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Registros recuperados: 9
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DUALITY OF FARM STRUCTURE IN TRANSITION AGRICULTURE: THE CASE OF MOLDOVA AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Cimpoies, Dragos.
The duality of farm structure in Moldova is manifested by the existence of a relatively small number of large corporate farms at one extreme and a very large number of small and very small family farms at the other. “Medium-sized” family farms, the backbone of any market agriculture, virtually do not exist in Moldova. Moldovan agriculture is characterized by a much greater concentration of land in large farms than agriculture in market economies. The small individual farms on the whole are more productive and more efficient than the large corporate farms. They produce higher incomes for rural families than corporate farms. The main conclusion of the paper is that land should be allowed to flow from large corporate farms to small family farms through the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm structure; Efficiency; Productivity; Land fragmentation; Land concentration; Farm size; Moldova; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7139
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ECONOMIC SITUATION OF MOLDAVIANS FARM ENTERPRISES AgEcon
Cimpoies, Dragos; Schulze, Eberhard.
The given Discussion Paper represents the results of a questionnaire, conducted in 2003, on basic economic questions in 104 Moldavian farm enterprises. The received results continue the cycle of research activities concerning the privatization and restructuring of farm enterprises in different countries of Central and Eastern Europe, are written on a similar structure, allowing to carry out a comparative analysis between the countries of the region. To some extent, the given paper can be regarded as a continuation of the Discussion Paper 60. As the base for the analysis "the standardized questionnaire" has been put forward, developed by IAMO, being advanced and adapted by the authors to local conditions. Study of the activity of farm enterprises of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consolidation; Land lease; Production factors; Buy-sell; Work force; Legal forms; Moldova; Konsolidierung; Verpachtung; Produktionsfaktoren; Kauf und Verkauf; Arbeitskräfte; Rechtsformen; Консолидация; Аренда; Производственные ресурсы; Купля-продажа; Трудовые ресурсы; Организационно-правовые формы; Молдова.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Productivity Analysis; С 81; Q12; D25; O1; O4; P3.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92020
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LAND CONSOLIDATION AS A FACTOR FOR SUCCESSFUL DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN MOLDOVA AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Cimpoies, Dragos.
Since 1991, Moldova has carried out a wide range of radical reforms affecting its social and economic system. The land reform, which was practically completed in 2000, created over 1 million landowners among the rural population. Many of them entrusted their land to managers of newly created corporate farms. Others used their privately owned land to establish independent family farms. The creation of independent family farms (so-called "peasant farms") was one of the primary goals of the land reform. More than 280,000 peasant farms have been created, averaging 1,86 hectares in size. The small size of the peasant farms, whose holdings are furthermore split into 3-4 parcels, raises considerable concerns about their long-term viability and has led to an...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land consolidation; Land lease; Land market; Moldova; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7171
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LAND REFORM IN MOLDOVA: HOW VIABLE ARE EMERGING PEASANT FARMS? AN ASSESSMENT REFERRING TO A RECENT WORLD BANK STUDY AgEcon
Petrick, Martin.
Based on a case study of two Moldovan regions, the paper challenges the favourable assessment of recently established peasant farms in a World Bank study by LERMAN et al. (1998). The main arguments in favour of a more critical view of the results of land privatisation and farm restructuring are that a) private farmers produce only on a minimal fraction of land with almost no machinery or purchased inputs at all, b) the income of a typical farm household is below a poverty line based on national standards, c) private farmers face substantial production and marketing risks, d) at present, it is unlikely that short- or long-term investment projects in agriculture can be credit funded. Currently, peasant farms are mainly run to produce a minimum diet for the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agriculture in transition; Land reform; Poverty; Subsistence farming; Moldova; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q12; Q15; P36.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14882
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LANDWIRTSCHAFT IN MOLDOVA AgEcon
Petrick, Martin.
