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Registros recuperados: 29
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A precíziós növénytermelés externális hatásai az Agárdi Farm Kft. esetében AgEcon
Sinka, Anett.
A hagyományos mezőgazdasági termelés negatív hatásainak kiküszöbölése ér¬dekében az Európai Unió országaiban az utóbbi évtizedben egyre fontosabbá vált a multifunkcionális mezőgazdaság. Ahhoz, hogy a vidékfejlesztés, a környezetgazdálkodás az agrárgazdaság integrált részévé váljék, a gazdasági gyakorlatnak szá¬mos területen szükséges változtatni: merőben új módszerek alkalmazása, a koráb¬ban használt vagy meglévő technológiák megújítása, mások által már kipróbált eljá¬rások adaptálása, mind-mind egy-egy lehetőséget kínál a jól működő, többfunkciós mezőgazdasághoz. Mindezen okok mérlegelése után döntött úgy az Agárdi Farm Kft., hogy átáll a ha¬gyományos gazdálkodásról a precíziós növénytermelésre. A precíziós növényterme¬lési technológia nem más, mint a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Externáliák; Multifunkcionális mezőgazdaság; Precíziós növénytermelés; Versenyképesség; Externalities; Multifunctional agriculture; Precision farming; Competitiveness; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92499
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ADJUSTMENT OF POLAND’S AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECTOR TO CHALLENGES OF AGRICULTURAL POLICY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AgEcon
Kowalski, Andrzej; Wigier, Marek; Chmielinski, Pawel.
Paper is aimed in assessment of first period of Poland’s membership in EU and covering agriculture and rural areas with the support under the Common Agricultural Policy in the context of future challenges faced by the agricultural policy. Analysis shows that accession to EU became a strong impulse for growth of the Polish food economy, however the main challenge for the Common Agricultural Policy in future, from Poland’s perspective, will be strengthening the multifunctional agriculture, i.e. territorial cohesion and positive effects of agricultural activity on natural environment.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; Common agricultural policy; Rural development; Poland; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91129
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Alternative Financing Mechanisms for Multifunctional Agriculture in 'Public Open Space' AgEcon
Cappon, R.; Leinfelder, H..
In spite of a Flemish planning policy that strived the last decennia at conserving the city (or urban areas) and countryside both as functionally and morphologically separable entities and as antipoles, it is observed that due to an unrestrained suburbanisation city and countryside become increasingly interwoven in Flanders. People still reproduce space in these two spatial categories but society and governments are no longer capable in producing this symbolic space in a physical and social way. It is clear that a top-down imposed, uniformising planning discourse is not able to get a grip on present urbanising processes and therefore alternative story-lines are needed. An alternative story line of ‘open space as public space’, points at the societal...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public open space; Alternative financing; Multifunctional agriculture; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44393
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An Agent-Based Model of Multifunctional Agricultural Landscape Using Genetic Algorithms AgEcon
Soman, Sethuram; Misgna, Girmay; Kraft, Steven E.; Lant, Chris; Beaulieu, Jeffrey R..
Landowner characteristics influence his/her willingness to change landuse practices to provide more or less environmental benefits. However, most studies of agricultural/environmental polices identify landowners as homogenous. And, the primary cause of failure of many environmental and other polices is the lack of knowledge on how humans may respond to polices based on changes in their behavior (Stern, 1993). From socioeconomic theory and empirical research, landowners can be identified as individuals who make agricultural landuse decisions independently based on their objectives. Identifying possible classes of landowners, assessing how each would potentially respond to policy alternatives, and the resulting pattern of land uses in a watershed or a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; Agent based modeling; Genetic Algorithm; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6142
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An approach to assess the potential of agroecosystems in providing environmental services PAB
Turetta,Ana Paula Dias; Tonucci,Rafael; Mattos,Luciano Mansor de; Amaro,George; Balieiro,Fabiano de Carvalho; Prado,Rachel Bardy; Souza,Henrique Antunes de; Oliveira,Aline Pacobahyba de.
