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A Biceps Muscle Latissimus dorsi in a Dog International Journal of Morphology
Gil,Julio; Olivares,Ricardo.
This article reports the finding of a twin unreported muscle begin. In one dog, both, left and right muscle latissimus dorsi were biceps. The thin second head of m. latissimus dorsi that we founded, could be an intermediate step of comparative anatomy changes from reptilian to mammal. Man breast surgery and cardiomyoplasty, use dog latissimus dorsi as experimental, to know this information can be useful to these situations.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Muscle; M. Latissimus dorsi; Dog; M. Biceps; Arm.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000400053
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AMP-deaminase in elasmobranch fish: A comparative histochemical and enzymatic study ArchiMer
Thebault, Marie-t; Izem, Lahoucine; Leroy, Jean Paul; Gobin, Eric; Charrier, Gregory; Raffin, Jean-paul.
AMP-deaminase activity was measured in white muscle from a wide range of fish, including one cyclostome, 13 chondrosteans, and one teleost to elucidate the pattern of the AMP-deaminase activity in white muscle of fish. Compared to a mammalian (rat) muscle extract, low enzyme activities are found in the cyclostome and two elasmobranchs from two families (Scyliorhinidae, Hexanchidae). In contrast, higher AMP-deaminase activities, similar to mammals, are expressed in Squalidae, all families of skates, Chimaeridae and in the teleostean fish. We then compared AMP-deaminase activities in red and white muscles from two representative elasmobranch fish, the dogfish (Scyliorhinus canicula) and the thornback ray (Raja clavata). The fibre type composition and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: White fibres; Red fibres; Muscle; Histology; Fish; Evolution; Elasmobranch; AMP deaminase.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-635.pdf
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Anatomical Study on the Psoas Minor Muscle in Human Fetuses International Journal of Morphology
Guerra,Danilo Ribeiro; Reis,Francisco Prado; Bastos,Afrânio de Andrade; Brito,Ciro José; Silva,Roberto Jerônimo dos Santos; Aragão,José Aderval.
The anatomy of the psoas minor muscle in human beings has frequently been correlated with ethnic and racial characteristics. The present study had the aim of investigating the anatomy of the psoas minor, by observing its occurrence, distal insertion points, relationship with the psoas major muscle and the relationship between its tendon and muscle portions. Twenty-two human fetuses were used (eleven of each gender), fixed in 10% formol solution that had been perfused through the umbilical artery. The psoas minor muscle was found in eight male fetuses: seven bilaterally and one unilaterally, in the right hemicorpus. Five female fetuses presented the psoas minor muscle: three bilaterally and two unilaterally, one in the right and one in the left hemicorpus....
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Psoas Muscles; Muscle; Skeletal; Anatomy; Gender Identity.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022012000100024
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Biceps Brachii Muscle Innervation Zone Location in Healthy Subjects Using High-Density Surface Electromyography International Journal of Morphology
Guzmán,Rodrigo A; Silvestre,Rony A; Arriagada,David A.
Among the sequelae of central nervous system injury is spasticity which is difficult to manage in rehabilitation. Current treatments consider the administration of the botulinum toxin. However, results have proved highly variable in terms of effectiveness, attributable to the distance between the injection site and the innervations-zone (IZ). High Density sEMG (HDsEMG) has been used to gather information about muscle physiology and for location of the IZ. The aim of this study was to characterize the IZ of the biceps brachii muscle in healthy subjects during isometric contraction. We assessed the biceps brachii muscle of twenty healthy subjects (n=20) using a 64 surface electrodes matrix. The average location of the IZ was 34% distal to the line between...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Innervation zone; High density EMG; Motor unit; Muscle; Biceps brachii muscle.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000200007
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Cinetica do fosforo em tecidos de caprinos. Repositório Alice
BUENO, M. S.; VITTI, D. M. S. S..
