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A 4-component sex pheromone of the Chilean fruit leaf roller Proeulia auraria (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Ciencia e Investigación Agraria
Reyes-Garcia,Luis; Cuevas,Yuri; Ballesteros,Carolina; Curkovic,Tomislav; Löfstedt,Christer; Bergmann,Jan.
L. Reyes-Garcia, Y. Cuevas, C. Ballesteros, T. Curkovic, C. Löfstedt, and J. Bergmann. 2014. A 4-component sex pheromone of the Chilean fruit leaf roller Proeulia auraria (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Cien. Inv. Agr. 41(2):187-196. The Chilean fruit leaf roller Proeulia auraria is a pest of economically important fruit species. Two compounds attractive to males have been identified as (E)-11-tetradecenyl acetate (E11-14:OAc) and (E)-11-tetradecenol (E11-14:OH) and are currently being used in Chile to monitor this species. Preliminary experiments carried out by our group suggested that the 2-compound mixture might not be optimal for the attraction of males, which prompted us to reinvestigate the sex pheromone of P. auraria in the present study. The pheromone...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Eulia; Euliini; Native species; Sex attractant; Tortricinae.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202014000200005
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A contribution to the identification of charcoal origin in Brazil II - Macroscopic characterization of Cerrado species Anais da ABC (AABC)
GONÇALVES,THAÍS A.P.; NISGOSKI,SILVANA; OLIVEIRA,JULIA S.; MARCATI,CARMEN R.; BALLARIN,ADRIANO W.; MUÑIZ,GRACIELA I.B..
The Brazilian Cerrado is the richest savanna in the world. It is also one of the biomes more threatened in the country and a hotspot for conservation priorities. The main causes of deforestation in Cerrado are agricultural practices, livestock and charcoal production. Although charcoal has a minor impact, its consumption represents the deforestation of 16.000 Km² of the Cerrado. To contribute for the biomes's conservation it is very important to improve forestry supervision. Thus, in this work we present the macroscopic characterization of charcoal from 25 Cerrado's species. We simulate the real conditions of forest controllers by using the magnifications of 10x, 25x and 65x. Likewise, the charcoals micrographs are all of transverse sections due to the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Charcoal anatomy; Nature conservancy; Forest control; Native species.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652016000301045
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A domesticação de plantas nativas do Pantanal. Infoteca-e
JORGE, M. H. A..
Os interesses do homem em domesticar certos vegetais que fariam parte do seu dia-a-dia, sejam em rituais, sessões de cura, ou até mesmo como parte da sua dieta, estão registrados desde milhares de anos. Estas plantas passaram então por um processo conhecido como seleção, e durante vários anos, foram cultivadas e melhoradas para atender os interesses do homem, no caso de grãos tamanho e número. Atualmente, o homem ainda utiliza a domesticação para muitas espécies que possuem potencial econômico de exploração, seja medicinal, alimentício, verterinário, entre outros. Técnicas mais modernas impulsionaram esse processo de seleção, agilizando assim a condução e obtenção de resultados. Considerando que o Pantanal possui imensa diversidade de plantas que na sua...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Domesticação; Espécies nativas; Cultivo; Espécies domesticadas; Food; Native species; Cultivation; Domesticated species.; Alimento.; Pantanal; Domestication..
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/812063
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A raça Moxotó do Nordeste do Brasil. Infoteca-e
SILVA, F. L. R. da; FIGUEREDO, E. A. P. de; SIMPLICIO, A. A.; ARRUDA, F. de A. V.; PIMENTEL, J. C. M..
A raca Moxoto e adequada para ser utilizada em programas de cruzamento com racas exoticas, visando aumentar a produtividade do rebanho em carne e leite.
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Raça nativa; Brasil; Nordeste; Native breed; Northeast; Native species; Raça Moxotó.; Caprino.; Goats; Brazil..
