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Registros recuperados: 42
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A practical approach to assess leg muscle oxygenation during ramp-incremental cycle ergometry in heart failure BJMBR
Barroco,A.C.; Sperandio,P.A.; Reis,M.; Almeida,D.R.; Neder,J.A..
Heart failure is characterized by the inability of the cardiovascular system to maintain oxygen (O2) delivery (i.e., muscle blood flow in non-hypoxemic patients) to meet O2 demands. The resulting increase in fractional O2 extraction can be non-invasively tracked by deoxygenated hemoglobin concentration (deoxi-Hb) as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). We aimed to establish a simplified approach to extract deoxi-Hb-based indices of impaired muscle O2 delivery during rapidly-incrementing exercise in heart failure. We continuously probed the right vastus lateralis muscle with continuous-wave NIRS during a ramp-incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test in 10 patients (left ventricular ejection fraction <35%) and 10 age-matched healthy males....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Heart failure; Exercise; Oxygen; Muscle; Near-infrared spectroscopy.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2017001200603
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A relationship between deep-sea benthic oxygen demand and oceanic primary productivity ArchiMer
Christensen, Jp.
A diagenetic model of porewater O-2 was used to examine the relationship between organic carbon flux to the sediments and benthic oxygen demand (BOD). The model predicted that the organic carbon influx to sediments balances BOD as long as sediments are oxygenated. The critical rate occurs when O-2 at infinite depth disappears. With influxes exceeding the critical rate, the O-2 flux into the sediments via molecular diffusion can not consume all incoming organic matter, and anaerobic conditions result in BOD underestimating the carbon influx. Given that low rates of deep-sea BOD approximate the carbon influx below 9 g.C.m(-2).y(-1), a significant multilinear regression was found between published BOD, primary productivity (P-p, both in g.C.m(-2).y(-1))(,)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fonds marins; Oxygène; Production primaire; Respiration; Sédiments; Deep-sea; Oxygen; Primary productivity; Respiration; Sediments.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43578/44046.pdf
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Assessment of microalgae and nitrifiers activity in a consortium in a continuous operation and the effect of oxygen depletion Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Vargas,Gustavo; Donoso-Bravo,Andrés; Vergara,Christian; Ruiz-Filippi,Gonzalo.
Background: Industrial wastewaters with a high content of nitrogen are a relevant environmental problem. Currently, treatments to remove nitrogen are not efficient, so is necessary to develop alternative methods. The objective of this study is to investigate a consortium of microalgae - nitrifying, that due to the symbiosis between them could be an interesting alternative. Results: In this study, it was possible to obtain a consortium of nitrifying bacteria (NB) and microalgae (MA) capable of operating with low requirements of dissolved oxygen, using aerobic sludge from wastewater treatment plants. During the operation, this consortium presents removal percentages above 98% of ammonia, even at concentrations of DO of 0.5 mg O2 L-1. It is estimated that the...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Ammonium; Consortium nitrifying-microalgae; Oxygen; Respirometry.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582016000500007
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Brood care in Brachyuran crabs: the effect of oxygen provision on reproductive costs RChHN
FERNÁNDEZ,MIRIAM; BRANTE,ANTONIO.
The quantification of the costs associated with parental care of marine invertebrates requires a first and necessary step, which is the identification of the different forms of care exhibited by this group. Among marine invertebrates, provision of oxygen to the aggregation of embryos may be critical, although most evidence on the link between oxygen limitation and parental care is indirect. Species which show active behavior directed at providing oxygen to the brood offer a good model to establish the direct link between behavioural patterns and oxygen provision to the embryos, and to estimate the costs associated with this form of care. In this manuscript, we conducted a review of the current knowledge about oxygen limitation in embryos aggregations of...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Reproduction; Brood care; Crabs; Oxygen; Marine invertebrates.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2003000200003
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Caracterização da hidrodinâmica e do estado trófico da lagoa de Bilene, Sul de Moçambique OceanDocs
André, E..
Foi observado um evento de afloramento de algas nocivas e morte maciça de peixes e interrupção temporária das actividades turísticas na lagoa de Bilene, Moçambique em 2007. O presente estudo pretende fazer uma caracterização da hidrodinâmica e do estado trófico desta lagoa e compreender processos que resultam em afloramentos de algas tóxicas. Entre Julho de 2010 e Agosto de 2011, foram realizados oito campanhas de colheitas de dados de CTD incluindo a concentração de oxigénio em água,cobrindo um ciclo anual. Os resultados revelaram que a Lagoa de Bilene contem duas sub-bacias, uma a sul, maior em extensão geográfica mas menos profunda, e uma bacia a norte, com menor extensão geográfica mas mais profunda. As massas de água tem uma caracterização típica com...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Eutrophication; Fertilization (biological); Salinity; Oxygen; Temperature; Oxygen deficiency; Temperature.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5143
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Caracterización de la calidad de las aguas y sedimentos del Río Atacames 2002 OceanDocs
Rodríguez de Morán, A..
