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A Primer on US Sugar in the 2007 US Farm Bill AgEcon
Beghin, John C..
This background paper is devoted to US sugar policy. A first section describes the features and economics of the US sugar program; a second section is devoted to the welfare and trade effects of the US sugar program; and a final section reports on potential emerging reforms, their expected effects, and implications. Beyond well-established findings on the social cost and inefficiency of the US sugar program, the main findings of this paper are as follows. The current sugar program is becoming unsustainable because sugar imports are progressively creeping into the US market through regional trade agreements, eventually inducing large sugar inventories, or contracting domestic production to unpalatable low levels in order to maintain high internal prices....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dispute; HFCS; NAFTA; Sugar; Sugar program; Sweetener; Trade; TRQ; US farm bill; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9374
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ALBERTA’S EXPORT EXPERIENCE UNDER FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS: 1988 - 2007 AgEcon
Mirus, Rolf; Tanerguclu, Hande.
The international involvement of Alberta-based businesses covers trade in goods, trade in services, and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), both inward and outward. Increasingly FDI is linked to trade in goods and services. Indeed, the export of services like consulting or construction engineering tends to involve the setting up of supporting facilities abroad (outward FDI), and exports of goods frequently necessitate the provision of maintenance services in their wake, either across the border or through an office abroad. Data on outward FDI by Alberta-based firms are not available, nor are data on exports of services by province of origin. Therefore an analysis of what has been happening to Alberta’s international commercial relations is of necessity...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Alberta; NAFTA; FTA; Free trade agreement; Free trade; Imports; Exports; Mexico; United States; Israel; Chile; Costa Rica; Energy sector; FDI; Investment; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60431
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ALBERTA’S EXPORT EXPERIENCE UNDER FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS, 1989-2008: TWENTY YEARS OF FREE TRADE AgEcon
Mirus, Rolf; Emter, Nicholas A..
The period of free trade from 1989 to 2008 coincided with a strong expansion of Alberta’s exports. Our review shows that several factors contributed to this success. In addition to favorable trends in energy and commodity prices, the improved access to the US and Mexican markets that resulted from the CUSFTA and NAFTA are shown to be major causes of the positive development of Alberta’s exports. In particular, the significant increase in manufacturing exports can be attributed to the free trade agreements because manufacturing products face higher tariffs in export markets than do raw materials and energy products. Alberta’s manufacturing sector, therefore, emerges as a major beneficiary of freer trade. As a result, Alberta’s economy has become more...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAFTA; FTA; Free Trade Areas; Preferential trade agreements; Imports; Exports; Alberta; United States; US; Trade patterns; Trade relations; Mexico; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60425
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An Analysis of an Alliance: NAFTA Trucking and the US Insurance Industry AgEcon
Condon, Bradly; Sinha, Tapen.
In the NAFTA, the United States agreed to phase out restrictions on the operation of Mexican trucking companies in the United States. When the deadlines came, the Clinton Administration chose to maintain the restrictions. Following a NAFTA panel ruling against the United States, the Bush Administration announced it would remove the restrictions. The decision has met with opposition from both truckers and insurers in the United States, who cite safety concerns. This article examines the economic, political and legal forces at work in this debate, as well as the relationship between the NAFTA and WTO rules on trade in services that apply.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: NAFTA; Insurance; Trucking; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23873
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An Illustrated Guide to Research Findings from USDA's Economic Research Service AgEcon
Economic Research Service.
This book contains a sampling of recent ERS research illustrating the breadth of the Agency’s research on current policy issues: from biofuels to food consumption to land conservation to patterns of trade for agricultural products. What you won’t find in this collection is any mention of economists’ favorite analytic tools (regression analyses, for example, and coefficients of variation). We wanted this guide to highlight results, not process. Even so, the findings on display here are all based on rigorous and robust application of such tools as well as use of the latest econometric techniques.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm Policy; Risk Management; Food Consumption; Food Nutrition Assistance; Conservation Policy; Food Assistance and Nutrition Programs; Food Security; Agricultural Productivity in the U.S.; Farm Structure; Rural Population; Environmental Interactions; Invasive Species Management; Bioenergy; Global Food Markets; NAFTA; Organic Agriculture; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58341
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Competitividad comercial de la carne de ganado bovino entre los países miembros del TLCAN 1997-2008. Colegio de Postgraduados
Almora Bustos, Isael.
