000300012
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Black bone syndrome in chiken meat Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Baldo,GAA; Almeida Paz,ICL; Alves,MCF; Nääs,IA; Garcia,RG; Caldara,FR; Gavilan,CWS.
Black bone syndrome (BBS) affects poultry industry, and it is caused by the darkening of the tissue adjacent to the bone due to leak age of bone marrow contents during cooking. The objective of this experiment was to estimate BBS incidence in chicken thighs. A completely randomized experimental design, with two treatments (refrigerated or frozen) of 50 replicates each, was applied. The influence of BBS on meat quality was assessed according to bone lightness (*L), and meat appearance and sensorial characteristics. Lightness was measured using a colorimeter (Minolta® 410R) positioned on the proximal epiphyseal growth plate. Meat quality was evaluated after roasting by assigning scores for appearance (acceptable = no darkening, intermediate = little...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bone darkening; Commercial processing plant; Meat quality.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2013000400005
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BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN FARMERS AND CONSUMERS: VALUE CREATION AND MEDIATION IN “PASTURE-RAISED BEEF” FOOD NETWORKS AgEcon
Bedoin, Florence; Kristensen, Troels; Noe, Egon.
The aim of this article is to explore how different quality dimensions (safety, aesthetics, ethics and rooted ness) are created in food networks; how these qualities are transferred until the consumers; and how this process is supported by the organisation of the food network. Our postulate is that combining the quality and organisation dimensions and exploring the link between them will provide an interesting perspective for improving the sharing of values in food networks. This framework is applied to five case studies of “pasture-raised beef” food networks in France, representing a diversity of organisations such as public label scheme, cooperate owned brand and direct sell from farmer to consumer. The results highlight the importance of the role of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Grassland; Meat quality; Sustainability; Food labeling; Case study; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57475
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Broiler Pre-Slaughter Water Diet with Grass Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus Stapf) Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Garcia,RG; Royer,AF; Nääs,IA; Borille,R; Santana,M; Caldara,FR.
ABSTRACT The pre-slaughter management is one of the predisposing factors to the reduction in the quality of the carcass and broiler meat, mainly for being a stressful condition. This study evaluates the inclusion of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf) in the water used in the diet of pre-slaughter broilers for the first time. The carcass and meat quality parameters were evaluated. The experiment was carried out in the poultry production of an experimental sector of the Federal University of Grande Dourados - UFGD. A total of 2,594 broilers were distributed in an entirely randomized design in a factorial arrangement of 3x2x2, with three different lemongrass concentrations in the form of infusion (0. 1 and 5 g/L), two sexes and two genetic strains (Ross...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Meat; Welfare; Phytotherapy; Pre-slaughter; Meat quality.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2017000400725
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Broiler transportation conditions in a Brazilian commercial line and the occurrence of breast PSE (Pale, Soft, Exudative) meat and DFD-like (Dark, Firm, Dry) meat BABT
Langer,Roselane Oliveira de Souza; Simões,Gislaine Silveira; Soares,Adriana Lourenço; Oba,Alexandre; Rossa,Alessandro; Shimokomaki,Massami; Ida,Elza Iouko.
The objective of this work was to investigate the effect of road transportation conditions on the occurrence of broiler PSE-(Pale, Soft, Exudative) and DFD-like (Dark, Firm, Dry) meats in the Brazilian commercial slaughterhouse plant. Samples of Pectoralis major m from 47-day-old broilers of commercial lineage were analyzed. The results indicated that water-bathing birds just before journey over 3.0km promoted the occurrence of 46.0% of PSE and 4.0% of DFD-like meat, while birds under non-water bathing conditions presented 14.7 and 2.0%, respectively. For a distance of 68.0km, the occurrences of PSE-and DFD-like meat were 44.0 and 0.0% under water bathing conditions, and 52.0 and 0.0% without water bathing, respectively. Water bathing at the farm was a...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Truck microclimate; Meat quality; Broiler chicken stress.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132010000500021
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Calidad de la carne y comportamiento productivo de corderos alimentados con granos secos de destilería en la dieta. Colegio de Postgraduados
Curzaynz Leyva, Karym Roberto.
