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A Comparison of Methodologies for Valuing Decreased Health Effects from Wildfire Smoke AgEcon
Richardson, Leslie; Loomis, John B.; Champ, Patricia A..
Wildfire seasons are becoming longer and more intense throughout the world, making it increasingly important to monetize the full damages caused by wildfires when analyzing various fire management policies. We estimate the economic costs of the health effects associated with exposure to wildfire smoke using a simple cost of illness approach and for the first time to our knowledge we estimate willingness-to-pay (WTP) for a decrease in symptom days from wildfire smoke using the contingent valuation method and the averting behavior method. Comparing estimates across all three common approaches for estimating the economic cost of exposure to an air pollutant is an important contribution to the literature. This study uses data from the largest wildfire in Los...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Averting behavior method; Contingent valuation method; Cost of illness; Wildfire smoke; Health; Morbidity; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Q.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61252
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An Online Cost Calculator for Estimating the Economic Cost of Illness Due to Shiga Toxin-Producing E. coli (STEC) 0157 Infections AgEcon
Frenzen, Paul D..
Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) O157 is a significant cause of foodborne illness in the United States. ERS estimated the economic cost of illness due to this pathogen— $405.2 million (in 2003 dollars)—using the most recent estimate (1997) of the annual number of STEC O157 cases by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and medical and cost data from the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network. CDC is currently updating its estimate of annual cases. As new information becomes available, the ERS online Foodborne Illness Cost Calculator enables users to review and modify the assumptions underlying the STEC O157 cost estimate, such as the number of cases, and then recalculate the cost, adjusted for inflation for any year from 1997 to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Keywords: Foodborne illness; Foodborne pathogens; Food safety; Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O157; E. coli O157:H7; Enterohemorrhagic E. coli; Economic cost of illness; Value of statistical life; Morbidity; Mortality. Acknowledgments; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59022
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BEEF '97, PART II: REFERENCE OF 1997 BEEF COW-CALF HEALTH AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AgEcon
Dargatz, David.
The NAHMS Beef '97 Study was designed to provide both participants and the industry with information on the nation's cow-calf population for education and research. The USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) collaborated with NAHMS to select a statistically-valid sample yielding 2,713 producers from 23 states. The 23-state target population represented 85.7 percent of U.S. beef cows on January 1, 1997, and 77.6 percent of U.S. beef operations. NASS enumerators collected data for this report via a questionnaire administered on-farm from December 30, 1996, through February 3, 1997. Contact For This Paper: David Dargatz
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Beef; Cattle; Cow-calf; Health; Morbidity; Mortality; Injections; Nutrition; Implants; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32760
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BEEF, '97, PART IV: CHANGES IN THE U.S. BEEF COW-CALF INDUSTRY, 1993-1997 AgEcon
Dargatz, David.
Section 1 of this report shows demographic changes of the U.S. beef cow-calf industry from a historical perspective from data provided by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) and Census of Agriculture. Results of two NAHMS national studies in Section II complete the overview of change in the U.S. beef cow-calf industry during the 5-year period from 1993 to 1997. NAHMS, CHAPA Phase I included data collected from 2,539 cow-calf operations in the 48 continental states via telephone during the fall of 1992. Subsequent data collection was done on operations in 18 states and from producers with five or more beef cows and 50 percent or more of their calf crop born between January 1 and June 30 (spring calving) The 18 states represented 70...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Beef; Cattle; Cow-calf; Demographics; Identification; Economics; Marketing; Weaning; Morbidity; Mortality; Nutrition; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32755
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Chapter 17: DETERMINING FOODBORNE ILLNESS IN THE UNITED STATES: A STEP TOWARD VALUATION AgEcon
Steahr, Thomas E..
This book was originally published by Westview Press, Boulder CO, 1995.
Tipo: Book Chapter Palavras-chave: Foodborne illness; Demographics; Morbidity; Mortality; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25978
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Chemotherapeutic Management of Acute Outbreaks of Caecal Coccidiosis in Broiler Birds in Bangladesh OAK
Samad, Md Abdus; Chakraborty, S. R..
Palavras-chave: Eimeria tenella; Outbreaks; Broiler birds; Morbidity; Mortality; Esb; Embazin.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/197
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DAIRY '96, PART I: REFERENCE OF 1996 DAIRY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AgEcon
Ott, Stephen L..