El presente trabajo analiza la competitividad comercial de carne de ganado bovino entre los países miembros del Tratado de Libre comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN): México, Canadá y Estados Unidos. La metodología utilizada es mediante indicadores de mercado: participación de mercado, coeficiente de ventaja comparativa revelada (CVCR), tasa de penetración de las importaciones (TPI) y producción expuesta a la competencia (PEC), para ello se utilizan datos del periodo 1997-2008, comparando los valores promedio de 1997 a 1999 contra los valores promedio de 2006 a 2008. Esto permite observar el desarrollo de la competitividad de los 3 socios comerciales a nivel mundial y permite evaluar la competitividad de Canadá y México como principales proveedores de...
Palavras-chave: Carne de ganado bovino; Competitividad; TLCAN; Comercialización; Beef cattle; Competitiveness; NAFTA; Marketing; Maestría; Economía.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/552
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Competitividad comercial de la carne de ganado bovino entre los países miembros del TLCAN 1997-2008. Colegio de Postgraduados
Almora Bustos, Isael.
El presente trabajo analiza la competitividad comercial de carne de ganado bovino entre los países miembros del Tratado de Libre comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN): México, Canadá y Estados Unidos. La metodología utilizada es mediante indicadores de mercado: participación de mercado, coeficiente de ventaja comparativa revelada (CVCR), tasa de penetración de las importaciones (TPI) y producción expuesta a la competencia (PEC), para ello se utilizan datos del periodo 1997-2008, comparando los valores promedio de 1997 a 1999 contra los valores promedio de 2006 a 2008. Esto permite observar el desarrollo de la competitividad de los 3 socios comerciales a nivel mundial y permite evaluar la competitividad de Canadá y México como principales proveedores de...
Palavras-chave: Carne de ganado bovino; Competitividad; TLCAN; Comercialización; Beef cattle; Competitiveness; NAFTA; Marketing; Maestría; Economía.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/552
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Conversion from Staple to Cash Crop Production in Mexico After NAFTA: Effects of PROCAMPO and Credit Constraints AgEcon
Henderson, Joanne; Baylis, Katherine R.; Barton, Jason.
In this paper, we ask whether PROCAMPO helped Mexican agricultural producers benefit from NAFTA. Specifically, we explore the effect of these decoupled income payments (PROCAMPO) on producers’ ability to switch to cash crop production, and whether these payments help alleviate credit constraints for poorer producers. Given that WTO negotiations are currently stalled in part because of the trade concerns of developing nations, exploring the constraints that small producers face and whether decoupled subsidies can assist those producers in benefiting from new markets is important. Unlike previous studies, who concentrated on specific regions and ejidal lands, we use nationwide county-level data, which allows for us to see the regional distribution of change...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: NAFTA; PROCAMPO; Credit Constraint; Mexico; Staple production; Crop choice; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61525
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Deregulating and Liberalizing the North-American Telecommunications Market: Explaining the US-Approach AgEcon
Cowhey, Peter F.; Richards, John E..
This paper examines the substantial regulatory changes in North American telecommunications markets over the past decade. We argue that a combination of U.S. domestic politics and the logic of international strategic positioning produced substantial and far-reaching reform driven primarily by multilateral actions at the WTO and a set of unilateral U.S. initiatives (primarily benchmarks). Internationally, although NAFTA played an important role as a "building block" for the WTO agreement, we argue the lack of market coverage and more far-reaching WTO agreement ultimately limited NAFTA's role in driving reform. The logic of U.S. domestic politics also played a central role by putting certain constraints on what the U.S. would accept in a telecommunications...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Economic Order; NAFTA; Trade Negotiations; Telecommunications; International Relations/Trade; F02; F13; L96.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26378
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Determinación del efecto de las importaciones en precios internos de granos básicos utilizando un sistema inverso de demanda Colegio de Postgraduados
Hernández Ortiz, Juan.
