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Registros recuperados: 26
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A bio-economic analysis of experimental selective devices in the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) fishery in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Raveau, Adriana; Macher, Claire; Mehault, Sonia; Merzereaud, Mathieu; Le Grand, Christelle; Guyader, Olivier; Bertignac, Michel; Fifas, Spyros; Guillen Garcia, Jordi.
Several fleets with various fishing strategies operate as a mixed fishery in the Bay of Biscay. Among the main fleets, bottom trawlers target Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) and, together with gillnetters, they also catch hake (Merluccius merluccius). Trawling leads to average-size catches that are below the minimum landing size (MLS); such catches are discarded since they cannot be sold. These discards result in negative impacts on stock renewal, as most of them do not survive. This also results in an economic loss for both bottom trawlers and gillnetters since these discards represent a future loss of rent. This study, based on the 2009 and 2010 selectivity experiments at sea, assesses the short- and long-term bio-economic impacts of four...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Demersal trawl fishery; Bio-economic analysis; Selectivity; Simulation; Selective device; Nephrops norvegicus; Merluccius merluccius; Atlantic Ocean.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00110/22135/19774.pdf
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A length-structured spatially explicit model for estimating hake growth and migration rates ArchiMer
Drouineau, Hilaire; Mahevas, Stephanie; Bertignac, Michel; Duplisea, Daniel.
Drouineau, H., Mahevas, S., Bertignac, M., and Duplisea, D. 2010. A length-structured spatially explicit model for estimating hake growth and migration rates. - ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 1697-1709.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Growth; Length-structured model; Merluccius merluccius; Migration; Spatial model.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00016/12714/9767.pdf
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A multitracer approach to assess the spatial contamination pattern of hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the French Mediterranean ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Bouchoucha, Marc; Morat, Fabien; Miralles, Francoise; Chavanon, Fabienne; Loizeau, Veronique; Cossa, Daniel.
Chemical contamination levels and stable isotope ratios provide integrated information about contaminant exposure, trophic position and also biological and environmental influences on marine organisms. By combining these approaches with otolith shape analyses, the aim of the present study was to document the spatial variability of Hg and PCB contamination of the European hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the French Mediterranean, hypothesizing that local contaminant sources, environmental conditions and biological specificities lead to site-specific contamination patterns. High Hg concentrations discriminated Corsica (average: 1.36 ± 0.80 μg g− 1 dm) from the Gulf of Lions (average values < 0.5 μg g− 1 dm), where Rhône River input caused high PCB burdens....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hg; Mediterranean; Merluccius merluccius; Multiple ecotracers; PCB.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00270/38155/36309.pdf
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A new approach to recruitment overfishing diagnosis based on fish condition from survey data ArchiMer
Ordines, Francesc; Lloret, Josep; Tugores, Pilar; Manfredi, Chiara; Guijarro, Beatriz; Jadaud, Angelique; Porcu, Cristina; Gil De Sola, Luis; Carlucci, Roberto; Sartini, Marina; Isajlovic, Igor; Massutti, Enric.
A new approach to recruitment overfishing diagnosis is presented. We hypothesize that condition of recruits should increase when recruitment failures are caused by fishing activity. This would be a consequence of the increase in trophic resource availability, because the population is smaller than that which the ecosystem could support. Temporal series of hake recruit condition were calculated from MEDITS survey data collected in Mediterranean geographical sub-areas (GSAs) 1, 6, 17 and 19 from 1994 to 2015. Multiple linear regressions were used to analyse the relationship between mean annual condition and abundance of recruits and climatic indices in each GSA. Significant correlations were only detected in GSA 6, where 69% of condition variability was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Merluccius merluccius; Fishery; Recruits; Condition index; Recruitment overfishing; MEDITS survey.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00513/62458/66762.pdf
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Analyse descriptive de la pêcherie du golfe de Tunis OceanDocs
Ben Abdallah, L.; El Abed., A.; Zarrad., R.; Missaoui., H.; Gharbi., H..
