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Cellular responses of Pacific oyster ( Crassostrea gigas ) gametes exposed in vitro to polystyrene nanoparticles ArchiMer
Gonzalez-fernandez, Carmen; Tallec, Kevin; Le Goic, Nelly; Lambert, Christophe; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud; Suquet, Marc; Berchel, Mathieu; Paul-pont, Ika.
While the detection and quantification of nano-sized plastic in the environment remains a challenge, the growing number of polymer applications mean that we can expect an increase in the release of nanoplastics into the environment by indirect outputs. Today, very little is known about the impact of nano-sized plastics on marine organisms. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the toxicity of polystyrene nanoplastics (NPs) on oyster (Crassostrea gigas) gametes. Spermatozoa and oocytes were exposed to four NPs concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 100 mg L−1 for 1, 3 and 5 h. NPs coated with carboxylic (PS-COOH) and amine groups (PS-NH2) were used to determine how surface properties influence the effects of nanoplastics. Results demonstrated the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nanoplastics; Oysters; Gametes; Cellular responses.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00443/55459/56976.pdf
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Constraints and Priorities for Conducting Experimental Exposures of Marine Organisms to Microplastics ArchiMer
Paul-pont, Ika; Tallec, Kevin; Gonzalez-fernandez, Carmen; Lambert, Christophe; Vincent, Dorothee; Mazurais, David; Zambonino-infante, Jose-luis; Brotons, Guillaume; Lagarde, Fabienne; Fabioux, Caroline; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud.
Marine plastic pollution is a major environmental issue. Given their ubiquitous nature and small dimensions, ingestion of microplastic (MP) and nanoplastic (NP) particles and their subsequent impact on marine life are a growing concern worldwide. Transfers along the trophic chain, including possible translocation, for which the hazards are less understood, are also a major preoccupation. Effects of MP ingestion have been studied on animals through laboratory exposure, showing impacts on feeding activity, reserve depletion and inflammatory responses, with consequences for fitness, notably reproduction. However, most experimental studies have used doses of manufactured virgin microspheres that may not be environmentally realistic. As for most...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Nanoplastics; Experimental exposure; Impacts; Marine organisms; Physiology.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00449/56088/57621.pdf
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Do transparent exopolymeric particles (TEP) affect the toxicity of nanoplastics on Chaetoceros neogracile? ArchiMer
González-fernández, Carmen; Toullec, Jordan; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goïc, Nelly; Seoane, Marta; Moriceau, Brivaela; Huvet, Arnaud; Berchel, Mathieu; Vincent, Dorothée; Courcot, Lucie; Soudant, Philippe; Paul-pont, Ika.
The potential presence of nanoplastics (NP) in aquatic environments represents a growing concern regarding their possible effects on aquatic organisms. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of polystyrene (PS) amino-modified particles (50  nm PSNH2) on the cellular and metabolic responses of the diatom Chaetoceros neogracile cultures at two essential phases of the growth cycle, i.e. exponential (division) and stationary (storage) phases. Both cultures were exposed for 4 days to low (0.05 μg mL−1) and high (5 μg mL−1) concentrations of PS-NH2. Exposure to NP impaired more drastically the major cellular and physiological parameters during exponential phase than during the stationary phase. Only an increase in ROS production was observed at...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nanoplastics; Diatoms; Physiology; Transparent exopolymer particles.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00491/60235/63627.pdf
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Editorial: Impacts of Marine Litter ArchiMer
Galgani, Luisa; Beiras, Ricardo; Galgani, Francois; Panti, Cristina; Borja, Angel.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plastics; Nanoplastics; Microplastics; Environmental regulation; Ecotoxicology; Aquatic biota.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00491/60231/63602.pdf
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Managing the analytical challenges related to micro- and nanoplastics in the environment and food: filling the knowledge gaps ArchiMer
Alexy, Pavol; Anklam, Elke; Emans, Ton; Furfari, Antonino; Galgani, Francois; Hanke, Georg; Koelmans, Albert; Pant, Rana; Saveyn, Hans; Sokull Kluettgen, Birgit.
This paper identifies knowledge gaps on the sustainability and impacts of plastics and presents some recommendations from an expert group that met at a special seminar organised by the European Commission at the end of 2018. The benefits of plastics in society are unquestionable, but there is an urgent need to better manage their value chain. The recently adopted European Strategy for Plastics stressed the need to tackle the challenges related to plastics with a focus on plastic litter including microplastics. Microplastics have been detected mainly in the marine environment, but also in freshwater, soil and air. Based on today’s knowledge they may also be present in food products. Although nanoplastics have not yet been detected, it can be assumed that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plastic; Microplastics; Nanoplastics; Marine litter; Recycling; Circular economy.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00588/70027/67935.pdf
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Nanoplastics impaired oyster free living stages, gametes and embryos ArchiMer
Tallec, Kevin; Huvet, Arnaud; Di Poi, Carole; Gonzalez-fernandez, Carmen; Lambert, Christophe; Petton, Bruno; Le Goic, Nelly; Berchel, Mathieu; Soudant, Philippe; Paul-pont, Ika.
In the marine environment, most bivalve species base their reproduction on external fertilization. Hence, gametes and young stages face many threats, including exposure to plastic wastes which represent more than 80% of the debris in the oceans. Recently, evidence has been produced on the presence of nanoplastics in oceans, thus motivating new studies of their impacts on marine life. Because no information is available about their environmental concentrations, we performed dose-response exposure experiments with polystyrene particles to assess the extent of micro/nanoplastic toxicity. Effects of polystyrene with different sizes and functionalization (plain 2-μm, 500-nm and 50-nm; COOH-50 nm and NH2-50 nm) were assessed on three key reproductive steps...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Embryos; Gametes; Microplastics; Nanoplastics.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00453/56419/58090.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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