Con la entrada en vigor del TLCAN las importaciones de granos básicos en México han crecido sustancialmente, a raíz de este fenómeno mucho se ha comentado sobre la conveniencia o no del Tratado de Libre Comercio y sus efectos en la agricultura, derivados del crecimiento de las importaciones de dichos productos, sin embargo, no existen estudios donde se cuantifique la magnitud del impacto en la agricultura nacional. Por esta razón en este trabajo se aborda el efecto que tienen las importaciones de granos básicos en los precios internos de México, utilizando para ello un sistema inverso de demanda casi ideal; como resultado se obtienen flexibilidades menores que 1 en valor absoluto lo cual significa que los precios son inflexibles al cambio en...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Flexibilidades; IAIDS; Importaciones; Homogeneidad; Simetría; TLCAN; Precios internos; Doctorado; Economía; Flexibility; Homogeneity; Imports; Symmetry; NAFTA; Domestic price.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1477
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Did Mexican Meat Demand Change under NAFTA? AgEcon
Malaga, Jaime E.; Pan, Suwen; Duch-Carvallo, Teresa.
A censored non linear QUAIDS model was applied to estimate Mexican meat demand parameters using annual household survey data for six years from 1992 to 2004. Results suggest that in Mexico and throughout the analyzed period, beef and pork meat were luxury items while chicken was a normal good. Small but insignificant changes in meat demand parameters were found after NAFTA implementation suggesting that changes on consumer behavior due to macroeconomic variables might take longer periods to be quantifiable.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: QUAIDS model; Mexico meat demand; NAFTA; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51430
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Efecto de procampo sobre la producción y las importaciones de granos forrajeros en México. Colegio de Postgraduados
Molina Gómez, Jorge Nery.
Para medir los efectos PROCAMPO sobre la producción e importaciones de maíz (Zea mays L.) y sorgo (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) se estimaron dos funciones de oferta usando series de 1980 a 2009, y se construyó un sistema de ecuaciones en el año 2007/2009. Los resultados indican que el maíz y el sorgo tienen una respuesta inelástica ante el pago de PROCAMPO con elasticidades de 0.24 y 0.22 para maíz y sorgo. Si PROCAMPO no hubiera existido, la producción de maíz y sorgo hubiera sido menor en 17 y 9.1%, respecto al nivel observado en 2007/2009. Un aumento de 50% en el pago de PROCAMPO aumentaría la producción de maíz y sorgo en 1,924 y 286 mil toneladas, y disminuiría las importaciones en esa cantidad. La evolución de los precios internacionales del sorgo y...
Palavras-chave: Modelo de ecuaciones simultáneas; TLCAN; Importaciones; Simultaneous equation model; NAFTA; Imports; Economía; Maestría; Zea mays; Sorghum bicolor.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/671
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EFFECT OF LIBERALIZED U.S.-MEXICO DRY ONION TRADE: A SPATIAL AND INTERTEMPORAL EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS AgEcon
Fuller, Stephen W.; Gillis, Melanie; Ziari, Houshmand A..
A spatial, intertemporal equilibrium model of the North American dry onion economy is constructed to analyze the impact of liberalized U.S.-Mexico trade. In a free-trade environment, exports of Mexican onions to the U.S. are projected to increase about 50%, while Mexico's share of the U.S. market increases from 8.7 to 12.8%. Farm-level prices in the U.S. are projected to decline 8.9%, while production declines 2.4%. The effect of free trade on U.S. producers is disproportional across regions. Northwest storage onion producers experience the greatest decline in production; however, analysis suggests that improved storage methods may offset a portion of the unfavorable impacts of onion producers; the industry would not be economically devastated.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dry onion; NAFTA; Spatial and intertemporal model; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15222
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Effects of Regional Trade Agreements on Trade in Agrifood Products: Evidence from Gravity Modeling Using Disaggregated Data AgEcon
Sarker, Rakhal; Jayasinghe, Sampath.
The recent proliferation of regional trade agreements (RTAs) has intensified the debate on their merits. A growing literature has addressed this policy debate, focusing on the welfare and trade effects of RTAs and their likely impacts on the multilateral trading system. Some view them as stepping-stones toward multilateral trade liberalization while others see them as stumbling blocks against free trade. The existing literature has neglected some important aspects of RTAs dealing with trade in agrifood products. This study analyzes trade creation and diversion effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on trade of six selected agrifood products from 1985 to 2000. The investigation estimates an extended gravity model using pooled...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agrifood products; Gravity model; NAFTA; North American Free Trade Agreement; Regional trade agreements; Trade creation; Trade diversion; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18605
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Exchange Rate Sensitivity of Fresh Tomatoes Imports from Mexico to the United States AgEcon
Jaramillo-Villanueva, Jose Luis; Sarker, Rakhal.