Ano: 1994 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/514145
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Alterations in the lipid and soluble sugar content of melanoxylon brauna seeds during natural and accelerated ageing Rev. bras. sementes
Corte,Viviana Borges; Borges,Eduardo Euclydes de Lima e; Gonçalves,José Francisco de Carvalho; Silva,Mirian Sousa.
The decay of seeds is irreversible and at best can only be delayed by applying techniques that reduce the velocity of the metabolic reactions involved. There is little information on the biochemistry of tropical forest tree seeds related to their storability. It was investigated the influence of the composition of lipids and soluble sugars of two storage compartments, the cotyledons and the embryonic axis, of Melanoxylon brauna Schot. (Leguminosae- Caesalpinioideae), a hardwood known as black brauna, seeds stored at 20 ºC for 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months (natural ageing) and for 0, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours at 40 ºC (accelerated ageing). The levels of fatty acids and monosaccharides varied differentially in each of the embryo storage compartments. Changes in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carbohydrates; Forest; Lipids; Native species; Storage.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-31222010000300017
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Antioxidant and fatty acid profile of gabiroba seed (Campomanesisa Xanthocarpa Berg) Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
Santos,Marli da Silva; Miguel,Obdulio Gomes; Petkowicz,Carmen Lúcia Oliveira; Cândido,Lys Mary Bileski.
This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant potential and fatty acid profile of gabiroba (Campomanesia xanthocarpa Berg) seeds. In order to obtain the extract, the seeds were dried, crushed, and subjected to sequential extraction by maceration and percolation in a modified soxhlet extractor using solvent polarity gradient composed of hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and alcohol, respectively. The extraction time was six hours. The ethanol extract showed the highest antioxidant potential, given by the EC50 value and the amount of total phenolic compounds. High amounts of unsaturated fatty acids were found in the oil studied, especially the oleic acid.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Technological use; Native species; Brazilian flora.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612012000200004
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Bromatologic composition of the herbaceous species of the Northeastern Brazil Caatinga R. Bras. Zootec.
Silva,D.S.; Andrade,M.V.M.; Andrade,A.P.; Carneiro,M.S.S.; Oliveira,J.S..
The objective of this work was to evaluate the chemical composition of the pool and of four species of caatinga herbaceous vegetation in the rainy and dry seasons. The experiment was conducted in three selected shrub areas at different levels of conservation. Four samples of each species (Arachis pintoi, Boerhavia diffusa, Heliotropium ternatum, Aristida adscensionis) were collected in each area and from a pool of species for determination of bromatologic composition. In the dry season, only the pool of species and the grass Aristida adscensionis were evaluated. There was a significant effect of the studied area on the chemical composition of all analyzed species. The nutrient content found in the dry matter (DM) and the digestibility of the pool of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Herbs; Native species; Quality; Semiarid.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982011000400008
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Characterization of condensed tannins from native legumes of the Brazilian northeastern semi-arid Scientia Agricola
Guimarães-Beelen,Patrícia Mendes; Berchielli,Telma Teresinha; Beelen,Roger; Araújo Filho,João; Oliveira,Simone Gisele de.
Despite the possible influence of tannins on the nutritional value of the forages from Caatinga vegetation, there are few studies that evaluated their tannin concentration. This study was conducted to characterize condensed tannins present in the legumes species Mimosa hostilis (Jurema Preta), Mimosa caesalpinifolia (Sabiá) and Bauhinia cheilantha (Mororó), at three stages of their phenological cycle. The concentration of soluble tannin (ST), bound tannin (BT) and total tannin (TT) were determined using the butanol-HCL method; astringency was by the radial diffusion method, and the monomeric composition of purified tannins by a high-performance liquid chromatograph with delphinidin, cyanidin and pelargonidin as standards. Concentration and astringency of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Proantocyanidin; Antinutritional factors; Native species; Ruminant.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162006000600002
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Comportamento do peso ao longo do ano em cabras Crioulas, em sistema tradicional de manejo. Infoteca-e
FIGUEIREDO, E. A. P. de; SIMPLÍCIO, A. A.; RIERA, G. S.; LIMA, F. de A. de M.; OLIVEIRA, E. R. de.
bitstream/item/26789/1/COT-04.pdf
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Raça nativa; Região Nordeste; Brasil; Productivity.; Native species; Caprino; Cabra; Produtividade; Peso; Goats; Weight; Brazil..