Ce travail décrit les résultats de la campagne de pêche benthique dans le golfe de Tunis. Durant la campagne de 1999, les ressources benthiques du golfe sont exploitées par 45 chalutiers. Ces unités ont enregistré une production de 590 tonnes qui est voisine à celle de deux années précédentes. Les débarquements sont constitués essentiellement de merlu Merluccius merluccius , rouget blanc Mullus barbatus, saurel Trachurus sp., chevrette Parapenaeus longirostris, pageot Pagellus sp. et spicarel Spicara sp. Le chalutage expérimental dans le golfe a donné un rendement horaire de 45Kg et un pourcentage de rejet évalué à 16%. L'étude des structures démographiques des principales espèces montre que l'exploitation dans le golfe s'effectue sur des groupes d'âge...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Gadoid fisheries; Carangid fisheries; Mullet fisheries; Bottom trawling; Catch composition; Fishery surveys; Spicara; Trachurus; Merluccius merluccius; Parapenaeus longirostris; Mullus barbatus; Pagellus; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_33883; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7842; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_41529; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_46329; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_43349; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5502.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4297
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Are hake otolith macrostructures randomly deposited? Insights from an unsupervised statistical and quantitative approach applied to Mediterranean hake otoliths ArchiMer
Courbin, Nicolas; Fablet, Ronan; Mellon-duval, Capucine; De Pontual, Helene.
Individual fish age data are crucial to fish stock assessment, so their accuracy and precision are vital. The acquisition of age data most often relies on interpreting fish otoliths, a complex task in which expert subjectivity increases with the complexity of the structural patterns of the otoliths. The question arises for certain fish species (e.g. hake, Merluccius merluccius) whether the deposition of otolith macrostructures is meaningful for age estimation. A quantitative method based on the evaluation of otolith similarity in terms of structural patterns is presented to investigate this issue. It relies on the determination of a typology of otolith macrostructures from an unsupervised statistical analysis of the distributions of their characteristics....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Quality control; Otolith; Merluccius merluccius; Growth; Age estimation method; Age.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2678.pdf
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Biological characteristics of European hake (Merluccius merluccius) sperm ArchiMer
Groison, Anne-laure; Suquet, Marc; Cosson, Jacky; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Jolivet, Aurelie; Garren, Francois.
Very little is known on European hake's reproductive biology and especially on biological characteristics of its sperm despite a growing interest in its aquaculture potential. This study reports, for the first time some hake sperm characteristics. After activation, the swimming phase lasts 3 min (8 min when activated with 50% sea water (SW) but lower initial velocity). The initial flagellar beat frequency (BF), velocity and percentage of motile cells decreased after 100 s. After 2 days at 4 degrees C, the mean Adenylate Energy Charge (AEC) level was 0.71. Sperm stored at 4 degrees C still showed motility after 9 days for 2 individuals. When cryopreserved, the motility recovery index of thawed spermatozoa ranged from 11.8% to 29.6%.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: AEC; Gamete quality; Sperm motility; Sperm Density; Merluccius merluccius.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-6553.pdf
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Comparison of methods for stock assessment of European hake Merluccius merluccius in the Gulf of Lions (Northwestern mediterranean) ArchiMer
Aldebert, Yvonne; Recasens, Laura.
European hake Merluccius merluccius is the main commercial demersal species in the Gulf of Lions (Northwestern Mediterranean). This fish is exploited by French and Spanish trawler fleets and by small-scale fisheries using gillnets and longlines. Data on landings and the demography of catches by type of gear are now available for the period 1988-1991. The assessment of the hake stock was carried out using methods of virtual population analysis (VPA), or cohort analysis, based respectively on mean pseudocohorts and cohorts by age. The results of these VPA were then analysed and compared from a methodological point of view. The general results have confirmed previous studies with regard to the level of exploitation of the species. The two methods gave quite...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Merluccius merluccius; Méditerranée; Méthodologie; Évaluation des stocks; Démographie des captures; Mortalité par pêche; Merluccius merluccius; Mediterranean Sea; Methodology; Stock assessment; Population structure; Fishing mortality.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29886/28341.pdf
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Compréhension des mécanismes de Biominéralisation de l'otolithe : quantification spatialisée des fractions minérale et organique et influence des facteurs environnementaux ArchiMer
Jolivet, Aurelie.