El uso de maíz para la producción de etanol genera grandes volúmenes de granos secos de destilería (DDGS: siglas en inglés), subproducto con destacado valor nutricional para la alimentación animal. Por ello, el objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el efecto de incluir DDGS en la dieta de corderos en crecimiento sobre el comportamiento productivo, variables ruminales (pH, AGV y N-NH3), degradabilidad in vitro de la MS (DIVMS), digestibilidad total aparente de la MS (DIAMS), FDN (DAFDN) y FDA (DAFDA), características de la canal y calidad de la carne. El diseño experimental fue completamente al azar usando 27 corderos criollos encastados con Rambouillet (PVI=24±2.41 kg), y los tratamientos fueron: 1) dieta testigo, sin DDGS; 2) con 20 % de DDGS y 3) con...
Palavras-chave: Corderos; DDGS; Comportamiento productivo; Calidad de la carne; Lamb; Performance; Meat quality.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2190
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Carcass and cut yields and meat qualitative traits of broilers fed diets containing probiotics and prebiotics Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Pelicano,ERL; Souza,PA; Souza,HBA; Oba,A; Boiago,MM; Zeola,NMBL; Scatolini,AM; Bertanha,VA; Lima,TMA.
This study evaluated the use of different probiotics, prebiotics and symbiotics on the quality of carcasses and meat of broiler chickens. One hundred and eight day-old Cobb male broilers were used (n=108) in a completely randomized design according to a 3x3 factorial, with 3 probiotics in the diet (no probiotics, probiotics 1, probiotics 2) and 3 prebiotics in the diet (no prebiotics, prebiotics 1, prebiotics 2). There were nine treatments with 4 replicates and 3 birds per replicate. The results showed that the carcass and cut yields, color (L* - lightness, a* - redness, and b* - yellowness), pH, cooking losses, shearing force and sensory analysis were not affected by the use of different growth promoters at 42 days of age. It was concluded that growth...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broilers; Carcass yield; Cut yield; Meat quality; Prebiotics; Probiotics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2005000300006
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Carcass and meat quality characteristics of Arsi-Bale goats supplemented with different levels of air-dried Moringa stenopetala leaf JARTS
Melesse, Aberra; Banerjee, Sandip; H/Meskel, Degnet; Abebe, Aster; Sisay, Amsalu.
This study was conducted to assess the effect of air-dried Moringa stenopetala leaf (MSL) supplementation on carcass components and meat quality in Arsi-Bale goats. A total of 24 yearling goats with initial body weight of 13.6+/-0.25 kg were randomly divided into four treatments with six goats each. All goats received a basal diet of natural grass hay ad libitum and 340 g head^(−1) d^(−1) concentrate. The treatment diets contain a control diet without supplementation (T1) and diets supplemented with MSL at a rate of 120 g head^(−1) d^(−1) (T2), 170 g head^(−1) d^(−1) (T3) and 220 g head^(−1) d^(−1) (T4). The results indicated that the average slaughter weight of goats reared on T3 and T4 was 18.2 and 18.3 kg, respectively, being (P<0.05) higher than...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry Arsi-Bale goats; Carcass traits; Meat quality; Natural grass hay; Moringa stenopetala leaf; Supplementation.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2016092050928
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Carcass and meat quality in light lambs from different fat classes in the EU carcass classification system IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Sañudo, C.; Alfonso, M.; Sánchez, A.; Delfa, R.; Teixeira, A..
Ninety commercial lamb carcasses were analysed according to the four different fat classes in the light lamb European classiffication system. Shoulder fat increased 3%, muscle decreased 2% and bone decreased 1% for each class increase. No signifficant differences were found among fat classes regarding pH, WHC, cooking losses, juiciness, myoglobin content, meat colour measured immediately after cutting (L*, a*, b*), odour intensity or flavour quality. Some differences were found in colour evolution through ageing. Shear force decreased and tenderness and flavour intensity increased with fat class but this effect was only signifficant in the leanest animals.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Carcass; Meat quality; EU system classification.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/795
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Carcass characteristics and fatty acid profile of Santa Inês lamb fed banana leftovers Scientia Agricola
Menezes,Adriana Morato de; Tanure,Candice Bergmann Garcia e Silva; Peripolli,Vanessa; Esteves,Geisa Isilda Ferreira; Kindlein,Liris; Louvandini,Helder; Souza,Jurandir Rodrigues de; McManus,Concepta.