O objetivo do trabalho foi determinar a cinetica do P em algns tecidos de caprinos submetidos a dietas com quantidade de P insuficiente, adequada e elevada. Foram utilizados nove caprinos machos castrados da raca Alpina, alojados em gaiolas individuais e alimentados por 29 dias com dietas compostas de feno e concentrado suplementado com 0,1 ou 2 g de P/dia na forma de fosfato bicalcico. No 22. dia os animais receberam injecao de 7,4 MBq de P na jugular esquerda. No 8. dia apos a aplicacao do tracador, os animais foram abatidos e coleraram-se amostras de figado, rim, coracao e musculo para determinacao da cinetica do P. As variaveis foram submetidas a regressao com o consumo de P. Os teores de P no coracao, musculo e rim mostraram relacao linear positiva e...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Atividade especifica; Plasma; Figado; Rim; Coracao; Musculo; Osso; Specific activity; Liver; Kidney; Heart; Muscle; Bone.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/87332
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Composicao fisica da carcaca de bezerros da raca Holandesa alimentados com dietas contendo diferentes niveis de concentrado. Repositório Alice
SIGNORETTI, R. D.; ARAUJO, G. G. L. de; SILVA, J. F. C. da; VALADARES FILHO, S. de C.; CECON, P. R..
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito dos diferentes niveis de concentrado nas dietas sobre a composicao fisica da carcaca. Trinta e dois bezerros da raca Holandesa, PC, variedade preto e branco, divididos em dois grupos de abate (grupo 1: 16 animais abatidos com 190 + ou - 10kg PV e grupo 2: 16 animais abatidos com 300 + ou - 10kg, com, em media, 75 dias de idade e 78 kg PV inicial, foram distribuidos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com quatro tratamentos e quatro repeticoes para ambos os grupos. Os animais foram alimentados a vontade com dietas contendo 45,0; 60,0; 75,0 e 90,0% de concentrado na base da racao (%MS), usando-se feno de capim coast-cross (Cynodon dactylon), fuba de milho e farelo de soja, os quais constituiram dietas com...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Raca Holandesa; Volumoso; Concentrado; Fat; Muscle; Bone; Concentrate ratio; Roughage; Bezerro; Dieta; Gordura; Músculo; Osso; Diet; Forage.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/133794
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Composição tecidual dos cortes da carcaça de ovinos jovens e adultos Repositório Alice
PINHEIRO, R.S.B.; SOBRINHO, A.G. da S.; YAMAMOTO, S.M.; BARBOSA, J.C..
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a composição tecidual dos cortes da carcaça de ovinos jovens e adultos. Utilizaram-se 36 animais ½ Ile de France ½ Ideal (12 cordeiros não castrados, 12 ovelhas e 12 capões). Os animais foram criados em pasto de Tifton-85 e suplementados com concentrado em 1% em relação ao peso corporal. Os cordeiros foram desmamados com aproximadamente 17±0,87 kg de peso corporal e abatidos aos 32 kg, com aproximadamente cinco meses de idade; as ovelhas e os capões foram abatidos com aproximadamente 55±1,26 kg e 60 meses de idade. O corte da carcaça com maior porcentual de músculos foi o da perna, seguido da paleta e do lombo, entre as categorias animais estudadas. Os cordeiros apresentaram o maior porcentual de ossos, nos cortes da...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Categorias animais; Gordura; Músculo; Osso; Animal categories; Fat; Muscle; Boné.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/126166
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Cuts of dairy-origin cattle fed mesquite pod meal in replacement of corn Animal Sciences
Almeida, Marina de Paula; Souza, Evaristo Jorge Oliveira de; Véras, Antonia Sherlânea Chaves; Morais, Ítalo Marcos de Vasconcelos; Vítor, Danilo Ribeiro; Silva, José Ricardo Coelho da.