Despite numerous applications on the use of otoliths at both population and individual levels, knowledge regarding the mechanisms of the otolith and their variations with environmental and physiological factors has to be improved. In particular, the characterization of mineral and organic fractions of the otolith structures and the influence of their qualitative and quantitative composition on the opacity remain poorly documented. Yet this information is of key interest for the calibration of the archive "otolith" allowing a robust analysis of information. The first issue of this study focused on the analysis of the opacity and the effects of temperature, growth and metabolism through experiments in controlled conditions. Results led to the modelling of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Merluccius merluccius; Otolithe; Microstructures; Macrostructures; Opacité; Spectrométrie RAMAN; Merluccius merluccius; Otolith; Microstructures; Macrostructures; Opacity; RAMAN Spectrométry.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00035/14649/11937.pdf
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Croissance des juvéniles du merlu (Merluccius merluccius) des eaux septentrionales de la Tunisie à partir de l'analyse des microstructures des otolithes ArchiMer
Khoufi, Widien; Elleboode, Romain; Jaziri, Héla; El Fehri, Safouène; Bellamy, Elise; Ben Meriem, Sadok; Romdhane, Mohamed; Mahe, Kelig.
Hake (Merluccius merluccius) is widely distributed in the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It is one of the most exploited demersal fish. In Tunisia, hake is captured from the north to the south (KHOUFI et al., 2010). Hake is an important species of economic interest and thus the subject of a large literature, but its biology remains insufficiently known, particularly on terms of age and growth estimations, which are essential for stock assessment and management. Otolith microstructure provides a useful tool for age determination of juvenile hake, based on daily increment deposition (ARNERI & MORALES-NIN, 2000; MORALES-NIN et al., 2005; KACHER & AMARA, 2005; BELCARI et al., 2006). Consequently, we studied growth and estimated age, using...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Merluccius merluccius; Microstructure journalière; Phase pélagique; Taux de croissance; Merluccius merluccius; Daily microstructure; Pelagic phase; Growth rate.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00116/22681/20416.pdf
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Differential biomagnification of PCB, PBDE, Hg and Radiocesium in the food web of the European hake from the NW Mediterranean ArchiMer
Harmelin-vivien, Mireille; Bodiguel, Xavier; Charmasson, Sabine; Loizeau, Veronique; Mellon, Capucine; Tronczynski, Jacek; Cossa, Daniel.
Consumption of marine organisms represents one of the main exposure sources of contaminants for human populations. To obtain a global view of the contamination in commercial fish in the NW Mediterranean Sea, we analysed four types of priority contaminants (PCBs, PBDEs, Hg and Cs-137) in the European hake, Merluccius merluccius, from the Gulf of Lions in relation with organism's trophic level (delta N-15). All contaminants presented a significant increase in concentration in hake muscle with trophic level. However, obvious differences between contaminants were evidenced. Biomagnification factors (BMF and FWMF) along the hake food web were higher for Hg and CB-153 than for BDE-47 and Cs-137, and increase in contaminant concentration with trophic level...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Persistent organic pollutants; Mercury; Cs-137; Merluccius merluccius; Mediterranean.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00085/19583/17484.pdf
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Écologie trophique des juvéniles de merlu (Merluccius merluccius) dans le golfe du Lion : Implications biologiques de la variabilité spatio-temporelle des ressources alimentaires exploitées dans les zones de nourricerie ArchiMer
Ferraton, Franck.