ABSTRACT: The use of new feed resources, particularly local agroindustrial byproducts, such as banana, may be an option for replacing those traditionally used for sheep feed to reduce production costs. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary effects of replacing corn bran with banana leftovers on performance, carcass, non-carcass components, meat traits, and fatty acid profile of Santa Inês lambs. Twenty-four Santa Inês female lambs with an average weight of 23.73 kg were fed diets containing 60 % coast cross hay and 40 % concentrate (30 % corn bran and 10 % soybean meal). Treatments consisted of corn bran replaced by banana leftovers at rates of 0, 25, 50, and 75 % on a dry matter basis. The experiment lasted 120 days. Animals were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Byproducts; Meat quality; Non-carcass components; Sustainability.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162020000100400
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Carcass characteristics and sensorial evaluation of meat from Nellore steers and crossbred Angus vs. Nellore bulls Animal Sciences
Barcellos, Vinicius Cunha; Mottin, Camila; Passetti, Rodrigo Augusto Cortêz; Guerrero, Ana; Eiras, Carlos Emanuel; Prohmann, Paulo Emilio Fernandes; Vital, Ana Carolina Pelaes; Prado, Ivanor Nunes do.
This study evaluated animal performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of 36-month old Nellore steers finished in pastures (n = 10) and 20-month old Angus vs. Nellore bulls finished in feedlot (n = 10). Final body weight, carcass weight, characteristics, conformation and fat thickness, were higher (p < 0.001) for the Nellore steers than for Angus vs. Nellore bulls. Water losses during chilling (24 hours, 4oC) were lower (p < 0.05) for Nellore steers than for the Angus vs. Nellore bulls. Muscle percentage on the 6th rib was higher (p < 0.05) for the Nellore steers than for Angus vs. Nellore bulls; while bone percentage was lower (p < 0.05) for Nellore steers. After 7 and 14 days of ageing, the L* meat value was higher for the Nellore...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 5.04.00.00-2 Brazil; Consumer acceptability; Fattening system; Genetic groups; Meat quality; Sexual class..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/36692
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Carcass characteristics, chemical and fatty acid composition of Longissimus muscle of Purunã bulls slaughtered at 18 or 24 months of age - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v32i3.7274 Animal Sciences
Ito, Roberto Haruyoshi; UEM; Prado, Ivanor Nunes do; UEM; Visentainer, Jesuí Vergílio; UEM; Prado, Rodolpho Martin do; UEM; Fugta, Carlos Alberto; UEM; Pires, Maria Carla de Oliveira; UEM.
This study was carried out to evaluate carcass characteristics, chemical and fatty acid composition of the Longissimus muscle of 78 Purunã bulls (39 bulls/treatment) slaughtered at 18 or 24 months old. The experimental design was completely randomized. The bulls were distributed into two systems: 1) Finished in feedlot 13 to 18 months old (T18), or 2) Finished in feedlot from 21 to 24 months old (T24). The diet, roughage:concentrate ratio of 52:48 (dry matter basis), contained 12% crude protein and 72% total digestible nutrients. The T18 system showed lower (p < 0.05) conformation (12.46 vs. 13.41 points), higher (p < 0.05) subcutaneous fat thickness (3.82 vs. 3.11 mm), lower (p < 0.05) Longissimus area (66.17 vs. 70.87 cm2), lower (p < 0.05)...
Tipo: Pesquisa de campo; análise laboratorial Palavras-chave: 5.04.05.00-4 beef cattle; Bos taurus vs. Bos indicus; Meat quality; Slaughter age Produção Animal beef cattle; Bos taurus vs. Bos indicus; Meat quality; Slaughter age.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/7274
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Carcass characteristics of feedlot-finished Zebu and Caracu cattle R. Bras. Zootec.
Resende,Flávio Dutra de; Gesualdi Júnior,Antonio; Queiroz,Augusto César de; Faria,Marcelo Henrique de; Viana,Alexandre Pio.
