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Registros recuperados: 96
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A comparison of the economic and environmental performances of conventional and organic farming: evidence from financial statements AgEcon
Argiles, Josep M.; Brown, Nestor Duch.
While conventional farming systems face serious problems of sustainability, organic agriculture is seen as a more environmentally friendly system since it favours renewable resources, recycles nutrients, uses the environment’s own systems for controlling pests and diseases, sustains ecosystems, protects soils, and reduces pollution. At the same time organic farming promotes animal welfare, the use of natural foodstuffs, product diversity and the avoidance of waste, among other practices. However, the future of organic agriculture will depend on its economic viability and on the determination shown by governments to protect these practices. This paper performs panel regressions with a sample of Catalan farms (Spain) to test the influence of organic farming...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Conventional farming; Social/environmental/financial performance; Social and environmental accounting; Agribusiness; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Q01; Q12; Q51; M41.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118577
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A MAGYAR ÖKOTERMELÉS ÁTTEKINTÉSE AgEcon
Gyarmati, Gabor.
A hazai ökológiai gazdálkodás növekedési pályára állt az ezredforduló táján, de 2004-től a vállalkozások számának és az ökológiai művelés alá vont területek nagyságának növekedési mértéke csökkent, majd visszaesés következett be. Az ökológiai termelést végző vállalkozások nagy része jó adottságokkal rendelkező nagygazdaság, amelyek párhuzamos termelést folytatnak, és olyan elkötelezett kisvállalkozás, amelyek gazdasági súlya nem jelentős. Egyes rossz adottságú gazdaságok földjeiket átállítják ökológiai státuszra, a támogatás végett. A műve-lési ágak között nagyobb a gyep (rét, legelő, 53,6%) és alacsonyabb a szántó (26,4%) aránya. A gyepterületek könnyen átminősíthetők ökológiai területté, vi-szont gazdasági értékük nem jelentős. A vetésszerkezetben a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Ökológiai gazdálkodás; Támogatás; Hazai-és xportpiac; Subsidies; Domestic and export market; Organic farming; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57645
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A Multifunctional Comparison of Conventional versus Alternative Olive Systems in Spain by Using AHP AgEcon
Parra-Lopez, Carlos; Calatrava-Requena, Javier.
Sustainability of agriculture is strongly related to the multifunctional role implicitly or explicitly recognized to it in the framework of the European Union CAP. This multifunctional role entails a multicriteria approach when assessing the performance and value for society of farming systems. Multicriteria assessment of agricultural systems is characterized by the existence of many criteria often conflicting among then, many stakeholders and decision-makers with competing interests, and lack of information. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a multicriteria methodology that allows dealing with these problems, in a relatively easy, flexible and economical manner, and therefore it is a potentially useful tool in this field, although its application with...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Integrated farming; Olive-growing systems; AHP; Multicriteria analysis.; Crop Production/Industries; Q50; Q57; Q51; Q56; C6.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25417
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Adoption and Abandonment of Organic Farming: An Empirical Investigation of the Irish Drystock Sector AgEcon
Lapple, Doris; Donnellan, Trevor.
The adoption and possible abandonment of organic farming has yet received little attention in the literature. As time plays an important role in explaining farming decisions, a dynamic econometric framework, namely duration analysis, is used. The probability of entry to and exit of the organic drystock sector is modeled considering a wide range of economic and non‐economic factors. Organic support payments emerge as important driving factor of adoption over time. The empirical results also highlight the importance of environmental and risk attitudes, farming experience as well as influence of other organic farmers on the probability to adopt organic farming; whereas decisions to abandon organic farming appear to be mainly driven by economic and structural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Abandonment; Organic farming; Duration analysis; Economic and non‐economic factors.; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51062
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Agricultural Technology Choices for Poor Farmers in Less-Favored Areas of South and East Asia AgEcon
Pender, John L..