Abstract The objective of this work was to present an approach to evaluate soil functions in agroecosystems and their impact on environmental services (ES). An approach with case studies was proposed to assess the relationship between the establishment and management of agroecosystems, in three Brazilian biomes (Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, and Caatinga), and their environmental services provision, considering the specificities of each area. A set of soil parameters that can be used as indicators to monitor changes in the agroecosystem was also proposed. The environmental services types most affected by the establishment and management of the agroecosystems were the supporting and provisioning services, showing the potential of agricultural management in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Environmental services indicators; Multifunctional agriculture; Public policies; Soil management; Sustainable agriculture.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2016000901051
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Analysis of agri-environmental measures in Hungary – a regional perspective AgEcon
Katona-Kovacs, Judit.
The hypothesis behind this paper is that agri-environmental measures (AEMs) in Hungary, and probably in the other EU New Member States, are not merely substitutes for traditional agricultural subsidies, but measures which could support rural development and encourage environmentally sustainable agricultural production. The first part of this paper examines concepts closely related to AEMs, as well as the place of AEMs in regional, rural, and agricultural development policy. The second part shows how agri-environmental measures have gained ground in Hungary. The third part presents the results of an analysis of the Hungarian AEMs’ database. Finally, based on the literature and analysis findings, it is suggested that, for sustainable development, one needs...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental measures; Hungarian agriculture; Multifunctional agriculture; Sustainable development; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46663
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Analysis of Participation in Multifunctional Agriculture: U.S. Rice Farms AgEcon
Tur Cardona, Juan; Wailes, Eric J.; Dixon, Bruce L.; Danforth, Diana M..
Multifunctional agriculture is particularly fundamental to some working lands conservation policies and programs, such as the Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP), Conservation Security Program (CSP) and Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP). Farmers can also be engaged in providing recreational and agri-tourism services such as hunting, fishing, bird-watching, farm tours, petting zoos and hospitality services. Using the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) we analyze factors associated with participation in conservation, recreation and agri-tourism activities as a function of farm structure, farm financial measures, production practices, and socio-demographic characteristics of the farm operator. To estimate the functional...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; Agri-environmental policy; Rice; Logistic model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q18; Q26; Q28.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119750
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Analysis of Participation in Multifunctional Agriculture: U.S. Rice Farms AgEcon
Tur Cardona, Juan; Wailes, Eric J.; Dixon, Bruce L.; Danforth, Diana M..
Multifunctional agriculture is particularly fundamental to some working lands conservation policies and programs, such as the Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP), Conservation Security Program (CSP) and Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP). Farmers can also be engaged in providing recreational and agri-tourism services such as hunting, fishing, bird-watching, farm tours, petting zoos and hospitality services. Using the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) we analyze factors associated with participation in conservation, recreation and agri-tourism activities as a function of farm structure, farm financial measures, production practices, and socio-demographic characteristics of the farm operator. To estimate the functional...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; Agri-environmental policy; Rice; Logistic model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q18; Q26; Q28.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119768
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Analysis of Trade and Environmental Policy Options on the Basis of a National Agricultural Sector Model with Multifunctional Outputs AgEcon
Weber, Gerald.
Studies on liberalisation normally do not take into account the external benefits and costs of agriculture. Empirical studies on the valuation of externalities should be integrated into quantitative modelling. MULTSIM is a national supply model of agriculture. Besides commodity output the model depicts also external benefit linked to landscape preservation and external environmental costs of agriculture. Internalisation scenarios are defined showing that the reduction of commodity-linked support and the introduction of land subsidies and intermediate input taxes have differentiated impacts on the farm types’ competitiveness. A comprehensive policy approach to multifunctional agriculture requires market feedbacks to be taken into account. Internalising...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental costs; Multifunctional agriculture; Policy analysis; Agricultural sector modelling; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98362
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Bewertung von Landschaftsfunktionen mit Choice Experiments AgEcon
Schmitz, Kim; Schmitz, P. Michael; Wronka, Tobias C..
The first application of choice experiments as an environmental valuation method in Germany clearly demonstrates the potential of this method for the valuation of agriculture's multifunctionality. Choice experiments are a reasonable enhancement of the conjoint analysis as they are capable of calculating the theoretically correct welfare measures in the form of implicit prices. In combination with business and ecological models this allows for the comprehensive valuation of agriculture's multifunctionality in the sense, that in addition to the supply or cost side of land use scenarios the demand or benefit side is accounted for. In this study the integrated ecological and economical valuation of land use scenarios was demonstrated for two different...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Environmental valuation; Multifunctional agriculture; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98082
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Birtokkoncentráció, foglalkoztatás, diverzifikáció és multifunkcionalitás AgEcon
Feher, Alajos; Czimbalmos, Robert; Kovacs, Gyorgyi; Szepesy, Edit.