This study was carried out in order to assess commercial front and rear cuts of dairy-origin cattle fed mesquite pod meal. Twenty-five non-castrated male bovines (Holstein-Zebu), distributed according to a completely randomized design, with five animals per treatment, were used. The feed contained about 121.2 and 544.98 g kg-1 of crude protein and total digestible nutrients, respectively, and was composed of tifton grass hay, cornmeal, soybean meal, mesquite pod meal and mineral salt. The right half carcass of each animal was separated between the 5th and 6th ribs, in front and rear quarters, from which commercial cuts were obtained. There was no effect (p > 0.05) as to the replacement of corn for mesquite pod meal on the weights and yields of front...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Nutrição de ruminantes; Avaliação de alimentos; Aditivos amino acids; Feedlot; Muscle; Weight; Yield..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/35176
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Determination of diet in Manila clams by spatial analysis of stable isotopes ArchiMer
Dang, C.; Sauriau, Pierre-guy; Savoye, N.; Caill-milly, Nathalie; Martinez, P.; Millaret, C.; Haure, Joel; De Montaudouin, X..
Spatial changes in the dietary regime of Ruditapes philippinarum from intertidal sediments of Arcachon Bay were depicted by analyzing stable isotope ratios in both its adductor muscles and potential trophic sources. Manila clams were collected from 50 sites in May to June 2006. Dietary reconstruction was based on the IsoSource mixing model, considering trophic enrichments of 3.5%. for carbon and 3.0%. for nitrogen, which were determined experimentally. delta C-13 and delta N-15 values, respectively, averaged -28.2 and 5.2 parts per thousand for riverine particulate organic matter (POM), -20.6 and 4.7 parts per thousand for inner bay phytoplankton, -21.0 and 5.6%. for outer bay phytoplankton, -16.8 and 4.8 parts per thousand. for microphytobenthos, -18.4...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: SW France; Arcachon Bay; Spatial variability; Mixing model; Trophic sources; C and N stable isotopes; Muscle; Ruditapes philippinarum.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6886.pdf
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Effect of reproduction on escape responses, metabolic rates and muscle mitochondrial properties in the scallop Placopecten magellanicus ArchiMer
Kraffe, E; Tremblay, R; Belvin, S; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Marty, Y; Guderley, H.
In scallops, gametogenesis and spawning can diminish the metabolic capacities of the adductor muscle and reduce escape response performance. To evaluate potential mechanisms underlying this compromise between reproductive investment and escape response, we examined the impact of reproductive stage (pre-spawned, spawned and reproductive quiescent) of the giant scallop, Placopecten magellanicus, on behavioural (i.e., escape responses), physiological (i.e., standard metabolic rates and metabolic rates after complete fatigue) and mitochondrial capacities (i.e., oxidative rates) and composition. Escape responses changed markedly with reproductive investment, with spawned scallops making fewer claps and having shorter responses than pre-spawned or...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Placopecten magellanicus; Sterols; Fatty acids; Plasmalogens; Phospholipids; Cytochrome C oxidase; Metabolic rate; Escape response; Muscle; Scallops; Reproduction; Mitochondria.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4786.pdf
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Effect of Swimming Training on the Rectus Abdominis Muscle of rats: Morphological and Histochemical Aspects International Journal of Morphology
Alvarez Rosa,Maria José; Dal Pai,Vitalino; Bremer Neto,Hermann; Azoubel,Reinaldo; Nouailhetas,Viviane Louise Andree.
We investigated the effect of swimming training in rats on morphological characteristics, hypertrophy levels and metabolic and contractile adaptations of different fiber types in rat the rectus abdominis muscle. Rats were randoverly assigned to one of three groups (N = 5 each): a) swimming training for 1 h, twice a week (2x/w), b) 1 h five times a week (5x/w) for 9 consecutive weeks, or c) without any swimming training (Control). Body weight increased in 2x/w rats and decreased in the 5x/w ones. Muscle fiber diameters increased in both trained groups, with higher values in the 2x/w group. Aerobic exercise increased slow oxidative (SO) + fast-oxidative-glycolytic (FOG) fibers and decreased fast glycolytic (FG) fibers. In addition, SO fibers were increased...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Aerobic exercise; Type fibers; Muscle.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022007000300027
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Estudo das carcacas de vacas de descarte das racas charoles e nelore. Repositório Alice
PEROBELLI, Z.V.; RESTLE, J.; MULLER, L..