La presente investigación se desarrolló como parte de Estudio de calidad de las aguas de los ríos de la Provincia de Esmeraldas durante mayo del 2002, como aporte del INOCAR a la Ilustre Municipalidad del Cantón Atacames, Institución que se encuentra realizando esfuerzos en los planes de operación para cumplir con la concepción del estado ecuatoriano sobre protección ambiental. Se presenta y evalúa los resultados obtenidos tanto en el estudio de calidad de las aguas como de los sedimentos del río Atacames en la Provincia de Esmeraldas, tomando en consideración la distribución y comportamiento superficial de parámetros físico, químicos y microbiológicos en un área que abarca entre 15 kilómetros aguas arriba y su desembocadura en el Océano Pacífico. Durante...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Water quality; River water; Sediments; Oxygen; Petroleum hydrocarbons; Microbial contamination; Pollution effects; Organic wastes; Sewage; Water quality; Microbial contamination; Organic wastes; Oxygen; Sewage; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_16061; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_37547; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_35237; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5477; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7007.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2373
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Caracterización y evaluación de la calidad del agua de la Bahía de Jaramijó-Provincia de Manabí durante el año 2008 OceanDocs
Rodriguez de Morán, A..
The current research was developed in Bahia of Jaramijó in the Province of Manabí during 2008, as part of the major project: " Characterization of the Ecuadorian Coast" that has been developing by INOCAR, in order to contribute to the proper use of resources and the environment. It characterized and assesses the results obtained in the research of the quality of water of Bahía of Jaramijó, taking into consideration the averages and their behaviour in each level studied in two different season in the year (wet-dry) and in two tide condition (ebb and flow) of the different parameter physical, chemical and microbiological. During the research was established that coastal marine waters of Bahía of Jaramijó, not show pollution of organic origin neither...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Water quality; Environmental legislation; Bacteria; Pollution; Oxygen.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5758
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Chemical pulp production from rice straw by alkaline soaking and cooking with added alkaline and oxygen Thai Agricultural
Anapanurak, W.; Pisuthpichet, S..
Palavras-chave: Chemical; Pulp; Production; Rice straw; Oxygen.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/4871
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Conséquences à long terme d'une exposition précose à l'hypoxie sur la physiologie du bar européen (Dicentrarchus labrax) et de la sole commune (Solea solea) ArchiMer
Vanderplancke, Gwenaelle.
The dissolved oxygen in seawater has steadily declined in many coastal marine ecosystems in the last 50 years because of global warming and increasing coastal human activities. This decrease in oxygen in seawater causes episodes of hypoxia increasingly frequent and severe in coastal and estuarine areas. Some organisms may escape these environmental constraints by migration or dispersion. Others, with limited swimming capabilities must implement physiological regulation (phenotypic plasticity) to enable them to adapt and survive. This is particularly the case of marine fish larvae that are likely to be present in coastal nursery at the end of their development. It is now well established that the regulations implemented by organisms to cope with their...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hypoxie; Conditionnement; Programmation environnementale; Poissons marins; Changement climatique; Oxygène; Dicentrarchus labrax; Solea solea; Marine fish; Climate change; Oxygen; Hypoxia; Conditioning; Environmental programming.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00498/60938/64332.pdf
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Determination of macromolecular exchange and PO2 in the microcirculation: a simple system for in vivo fluorescence and phosphorescence videomicroscopy BJMBR
Torres,L.N.; Torres Filho,I.P..
We have developed a system with two epi-illumination sources, a DC-regulated lamp for transillumination and mechanical switches for rapid shift of illumination and detection of defined areas (250-750 µm²) by fluorescence and phosphorescence videomicroscopy. The system permits investigation of standard microvascular parameters, vascular permeability as well as intra- and extravascular PO2 by phosphorescence quenching of Pd-meso-tetra (4-carboxyphenyl) porphine (PORPH). A Pechan prism was used to position a defined region over the photomultiplier and TV camera. In order to validate the system for in vivo use, in vitro tests were performed with probes at concentrations that can be found in microvascular studies. Extensive in vitro evaluations were performed...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Oxygen; Permeability; Microcirculation; Rat mesentery; Intravital microscopy; Phorphyrin.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2001000100017
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Effect of a simulated heat wave in thermal and aerial environment broiler-rearing environment REA
Vale,Marcos M. do; Moura,Daniella J. de; Nääs,Irenilza de A.; Curi,Thayla M. R. C.; Lima,Karla A. O..