During the past several decades dramatic improvement has occurred in agricultural productivity and livelihoods in South and East Asia, stimulated by the Green Revolution and supported by several other factors. Nevertheless, hundreds of millions of rural people in less-favored environments of this region still live in poverty and received limited benefit from the Green Revolution. To address these problems, alternative technological approaches to the conventional Green Revolution technologies are being advocated to address the problems of poor farmers in less-favored areas of Asia, including low external input and sustainable agricultural approaches, organic agriculture and biotechnology. This paper reviews the literature on agricultural technology options...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural technologies; Low-external input and sustainable agriculture; Organic farming; Biotechnology; Less favored areas; Rural poverty; South and East Asia; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42404
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Analysis of socio-economic aspects of local and national organic farming markets; final report for Defra AgEcon
Lobley, Matt; Butler, Allan J.; Courtney, Paul; Ilbery, Brian; Kirwan, James; Maye, Damian; Potter, Clive; Winter, Michael.
The purpose of this study was to take a fresh look at the nature of organic production, consumption and marketing in England and Wales in order to better assess its current and likely contribution to rural development and its ability to meet consumer expectations. Based on a mixed methodological approach the study consulted with 2,300 individuals to reveal a complex and multi-dimensional sector with a highly committed consumer base. The research aimed to describe and account for: (1)The socio-economic impacts of the organic farm supply chains on rural development; (2)The extent to which organic food delivers consumer expectations; and (3) The barriers affecting conversion to organic farming and expansion of existing organic farms. The research reported...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Organic markets; Organic farming; Organic consumers; Rural Economy; Multiplier Analysis; Simple Value Chains; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90374
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Are Organic Farmers Really Better Off Than Conventional Farmers? AgEcon
Hiroki, Uematsu; Mishra, Ashok K..
We employed the propensity score matching and estimated the causal effect of being certified organic crop producers on farm household income and its various components in the United States. Contrary to the standard assumption in economic analysis, certified organic farmers do not earn significantly higher household income than conventional farmers. Certified organic crop producers earn higher revenue but they incur higher production expenses. In particular, certified organic producers spend significantly more on labor expenses, insurance payments, and marketing charges than conventional farmers. The results suggest that early adopters of organic farmers have done so for non pecuniary reasons and the lack of economic incentives can be an important barrier...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Propensity score matching; Nearest neighbor matching; Average treatment effect; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Marketing; Q10; Q13; J43; C21.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103862
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Assessing the Technical and Allocative Efficiency of Marketing Decisions by U.S. Organic Producers AgEcon
Lohr, Luanne; Park, Timothy A..
We develop measures of technical and allocative efficiency of producers in marketing certified organic products. A stochastic output distance frontier and the associated revenue share equations are estimated using comprehensive U.S. data on certified organic producers. Farm-level measures of technical efficiency are calculated and factors which enhance performance are identified. Factors that systematically influence allocative efficiency are assessed. The revenue mix of organic producers is systematically inefficient as both male and female producers rely too heavily on revenue from organic markets relative to conventional outlets.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Stochastic frontier; Technical efficiency; Allocative efficiency; Farm Management; Marketing; D21; C31; Q01.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103365
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Assessing the Technical and Allocative Efficiency of U.S. Organic Producers AgEcon
Park, Timothy A.; Lohr, Luanne.
We develop measures of technical and allocative efficiency of producers in marketing certified organic products. A stochastic output distance frontier and the associated revenue share equations are estimated using comprehensive U.S. data on certified organic producers. Farm-level measures of technical efficiency are calculated and factors that enhance performance are identified. Factors that systematically influence allocative efficiency are assessed. The revenue mix of organic producers is systematically inefficient as both male and female producers rely too heavily on revenue from organic markets relative to conventional outlets.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Stochastic frontier; Technical and allocative efficiency; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Marketing; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; D21; C31; Q01.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90678
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Assessment of sustainability in organic and conventional farms in Tunisia: The case of olive-growing farms in the region of Sfax AgEcon
Laajimi, Abderraouf; Ben Nasr, J.; Guesmi, Anis.