Foram analisados os dados da qualidade de carcacas de 49 vacas de descarte, a saber: 25 da raca Charoles e 24 Nelore, pertencentes ao rebanho experimental do Departamento de Zootecnia da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, RS. Os animais foram criados em regime de pastagem natural, submetidos ao mesmo tipo de manejo e abatidos com idade variando entre sete e quinze anos de idade. Apos resfriamento por 24 horas a 2C, foram efetuadas avaliacoes subjetivas e objetivas das carcacas. O lado direito foi utilizado na realizacao das medidas metricas, e apos a retirada de uma seccao compreendendo a 10, 11 e 12 costela, estimou-se a composicao fisica da carcaca em musculo, gordura e osso. O lado esquerdo foi separado nos tres cortes comerciais: traseiro, dianteiro...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Pastagem nativa; Resfriamento; Musculo; Vacas de corte; Beef cows; Native pasture; Chilling; Muscle.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/104199
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Glycogen Determination in Bovine Muscle: A Proposal for Rapid Determination Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Hargreaves B,Antonio; Barrales V,Luis; Barrales Z,Daniela; Riveros F,José Luis; Peña R,Iván.
A practical, rapid and inexpensive method for muscle glucose determination is proposed. The method is based on acid digestion of the sample, followed by neutralization of the solution and the subsequent glucose determination using a domestic glucometer for human blood glucose level control. In a pre-experimental phase, the accuracy of this methodology and the titration method was determined, comparing results to pre-established glucose concentrations. There were significant differences between the glucose reading given by the glucometer and the pre-established glucose concentrations and the results given by the titration method. Nevertheless, when discrepancies (bias) were identified, differences resulted non-significant (P = 0.85). Subsequently, muscle...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Muscle; Glucose; Glycogen; Titration; Glycolytic potential.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392009000300009
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Mapping contacts between regulatory domains of skeletal muscle TnC and Tnl by analyses of a single-chain chimeras. Repositório Alice
TIROLI, A. O.; TASIC, L.; OLIVEIRA, C. L. P.; BLOCH JUNIOR, C.; TORRIANI, I.; FARAH, C. S.; RAMOS, C. H. I..
The troponin (Tn) complex is formed by TnC, TnI and TnT and is responsible for the calcium-dependent inhibition of muscle contraction. TnC and TnI interact in an antiparallel fashion in which the N domain of TnC binds in a calcium-dependent manner to the C domain of TnI, releasing the inhibitory effect of the latter on the actomyosin interaction. While the crystal structure of the core cardiac muscle troponin complex has been determined, very little high resolution information is available regarding the skeletal muscle TnITnC complex. With the aim of obtaining structural information regarding specific contacts between skeletal muscle TnC and TnI regulatory domains, we have constructed two recombinant chimeric proteins composed of the residues 191 of TnC...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Muscle.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/185506
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Modification of pyruvate kinase and lactate dehydrogenase in foot muscle of the sea mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis under anaerobiosis and recovery BJMBR
The modification of pyruvate kinase (PK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in foot muscle of the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis during exposure to air and recovery in water was investigated. In the course of exposure to air, the activity of these enzymes measured at high and low substrate concentrations showed successive increases and decreases. Returning the mussels to water after exposure to air affected enzyme activity in a manner similar to anaerobiosis. When measuring at saturated concentrations of substrates and substrate and coenzyme for PK and LDH, respectively, the maximum activation of PK (37%) was observed at 4 h of animal exposure to air, and for LDH (67%) at 6 h exposure to air. During 24 h of exposure of animals to air, PK activity...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Mytilus galloprovincialis; Muscle; Anaerobiosis; Pyruvate kinase; Lactate dehydrogenase; Property modification.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X1997000300012
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Newly-discovered muscle in the larva of Patella coerulea (Mollusca, Gastropoda) suggests the presence of a larval extensor Naturalis
Damen, Peter; Dictus, Wim J.A.G..
