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Registros recuperados: 13
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Assessing the Consequences of Natural Disasters on Production Networks: A Disaggregated Approach AgEcon
Henriet, Fanny; Hallegatte, Stephane.
This article proposes a framework to investigate the consequences of natural disasters. This framework is based on the disaggregation of Input-Output tables at the business level, through the representation of the regional economy as a network of production units. This framework accounts for (i) limits in business production capacity; (ii) forward propagations through input shortages; and (iii) backward propagations through decreases in demand. Adaptive behaviors are included, with the possibility for businesses to replace failed suppliers, entailing changes in the network structure. This framework suggests that disaster costs depend on the heterogeneity of losses and on the structure of the affected economic network. The model reproduces economic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Natural disasters; Economic impacts; Economic Network; Production Economics; D20; Q54; R15.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46657
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Determinants of Participation in a Catastrophe Insurance Programme: Empirical Evidence from a Developing Country AgEcon
Akter, Sonia; Brouwer, Roy; Chowdhury, Saria; Aziz, Salina.
The paper presents empirical evidence of the determinants of catastrophe insurance participation in one of the poorest and most disaster prone countries in the world. In a large-scale household survey carried out in 2006 we ask 3,000 residents in six different districts in Bangladesh facing various environmental risk exposure levels about their willingness to participate in a catastrophe insurance programme. Combining factors put forward in risk theory and economics, we estimate a model of insurance participation. We show that the household decision to participate in the insurance programme differs depending on both exogenous and endogenous risk exposure levels. As predicted by micro-economic theory, ability to pay, measured in terms of household income...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Natural disasters; Catastrophe; Insurance; Participation; Risk; Bangladesh; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Development; Risk and Uncertainty; Q54.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/5984
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Disaster Risk, Social Vulnerability and Economic Development AgEcon
Ward, Patrick S.; Shively, Gerald E..
We examine the extent to which economic development reduces both a country's disaster risk and its social vulnerability to climate-related disasters. Global climate change is expected to increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as droughts, floods, and various types of storms. Moreover, the effects of these extreme weather events are expected to be borne disproportionately in areas of the world already challenged by underdevelopment. We find that the ability of economic development to reduce disaster risk depends on a country's income level; additional income becomes less effective in reducing disaster risk as countries become wealthier. We find that, conditional on a disaster occurring, higher incomes generally reduce a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Natural disasters; Climate change; Economic development; Vulnerability; International Development; Political Economy; I3; Q5; O2.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102984
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Do Natural Disasters Affect Trust/Trustworthiness? Evidence from the 2010 Chilean Earthquake AgEcon
Fleming, David A.; Chong, Alberto E.; Bejarano, Hernan D..
A series of trust games were conducted in Chile to analyze whether the past 2010 earthquake affected trust and trustworthiness in rural communities. Results show that trust levels are invariant between villages affected by the earthquake and villages not affected by this shock (control group). However, we find statistical evidence that trustworthiness has diminished in areas affected by the earthquake. Results are relevant for policy regarding aid and recovery of communities affected by these types of disasters.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trust games; Natural disasters; Trustworthiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development; C93; O13.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104522
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Ecosystem Services and Abrupt Transformations in a Coastal Wetland Social-Ecological System: Tubul-Raqui after the 2010 Earthquake in Chile Ecology and Society
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Natural disasters; Perceptions; Transformations; Well-being.
Ano: 2014
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Effects of Educational Attainment on Climate Risk Vulnerability Ecology and Society
Patt, Anthony G; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria; patt@iiasa.ac.at.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Education; Natural disasters; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2013
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Exposure of Bangladeshi rice farmers to early flood risk International Rice Research Institute
Shankar, B..
p.60-61
Palavras-chave: Farmers; Floods; Natural disasters; Risk assessment; Simulation models; Altitude; Geographical information systems; Precision agriculture; Bangladesh.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1273
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Food Security and Nutrition in Bangladesh: Progress and Determinants AgEcon
Hossain, Mahabub; Naher, Firdousi; Shahabuddin, Quazi.
For Bangladesh food security was synonymous with achieving self-sufficiency in rice production and stabilization in rice prices. The country has made good progress in increasing rice production through technological progress, facilitated by private sector investment in small scale irrigation. But, it is difficult to sustain the progress made in view of the growing pressure of population on scarce land resources. Domestic food grain production remains susceptible to floods and droughts thereby perpetuating the threat of major production shortfalls, inadequate food availability, and vulnerability from fluctuation in prices. The availability of other foods has not increased, and the progress in nutritional outcome has remained slow. Forty percent of the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Bangladesh; Food security; Nutrition; Poverty; Safety nets; Natural disasters; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/110131
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Household Consumption and Natural Disasters: The Case of Hurricane Mitch in Nicaragua AgEcon
van den Berg, Marrit; Burger, Kees.
This paper analyses coping strategies and consumption reactions of rural households in Nicaragua to hurricane Mitch, which caused massive losses in especially the agricultural sector in 1998. A switching-regression model confirms theoretical considerations which indicate that responses to transitory incomes depend on wealth. Asset-poor households do and asset-rich households do not adjust their consumption to transitory income changes.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Natural disasters; Assets; Consumption smoothing; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44380
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Is Education a Key to Reducing Vulnerability to Natural Disasters and hence Unavoidable Climate Change? Ecology and Society
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Differential vulnerability; Education; Human capital; Natural disasters.
Ano: 2014
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Natural Disasters in a Two-Sector Model of Endogenous Growth AgEcon
Horii, Ryo; Ikefuji, Masako.
This paper studies sustainability of economic growth considering the risk of natural disasters caused by pollution in an endogenous growth model with physical and human capital accumulation. It is shown that economic growth is sustainable only if the tax rate on the polluting input is increased over time and that the long-term rate of economic growth follows an inverted V-shaped curve relative to the growth rate of the environmental tax. The social welfare is maximized under a positive steady-state growth in which faster accumulation of human capital compensates the productivity loss due to declining use of the polluting input.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Natural disasters; Human capital; Endogenous depreciation; Economic growth; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; O41; O13; E22.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97337
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Poverty reduction through improved agricultural water management; Proceedings of the Workshop on Pro-poor Intervention Strategies in Irrigated Agriculture in Asia Islamabad, Pakistan, 23-24 April 2003 AgEcon
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Water management; Irrigated farming; Poverty; Food security; Households; Income; Drought; Forest policy; Natural disasters; Land ownership; Groundwater; Water market; Water balance; Legislation; Tube wells; Institutional development; Crop production; Wages; Economic aspects; Tillage; Water harvesting; Public policy; Surface water; Labor; Exports; Public sector; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118414
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Tsunami impacts on shallow groundwater and associated water supply on the East Coast of Sri Lanka: a post-tsunami well recovery support initiative and an assessment of groundwater salinity in three areas of Batticaloa and Ampara Districts AgEcon
Villholth, K.G.; Amerasinghe, Priyani H.; Jeyakumar, P.; Panabokke, Christopher Rajendra; Woolley, Olivia; Weerasinghe, M.D.; Amalraj, N.; Prathepaan, S.; Burgi, N.; Lionelrathne, D.M.D.S.; Indrajith, N.G.; Pathirana, S.R.K..
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Groundwater; Aquifers; Salinity; Natural disasters; Water supply; Drinking water; Wells; Rehabilitation; Mosquitoes; Disease vectors; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118303
Registros recuperados: 13
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