A statisztikai adatok szerint a magyar mezőgazdaság munkaerő-felhasználása folyamatosan csökken. Cikkünkben rávilágítunk arra az ellentmondásra, ami a deklarált foglalkoztatási célok és a versenyképességet szolgáló gépberuházási támoga¬tások növekedése, valamint hatásai között feszül. E támogatások hozzájárulhatnak ahhoz, hogy a gazdák birtoknövelési törekvéseit erősítsék, s fokozzák a mezőgazdaság munkaerő-kibocsátását. Nem igazán halad a folyamatot potenciálisan mérséklő tevékenységdiverzifikáció sem. Három LEADER kistérségben 104 gazdálkodóra kiterjedő felmérésünkkel feltártuk a gazdák és gazdacsaládok gazdaságfejlesztési motívumait, a gazdaság diverzifikációjának helyzetét, a multifunkciós mezőgazdálkodással kapcsolatos terveiket, s az ezeket segítő és...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Vidékgazdaság; Vidéki foglalkoztatás; Multifunkcionális mezőgazdaság; Rural economy; Rural employment; Multifunctional agriculture; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99119
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Citizens' Attitudes Towards Multifunctional Agriculture AgEcon
Hyytia, Nina; Kola, Jukka.
This paper examines Finnish citizens' attitudes towards multifunctional agriculture and further, the connections among these attitudes, consumers' willingness to pay, and some socio economic factors. Attitudinal dimensions were executed by using factor analysis. The respondents (N=1300) were distributed into clusters based on their attitudes. It would be expected that people who have positive attitudes, would also state high values of WTP. Instead, this study suggests that attitudes and WTP do not have a positive relation. People are willing to support domestic agriculture as a provider of safe and high-quality food. However, a remarkable proportion of Finnish citizens have a positive attitude towards externalities and joint products of agriculture.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; Agricultural prices; Attitudes; Consumer/Household Economics; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24736
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Conceptualizing Multifunctional Agriculture from a Global Perspective AgEcon
Moon, Wanki.
The notion of multifunctional agriculture has been actively researched from diverse disciplines including economics, ecology, sociology, and geography since emerged out of the Uruguay Round in the 1990s. In particular, the economics approach represents an attempt to tailor the concept of multifunctional agriculture to market-oriented WTO trade regime. The economics approach has been fundamentally troubled by the lack of concord among WTO member countries on the question of what constitutes multifunctional agriculture. Upon examining how differently the notion of multifunctional agriculture is perceived across the US, the EU, the Cairns group, the LDCs, and the developed food-importing countries (the G10), this article theorizes that multifunctional...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; Global governance of agriculture; WTO; Agricultural trade; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119751
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Contract Design and Targeting for the Production of Public Goods in Agriculture: The Impact of the 2003 Cap Reform AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The objective of this paper is to compare different ways of designing agri-environmental contracts and to set targeting under adverse selection, comparing conditions before and after CAP reform 2003. The results suggest that the present contract structure may be relevantly improved through a more accurate design and a clearer target. The reform, through the decoupling mechanism, will contribute to reduce the opportunity cost of the adoption of agri-environmental measures. This may increase the optimal amount of public goods produced by agriculture and will encourage participation by farmers. However, in order to properly exploit the new conditions brought by the 2003 reform, it is necessary to review the way agri-environmental payments are assigned and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental schemes; Contracts; Multifunctional agriculture; CAP reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q18; Q2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24559
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Landwirtschaft und Agrarpolitik in Deutschland und Frankreich auf der Suche nach neuen Wegen AgEcon
Schlagheck, Hermann.
The concept of integrated rural development also represents a suitable approach for solving rural development problems in Europe. There are several reasons supporting the concept of rural development: changing framework conditions require new solutions and policies; rural areas need region-specific-development concepts; complex decision making requires cooperation between different actors and levels; sector-specific support remains part of region-specific development concepts; integrated rural development is time-consuming and requires intensive communication. A future-oriented sustainable policy for rural areas has to consider all functions of agriculture in a society, and this perspective can only be achieved with an integrated development approach.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Integrated rural development; Rural areas; Multifunctional agriculture; Regional development; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98868
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Meta Analysis for Benefits Transfer – Toward Value Estimates for Some Outputs of Multifunctional Agriculture AgEcon
Randall, Alan; Kidder, Ayuna; Chen, Ding-Rong.
