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Registros recuperados: 22
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A semi-automated Raman micro-spectroscopy method for morphological and chemical characterizations of microplastic litter ArchiMer
Frere, L.; Paul-pont, I.; Moreau, Julien; Soudant, P.; Lambert, C.; Huvet, Arnaud; Rinnert, Emmanuel.
Every step of microplastic analysis (collection, extraction and characterization) is time-consuming, representing an obstacle to the implementation of large scale monitoring. This study proposes a semi-automated Raman micro-spectroscopy method coupled to static image analysis that allows the screening of a large quantity of microplastic in a time-effective way with minimal machine operator intervention. The method was validated using 103 particles collected at the sea surface spiked with 7 standard plastics: morphological and chemical characterization of particles was performed in < 3 h. The method was then applied to a larger environmental sample (n = 962 particles). The identification rate was 75% and significantly decreased as a function of particle...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Raman micro-spectroscopy; Surface seawater; Morphology; Environmental monitoring; Automating.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00357/46802/46976.pdf
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Analyse, distribution, production et dégradation d’esters de phtalates (PAEs) en zone côtière méditerranéenne ArchiMer
Paluselli, Andrea.
Phthalic Acid Esters (PAEs) are a group of emerging organic contaminants that have become a serious issue because of their ubiquitous presence on the marine environment worldwide and for the endocrine disrupting effects in animals and humans. However, little is known about their distribution in the Ocean, mainly because of analytical difficulties and the high possibility of ambient sample contamination. Plastic debris in marine environment includes resin pellets, macro- and microplastic fragments, and contains additives such as PAEs that might be released in the aquatic environment in unknown proportion. In our work, we improved an analytical method for the determination of 8 PAEs, at trace levels in marine and fresh waters. In the first part of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Phtalates; DEHP; Eau de mer; Perturbateurs endocriniens; Microplastiques; Microplastics; Endocrine disruptors; Seawater; Phthalates; Dehp.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00497/60904/64252.pdf
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Constraints and Priorities for Conducting Experimental Exposures of Marine Organisms to Microplastics ArchiMer
Paul-pont, Ika; Tallec, Kevin; Gonzalez-fernandez, Carmen; Lambert, Christophe; Vincent, Dorothee; Mazurais, David; Zambonino-infante, Jose-luis; Brotons, Guillaume; Lagarde, Fabienne; Fabioux, Caroline; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud.
Marine plastic pollution is a major environmental issue. Given their ubiquitous nature and small dimensions, ingestion of microplastic (MP) and nanoplastic (NP) particles and their subsequent impact on marine life are a growing concern worldwide. Transfers along the trophic chain, including possible translocation, for which the hazards are less understood, are also a major preoccupation. Effects of MP ingestion have been studied on animals through laboratory exposure, showing impacts on feeding activity, reserve depletion and inflammatory responses, with consequences for fitness, notably reproduction. However, most experimental studies have used doses of manufactured virgin microspheres that may not be environmentally realistic. As for most...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Nanoplastics; Experimental exposure; Impacts; Marine organisms; Physiology.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00449/56088/57621.pdf
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Editorial: Impacts of Marine Litter ArchiMer
Galgani, Luisa; Beiras, Ricardo; Galgani, Francois; Panti, Cristina; Borja, Angel.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plastics; Nanoplastics; Microplastics; Environmental regulation; Ecotoxicology; Aquatic biota.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00491/60231/63602.pdf
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Editorial: Plastic Pollution ArchiMer
Galgani, Francois; Pham, Christopher Kim; Reisser, Julia.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plastic; Pollution; Models; Microplastics; Degradation.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00400/51138/51910.pdf
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Exposure of marine mussels Mytilus spp. to polystyrene microplastics: Toxicity and influence on fluoranthene bioaccumulation ArchiMer
Paul-pont, Ika; Lacroix, Camille; Gonzalez Fernandez, Carmen; Hegaret, Helene; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goic, Nelly; Frere, Laura; Cassone, Anne-laure; Sussarellu, Rossana; Fabioux, Caroline; Guyomarch, Julien; Albentosa, Marina; Huvet, Arnaud; Soudant, Philippe.
The effects of polystyrene microbeads (micro-PS; mix of 2 and 6 μm; final concentration: 32 μg L−1) alone or in combination with fluoranthene (30 μg L−1) on marine mussels Mytilus spp. were investigated after 7 days of exposure and 7 days of depuration under controlled laboratory conditions. Overall, fluoranthene was mostly associated to algae Chaetoceros muelleri (partition coefficient Log Kp = 4.8) used as a food source for mussels during the experiment. When micro-PS were added in the system, a fraction of FLU transferred from the algae to the microbeads as suggested by the higher partition coefficient of micro-PS (Log Kp = 6.6), which confirmed a high affinity of fluoranthene for polystyrene microparticles. However, this did not lead to a modification...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Fluoranthene; Mussel; Depuration; Oxidative system.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00344/45502/45848.pdf
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First observation on neustonic plastics in waters off NW Spain (spring 2013 and 2014) ArchiMer
Gago, Jesus; Henry, Maryvonne; Galgani, Francois.