This study analyzes the chemical carcass characteristics and carcass losses in 86 cattle, both castrated and non-castrated, with an average initial weight of 329 kg and an average age of approximately 20 months, including 12 Gyr, 20 Guzerat, 20 Nellore, and 20 Caracu among the herds selected for weight determination at 378 days of age, as well as 14 Nellore cattle that were not selected. The diet contained a roughage-to-concentrate ratio of 60:40 in terms of dry matter (DM), with 14.8% crude protein as a percentage of DM and corn silage as roughage. A completely randomized 5 × 2 factorial experimental design was used, including five breeds and two sex classes. The following values were determined: losses due to the trimming of commercial cuts and cooking;...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Feedlot; Meat quality; Shear force; Zebu cattle.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982014000200003
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Carcass traits and short-chain fatty acid profile in cecal digesta of piglets fed alfalfa hay and fructooligosaccharides R. Bras. Zootec.
Rodrigues,Daniela Junqueira; Budiño,Fábio Enrique Lemos; Prezzi,Joel Alberto; Monferdini,Renato Pacheco; Otsuk,Ivani Pozar; Moraes,José Evandro de.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the addition of the prebiotic fructooligosaccharide and/or alfalfa hay to piglet diets on carcass traits and short-chain fatty acid profiles in the cecal digesta. Seventy-two commercial crossbred piglets of both sexes, with an average initial weight about 6 kg and age of approximately 21 days, were distributed in a randomized block design, using a factorial scheme, which consisted of three alfalfa hay levels (0, 5, and 10%) and two fructooligosaccharide levels (0 and 0.3%). Fiber addition in the presence of the prebiotic exerted an effect on cecal digesta short-chain fatty acid, increasing the acetic and reducing the butyric acid concentrations. The meat quality was also affected by the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Backfat thickness; Fiber; Meat quality; Prebiotic; Swine.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017000400331
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Centesimal composition and fatty acids of meat from lambs fed diets containing soybean hulls R. Bras. Zootec.
Costa,Lívia Santos; Silva,Robério Rodrigues; Silva,Fabiano Ferreira da; Carvalho,Gleidson Giordano Pinto de; Simionato,Julliana Izabelle; Marques,Jair de Araújo; Silva,Vinícius Lopes da; Sampaio,Cláudia Batista.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the centesimal composition and fatty acids in meat from animals fed diets containing levels of soybean hulls. The experiment was conducted at UESB in Itapetinga-BA, Brazil. Twenty-five confined Santa Inês rams were used. Treatments consisted of different levels of substitution of corn by soybean hulls (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) and elephant grass silage as forage. The design was completely randomized. Samples of concentrate and silage were collected to evaluate the fatty acid composition. The experimental period lasted 110 days. After this period, the animals were slaughtered and samples of the longissimus muscle were collected and vacuum-packed for further analysis. The levels of total lipid and protein showed...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: CLA; Meat quality; Small ruminants.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000700023
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Chapter 19: ADDING NUTRITIONAL QUALITY TO ANALYSIS OF MEAT DEMAND AgEcon
Wang, Guijing; Chern, Wen S..
This book was originally published by Westview Press, Boulder CO, 1995.
Tipo: Book Chapter Palavras-chave: Nutrition; Meat quality; Demand analysis; Price/quality indexes; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25975
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Chemical composition and fat profile of meat from crossbred goats reared under feedlot systems R. Bras. Zootec.
Madruga,Marta Suely; Medeiros,Ertha Janine Lacerda de; Sousa,Wandrick Hauss de; Cunha,Maria das Graças Gomes; Pereira Filho,José Morais; Queiroga,Rita de Cássia Ramos do Egypto.
This study aimed to evaluate the chemical quality and fat profile of meat from crossbred goats (native and exotic) reared under feedlot systems. Thirty-two entire male goats were divided in equal number into four racial groups: eight pure Boer breed, eight ¾ Boer + ¼ SPRD crossbred, eight ½ Boer + ½ SPRD crossbred and eight ½ Anglo Nubian + ½ SPRD crossbred. All goats were reared under feedlot system and slaughtered at the average age and live weight of 223 days and 29 kg, respectively. The chemical composition including moisture, protein, ash, fat, cholesterol, phospholipids and fatty acids was determined. The breed types had no significant effect on moisture, protein, ash, fat, cholesterol and phospholipids contents. However, the percentages of oleic and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Anglo Nubian; Boer; Breed; Goat meat; Meat quality; SPRD.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982009000300021
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