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A MULTIFUNCIONALIDADE DA AGRICULTURA E SUAS EXTERNALIDADES POSITIVAS PARA O DESENVOLVIMENTO LOCAL AgEcon
Watanabe, Kassia; Schmidt, Carla Maria.
A idéia do conceito da Multifuncionalidade da Agricultura é: agricultura é multifuncional porque além da função central de fornecimento de alimento e fibra, também fornece outras funções ou serviços para toda sociedade, produzindo externalidades positivas. Este conceito pode ser relevante para construir políticas públicas de desenvolvimento para o Brasil, internalizando as externalidades positivas. A questão é: “Como as externalidades positivas podem ser internalizadas?” Um modo para internalizar as externalidades positivas da agricultura seria adicionar valor aos produtos locais através das certificações, considerando que atividades agrícolas têm um papel essencial para o desenvolvimento da área rural e preservação das tradições culturais. Será...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Instituições; Multifuncionalidade; Externalidades positivas; Institutions; Multifunctionality; Positive Externalities; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113380
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A SYSTEM DYNAMICS MODEL OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT: THE TOPMARD CORE MODEL AgEcon
Johnson, Thomas G.; Bryden, John Marshall; Refsgaard, Karen; Alva Lizarraga, Sara.
The goal of the TOPMARD project is to develop a model of agriculture and rural development to better understand the agronomic, ecological, economic and social dimensions of rural regions. The resulting model, (Policy Model of Multifunctional Agriculture and Rural Development) was built collaboratively and hierarchically by the research teams from the 11 countries. The model features eight subsectors (Land, Agriculture, Tourism, Region, Human Resources, Non-commodities, Capital, and Quality of Life). Imbedded in the model are a complete dynamic input-output model, and an agecohort education demographic model. The model has both supply-side and demand-side drivers. Land use is the key supply-side driver. Land use, coupled with production system choices,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctionality; System dynamics; Policy; Model; Rural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6497
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Achieving Environmental Objectives Under Reduced Domestic Agricultural Support and Trade Liberalization: An Empirical Application to Taiwan AgEcon
Chang, Hung-Hao; Boisvert, Richard N.; Blandford, David.
We focus on rice policy reform required for Taiwan's admission to the WTO, and examine the effects, theoretically and empirically, of the re-instrumentation of domestic policy needed to achieve environmental objectives when both positive and negative environmental externalities exist. Policies that treat non-commodity attributes in agriculture as secondary to existing aims, such as income support, are unlikely to result in the desired supplies of environmental goods. Those supplies can be achieved at lower government and social costs using policy instruments to achieve environmental goals directly. Results are relatively insensitive to the social values assigned to environmental goods.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: WTO policy reform; Multifunctionality; Agri-environmental policy; Rice policy; Agricultural trade policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10201
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Activities and Novel Applications of Secondary Metabolite Coumarins Planta Daninha
HUSSAIN,M.I.; QAMAR ABBAS,S.; REIGOSA,M.J..
ABSTRACT: This review covers biological activity of secondary metabolites, coumarin and their derivatives on different organisms (pests, pathogens, weeds), as well as their applications in agriculture as eco-friendly pesticides and weed control agents. Naturally occurring coumarins have shown biological and allelopathic potential on a broad range of organisms. Coumarin inhibits seed germination, root growth, morphology, histology, water uptake, respiration, photosynthesis, cell elongation, cell división and differentiation. Coumarin demonstrate excellent insecticidal potential against eggs, larvae and adult insects. Coumarin showed antifeedent responses in a wide range of memebers from invertebrates to vertebrates. The information provided in this review...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Coumarin; Secondary metabolites; Multifunctionality; Herbivory; Allelopathy; Phytotoxicity; Weed control.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582018000100220
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Agricultural land purchases for alternative uses – evidence from two farming areas in the Western Cape province, South Africa AgEcon
Reed, L.L.; Kleynhans, Theo E..