This paper examines the presence and distribution of plastic particles in waters off the NW Spanish Atlantic coast. A pilot sampling program was initiated in 2013 to study the presence of plastic particles in surface waters. A total of 41 neuston samples were collected using a manta trawl fitted with a 333 μm mesh (21 samples in 2013 and 20 samples in 2014). Several types of plastic particles were observed in 95% of the stations. A total of 1463 plastic microparticles (<5 mm; mps) and 208 mesoparticles (>5 mm and <20 mm; MPS) were counted. Average concentrations recorded were 0.034 ± 0.032 and 0.176 ± 0.278 mps m−2 and 0.005 ± 0.005 and 0.028 ± 0.043 MPS m−2, respectively for 2013 and 2014. Results on this emerging topic are discussed as a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine litter; Floating plastics; Microplastics; European MSFD; NW Spain.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00275/38605/37469.pdf
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Impact of hydrolytic degradation on mechanical properties of PET - Towards an understanding of microplastics formation ArchiMer
Arhant, Mael; Le Gall, Maelenn; Le Gac, Pierre Yves; Davies, Peter.
Ocean pollution by microplastics, i.e. small pieces of plastic of less than 5 mm, is one of the major concerns for the future of our planet. Secondary microplastics formation is due to fragmentation of macroplastic waste. This fragmentation can be attributed to environmental loadings such as waves, winds and tides, coupled with a change in mechanical properties of polymers induced by UV and seawater ageing. This study aims to characterize and understand changes in the mechanical behaviour of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) induced by hydrolysis, especially for high degradation levels. Thin films (200 microns) of PET were aged in water at temperatures from 110 °C to 80 °C for up to 150 days. Embrittlement occurs with chain scission during hydrolysis when...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydrolysis; Polyethylene terephthalate; Mechanical properties; Molar mass; Embrittlement; Microplastics.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00476/58794/61331.pdf
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Les microplastiques : une menace en rade de Brest ? ArchiMer
Frere, Laura.
World production of plastics has increased steadily for the past decades leading to a major contamination of the worldwide aquatic ecosystems recently estimated at more than five trillion plastic pieces floating the surface of the oceans. Microplastics (plastic particles < 5 mm) are introduced into aquatic environments directly as industrial raw material (plastic pellets, cosmetics, clothing) or indirectly via the fragmentation of larger plastics. This emerging contaminant represents an increasing ecological concern for science and society. The present study focused on the microplastic contamination of the Bay of Brest (Brittany, France), a macrotidal coastal ecosystem characterized by intense anthropogenic activity. The main objectives were: (1) to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastiques; Micro-spectroscopie Raman; Matrices environnementales; Rade de Brest; Polluant organique; Communautés bactériennes; Microplastics; Micro-spectroscopy Raman; Environmental matrices; Bay of Brest; Organic pollutant; Bacterial communities.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00497/60913/64266.pdf
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Managing the analytical challenges related to micro- and nanoplastics in the environment and food: filling the knowledge gaps ArchiMer
Alexy, Pavol; Anklam, Elke; Emans, Ton; Furfari, Antonino; Galgani, Francois; Hanke, Georg; Koelmans, Albert; Pant, Rana; Saveyn, Hans; Sokull Kluettgen, Birgit.
This paper identifies knowledge gaps on the sustainability and impacts of plastics and presents some recommendations from an expert group that met at a special seminar organised by the European Commission at the end of 2018. The benefits of plastics in society are unquestionable, but there is an urgent need to better manage their value chain. The recently adopted European Strategy for Plastics stressed the need to tackle the challenges related to plastics with a focus on plastic litter including microplastics. Microplastics have been detected mainly in the marine environment, but also in freshwater, soil and air. Based on today’s knowledge they may also be present in food products. Although nanoplastics have not yet been detected, it can be assumed that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plastic; Microplastics; Nanoplastics; Marine litter; Recycling; Circular economy.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00588/70027/67935.pdf
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Marine litter, future prospects for research ArchiMer
Galgani, Francois.