ABSTRACT Global warming increases the occurrence of events such as extreme heat waves. Research on thermal and air conditions affecting broiler-rearing environment are important to evaluate the animal welfare under extreme heat aiming mitigation measures. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of a simulated heat wave, in a climatic chamber, on the thermal and air environment of 42-day-old broilers. One hundred and sixty broilers were housed and reared for 42 days in a climatic chamber; the animals were divided into eight pens. Heat wave simulation was performed on the 42nd day, the period of great impact and data sampling. The analyzed variables were room and litter temperatures, relative humidity, concentrations of oxygen, carbon monoxide and ammonia...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ammonia; Gas production; Animal welfare; Oxygen; Litter temperature.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162016000200271
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Effect of oxygen and temperature on the dynamic of the dominant bacterial populations of pig manure and on the persistence of pig-associated genetic markers, assessed in river water microcosms ArchiMer
Marti, R.; Mieszkin, Sophie; Solecki, O.; Pourcher, A. -m.; Hervio-heath, Dominique; Gourmelon, Michele.
Aims: The aim is to evaluate the dynamic of Bacteroides-Prevotella and Bacillus-Streptococcus-Lactobacillus populations originating from pig manure and the persistence of pig-associated markers belonging to these groups according to temperature and oxygen. Methods and Results: River water was inoculated with pig manure and incubated under microaerophilic and aerobic conditions, at 4 and 20 degrees C over 43 days. The diversity of bacterial populations was analysed by capillary electrophoresis-single-strand conformation polymorphism. The persistence of the pig-associated markers was measured by real-time PCR and compared with the survival of Escherichia coli and enterococci. Decay was characterized by the estimation of the time needed to produce a 1-log...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lactobacillus amylovorus; Microbial source tracking; Oxygen; Persistence; Pig-associated Bacteroidales markers; Quantitative real-time PCR; River water; Temperature.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00053/16470/14534.pdf
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Effects of Incubator Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen Levels, and Egg Weight on Broilers’ Hatchability of Fertile Eggs Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Okur,N.
ABSTRACT This study investigated the effects of incubator carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) levels, and egg weight (EW) on embryo mortality (EM) and hatchability of fertile eggs (HFE). A total of 1920 hatching eggs were obtained from a middle-aged (41 weeks) ROSS 308 broiler breeder flock. The eggs were classified according to EW as heavy (69.63 ± 0.09 g), medium (65.20 ± 0.04 g) and light (61.11 ± 0.08 g) and randomly allocated to four separate identical incubators. To these incubators, four different incubator ventilation programmes (IVP) classified as control (C; 0.7% CO2 and 20.9% O2), high CO2 (HC; 1.1% CO2 and 20.3% O2), high O2 (HO; 0.6% CO2 and 22.0% O2), and high CO2 + O2 (HCO; 0.9% CO2 21.0% O2) were applied, and EM and HFE were examined. IVP...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broiler; Carbon dioxide; Egg weight; Incubation; Oxygen.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2019000300310
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Envasado de fresas en alta concentración de oxígeno con atmósfera modificada en equilibrio OceanDocs
Cruz, L.; Jacxsens, J.; Siro, I.; Devlieghere, F.; Debevere, J..
El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar la conservación de fresas frescas envasadas en: (i) atmósfera con alta concentración de oxígeno (AAO) en envases con atmósfera modificada en equilibrio (AME) (película permeable), (ii) AAO en envases con AME con adición de un adsorbedor de etileno (AE) y (iii) envases macroperforados (aire), tomados como referencia. En los envases con AME se empleó una película de permeabilidad selectiva al oxígeno y al dióxido de carbono. La temperatura de almacenamiento fue de 7 ºC. La composición gaseosa fue 95 % de oxígeno y 5 % de nitrógeno. Se efectuaron conteos de levaduras, bacterias ácido lácticas y microorganismos psicrófilos y anaerobios totales. Se evaluaron las pérdidas de peso por pérdida de humedad, afectaciones...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Oxygen; Packaging materials; Modified atmosphere storage; Strawberry (tree).
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5015
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Estudio de la calidad de las aguas del Estero del Muerto en base a la concentración de oxígeno disuelto.- Estación fija OceanDocs
Valencia, M.; Burgos, L.; de Espinoza, M..
Se presenta un análisis de la influencia de la marea y profundidad sobre la concentración de oxígeno disuelto en aguas del Estero del Muerto, Provincia del Guayas. Se establece que existe una relación directa de estos dos factores sobre la msima. Se encuentra mayor concentración de oxígeno disuelto en superficie, la cual disminuye conforme aumenta la profundidad, siendo mayor durante el flujo que durante el reflujo; existe un leve incremento durante la noche como producto de la agitación de las aguas por acción del viento. En forma general se concluye que existen condiciones de oxígeno en el área, lo que indica problemas de contaminación del estero.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Water quality; Swamps; Oxygen; Water pollution; Water quality; Swamps; Oxygen; Water pollution; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_16061; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7544; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5477; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8321.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2155
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Évaluation du descripteur 5 « Eutrophisation » en France métropolitaine. Rapport scientifique pour l’évaluation 2018 au titre de la DCSMM ArchiMer
Devreker, David; Lefebvre, Alain.
