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Atlas of Organics: Four maps of the world of organic agriculture Organic Eprints
Paull, John; Hennig, Benjamin.
This paper presents four maps of the world of organic agriculture. Density equalising maps (cartograms) have previously been published of the world of organic agriculture based on the reported hectares of certified organically managed agriculture land. The four maps in the present atlas of organic agriculture are visual presentations of current global organics data: (a) certified organic agriculture hectares; (b) certified organic wildculture hectares; (c) total certified organic production hectares (organic agriculture plus wildculture plus forestry plus aquaculture); (d) certified organic producers. Australia dominates in the world map of the organic agriculture hectares, Europe is strongly represented, and Africa is weakly represented. Finland dominates...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems; Africa; Asia; Australia; China; European Union; India; Latin America; North America; United Kingdom; United States; World; Knowledge management; Europe.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30187/1/PaullHennig2016.OAMaps.pdf
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Biodiversity, Urban Areas, and Agriculture: Locating Priority Ecoregions for Conservation Ecology and Society
Ricketts, Taylor; World Wildlife Fund; taylor.ricketts@wwfus.org; Imhoff, Marc; NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center; mimhoff@LTPmail.gsfc.nasa.gov.
Urbanization and agriculture are two of the most important threats to biodiversity worldwide. The intensities of these land-use phenomena, however, as well as levels of biodiversity itself, differ widely among regions. Thus, there is a need to develop a quick but rigorous method of identifying where high levels of human threats and biodiversity coincide. These areas are clear priorities for biodiversity conservation. In this study, we combine distribution data for eight major plant and animal taxa (comprising over 20,000 species) with remotely sensed measures of urban and agricultural land use to assess conservation priorities among 76 terrestrial ecoregions in North America. We combine the species data into overall indices of richness and endemism. We...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: North America; Agriculture; Biodiversity; Conservation; Conservation priorities; Ecoregions; Endemism; Human land use; Species richness; Threats to biodiversity; Urbanization.
Ano: 2003
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Causes and Extent of Declines among Native North American Invertebrate Pollinators: Detection, Evidence, and Consequences Ecology and Society
Cane, James H; USDA-ARS; jcane@biology.usu.edu; Tepedino, Vincent J; USDA-ARS; andrena@biology.usu.edu.
Ecosystem health and agricultural wealth in North America depend on a particular invertebrate fauna to deliver pollination services. Extensive losses in pollinator guilds and communities can disrupt ecosystem integrity, a circumstance that today forces most farmers to rely on honey bees for much fruit and seed production. Are North America's invertebrate pollinator faunas already widely diminished or currently threatened by human activities? How would we know, what are the spatiotemporal scales for detection, and which anthropogenic factors are responsible? Answers to these questions were considered by participants in a workshop sponsored by the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis in October of 1999, and these questions form the nucleus...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Apiformes; Apoidea; Insecta; Conservation; Diversity; Land-use change; Native invertebrate pollinators; North America; Pollination; Pollinator declines.
Ano: 2001
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COMMENTS ON THE STRUCTURAL CONVERGENCE HYPOTHESIS AgEcon
Connor, John M..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market convergence; Food systems; North America; European Union; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25952
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CONVERGENCE IN U.S. AND E.U. FOOD SYSTEMS? THE CASE OF FOOD CONSUMPTION AgEcon
Traill, W. Bruce.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food consumption; European Union; Market convergence; North America; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25949
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How game changers catalyzed, disrupted, and incentivized social innovation: three historical cases of nature conservation, assimilation, and women’s rights Ecology and Society
Westley, Frances R.; Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience, University of Waterloo; School for Environment, Enterprise and Development, University of Waterloo; fwestley@uwaterloo.ca; McGowan, Katharine A.; Bissett School of Business, Mount Royal College, Calgary, Alberta; kmcgowan@mtroyal.ca; Antadze, Nino; Department of Environmental Studies, Bucknell University; na011@bucknell.edu; Blacklock, Jaclyn; University of Waterloo; jblacklo@uwaterloo.ca; Tjornbo, Ola; Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience, University of Waterloo; ola.tjornbo@gmail.com.
We explore the impact of “game changers” on the dynamics of innovation over time in three problem domains, that of wilderness protection, women’s rights, and assimilation of indigenous children in Canada. Taking a specifically historical and cross-scale approach, we look at one social innovation in each problem domain. We explore the origins and history of the development of the National Parks in the USA, the legalization of contraception in the USA and Canada, and the residential school system in Canada. Based on a comparison of these cases, we identify three kinds of game changers, those that catalyze social innovation, which we define as “seminal,” those that disrupt the continuity of social...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Complexity; Game changers; Innovation; North America; Social innovation; Transformative change.
Ano: 2016
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Key results from the FiBL survey on organic agriculture worldwide 2017: Key data, crops, regions Organic Eprints
Lernoud, Julia; Willer, Helga.