As far back as 1870, i.e., about 150 years ago, Jules Verne described the accumulation of debris in the convergence zone of the North Atlantic Ocean in his famous novel entitled “Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea.” Many scientific reports have addressed this topic since and our main concern today is the ever increasing volume of marine litter invading the oceans in various and complex ways. One of the current main challenges is assessing the final destination of this litter. To date, its adverse effects on marine life have only occasionally been investigated and many questions remain unanswered. In addition to efforts to monitor and reduce litter, recent literature has underlined the scientific community's focus on specific issues such as (i) the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine litter; Microplastics; Marine debris; Trophic chains; Chemicals; Rafting.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00358/46933/46837.pdf
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Marine pollution: Let us not forget beach sand ArchiMer
Galgani, Francois; Ellerbrake, Katrin; Fries, Elke; Goreux, Chantal.
Background: Assessing the chemical or bacterial contamination in marine waters and sediments is a very common approach to evaluate marine pollution and associated risks. However, toxicity and organic pollution of beach sands have not yet been considered, except in adjacent waters. In the present study, the toxicity and the chemical contamination of natural beach sands collected 20 m from the shoreline at two sites located on the Mediterranean Sea (Marseille and La Marana, Corsica) were studied. Results: Up to 16.93% (net percentage) abnormal or dead larvae was observed in elutriates prepared from the urban beach sand sample (Marseille); no significant toxicity was observed in the sample collected from the reference beach in La Marana. Results of Fourier...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster larvae biotests; Sediments; Infrared spectroscopy; Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; Microplastics; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Mediterranean Sea; Bioavailability; Organic contaminants.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00353/46442/46186.pdf
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Microplastic bacterial communities in the Bay of Brest: Influence of polymer type and size ArchiMer
Frere, Laura; Maignien, Lois; Chalopin, Morgane; Huvet, Arnaud; Rinnert, Emmanuel; Morrison, Hilary; Kerninon, Sandrine; Cassone, Anne-laure; Lambert, Christophe; Reveillaud, Julie; Paul-pont, Ika.
Microplastics (<5 mm) exhibit intrinsic features such as density, hydrophobic surface, or high surface/volume ratio, that are known to promote microbial colonization and biofilm formation in marine ecosystems. Yet, a relatively low number of studies have investigated the nature of microplastic associated bacterial communities in coastal ecosystems and the potential factors influencing their composition and structure. Here, we characterized microplastics collected in the Bay of Brest by manual sorting followed by Raman spectroscopy and studied their associated bacterial assemblages using 16S amplicon high-throughput sequencing. Our methodology allowed discriminating polymer type (polyethylene, polypropylene and polystyrene) within small size ranges...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bacteria; Microplastics; Coastal ecosystem; Metabarcoding; Vibrios.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00449/56082/57614.pdf
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Microplastics baseline surveys at the water surface and in sediments of the North-East Atlantic ArchiMer
Maes, Thomas; Van Der Meulen, Myra D; Devriese, Lisa L.; Leslie, Heather A.; Huvet, Arnaud; Frere, Laura; Robbens, Johan; Vethaak, Dick A..
Microplastic contamination was determined in sediments of the Southern North Sea and floating at the sea surface of North West Europe. Floating concentrations ranged between zero and 1.5 microplastic/m3, whereas microplastic concentrations in sediments ranged between zero and 3146 particles/kg dry weight sediment. In sediments, mainly fibers and spheres were found, whereas at the sea surface fragments were dominant. At the sea surface, concentrations of microplastics are lower and more variable than in sediments, meaning that larger sample sizes and water volumes are required to find detectable concentrations. We have calculated the widths of the confidence intervals (CI) for different sample sizes, to give a first indication of the necessary sample size...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Marine litter; Floating debris; Sediment; Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD); Baseline.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00384/49505/49999.pdf
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Microplastics in seafood: Benchmark protocol for their extraction and characterization ArchiMer
Dehaut, Alexandre; Cassone, Anne-laure; Frere, Laura; Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Himber, Charlotte; Rinnert, Emmanuel; Riviere, Gilles; Lambert, Christophe; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud; Duflos, Guillaume; Paul-pont, Ika.
Pollution of the oceans by microplastics (<5 mm) represents a major environmental problem. To date, a limited number of studies have investigated the level of contamination of marine organisms collected in situ. For extraction and characterization of microplastics in biological samples, the crucial step is the identification of solvent(s) or chemical(s) that efficiently dissolve organic matter without degrading plastic polymers for their identification in a time and cost effective way. Most published papers, as well as OSPAR recommendations for the development of a common monitoring protocol for plastic particles in fish and shellfish at the European level, use protocols containing nitric acid to digest the biological tissues, despite reports of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Digestion; Method; Seafood products; Tissue; Plastic integrity.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00335/44582/44469.pdf
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Microplastics in Seawater: Recommendations from the Marine Strategy Framework Directive Implementation Process ArchiMer
Gago, Jesus; Galgani, Francois; Maes, Thomas; Thompson, Richard C..