European hake (Merluccius merluccius) is a commercial and ecological important species in the Gulf of Lions. Juveniles are mainly located on the continental shelf, and abundance of smaller individuals (< 15 cm) is highest during spring in deeper areas principally. Juvenile hake (5 to 24 cm) density, relative condition factor, food resources and food web structure were investigated in four locations of the continental shelf (distributed with depth : shallow-deep, and distance from the Rhone river mouth : Rhone-Agde) during three springs (2002-2003-2004). Changes of food resources were identified with hake length, spatio-temporal variations were also observed for smaller juveniles (< 15 cm). Despite of hake prey diversity, the same organic source is at...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Zone de nourricerie; Réseau trophique; Isotopes stables; Facteur de condition relative; Ressources alimentaires; Juvéniles; Merluccius merluccius; Golfe du Lion.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/these-4196.pdf
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Effects of T-bar and DST Tagging on Survival and Growth of European Hake ArchiMer
Jolivet, Aurelie; De Pontual, Helene; Garren, Francois; Begout, Marie-laure.
Controlled experiments were conducted to assess the effects of T-bar and DST tagging on post-release survival and growth of European hake. In this study, two groups of each 30 hake were considered: small fish (SF, average total length: 29.9 cm +/- 2.2 cm) and large fish (LF, average total length: 36.4 cm +/- 2.5 cm). Within each size group, fish were randomly assigned to one of 3 treatment groups: control (C), T-bar tagging referred as conventional tagging (CT) and DST tagging (DST) with dummy tags. After 4 months, the overall survival rate was 35%. Smaller fish were less impacted by the stress induced by handling, anaesthesia and tagging and in the SF group, the survival rates were similar (30%) for CT or DST. Specific growth rates were highly variable...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Merluccius merluccius; Archival tag; Husbandry; Midterm experiment; Captive hake.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00065/17645/15196.pdf
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Evidence of underestimation of European hake growth in the Bay of Biscay, and its relationship with bias in the agreed method of age estimation ArchiMer
De Pontual, Helene; Groison, Anne-laure; Pineiro, Carmen; Bertignac, Michel.
In 2002, a pilot experiment on hake tagging was carried out using methodology specifically developed to catch and handle fish in,good condition. By the end of 2005, 36 hake and five tags had been returned to the laboratory (a 3.1% return rate) with a maximum time at liberty of 1066 days. The somatic growth of the recoveries proved to be twofold higher than that expected from published von Bertalanffy growth functions for the species in the Bay of Biscay. The growth underestimation was related to age overestimation, as demonstrated by two independent analyses. The first was based on a blind interpretation of marked otoliths conducted independently by two European experts involved in the routine age estimation of hake. The result shows that the age estimates...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tagging; Otolith; Merluccius merluccius; Growth; European hake; Age validation; Age estimation method; Age.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2221.pdf
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Growth estimation of Merluccius merluccius off the northern coast of Tunisia ArchiMer
Khoufi, Widien; Dufour, Jean-louis; Jaziri, Hela; Elfehri, Safouene; Elleboode, Romain; Bellamy, Elise; Ben Meriem, Sadok; Romdhane, Mohamed Salah; Mahe, Kelig.
Growth parameters of any species are fundamental for biological or dynamic studies. The quality of the estimation for these parameters directly impacts on species stock assessment and, as a consequence, on fisheries management. In order to improve fishery and species stock management, growth analysis, especially by sex, is recommended. In this study, otoliths were used to estimate growth parameters of Merluccius merluccius Rafinesque, 1810. Hake is well-known as being a species in which otolith interpretation is extremely difficult. To estimate growth parameters, the first daily increment was validated as the tool for age determination. Otolith interpretation was done according to the last results of ICES cooperative research report. In total, a sample of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Merlucciidae; Merluccius merluccius; Tunisia; Western Mediterranean; Age estimation; Growth model; Otolith.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00191/30238/28662.pdf
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Influence d'un parasite haemarophagen: Lernalocera bronchialis (L., 1767) (Crustacea, Copepoda, (Pennellidae), sur les constances erythrocytaires de son hote Merluccius merluccius (L., 1758) ArchiMer
Bastide-guillaume, C; Douellou, L; Romestand, B; Trilles, J.