The agri-food trade between Mexico and the United States grew substantially after the implementation of NAFTA in 1994. While some analysts argue that NAFTA has contributed the most to the dramatic expansion of this trade, others have emphasized the role played by the exchange rate in this process. An attempt is made in this paper to address this issue by quantifying the effects of NAFTA, the Mexico-US exchange rate changes and its volatility on the fresh tomato imports into the United States from Mexico using the maximum likelihood cointegration analysis. The results from the cointegration analysis show that while changes in exchange rate have a positive effect on trade flows, volatility of the exchange rate has a significant negative effect on trade...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Exchange rate; Exchange rate volatility; Fresh tomatoes trade; NAFTA; Cointegration analysis and error-correction modelling; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51459
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Exportaciones mexicanas de tomate fresco en el mercado norteamericano: Un estudio sobre el efecto de los factores que determinan la competitividad internacional. Colegio de Postgraduados
Borja Bravo, Mercedes.
Durante los últimos 15 años las exportaciones mexicanas de tomate en fresco (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) han perdido competitividad en el mercado norteamericano. En el año 1996 la participación de las exportaciones de México representaban 93.0% de la demanda externa de los Estados Unidos, y para 2009 dicha participación disminuyó a 88.9%. Para analizar los efectos de diversos factores que afectan la competitividad de las exportaciones de esta hortaliza en el mercado de los Estados Unidos; como el incremento en la productividad y la depreciación del peso se validó un modelo de equilibrio espacial e intertemporal que incluye el comercio entre los países miembros del TLCAN, en el periodo 2005-2008. Los resultados revelan que un aumento de 20% en la...
Palavras-chave: Modelo de equilibrio espacial e intertemporal; Productividad; Tipo de cambio; Comercio; TLCAN; Intertemporal and spatial equilibrium model; Productivity; Foreign exchange; Trade; NAFTA; Economía; Doctorado; Lycopersicon esculentum.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/670
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Free Trade, Pesticide Regulation and NAFTA Harmonization AgEcon
Freshwater, David.
Pesticides are an important farm input both in terms of cost and in terms of their impact on crop yields and quality. With freer trade in agricultural output, differences in cost of production, yield and quality can have a large effect on competitiveness. Thus there is an increased demand by farmers in Canada and the United States for harmonization of pesticide regulations, and in particular for the option to import registered pesticides for their own use. Under NAFTA the three national governments are moving to make pesticide regulation more uniform, but there are still significant differences in regulatory structure and these effectively preclude direct imports by farmers at this time. Moreover, while farmers believe they would as a group benefit from a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: NAFTA; Pesticides; Price discrimination; Regulation; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23817
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Gender Impacts of U.S. Immigration Policies AgEcon
Richter, Susan M.; Taylor, J. Edward; Yunez-Naude, Antonio.
Using Mexican survey data, a dynamic econometric model is estimated to test the effect of IRCA, NAFTA and border control expenditures on the flow of female and male migrant farm and non-farm labor from rural Mexico to the United States. We test for differential effects on male and female migration.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: NAFTA; IRCA; Migration Networks; Gender; Immigration Policies; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19403
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Geographical Indications, Barriers to Market Access and Preferential Trade Agreements AgEcon
Viju, Crina; Yeung, May T.; Kerr, William A..
Canada is currently negotiating a Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union; the issue of Geographic Indications (GIs) is on the negotiating agenda and is expected to be one of the most contentious issues in the negotiations. While the exact nature of protection for GIs to be included in the agreement is not yet clear, there is a potential conflict over market access with the U.S. (and presumably the approximately 50 other countries that use trademarks instead of GIs to protect this type of intellectual property). This paper explores the wider issues surrounding differences in the protection of intellectual property and the effect on market access as well as the potential specific issues pertaining to the CETA for NAFTA...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Geographic Indications (GIs); Trademarks; Market access; FTAs; NAFTA; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122741
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Habit Effects and Producer Welfare in the Fresh Vegetable Trade AgEcon
Ferrier, Peyton Michael; Zhen, Chen.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade; Vegetable; Free trade agreement; Tariff; Habits; NAFTA; Andean Trade Preference Act; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103286
Registros recuperados: 58
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