The NAHMS Dairy '96 Study was designed to provide both participants and the industry with information on the nation's dairy animal population for education and research. The USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) collaborated with NAHMS to select a statistically valid sample yielding 2,542 producers. Included in the study were 20 states that represented 83.1 percent of the U.S. milk cows as of January 1, 1996. NASS interviewers collected data for Part I via a questionnaire administered on-farm from January 1 through 26, 1996. Contact for this paper: Steven Ott
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Dairy; Cattle; Milk; Feed; Weaning; Culls; Health; Vaccination; Morbidity; Mortality; Births; Housing; Biosecurity; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32758
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DAIRY '96, PART II: CHANGES IN THE U.S. DAIRY INDUSTRY: 1991-1996 AgEcon
Ott, Stephen L..
The NAHMS Dairy '96 Study was designed to provide both participants and the industry with information on the nation's dairy animal population for education and research. This report contains demographic changes of the U.S. and world dairy industry from a historical perspective from data provided by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Census of Agriculture, and Foreign Agriculture Service. Results of two NAHMS national studies overview changes in the U.S. dairy industry in the 5-year period of 1991 to 1996. The 1991 National Dairy Heifer Evaluation Project included herds of 30 or more milk cows and heifer-rearing operations in 28 states representing 83 percent of U.S. milk cows. NAHMS Dairy '96 described dairy production for operations...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Dairy; Cattle; Demographics; Breed; Rolling herd average; Milk; Feed; Weaning; Vaccination; Morbidity; Mortality; Housing; Biosecurity; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32741
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DAIRY HEIFER MORBIDITY, MORTALITY, AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT FOCUSING ON PREWEANED HEIFERS AgEcon
Ott, Stephen L..
The National Dairy Heifer Evaluation Project ( NDHEP ) was conducted by the National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS ) from April 1991 through July 1992. A total of 921 producers monitored calves on a daily basis from the first through the eighth week of life; results were extrapolated to the U.S. dairy population. Mortality of heifer calves was examined according to region ( west, midwest, northeast, southeast ). Mortality was highest in the western region ( 9.1 percent ) and lowest in the midwestern region ( 5.6 percent ). Calf deaths were highest in the two quarters October-December and January-March ( 8.4 percent each quarter ) and lowest in the quarter April-June ( 5.2 percent ). The overall average of stillborn calves was 1.6 percent. Calving...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Dairy; Cattle; Monitoring; Epidemiology; Preweaning; Heifer; Production; Diseases; Morbidity; Mortality; Death; Illness; Respiratory; Reproduction; Digestive; Musculoskeletal; Nervous system; Mastitis; Maternity; Injections; Antibiotics; Milk replacer; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32756
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DAIRY HERD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOCUSING ON PREWEANED HEIFERS AgEcon
Ott, Stephen L..
The National Dairy Heifer Evaluation Project ( NDHEP ) was conducted by the National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS ) from April 1991 through July 1992 with the assistance of 1,811 producers from 28 states. Producers included in the study each had herds of 30 or more milk cows, representing 78 percent of the milk cows in the U.S. The average total of cattle and calves on each operation was 169.4. The main breed on 94.9% of operations was Holstein. Slightly over 46 percent of operations stated reproductive problems as the cause of low milk production of cows culled from the herd. Newborn calves were separated from their mothers before nursing on 28.0 percent of operations and less than 12 hours after birth on 39.6 percent of operations. On 64.0...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Dairy; Cattle; Monitoring; Epidemiology; Preweaning; Heifer; Production; Morbidity; Mortality; Death loss; Illness; Colostrum; Calving; Dehorning; Vaccination; Scours; Antibiotics; Feed; Milk replacer; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32754
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Equação de previsão de ocorrência do mal-das-folhas de seringueira. Repositório Alice
GASPAROTTO, L.; ZAMBOLIM, L.; MAFFIA, L. A.; RIBEIRO DO VALE, F. X.; JUNQUEIRA, N. T. V..
Testaram-se modelos para previsao do mal das folhas, a partir de parametros meteorologicos coletados em viveiro de seringueira com tres anos de idade. Como variavel dependente considerou-se o indice de severidade do mal das folhas (ISMF), quantificado mensalmente em ramos marcados. Adotaram-se como variaveis independentes os parametros climaticos.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Brasil; Rubber tree; Species; South American leaf blight; Fungal diseases; Doença; Folha; Fungo; Hevea; Mal das Folhas; Microcyclus Ulei; Seringueira; Leaves; Morbidity.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/667175
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Incidencia de Yersinia ruckeri y Edwarsiella sp. en especies de interés comercial de la acuicultura cubana en el período 2006-2008 OceanDocs
Martínez, M. T.; Aguilera, Y.; Pozo, M.; Silveira, R.; Rubio, M.; Amador, Z.M..