This research has been carried out to study the sustainability of the Tunisian olive-growing farms and to compare the sustainability level of organic with conventional farms. A survey was conducted with 62 olive growers in the region of Sfax in Tunisia. First, a diagnosis of the situation of the farms was undertaken comparing between organic and conventional farms. Second, an empirical analysis was achieved to asses the sustainability of organic farms versus conventional farms following the French “IDEA” method developed by Vilain [1] 1. The “IDEA” indicators showed a greater ranking for the organic farms. The analysis indicated the sustainability of organic farming on the three scales adopted; ecological scale, through the soil fertility and reduction of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sustainability; Organic farming; Tunisia; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44463
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Az ökológiai gazdálkodás hatékonysági kérdései AgEcon
Alvincz, Jozsef; Koltai, Judit Petra.
Az életszínvonal emelkedésével egyre nagyobb hangsúlyt kap az egészséges táplálkozás, és ugyanakkor a mezőgazdasági termelésben jelentkező árutöbbletek kitörési pontok keresésére ösztönzik a gazdálkodókat, így az ökológiai gazdálkodás a mezőgazdaságban tevékenykedők egy csoportjának teljes, illetve részbeni megélhetési alapul szolgálhat. 2005-től azonban jelentős visszaesés tapasztalható mind az ökológiai termelésbe vont terület nagyságát, mind az ökológiai gazdaságok számát tekintve, a gazdálkodók egy része ugyanis különféle más integrált programokba kapcsoló¬dott a kedvezőbb feltételek és a magasabb támogatási összegek miatt. Az egyes gazdaságtípusok esetében a birtokméret tekintetében szignifikáns különbség alapvetően nem állapítható meg. Mindez...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Ökológiai gazdálkodás; Munkaerő-állomány; Bruttó termelési érték; Költség; Hatékonyság; Organic farming; Employed staff; Gross production value; Cost; Efficiency; Agribusiness; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92477
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Biodiversity provides whitefly biological control based on farm management. Repositório Alice
TOGNI, P. H. B.; VENZON, M.; SOUZA, L. M. de; SANTOS, J. P. C. R.; SUJII, E. R..
bitstream/item/196156/1/Togni2019-Article-BiodiversityProvidesWhiteflyBi.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Conservation biological control; Organic farming; Ecological pest management; Bemisia Tabaci; Agroecology; Predators.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1108414
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Can multicriteria assessment tools help build trust into organic products? Ecology and Society
Freyer, Bernhard; University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU); bernhard.freyer@boku.ac.at; Bingen, Jim; Michigan State University, USA; bingen@msu.edu; Paxton, Rebecca; University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU); Rebecca.Paxton@boku.ac.at.
In a continuously expanding, globalizing, and industrializing organic market, organic consumers confront increasing complexity in organic product representation, labeling, and information that challenges how they build trust in organic products. We present a conceptual framework to analyze how consumers might build and practice trust in the organic agrifood chain. We asked specifically about the role of multicriteria assessment tools (MCATs) for trust building. We identified three consumer trust types: uninformed trust in labels (type 1); informed trust in extensive information, control, and certification (type 2); and informed and engaged trust in forms of close farmer–consumer relationships (type 3). Three concepts of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Ethics; Governance; Multicriteria assessment tools; Organic farming; Reflexivity; Reflectivity; Systems thinking; Trust.
Ano: 2014
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Cobertura morta com pseudocaule de bananeira em cultivo irrigado de videira: I. Efeitos sobre o solo. Repositório Alice
GOMES, T.C. de A.; SILVA, J.A.M. e..
2001
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Uva; Videira; Irrigacao; Manejo do solo; Cobertura morta; Efeito; Agricultura organica; Solo arenoso; Brasil; Submedio Sao Francisco; Grapes; Irrigation; Soil management; Sandy soils; Mulching; Organic farming; Brazil.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/134463
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Cobertura morta com pseudocaule de bananeira em cultivo irrigado de videira: II. Efeitos sobre a nutricao das plantas. Repositório Alice
GOMES, T.C. de A.; SILVA, J.A.M. e..
2001
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Uva; Videira; Irrigacao; Agricultura organica; Cobertura morta; Solo arenoso; Manejo do solo; Nutricao de planta; Brasil; Submedio Sao Francisco; Grapes; Irrigation; Organic farming; Mulching; Sandy soils; Soil management; Plant nutrition; Brazil.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/134465
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Comparative Performance of Organic, Conventional, and Integrated Producers in New Zealand AgEcon
Greer, Glen; Kaye-Blake, William; Hunt, Lesley.