The 3 presentations summarize the key results of the FiBL survey on organic agriculture worldwide 2017 (data 2015). Apart from the global data, key results on crop and on regional data are presented. More information is available at www.organic-world.net The following three presentations are available at http://www.organic-world.net/yearbook/yearbook2017/slide-presentations.html : Part 1: Global data 2015 and survey background Part 2: Land use and key crops in organic agriculture 2015 Part 3: Organic agriculture in the regions 2015
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Africa; European Union; Latin America; North America; World; Europe.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31424/7/fibl-2017-global-data-2015.pdf
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North American Dipteran Pollinators: Assessing Their Value and Conservation Status Ecology and Society
Kearns, Carol Ann; University of Colorado at Boulder; kearnsca@rtt.colorado.edu.
Recent attention to pollinator declines has focused largely on bees and vertebrates. However, few pollination systems are obligate, and pollinators that complement the role of bees may respond differently to environmental disturbance. The conservation status of North American fly pollinators remains undocumented. In this paper, methods for monitoring shifts in dipteran pollinator abundance are discussed. The need for further basic research into pollination by flies is addressed, and the significance of dipteran conservation is considered.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Anthophilous flies; Anthropogenic disturbance; Conservation; Diptera; Dipteran conservation; Generalist pollinators; North America; Pollination; Pollinator declines; Population fluctuation; Redundant pollination systems.
Ano: 2001
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Paleozoic cumaceans (Crustacea, Malacostraca, Peracarida) from North America Naturalis
Schram, Frederick R.; Hof, Cees H.J.; Mapes, Royal H.; Snowdon, Polly.
Thiee new species of malacostracans are described from North America in the Upper Mississippian Into Formation of Arkansas, and the Pennsylvanian Eudora Shale of southeastern Kansas. These appear to be the oldest fossils attributed to the Cumacea and are only the third collection of fossil cumaceans anywhere to be described. Previously depicted forms occur in the Permian and Jurassic of Europe. We herein double the number of described fossil cumacean species and suggest some necessary adjustments to the higher taxonomy of the group to accommodate apomorphic features of the fossil and Recent forms.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Cumacea; North America; Paleozoic; Peracarida.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/534300
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Papers presented at the Session "Global Organic Market Overview" Organic Eprints
Luttikholt, Louise; Batcha, Laura; Willer, Helga; Xing, Jianping; Flores, Patricia; Menon, Manoj; Sahota, Amarjit.
The global organic market develops dynamically. Organic 3.0 postulates further growth, inclusiveness and rientation towards a more differentiated sustainability products market. At this session, the market information from the IFOAM – Organics International/FiBL statistics book was deepened to reflect about trends and strategic market positioning.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Africa; Asia; Latin America; North America; World; Europe.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/34608/1/Amudavi-2019-Biofach-2019.pdf
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Remarks on the biogeography of land invasions RChHN
RAPOPORT,EDUARDO H..
The percentage of exotic plant species (PES) at large geographic scales is presented in form of political maps (Texas and North America) and of isoline maps (Great Britain). In the latter case it is possible to visualize that higher proportions of alien invaders are present in urban and industrial areas as well as in maritime ports rather than in agricultural lands. Consequently, it is possible to predict that the ratio of urban to agricultural species will continue to increase in the future. Based on a survey of 200 world floras, a multiple regression analysis is presented in order to determine the importance of different factors in the yield of PES values. The contribution to the total variance was: disturbance degree 55 %; total species richness 14%;...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Invasions; Dispersal rates; Cosmopolitanism; Great Britain; North America; Texas.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2000000200012
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Rural Development and the Declining Coherence of Rural Policy: An American and Canadian Perspective AgEcon
Freshwater, David.
Rural development policy in North America has moved from a position of national importance to one of marginality as Canada and the United States grew. While rural policy and agricultural policy are no longer synonymous there is no firm consensus on what national governments should play. While national governments can operate effective commodity based policy they are less capable of managing people based policies and quite weak in operating place based policy. However as rural communities evolve in a variety of ways, it is the latter two types of policy that are most useful. Moreover social change has resulted in broad public policy being more concerned with the “ecological function” of rural areas and less concerned with the economic and social well-being...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural policy; North America; Local development; Policy coherence; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42314
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Status and future of molluscan pathology in North America ArchiMer
Elston, R.
Serious diseases have plagued the North American oyster industry for at least 75 years. These include Malpeque Bay disease, M.S.X. disease, perkinsiosis, nocardiosis, oyster velar virus disease and others. Some of these diseases have proven intractable since they are caused by infectious agents which have not yet been transmitted in the laboratory or which cannot yet be cultivated outside of the host animal. The increased importance of aquaculture of these species and the advent of modern molecular technologies in biology have provided both the impetus and the means to now advance the science of molluscan pathology.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: North America; Viruses; Viral diseases; Mollusc culture.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/acte-1475.pdf
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The Dakoticancridae (Decapoda, Brachyura) from the Late Cretaceous of North America and Mexico Naturalis
Bishop, G.A.; Feldmann, R.M.; Vega, F..