A hematological study of erythrocytic constants of a teleost fish, the European hake Merluccius merluccius has been undertaken to evaluate the effect of infestation by the branchial parasitic copepode: Lernaeocera branchialis . As the levels of parasitic infestation increased: a normocytic, normochromic anaemia when fish had one adult female parasite present, a microcytic anaemia when between 2 and 4 adult females were found and a macrocytic anaemia when at least 5 adult females were present. There was no significant difference in body condition or the coefficient of spleen to body weight between the control sample and samples of individuals infested by Lernaeocera branchialis.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Merluccius merluccius; Lernaeocera branchialis; Anemia; Hematology; Parasitic diseases.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/publication-1775.pdf
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Merluccius merluccius Serpent
A European Hake, Merluccius merluccius, standing its ground as the ROV approaches
Tipo: Image Palavras-chave: Merluccidae (Merluccid hakes); Merluccius merluccius.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archive.serpentproject.com/1175/
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Possible link between prey quality, condition and growth of juvenile hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean) ArchiMer
Harmelin Vivien, Mireille; Mahe, Kelig; Bodiguel, Xavier; Mellon, Capucine.
The energy value of the main prey and the growth of juvenile hake in the Gulf of Lions were analysed to determine whether fish condition could be linked to difference in prey quality and resulted in growth difference. Large differences in energy content (15.6 to 23.6 kJ g(-1) DW) among prey types were recorded with low values found in amphipods and natantid shrimps, intermediate values in euphausiids and mysids, and high values in fish. High condition in juvenile hake was linked to the consumption of prey with high energy content. However, no difference in fish growth was observed by the analysis of otolith micro-increments.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Merluciidae; Merluccius merluccius; Hake; Mediterranean Sea; Energy; Condition; Otolith microstructure.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00092/20332/18611.pdf
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Sexual dimorphism of drumming muscles in European hake (Merluccius merluccius) ArchiMer
Groison, Anne-laure; Kjesbu, Olav S.; Suquet, Marc.
Dissections of mature and non-mature European hake males and females (N=142) collected in waters off the western coast of Norway and in the Bay of Biscay (France) in 2004-2006 demonstrate for the first time that this gadoid species contains drumming muscles. There were differences in drumming muscles weight with body length, sex and maturity stage. This study shows that the difference between females and males is primarily manifested during the spawning season, seen both in the French and Norwegian samples. For the mature females the drumming muscles dry weight increases only slightly, if at all, with increase in total length. For mature males there is a corresponding rapid increase. There does not seem to be any consistent difference between the average...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Drumming muscles; Merluccius merluccius; Sexual dimorphism; Sound production; Spawning.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00036/14681/11983.pdf
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Spatio-temporal variation in diet may affect condition and abundance of juvenile European hake in the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean) ArchiMer
Ferraton, Franck; Harmelin Vivien, Mireille; Mellon-duval, Capucine; Souplet, Arnauld.
Variations in space and time of juvenile hake diet (5 to 19 cm total length, TL) were investigated in the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean) and related to variation in C and N stable isotope ratios, condition and abundance. Crustaceans (mysids and euphausiids) dominated the diet of the smallest juvenile hake (5 to 9 cm. TL), and fishes (sardines and anchovies) of the largest juveniles (15 to 19 cm TL). The transition from a crustacean- to a fish-based diet occurred in medium-sized juveniles (10 to 14 cm TL), which preyed on both crustaceans and fishes (gobiids). These juveniles preyed on fishes when living in shallow waters (30 to 50 m), and crustaceans when located in deep waters (70 to 150 m). Although hake diet did not change over time in shallow waters...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Recruitment; Relative condition factor; Nitrogen; Carbon; Stable isotopes; Stomach contents; Merluccius merluccius.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2627.pdf
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