The Agriculture Research Group on Sustainability (ARGOS) monitors a wide ange of environmental, social, economic and management parameters on matched cohorts of organic, conventional and integrated farms in the sheep/beef and kiwifruit sectors. Over six years significant differences have been found in farm costs and revenues between management systems, but few differences have been identified between management systems in “bottom-line” indicators of profitability, and there is greater variability within cohorts than between them. Regrouping of the properties according to farmer typologies does, however, result in the identification of some significant differences in economic outcomes between different “types” of farmers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Economic performance; Organic farming; Management system; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97160
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Constraints of organic vegetable production in northeast Thailand Thai Agricultural
Shimul Mondal; Theerachai Haitook; Arunee Promkhambut; Faisal, AH Md. Amir; Pramanik, M.E.A..
The objective of the study was to assess the constraints affecting towards organic vegetable production (OVP) in Ban Swang and Ban Sam Hong villages, Sam Sung district, Khon Kaen province, Northeast Thailand. Simple random sampling technique was done in this experiment A survey method through face-to-face interview by using semi structured questionnaire which was used to collect data from 51 vegetable growers. The findings of the study showed that the percentage of respondents considering facing problems at different levels constraints were 61% low, 35% medium and 4% high level. The constraints of the respondents on organic farming faced according to rank order were insufficient understanding on the principle of OVP, insufficient training, lack of organic...
Tipo: Collection Palavras-chave: Organic vegetable; Organic Vegetable Production; OVP; Organic farming; Farmer; ผักอินทรีย์; ระบบการปลูกพืช; เกษตรกร; ภาคเหนือ; ประเทศไทย.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/5573
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Consumer expectations towards origin-claimed food products. Compensation and acceptance for global trading system AgEcon
Giraud, Georges.
Origin- claimed food products mainstream gives diverse features over the world. The food labelling practices based on origin or provenance are frequently developed as a reaction to global trading system: private and NGO's initiatives (Fair Trade), enterprises in UK (Local Foods) and USA (Food Alliance), medals for winners in local exhibitions awards, or public regulation in European Union (PDO, PGI, Organic Farming). These practices claim at reaching consumer expectations. For a consumer who is frequently being uprooted and is stressed by his/her urban environment, the emotional content of where one's food is produced is greater than ever. With a longing for one's home, the consumer becomes an identity seeker. Origin, organic or fair trade food products...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Fair- trade; Organic farming; Consumer expectations; Food; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10036
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Conversion to Organic Farming in Mainland Portugal AgEcon
Costa, Leonardo; Sottomayor, Miguel; Ribeiro, Ricardo.
The objectives of the research were: i) to assess the in-conversion period as a barrier impeding farms conversion to organic; ii) to assess the potential of conversion-grade markets in removing this barrier; iii) to identify other barriers (drives) along the food chain impeding (easing) farms conversion in mainland Portugal. Results show that the in-conversion period is not the major barrier to conversion nor is a good idea the set-up of conversion grade markets to help Portuguese farms' conversion. Conversion feasibility depends of the organic market premium prices, in intensive farms, and of the CAP organic agri-environmental area payments, in extensive farms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Conversion; Conversion grade markets; Market premium prices; CAP payments; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q13.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24490
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Converting to organic farming in France: Is there a selection problem? AgEcon
Latruffe, Laure; Nauges, Celine.
Using a sample of French crop farms during the 1999-2006 period, we test whether less technically efficient farmers are more likely to engage in organic farming in order to benefit from conversion subsidies. Despite some limitations in our data, we find no evidence of such selection effect. On the contrary, our estimation results indicate that more technically efficient farmers are more likely to convert to organic farming. This finding is found to be robust to the method of calculation of efficiency scores, either parametric or non-parametric. This study also confirms that farm’s characteristics (education, farm size and legal status) and farmers’ practices under conventional farming do impact the probability of conversion to OF.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Technical efficiency; Subsidies; Selection; France; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109386
Registros recuperados: 96
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