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Authigenic carbonates from methane seeps of the Congo deep-sea fan ArchiMer
Pierre, Catherine; Fouquet, Yves.
Submersible investigations with the ROV Victor 6000 of some pockmark structures on the seafloor of the Congo deep-sea fan have shown that they are active venting sites of methane-rich fluids, associated with abundant fauna and carbonate crusts. Moreover, methane hydrates have been observed both outcropping and deep in the sediments in the centre of the "Regab" giant pockmark. Authigenic carbonates, mostly calcite sometimes mixed with aragonite, are cementing the sedimentary matrix components and fauna; diatoms are abundant but only as moulds, indicating that biogenic silica dissolution occurred in situ synchronous with carbonate precipitation. The occurrence of diagenetic barite and pyrite in some carbonate crusts demonstrates that they can be formed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oxygen isotopes; Carbon isotopes; Congo deep sea fan; Gas hydrate; Methane seep; Authigenic carbonate.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2608.pdf
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Dual symbiosis in a Bathymodiolus sp mussel from a methane seep on the gabon continental margin (southeast Atlantic): 16S rRNA phylogeny and distribution of the symbionts in gills ArchiMer
Duperron, Sebastien; Nadalig, Thierry; Caprais, Jean-claude; Sibuet, Myriam; Fiala Medioni, Aline; Amann, Rudolf; Dubilier, Nicole.
Deep-sea mussels of the genus Bathymodiolus (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) harbor symbiotic bacteria in their gills and are among the dominant invertebrate species at cold seeps and hydrothermal vents. An undescribed Bathymodiolus species was collected at a depth of 3,150 m in a newly discovered cold seep area on the southeast Atlantic margin, close to the Zaire channel. Transmission electron microscopy, comparative 16S rRNA analysis, and fluorescence in situ hybridization indicated that this Bathymodiolus sp. lives in a dual symbiosis with sulfide- and methane-oxidizing bacteria. A distinct distribution pattern of the symbiotic bacteria in the gill epithelium was observed, with the thiotrophic symbiont dominating the apical region and the methanotrophic symbiont...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gabon; Southeast Atlantic; Methane seep; Hydrothermal vent; Deep sea; RRNA analysis; Methane concentration; Gill epithelium; Symbiosis; Bacteria; Mytilidae.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-1266.pdf
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