Purchases of agricultural land for diverse reasons, such as recreation or aesthetic appeal (collectively referred to as lifestyle purposes), has implications for agricultural land valuations, commercial agriculture and the acquisition of land for redistribution purposes. This paper reports on the extent of purchases of agricultural land for diverse reasons within an intensive and extensive agricultural farming area in the Western Cape, gathered through a survey of land buyers between January 2005 and October 2007. Descriptive statistics provide demographical information of buyers, their reasons for purchasing farms and the importance of specific characteristics of agricultural properties considered in such purchases. Analyses of variance convey more...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Multifunctionality; Aesthetic appeal; Lifestyle motivations; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55134
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Agricultural Trade Liberalisation and Strategic Environmental Policy AgEcon
Glebe, Thilo W.; Latacz-Lohmann, Uwe.
We use an extended partial equilibrium trade model to derive optimal environmental policy responses to tariff reduction requirements and assess the impact of such policies on the welfare of trading partners. We find that countries which attribute preferential political weights to farmers' welfare have an incentive to implement environmental policies that deviate from the Pigouvian solution - even if production is not de facto linked to environmental externalities. We clarify the conditions under which trading partners do not gain from unilateral trade liberalisation if trade concessions are accompanied by strategic environmental policy changes. We postulate a role for the WTO in overseeing the process of domestic policy formulation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade liberalisation; Strategic environmental policy; Multifunctionality; Agri-environmental policy; WTO; Environmental Economics and Policy; D60; F11; F18; Q17.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24609
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Agriculture’s Multifunctionality, Sustainability, and Social Responsibility AgEcon
Hediger, Werner.
We investigate the question whether the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) could be used to replace or complement those of multifunctionality and sustainability in the agri-food sector. It shows that the double role of citizens as tax payers and customers requests and allows us to directly link the problems of governance and stakeholder society in an intertemporal framework of total value maximisation and sustainable development. Thus, the concept of CSR provides a link between the views on agriculture’s multifunctionality and sustainability. Moreover, the fact that some actors in a vertical market, such as the agri-food chain, can exercise market power and absorb tax money and resource rents enforces the need of a broader perspective which...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Multifunctionality; Sustainability; Social responsibility; Market power.; D62; D63; Q01; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36854
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BIO-ENERGY FROM WINERY BY-PRODUCTS: A NEW MULTIFUNCTIONAL TOOL FOR THE ITALIAN WINE DISTRICTS AgEcon
Begalli, Diego; Codurri, Stefano; Gaeta, Davide.
This paper aims to investigate if the legislation will allow the production of energy from winery by-products and how this can contribute to multifunctionality of the wine makers’ income. A medium size winery was selected and an anaerobic digestor process was simulated using the company’s data. The main methods of financial evaluation were studied to create information to see if the project concepts were valid. The results highlight the positive level of earnings that the project will generate due to the high level of methane included in the pressings that could be transformed in energy, the short period needed for obtaining methane and the recent substantial level of government support both in Green Certificates and financing of the initial cost of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biomass; Winery by-products; Multifunctionality; Energy; Wine district; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57492
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BIO-ENERGY-A BY-PRODUCT OF RURAL LANDSCAPE MAINTENANCE? AgEcon
Huber, Robert.
Environmental goals play a crucial role in the economic assessment of bio-energy production, particularly in countries where the agricultural sector is less competitive. In addition to the reduction of CO2 emissions, advanced biomass conversion technologies could contribute to the maintenance of landscape functions, such as the upkeep of rural scenery. From this perspective, energy production would be a by-product of the provision of environmental goods and services. This paper analyses, from a theoretical point of view, the consideration of alternative actors using biomass conversion facilities in connection with landscape maintenance and presents a case study from the Swiss lowlands. Results show that a societal optimal solution can be achieved with...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bio-energy; Rural landscape maintenance; Multifunctionality; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7619
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Book review: Roger Leakey. Living with the trees of life: Towards the transformation of tropical agriculture JARTS
Callo-Concha, Daniel; Senior scientist.