Ano: 1980 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/514262
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Cryopreservation of the mangaba tree (Hancornia speciosa Gomes): a protocol for long-term storage Agronomy
Santos, Paulo Augusto Almeida; Paiva, Renato; Silva, Luciano Coutinho; Souza, Ana Cristina de; Santana, Marlucia Cruz de; Silva, Diogo Pedrosa Corrêa da.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of vitrification and droplet vitrification for the cryopreservation of Hancornia speciosa shoot tips. The shoot tips were subjected to four different periods of exposure (15, 30, 45 and 60 min.) to plant vitrification solution 2 (PVS2) before plunging into liquid nitrogen. We evaluated the regrowth of H. speciosa shoot tips that were cryopreserved by the classical vitrification technique and by the droplet vitrification technique. Shoot tips were submitted to different periods of pre-culture (absence, 24 or 48h) in a medium containing 0.3 M sucrose prior to cryopreservation. With a PVS2 exposure period of 60 min., significant differences were observed between the two techniques used in this study with...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 5.00.00.00-4 - ciências agrárias; 2.03.03.00-9 - fisiologia vegetal; Native species; In vitro conservation; Recalcitrant seeds; Plant genetic diversity conservation; Vitrification; Droplet vitrification Conservação in vitro; Criopreservação vegetal.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAgron/article/view/19573
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Estudo da erodibilidade de solo litólico sem cobertura vegetal e sob duas condições de pastagem nativa de caatinga. Infoteca-e
RAMOS, A. D.; MARINHO, H. E..
Foi escolhido para este estudo um Solo Litólico representativo das Areas experimentais do Centro Nacional de Pesquiça de Caprinos e Ovinos Tropicais (CNPCOT). Este grande grupo de solo constitui mais da metade das areas experimentais atualmente em uso e 4 um dos solas que ocorre com grande freqüência nas áreas dos sertões nordestinos, tendo sido mapeado em diversos Estados do Nordeste pelo Serviço Nacional de Levantamento e Conservacão de Solo, antiga Divisão de Pesquisa Pedológica do Ministério da Agricultura (Brasil - M.A., Divisão de Pesquisa Pedológica, 1971 /72 e 73). Para os estudos de pastagem nativa os Solos Litólicos têm particular interesse, uma vez que a pequena profundidade do perfil e condições superficiais de pedregosidade e rochosidade,...
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Solo litólico; Solo de pastagem; Brasil; Região Nordeste; Pasture soils.; Native species; Erosão do solo; Cobertura vegetal; Pastagem nativa; Soil erosion; Brazil; Semiarid soils..
Ano: 1980 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/514887
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Feeding rate for pacu reared in net cages R. Bras. Zootec.
Hilbig,Cleonice Cristina; Boscolo,Wilson Rogério; Feiden,Aldi; Dieterich,Fabiana; Lorenz,Evandro Kleber; Zaminhan,Micheli.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the feeding management of pacu juveniles (P. mesopotamicus) under different feeding rates and its relation with productive performance, body composition and hematological characteristics. A total of 300 fish with initial weight of 84.75±4.52 g were distributed in a completely randomized design composed of four treatments (100, 90, 80 and 70% of feed supply) and five repetitions. The amount of feed was stipulated according to the quantity supplied in the treatment until apparent satiation (100%) of the day before. The decrease in the feeding rate to 70% over satiation apparently improves the apparent feed conversion without harming performance, body composition or biochemical and hematological characteristics of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amount of feed; Feeding management; Intensive aquaculture; Native species.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000700003
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First records of Freshwater Bivalves of Ilha Grande National Park, Paraná, Brazil Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Ragonha,Flávio Henrique; Pinha,Gisele Daiane; Petsch,Danielle Katharine; Mansur,Maria Cristina Dreher; Takeda,Alice Michiyo.