Las especies Yersinia ruckeri y Edwardsiella sp. son patógenos de importancia económica por la alta morbiletalidad que provocan en la acuicultura. En este trabajo se analiza la frecuencia de aparición y el comportamiento epizootiológico de ambos patógenos en los peces de cultivo en Cuba, en diferentes regiones del país y en sistemas de cultivo extensivo en embalses e intensivo en estanques y jaulas flotantes, del 2006 al 2008. Del total de brotes analizados, estas especies se encontraron en 18 eventos epizoóticos, cuatro en el 2006, 12 en el 2007 y dos en el 2008. Edwardsiella sp. se aisló en 16 de ellos, mientras que Yersinia ruckeri se encontró en nueve. Las especies afectadas fueron Oreochromis sp., Clarias sp. y Micropterus salmoides floridanus. Estos...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Aquaculture economics; Intensive aquaculture; Fishes; Morbidity.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4631
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LAYERS '99, PART II: REFERENCE OF 1999 TABLE EGG LAYER MANAGEMENT IN THE U.S. AgEcon
The National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) is sponsored by the USDA:APHIS:Veterinary Services (VS). The NAHMS Layers '99 Study was designed to provide information about the nation's layer population for education and research purposes. The USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) collaborated with VS to select a statistically-valid sample from 15 states for Layers '99. The 15-state target population accounted for over three-quarters of the table egg layers in the U.S. as of December 1, 1998. The study was limited to companies with 30,000 or more layer. About two-thirds (68.1 percent ) of farm sites did not allow visitors that did not have a business reason for visiting the operation in the layer houses. The percentage of farm sites...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Layer; Layers; Layer house; Poultry; Pullet; Flock; Egg; Table egg; Lay; Biosecurity; Feeder; Visitor; Morbidity; Disease; Disinfect; Salmonella enteritidis; S.E.; Management; Molt; Production; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32765
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MORBIDITY/MORTALITY AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT OF SWINE IN THE UNITED STATES AgEcon
Bush, Eric J..
A national survey on swine health was conducted by the National Animal Health Monitoring System ( NAHMS ) from December 1989 through January 1991. The survey sample was designed in collaboration with the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS ) in order to provide inferences about the nation's hog population, 95 percent of which was represented. The program consisted of two parts: the first was a general farm management and policy questionnaire that was completed by 1,661 producers. The second part of the program was a monitoring phase that took place over a three-month period for each of 712 participating producers. Per litter estimates for the national population showed an average of 9.9 piglets born alive and 8.4 weaned. Estimates attributed 57...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Swine; Monitoring; Epidemiology; Production; Morbidity; Mortality; Births; Litter size; Prevention; Disease; Docking; Teeth clipping; Vaccination; Injection; Antibiotics; Water quality; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32761
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REFERENCE OF 1996 U.S. REGIONAL SHEEP HEALTH AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AgEcon
Wineland, Nora.
In 1995, the National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) collaborated with the Research and Education Division of the American Sheep Industry Association (ASI) in developing a needs assessment tool to identify the most important health and productivity factors for the sheep industry. In collaboration with the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), a statistically designed producer sample was selected to provide estimates for the United States sheep population in the 48 contiguous states. The NAHMS/ASI questionnaires were mailed to 19,807 sheep operations in January 1996; data were received and summarized from 5,174 respondents. It was estimated that in the 48 contiguous states, there were approximately 8,433,400 sheep as of January...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Sheep; Health; Disease; Death; Morbidity; Mortality; Economics; Predators; Vaccinations; Antibiotics; Income; Worms; Reproduction; Profitability; Regions; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32751
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REFERENCE OF 1996 U.S. SHEEP HEALTH AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AgEcon
Wineland, Nora.
In 1995, the National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) collaborated with the Research and Education Division of the American Sheep Industry Association (ASI) in developing a needs assessment tool to identify the most important health and productivity factors for the sheep industry. In collaboration with the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), a statistically designed producer sample was selected to provide estimates for the United States sheep population in the 48 contiguous states. The NAHMS/ASI questionnaires were mailed to 19,807 sheep operations in January 1996; data were received and summarized from 5,174 respondents. It was estimated that in the 48 contiguous states, there were 82,040 operations with sheep as of 1995;...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Sheep; Health; Disease; Death; Morbidity; Mortality; Economics; Predators; Vaccinations; Antibiotics; Income; Worms; Reproduction; Profitability; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32743
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Understanding Rwandan Agricultural Households’ Strategies to Deal with Prime Age Illness and Death: A Propensity Score Matching Approach AgEcon
Donovan, Cynthia; Bailey, Linda.
Paper prepared for the IFPRI/Renewal Conference on HIV/AIDS and Food and Nutrition Security, held in Durban South Africa, 13-17 April, 2005.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Rwanda; Mortality; Morbidity; Health Economics and Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55122
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