Roger Leakey. Living with the trees of life: Towards the transformation of tropical agriculture. July 2012. CABI, 224 pp. ISBN: 978 1 78064 098 3Agroforestry as a modern science is barely fifty years old. Nevertheless, it has become an integral part of concepts, reports and assessments on the state-of-the-art of rural development.Against this background, the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) plays a remarkable role. But when precise concepts, practices and technologies are tracked, one ends up recognizing specific research groups and even individuals as founders and promoters of most of them. This is the case, for instance, in alley cropping or push-pull technologies, developed ad hoc to satisfy specific demands and which have been strongly promoted by...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agronomy and Crop Science agroforestry; Multifunctionality; Tropical agriculture; Tree domestrication.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/773
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CAP-reform and the provision of non-commodity outputs in Brandenburg AgEcon
Happe, Kathrin; Damgaard, Martin; Osuch, Amanda; Sattler, Claudia; Zander, Peter; Uthes, Sandra; Schuler, Johannes; Piorr, Annette.
This paper presents an attempt to model the response of selected farms to decoupled direct payments and the associated impact on the provision of a defined set of non-commodity outputs (NCO’s) using a combined modelling approach consisting of the AgriPoliS and MODAM models. AgriPoliS focuses on the socio-economic dimension of multifunctionality at the individual farm and regional levels and explicitly models heterogeneous farms (in size, location and efficiency) within a competitive and dynamic environment. The linear-programming model MODAM allows a detailed representation of production processes and their impact on the environmental dimension of multifunctionality at the farm level. We simulate the impact of a uniform area payment and a fully decoupled...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Multifunctionality; Non-commodity outputs; Modelling; Simulation; Policy analysis; Ecological indicators; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97193
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Competing Visions of U.S. Agriculture: Can We Have Our Cake and Eat It Too in Reforming Federal Farm Policy AgEcon
Dobbs, Thomas L..
Two alternative visions for U.S. agriculture are described—“the global competitiveness vision” and the “sustainable agriculture vision”—together with farm policy reform proposals associated with each vision. The USDA’s proposed policy reforms (released in January 2007) also are briefly explained and compared to those of groups associated with the global competitiveness and sustainable agriculture visions. The author closes the article with a discussion of the compatibility of different reform proposals and the challenges of passing legislation containing major policy reform.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm policy; Conservation; Agri-environmental programs; U.S. farm bill; Sustainable agriculture; Multifunctionality; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7318
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Designing Landscapes for Performance Based on Emerging Principles in Landscape Ecology Ecology and Society
Lovell, Sarah Taylor; University of Vermont; Sarah.Lovell@uvm.edu; Johnston, Douglas M.; Iowa State University; dmjohnst@iastate.edu.
We have proposed a framework for transforming landscapes to improve performance by integrating ecological principles into landscape design. This effort would focus on the development of multifunctional landscapes, guided by the rapidly growing knowledge base of ecosystem services provided by landscape features. Although the conventional approach to landscape ecology is based on a model that assumes poor ecological quality in the human-dominated matrix, a review of recent literature reveals important opportunities to improve the quality of the landscape matrix by increasing spatial heterogeneity through the addition of seminatural landscape elements designed to provide multiple ecosystem services. Taken alone, these individual elements might not appear...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Agroecosystem; Design guidelines; Ecological design; Ecosystem services; Human-dominated; Multifunctional landscape; Multifunctionality; Urban agriculture; Urban ecology..
Ano: 2009
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Determinants of farm diversification and interaction with the CAP. An application to FADN of Marche region (Italy) AgEcon
Finocchio, Romina; Esposti, Roberto.
This work analyzes farm diversification activities in an Italian region (Marche). The study examines 387 farms from Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) over a six-year period (2000-2005), applying Discrete Choice Models to identify their business. Recognizing the driving forces of such diversification strategy can be useful to better design those agricultural policies explicitly aimed at promoting agricultural multifunctionality as well as social and environmental sustainability. The linkage between diversification choices and CAP payments is thus also investigated.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm diversification; Discrete Choice Models; Multifunctionality; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44251
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Educational Function of Agriculture and Farm Diversification: Evidence from Dairy Farming Experience Services in Japan AgEcon
Ohe, Yasuo.