This paper provides an overview of the economic situation of agriculture in the Republic of Moldova. Emphasis is laid on the natural conditions for production, its structure, trade, as well as the historical development of agriculture and its transition to the market after 1991.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Moldova; Agriculture; Transition; Moldova; Landwirtschaft; Transformation im Agrarsektor.; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Production Economics; P32; Q13; Q15.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91952
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Marketing, Co-operatives and Price Heterogeneity: Evidence from the CIS Dairy Sector AgEcon
Sauer, Johannes; Gorton, Matthew; White, John.
Drawing on survey data, this paper identifies the determinants of variations in farm gate milk prices for three CIS countries (Armenia, Moldova and Ukraine). We apply a multi-level modeling approach, specifically a bootstrapped and selectivity bias corrected mixed-effects linear regression model. The analysis suggests three main strategies for farmers to improve the price received for their output: consolidation, cooperation and stable supply chain relationships. While selling through a marketing cooperative has a significant and positive effect on farm gate milk prices, the majority of non-members are reluctant to join. The size of dairy operations, trust and contracting also impact positively on the prices received by farmers. Policy implications are...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Price heterogeneity; Milk; Cooperatives; Armenia; Moldova; Ukraine; Marketing; O13; P32; Q13.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108938
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Marketing, Cooperatives and Price Heterogeneity: Evidence from the CIS Dairy Sector AgEcon
Sauer, Johannes; Gorton, Matthew; White, John.
Drawing on survey data, this paper identifies the determinants of variations in farm gate milk prices for three CIS countries (Armenia, Moldova and Ukraine). We apply a multi-level modeling approach, specifically a bootstrapped and selectivity bias corrected mixed-effects linear regression model. The analysis suggests three main strategies for farmers to improve the price received for their output: consolidation, cooperation and stable supply chain relationships. While selling through a marketing cooperative has a significant and positive effect on farm gate milk prices, the majority of non-members are reluctant to join. The size of dairy operations, trust and contracting also impact positively on the prices received by farmers. Policy implications are...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Price Heterogeneity; Milk; Cooperatives; Armenia; Moldova; Ukraine; Preisheterogenität; Milch; Kooperative; Armenien; Moldawien; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; O13; P32; Q13.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114489
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Imprime registro no formato completo
Marketing, cooperatives and price heterogeneity: evidence from the CIS dairy sector AgEcon
Sauer, Johannes; Gorton, Matthew; White, John.
Drawing on survey data, this paper identifies the determinants of variations in farm gate milk prices for three CIS countries (Armenia, Moldova and Ukraine). We apply a multi-level modeling approach, specifically a bootstrapped mixed-effects linear regression model. The analysis suggests three main strategies to improve the price received by farmers for their output: consolidation, competition for output and stable supply chain relationships. In Armenia and Ukraine selling through a marketing cooperative has a significant, positive, albeit modest, effect on farm gate milk prices. In all three countries studied, the size of dairy operations, trust and contracting also affect positively the prices received by farmers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Price heterogeneity; Milk; Cooperatives; Armenia; Moldova; Ukraine; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing; O13; P32; Q13.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103722
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The Economics of Land Consolidation in Family Farms of Moldova AgEcon
Cimpoies, Dragos; Lerman, Zvi; Racul, Anatol.
The paper investigates the current situation with fragmentation of family farms in Moldova and its effects on family well-being and farm productivity. A key hypothesis is that consolidation of agricultural land in Moldova has beneficial effects in terms of productivity and is desirable in the long run. We examine the case for market-driven land consolidation using data from several recent surveys in Moldova. We show that, in the individual sector, larger farms consume less of their output and attain higher levels of commercialization. Larger individual farms thus have higher revenues from commercial sales and generate higher family incomes. Farm augmentation accordingly makes a positive contribution to the well-being of the rural population. The extent of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land consolidation; Land fragmentation; Land market; Family farms; Rural incomes; Moldova; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52837
Registros recuperados: 9
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