The Ilha Grande National Park, Paraná, Brazil, is located in the Upper Paraná River and has characteristics typical of a floodplains. This protected area includes lagoons connected and disconnected to the Paraná River, although the latter also connect during periods of high water level, thus composing a heterogeneous group of lacustrine environments. The enormous potential the flora and fauna diversities are still little known to the region, as can be seen through benthic invertebrates, inclunding bivalves mollusks. The granulometric composition of these floodplain lagoons was formed mainly by mud and very fine sand. Furthermore, organic matter composition was predominantly of fine particulate. The other abiotic factors differed from lagoons located within...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Floodplains; Lagoons; Native species; Invaders.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212014000100002
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Fruits of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: allying biodiversity conservation and food security Anais da ABC (AABC)
SOUZA,ROBERTA G. DE; DAN,MAURÍCIO L.; DIAS-GUIMARÃES,MARISTELA A.; GUIMARÃES,LORENA A.O.P.; BRAGA,JOÃO MARCELO A..
Abstract Supplying food to growing human populations without depleting natural resources is a challenge for modern human societies. Considering this, the present study has addressed the use of native arboreal species as sources of food for rural populations in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. The aim was to reveal species composition of edible plants, as well as to evaluate the practices used to manage and conserve them. Ethnobotanical indices show the importance of many native trees as local sources of fruits while highlighting the preponderance of the Myrtaceae family. Conservation analysis allowed to identify Campomanesia hirsuta Gardner and Plinia edulis (Vell.) Sobral as being of high Biological Value and Conservation Priority. In spite of that, the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agrodiversity; Myrtaceae; Native species; Quantitative ethnobotany; Sustainable management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652018000703583
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Genetic polymorphism among natural populations of Anacardium humile A. ST-HIL Rev. Bras. Frutic.
Santos,Silvia Correa; Carvalho,Raquel dos Santos; Davide,Livia Maria Chamma.
Abstract The genus Anacardium presents nine species, of these, three have sub-bush size, common in the Cerrado of the Center-West of Brazil. The objective of this work was to evaluate the genetic variability of the species, collected in eleven provenances, using RAPD markers. Genomic DNA from 122 accessions was extracted and amplified with 25 decamer primers. The results indicated polymorphism, ranging from 77.71% to 96.18%. The distribution of genetic diversity among and within populations shows that 27.14% of the variability is found between populations and 37.44% within the populations, suggesting the existence of genetic variability that may be related to the reproductive strategies adopted by the species throughout its evolution. The index of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Genetic variability; Diversity; Native species; Cerrado.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452020000100802
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Growth of cedar seedlings at different substrates PFB - Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira
Oliveira, Lúcio dos Reis; Lima, Sebastião Ferreira de; Lima, Ana Paula Leite de.
The production of native species requires the knowledge of the best substrates and subsequent initial growth of these seedlings. This work aimed to evaluate the initial growth cedar seedlings (Cedrela fissilis Vell.) in different substrates and their initial establishment in field. The experiment was conducted in two stages. The first was conducted in nursery in a randomized block design with four replications. Each plot consisted of four seedlings in plastic bags. The treatments consisted of eight different substrates: T1 (sand+ soil+manure 1:1:1), T2 (sand+soil+Plantmax 1:1:1), T3 (soil+manure 1:1), T4 (soil+Plantmax® 1:1), T5 (soil+manure 2:1), T6 (soil+Plantmax 2:1), T7 (soil+sand 1:1) and T8 (soil). Plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Forest Resources; Silviculture Sexual propagation; Native species; Organic compounds Recursos Florestais; Silvicultura Propagação sexuada; Espécies nativas; Compostos orgânicos.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://pfb.cnpf.embrapa.br/pfb/index.php/pfb/article/view/605
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Harmonia axyridis: a threat to Brazilian Coccinellidae? Rev. Bras. entomol.