The development of the muscular system of the gastropod mollusc Patella has been thoroughly studied. As a result, two larval retractors, the main and accessory larval retractor, had been described in the larva of Patella. These muscles were supposed to be responsible for the retraction of the larval body into the shell. Previously no larval extensors, which would be responsible for the extension of the larval body out of the shell, have been described. Using cell-lineage tracer injection and phalloidin staining of muscles, a newly-discovered muscle is herein identified in the larva of Patella coerulea. A functional model is presented in which two muscles are responsible for the extension of the larva, the newly-discovered muscle together with the...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Patella; Gastropoda; Mollusca; Development; Larva; Muscle; Antagonist; Cell-lineage.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/534309
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Review: Genetics and genomics in equine exercise physiology: an overview of the new applications of molecular biology as positive and negative markers of performance and health Inra
Barrey, E..
Equine breeding selection has been developed by applying quantitative genetic methods for calculating the heritability of the complex traits such as performance in racing or sport competitions. With the great development of biotechnologies, equine molecular genetics has come of age. The recent sequencing of the equine genome by an international consortium was a major advance that will impact equine genomics in the near future. With the rapid progress in equine genetics, new applications in early performance evaluation and the detection of disease markers become available. Many new biomolecular tools will change management of horse selection, disease diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of this review is to present new developments in equine genetics and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Horse; Gene; Transcript; RNA; DNA; Microarray; SNP; Exercise; Muscle.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20101f0f686a&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Single-channel recording of inositol trisphosphate receptor in the isolated nucleus of a muscle cell line Biol. Res.
KUSNIER,CARLOS; CÁRDENAS,CÉSAR; HIDALGO,JORGE; JAIMOVICH,ENRIQUE.
Nuclear calcium appears to have an important role in the regulation of gene expression in many cells, but the mechanisms involved in controlling nuclear Ca2+ signaling are controversial and still poorly understood. We have described the presence of inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate (IP3) receptors in the nuclei of skeletal muscle cells. Now, we have characterized the properties of the IP3 receptors channels present in the nuclei of the 1B5 cell line, which do not express any isoforms of the ryanodine receptor. Immunocytochemistry of isolated nuclei confirmed the presence of IP3R in the nuclear envelope and fluorescence measurements in nuclei suspensions allowed us to document ATP-dependent calcium loading by the nucleus and its release upon IP3 addition. Patch...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Single channel; Cell nucleus; IP3 receptor; Muscle.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-97602006000300015
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The Accessory Soleus Muscle: Case Report and a Review of the Literature International Journal of Morphology
Reis,Francisco Prado; Aragão,José Aderval; Fernandes,Atson Carlos de Souza; Feitosa,Vera Lucia Corrêa; Fakhouri,Ricardo; Nunes,Marco Antonio Prado.
An accessory soleus muscle was found in the left leg of a male cadaver in the dissecting room. The muscle was situaded posteromedially, between the soleus muscle and the flexor digitorum longus and flexor hallucis longus. The origin of the muscle was in the superior third of the anterior fascia of the soleus muscle and the insertion, was attached with separate tendon, in the anteromedial surface of calcaneus bone
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Muscle; Accessory soleus muscle; Anatomical variation.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022007000400032
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Total replacement of fish oil by soybean or linseed oil with a return to fish oil in turbot (Psetta maxima) - 1. Growth performance, flesh fatty acid profile, and lipid metabolism ArchiMer
Regost, Christelle; Arzel, Jacqueline; Robin, Jean; Rosenlund, Grethe; Kaushik, Sadasivam.
The aim of the study was to investigate the replacement of fish oil by vegetable oils and the effects of a washout with a return to fish oil on growth performances and lipid metabolism. three experimental fish meal-based isonitrogenous (crude protein content: 57.5%) and isolipidic (crude lipid content: 16.5%) diets were formulated containing either 9% of added fish oil (170), soybean oil (SO), or linseed oil (LO). Each diet was distributed to triplicate groups of 25 marketable size turbot (initial body weight of 579 g) grown in seawater at water temperature of 17 T. Fish were fed once a day to visual satiety. At the end of the growth trial, which lasted 13 weeks, all groups of turbot were fed with FO diet for 8 weeks. The growth of turbot was high, but the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lipogenesis; Fatty acids; Liver; Muscle; Body composition; Growth; Vegetable oil; Fish oil; Psetta maxima.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-375.pdf
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