As a contribution to valuing the outputs of multifunctional agriculture, we report three new meta analyses estimating value functions for agricultural conservation program impacts on water quality, wetlands, and upland habitat and open space. As is often the case in valuation, where methods have yet to be standardized, the data sets are relatively small and noisy. With a clear objective of benefits transfer, we seek robust parameter estimates for key RHS variables, even at the cost of some loss of goodness of fit. We present our estimated full equations, and benefits transfer values calculated from equations estimated after backward elimination of insignificant variables, and offer a rationale for this approach to benefits transfer.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Meta analysis; Benefits transfer; Multifunctional agriculture; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43648
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Möglichkeiten zur Umsetzung integrierter Fördermaßnahmen an der Schnittstelle Landwirtschaft, Umwelt, Ländliche Entwicklung im Rahmen der Verordnung (EG) Nr. 1257/99 AgEcon
Knickel, Karlheinz.
EC Regulation 1257/99 of 17 May 1999 underlines the intention of the European Commission of an integrated rural development policy. In this paper the chances are examined that this new policy orientation offers for a more multifunctional agriculture. Possibilities for the implementation of integrated support measures at the interface of agriculture, environment and rural development are presented. First, functional relationships between agriculture and rural development are explored on the basis of three examples. This is followed by a more analytical section on relevant experiences, data and concepts. The significance of 'new', agriculture-related activities in rural areas is underlined. A paradigm shift from volumes and costs of production towards...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Environment; Rural development; EC Regulation 1257/99; Rural development programmes; Agricultural policy; Multifunctional agriculture; Value added; Employment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98864
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Motivation and intentions of farmers as regards the development of multifunctional agriculture in microregions of Northern and Eastern Hungary AgEcon
Feher, Alajos; Czimbalmos, Robert; Kovacs, Gyorgyi; Szepesy, Edit.
There are an increasing number of references in the literature on the significance of the role of farm households and farm families in the development of multifunctional agriculture. The motivation and intentions of 104 farmers in three LEADER micro-regions in Northern and Eastern Hungary with respect to the present and future structures of their farms (including the expansion of non-agricultural activities and functions) were investigated using questionnaires and narrative interviews. Almost two-thirds of the respondents spoke of the existence of non-agricultural activities and functions, but few of these were market-driven. The farmers ranked the steps that should be taken to increase multifunctionality in their own micro-regions in order of importance...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; LEADER; Rural economy; Interviews; Hungary; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59046
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Multifunctional Agriculture: A Framework and Policy Design AgEcon
Lankoski, Jussi E.; Ollikainen, Markku.
We study the multifunctional character of agriculture in a model of endogenous input use and land allocation augmented by biodiversity, landscape amenity, and nutrient runoff. While biodiversity and landscape amenities represent the public good aspects of agriculture, nutrient runoff represents its negative externalities. We show that the private use of fertilizer input is higher and the size of buffer strips lower than the socially optimal solution requires. Also the socially optimal land allocation differs from the private solution due to the valuation of landscape diversity and runoff damages. The optimal policy is to use a differentiated fertilizer tax and a differentiated buffer strip subsidy and to determine their levels by the equality between the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; First-best instruments; Landscape mosaic; Multifunctional agriculture; Nutrient runoff; Shannon diversity index; Species-area relationship; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24947
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MULTIFUNCTIONAL AGRICULTURE: AN ENGINE OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC GROWTH? AgEcon
Randall, Alan.
The historical role of agriculture in economic geography and recent conceptual developments – including multifunctional agriculture (MFA), the new economic geography, amenity-driven growth, and the “world is flat” and “creative class” hypotheses – are examined, and recent empirical research in North America and Europe is reviewed, in order to assess the potential for MFA as an engine of regional economic growth. Ideal MFA policy corrects market failures and is mostly amenity-augmenting. It has the capacity to enhance opportunities for farmers on urban fringe; stimulate growth in high-amenity rural regions accessible to cities that offer opportunities for high-value work; and generate growth in relatively remote high-amenity regions. The scope for...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; Regional economic development; Agglomeration; Amenity driven growth; Peri-urban areas; Fiscal transfers; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91106
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