Martins,Camila B. C.; Almeida,Lúcia M.; Zonta-de-Carvalho,Regina C.; Castro,Camila F.; Pereira,Rosylaine A..
Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) is a polyphagous Asian species, well-known as a classical biological control agent of aphids around the world, introduced probably accidentally in Brazil, sampled for the first time in 2002. It is an important intraguild predator, competing for food with native coccinellids. It was studied H. axyridis alimentary sources and host plants, its abundance compared with native and established species, the influence of abiotic factors and the seasons over the abundance of H. axyridis throughout one year, and discussed the mechanisms which influence the displacement of species. Harmonia axyridis was found in 38 plant species, among them 20 were new records, feeding on 20 aphid species, eight of them new...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aphididae; Intraguild predation; Invasive species; Native species.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0085-56262009000400018
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Initial growth of Schizolobium parahybae in Brazilian Cerrado soil under liming and mineral fertilization AGRIAMBI
Coneglian,Ademilson; Ribeiro,Pedro H. P.; Melo,Bruno S.; Pereira,Rennan F.; Dorneles Junior,Joáz.
ABSTRACT High prices and the scarcity of hardwoods require the use of alternative wood sources, such as the Guapuruvu (Schizolobium parahybae), an arboreal species native to the Atlantic Forest, which has fast growth and high market potential. However, there is no information on its cultivation in the Brazilian Cerrado. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the contribution of mineral fertilization and liming in a Cerrado soil on the initial growth of Schizolobium parahybae. The experiment was set in a randomized block design, with 4 treatments (Cerrado soil; soil + liming; soil + fertilizer; and soil + fertilizer + liming) and 15 replicates. The following variables were analyzed: plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves, total, shoot, leaf, root and stem...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Guapuruvu; Native species; Timber potential.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662016001000908
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Morphological Aspects of Seeds and Seedlings of Jacarandá-da-Bahia PFB - Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira
Rego, Gizelda Maia; Possamai, Edilberto.
The paper objective was to describe and to illustrate the external and internal morphologic aspects of the seed, the germination process external aspects and seedlings phases of jacarandá- da- bahia (Dalbergia nigra VELLOZO) Fr. All. Ex. Bentham Leguminoseae- Papilionoidae). It was found that seed have tegument of bright medium brown color, with kidney shape and symmetricaless form of 7,0 mm to 10,0 mm of length for 5,9 mm to 8,8 mm of width; germination epigeous phanerocotylar, free of tegument, and occur at 30 days after sowing. Seedlings with opposing follicles, of herbaceous consistency and green clear color, with about 1,2 cm of length for 0,8 cm of width. Observations on the seeds internal and external morphology, allied to the ones made on the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dalbergia nigra; Native species; Brazil Dalbergia nigra; Espécie nativa.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://pfb.cnpf.embrapa.br/pfb/index.php/pfb/article/view/219
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Morphometric increase of tree species submitted to fertilization with swine wastewater Sci. Agrar.Paran. / SAP
Pellá, Matheus Galdioli; Araújo, Gabriel Viana de; Cordeiro, Juliano.
Swine is an important exploration of Paraná’s cattle raising, promoting the generation of employment and income in rural areas, however, it generates large amounts of solid and liquid residues. Based on these considerations, the objective of this work was to analyze the development of native tree species submitted to fertilization with swine wastewater. Four native tree species were selected: Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan (Fabaceae), Astronium graveolens Jacq. (Anacardiaceae), Cordia trichotoma (Vell.) Arráb. ex Steud (Boraginaceae) and Heliocarpus popayanensis Kunth (Malvaceae). The applied doses of wastewater had been of 0, 25 and 50 m3 ha-1. They were applied every two months, adding up a total of 6 applications and the measured morphometric...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dejection correct destination; Native species; Organic fertilization..
Ano: 2018 URL: http://e-revista.unioeste.br/index.php/scientiaagraria/article/view/20131
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