To promote multifunctional activity, it is crucial to clarify how jointness is formed in connection with farm structure. This paper examines the relationship between multifunctional activity and farm structure by focusing on the educational function of dairy farming, i.e., farming experience services, in Japan. The main findings were as follows. First, from our conceptual consideration we can say that the educational function is determined by technical and institutional jointness and there is a U-shaped relationship between farm diversification and provision of farming experience services. In addition, the national program aimed at promoting this educational function was effective in enhancing this function. Second, however, from the empirical evaluation...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctionality; Educational function; Farm diversification; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Q12; Q26; Q57; C24.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51557
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Efficient Supply of Cultural Landscape in a CGE Framework AgEcon
Rodseth, K.L..
It is often assumed that the agricultural sector produces public goods or positive externalities that benefit the domestic consumers, in addition to its production of private goods. Efficient agricultural support is consequently directed towards resolving market failures caused by the existence of these public goods or externalities. We illustrate how this can be achieved in a Computable General Equilibrium model for one multifunctional aspect of agricultural production, namely the production of cultural landscape. Using a public good modeling framework as point of departure, we develop supply- and willingness to pay functions for cultural landscape. Governmental agricultural support is adjusted to achieve efficient supply of the public good. As an...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CGE modeling; Multifunctionality; Public Goods; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44170
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Evaluacion comparativa multifuncional de sistemas agrarios mediante AHP: aplicacion al olivar ecologico, integrado y convencional en Andalucía AgEcon
Lopez, Carlos Parra; Calatrava-Requena, Javier; Gimenez, Tomas De Haro.
Aunque el concepto de multifuncionalidad está plasmado, implícita o explícitamente, en el diseño de las políticas agrarias actuales, su consideración a la hora de analizar y evaluar sistemas agrarios es aún relativamente escasa en la literatura. Para tal fin se propone utilizar el Proceso Analítico Jerárquico (Analytic Hierarchy Process - AHP), técnica de decisión multicriterio discreta que se utiliza para la toma de decisiones complejas. La metodología AHP es expuesta junto con un procedimiento propuesto para medir el acuerdo relativo entre decisores y la uniformidad de las alternativas en la toma de decisiones en grupo. Finalmente, AHP es aplicado a la evaluación del olivar ecológico, integrado y convencional de Andalucía considerando criterios de...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Multifunctionality; Analytic Hierarchy Process; AHP; Multicriteria decision making; Group decision making; Relative agreement indices; Relative uniformity indices; Olive grove; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q01; C65; Q50.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28771
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Evaluating Multifunctional Activities as Rural Institution in Japan AgEcon
Ohe, Yasuo.
The relationship between multifunctionality and the roles of rural communities has not been discussed fully although the connection between the two is an essential issue in the rural policy arena. Pursuing this issue, this paper considers that multifunctional hamlet activities are generated as institutional joint products within the hamlet. Also evaluated is the connection between multifunctional activities and institutional hamlet conditions under the Japanese direct payment program for less favored areas. Results of conceptual considerations and empirical evaluations reveal that specific multifunctional hamlet activities depend on hamlet conditions; those on the least favorable level tend to perform land preservation activities while those under the most...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctionality; Rural community; Institution; Jointness; Diversification; Human resources; Direct payment; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q19; R0; Z13; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25468
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Farms and Ecosystem Services AgEcon
Ruhl, J.B..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Multifunctionality; Green subsidies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q57; K32; Q18; Q01; Q32; Q38.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94651
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Flood risk – Prevention and Impact on Agricultural Lands AgEcon
Wagner, Klaus; Neuwirth, Julia; Janetschek, Hubert.
Recent extreme weather events have resulted in an ongoing discussion on the issues of land use and compensation payments within Austrian agriculture. Building on a functional evaluation system for agricultural lands as developed within the Interreg IIIB project “ILUP”, the national project “Agriculture and Flooding” has as its goal to classify the flood-protection contribution and flood sensitivity of agricultural lands. This, in turn, enables the recommendation of targeted measures for potentially improving flood situations, as well as an estimate of their implementation costs. In addition to the digital soil map, other fundamental sources used for the project are the digital flood risk map, IACS land-use data and works by the Institute for Land and Water...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Multifunctionality; Sustainability; Flood Risk; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q24; Q25; Q54; Q56.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50942
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