Microplastic litter is a pervasive pollutant present in marine systems across the globe. The legacy of microplastics pollution in the marine environment today may remain for years to come due to the persistence of these materials. Microplastics are emerging contaminants of potential concern and as yet there are few recognized approaches for monitoring. In 2008, the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD, 2008/56/EC) included microplastics as an aspect to be measured. Here we outline the approach as discussed by the European Union expert group on marine litter, the technical Subgroup on Marine litter (TSG-ML), with a focus on the implementation of monitoring microplastics in seawater in European seas. It is concluded that harmonization and coherence...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine debris; Plastics; Microplastics; Monitoring.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00358/46932/46836.pdf
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Microplastics in sediments: A review of techniques, occurrence and effects ArchiMer
Van Cauwenberghe, Lisbeth; Devriese, Lisa; Galgani, Francois; Robbens, Johan; Janssen, Colin R..
Microplastics are omnipresent in the marine environment and sediments are hypothesized to be major sinks of these plastics. Here, over 100 articles spanning the last 50 year are reviewed with following objectives: (i) to evaluate current microplastic extraction techniques, (ii) to discuss the occurrence and worldwide distribution of microplastics in sediments, and (iii) to make a comprehensive assessment of the possible adverse effects of this type of pollution to marine organisms. Based on this review we propose future research needs and conclude that there is a clear need for a standardized techniques, unified reporting units and more realistic effect assessments.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Pellets; Sediment; Techniques; Direct effects; Indirect effects.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00270/38157/36291.pdf
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Nanoplastics impaired oyster free living stages, gametes and embryos ArchiMer
Tallec, Kevin; Huvet, Arnaud; Di Poi, Carole; Gonzalez-fernandez, Carmen; Lambert, Christophe; Petton, Bruno; Le Goic, Nelly; Berchel, Mathieu; Soudant, Philippe; Paul-pont, Ika.
In the marine environment, most bivalve species base their reproduction on external fertilization. Hence, gametes and young stages face many threats, including exposure to plastic wastes which represent more than 80% of the debris in the oceans. Recently, evidence has been produced on the presence of nanoplastics in oceans, thus motivating new studies of their impacts on marine life. Because no information is available about their environmental concentrations, we performed dose-response exposure experiments with polystyrene particles to assess the extent of micro/nanoplastic toxicity. Effects of polystyrene with different sizes and functionalization (plain 2-μm, 500-nm and 50-nm; COOH-50 nm and NH2-50 nm) were assessed on three key reproductive steps...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Embryos; Gametes; Microplastics; Nanoplastics.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00453/56419/58090.pdf
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Occurrence and effects of plastic additives on marine environments and organisms: A review ArchiMer
Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Dehaut, Alexandre; Paul-pont, Ika; Lacroix, Camille; Jezequel, Ronan; Soudant, Philippe; Duflos, Guillaume.
Plastics debris, especially microplastics, have been found worldwide in all marine compartments. Much research has been carried out on adsorbed pollutants on plastic pieces and hydrophobic organic compounds (HOC) associated with microplastics. However, only a few studies have focused on plastic additives. These chemicals are incorporated into plastics from which they can leach out as most of them are not chemically bound. As a consequence of plastic accumulation and fragmentation in oceans, plastic additives could represent an increasing ecotoxicological risk for marine organisms. The present work reviewed the main class of plastic additives identified in the literature, their occurrence in the marine environment, as well as their effects on and transfers...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Plastic additives; Bisphenol A; Phthalates; Brominated flame retardant.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00391/50227/51394.pdf
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Plastic debris occurrence, convergence areas and fin whales feeding ground in the Mediterranean Marine Protected Area Pelagos Sanctuary: a modelling approach ArchiMer
Fossi, Maria Cristina; Romeo, Teresa; Panti, Matteo; Marsili, Letizia; Campani, Tommaso; Canese, Simonepietro; Galgani, Francois; Druon, Jean-noël; Airoldi, Sabina; Taddei, Stefano; Fattorini, Maria; Brandini, Carlo; Lapucci, Chiara.
The Mediterranean Sea is greatly affected by marine litter. In this area, research on the impact of plastic debris (including microplastics) on biota, particularly large filter-feeding species such as the fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus), is still in its infancy. We investigated the possible overlap between microplastic, mesoplastic and macrolitter accumulation areas and the fin whale feeding grounds in in a pelagic Specially Protected Area of Mediterranean Importance (SPAMI): the Pelagos Sanctuary. Models of ocean circulation and fin whale potential habitat were merged to compare marine litter accumulation with the presence of whales. Additionally, field data on microplastics, mesoplastics and macrolitter abundance and cetacean presence were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Floating plastic debris; Microplastics; Mediterranean Sea; Convergence areas; Modeling; Fin whales; Marine Protected Area.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00386/49763/50356.pdf
Registros recuperados: 22
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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