The podotrematous crab family Dakoticancridae includes four genera: Dakoticancer Rathbun, Tetracarcinus Weller, Avitelmessus Rathbun, and Seorsus Bishop, all known solely from the Late Cretaceous of North America. Lathelicocarcinus Bishop, originally referred to the family, must be reassigned. Fine details of anatomy, preserved on specimens of D. overanus Rathbun and A. grapsoideus Rathbun, permit description of genital openings and interpretation of functional morphology of appendages. Although one species, D. australis Rathbun, has been found associated with burrow structures, all were probably vagrant epifaunal animals on fine- to medium-grained siliciclastic substrata. Food was probably obtained by generalized low-level predation and scavenging....
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Dakoticancridae; Brachyura; Paleobiology; Paleobiogeography; Late Cretaceous; North America; Mexico; Taxonomy; Cladistics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/534324
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The potential distribution of invading Helicoverpa armigera in North America: Is it just a matter of time? Repositório Alice
KRITICOS, D. J.; OTA, N.; HUTCHISON, W. D.; BEDDOW, J.; WALSH, T.; TAY, W. T.; BORCHERT, D. M.; MORAES, S. V. de P.; CZEPAK, C.; ZALUCKI, M. P..
Helicoverpa armigera has recently invaded South and Central America, and appears to be spreading rapidly. We update a previously developed potential distribution model to highlight the global invasion threat, with emphasis on the risks to the United States. The continued range expansion of H. armigera in Central America is likely to change the invasion threat it poses to North America qualitatively, making natural dispersal from either the Caribbean islands or Mexico feasible. To characterise the threat posed by H. armigera, we collated the value of the major host crops in the United States growing within its modelled potential range, including that area where it could expand its range during favourable seasons. We found that the annual value of crops that...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Armadilha de luz; América do Norte; Lepidoptero; Resistência a pesticida; Planta hospedeira; Helicoverpa armigera; Lepidoptera; Insecticide resistence; Host plants; Light traps; North America.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1035996
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The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends 2013 Organic Eprints
The 14th edition of The World of Organic Agriculture documents recent developments in global organic agriculture. It includes contributions from representatives of the organic sector from throughout the world and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover surface area under organic management, specific information about land use in organic systems, numbers of farms and other operator types as well as selected market data. The book also contains information on the global market for organic food, the latest developments in organic certification, information on standards and regulations as well as insights into current and emerging trends for organic agriculture in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America and Oceania. In...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Africa; Asia; European Union; North America; World.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25188/1/1606-organic-world-2013.pdf
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The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends 2014 Organic Eprints
Organic agriculture is practiced in 164 countries, and more than 37.5 million hectares of agricultural land are managed organically by 1.9 million farmers. The global sales of organic food and drink reached almost 64 billion US dollars in 2012. The 15th edition of The World of Organic Agriculture documents recent developments in global organic agriculture. It includes contributions from representatives of the organic sector from throughout the world and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover surface area under organic management, specific information about land use in organic systems, numbers of farms and other operator types as well as selected market data.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Africa; Asia; Latin America; North America; World; Europe.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/25172/1/willer-lernoud-2014-world-of-organic.pdf
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The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends 2015 Organic Eprints
This book documents recent developments in organic agriculture worldwide and presents the latest data on organic areas, producers and domestic markets.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Africa; Asia; Australia; Canada; European Union; North America; United States; World.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28168/1/willer-lernoud-2015-master-document-PDF.pdf
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The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends 2016 Organic Eprints
The 17th edition of The World of Organic Agriculture, published by the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) and IFOAM – Organics International, provides a comprehensive review of recent developments in global organic agriculture. It includes contributions from representatives of the organic sector from throughout the world and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover area under organic management, specific information about land use in organic systems, numbers of farms and other operator types as well as selected market data. The book also contains information on the global market for organic food, information on standards and regulations, organic policy, as well as insights into current and emerging trends in organic...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Africa; Asia; Australia; Latin America; North America; United States; World; Europe.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/31151/1/willer-lernoud-2016-world-of-organic.pdf
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The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends 2017 Organic Eprints
The 18th edition of The World of Organic Agriculture, published by the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) and IFOAM – Organics International, provides a comprehensive review of recent developments in global organic agriculture. It includes contributions from representatives of the organic sector around the world and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover the area under organic management, specific information about land use in organic systems, the number of farms and other operator types, and selected market data.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Africa; Asia; Australia; Latin America; North America; United States; World; Europe.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/34568/7/willer-lernoud-2017-02-12-v1-4.pdf
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