This report is the second assessment of French marine water eutrophication status (descriptor 5) done in the framework of the MSFD. The goal of this report is to determine if French marine water reach the Good Ecological State as defined by the MSFD. It stands next to the initial evaluation made in 2012, from which it is an update. It introduces the second cycle of the Marine Environment Action Program. It shows that French marine waters, behind the 12 nm line, reach the GES as defined by the MSFD. Problems link to eutrophication occurs in marine waters above the 12 nm, where 6.5% of the area do not reach the GES.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DCSMM; Eutrophisation; Évaluation; Bon Etat Ecologique; Seuils; Indicateurs; Nutriments; Chlorophylle-a; Oxygène; Turbidité; Macroalgues; Pressions écologiques; MSFD; Eutrophication; Assessment; Good Environmental Status; Thresholds; Indicators; Nutrients; Chlorophyll-a; Oxygen; Turbidity; Macroalgae; Ecological pressures..
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00437/54868/56361.pdf
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Evaluation of a lifetime-based optode to measure oxygen in aquatic systems ArchiMer
Tengberg, A; Hovdenes, J; Andersson, H; Brocandel, O; Diaz, R; Hebert, D; Arnerich, T; Huber, C; Kortzinger, A; Khripounoff, Alexis; Rey, F; Ronning, C; Schimanski, J; Sommer, S; Stangelmayer, A.
In this article, we evaluate the performance of a commercially available lifetime-based optode and compare it with data obtained by other methods. We performed a set of 10 different tests, including targeted laboratory evaluations and field studies, covering a wide range of situations from shallow coastal waters and wastewater treatment plants to abyssal depths. Our principal conclusion is that, owing to high accuracy (+/- 2 mu M), long-term stability (more than 20 months), lack of pressure hysteresis, and limited cross-sensitivity, this method is overall more suitable for oxygen monitoring than other methods.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lifetime based optode; Measure; Oxygen; Aquatic systems.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1413.pdf
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First Evidence of Anoxia and Nitrogen Loss in the Southern Canary Upwelling System ArchiMer
Machu, Eric; Capet, Xavier; Estrade, Philippe; Ndoye, S.; Brajard, J.; Baurand, Francois; Auger, P.-a.; Lazar, A.; Brehmer, Patrice.
The northeastern Atlantic hosts the most ventilated subsurface waters of any eastern boundary upwelling system, while coastal upwelling source waters are slightly above hypoxic levels. Anoxic conditions have previously been found offshore inside mesoscale eddies whose core waters undergo oxygen consumption for many months. Based on circumstantial in situ observations this study demonstrates that the Senegalese coastal ocean is subjected to episodic occurrence of zero dissolved oxygen concentration at depth along with elevated nitrite concentration (11 mmol/m3) and nitrate/nitrite deficit to phosphate, thereby indicating severe anoxia and intense nitrogen loss. The anoxic event was associated with a prolonged upwelling relaxation episode in March 2012 and a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oxygen; Canary upwelling system; Anoxia; Denitrification; Shallow continental shelf.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00479/59020/61640.pdf
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Impact of urban effluents on summer hypoxia in the highly turbid Gironde Estuary, applying a 3D model coupling hydrodynamics, sediment transport and biogeochemical processes ArchiMer
Lajaunie-salla, Katixa; Wild-allen, Karen; Sottolichio, Aldo; Thouvenin, Benedicte; Litrico, Xavier; Abril, Gwenael.
Estuaries are increasingly degraded due to coastal urban development and are prone to hypoxia problems. The macro-tidal Gironde Estuary is characterized by a highly concentrated turbidity maximum zone (TMZ). Field observations show that hypoxia occurs in summer in the TMZ at low river flow and a few days after the spring tide peak. In situ data highlight lower dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations around the city of Bordeaux, located in the upper estuary. Interactions between multiple factors limit the understanding of the processes controlling the dynamics of hypoxia. A 3D biogeochemical model was developed, coupled with hydrodynamics and a sediment transport model, to assess the contribution of the TMZ and the impact of urban effluents through wastewater...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hypoxia; TMZ; Gironde Estuary; Wastewater; Oxygen; Modeling.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00388/49903/50475.pdf
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Influence d'un élevage ostréicole sur les flux de nutriments et d'oxygène dans un écosystème lagunaire ArchiMer
Mazouni, Nabila; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Landrein, Sonia.
The impact of suspended oyster culture (Crassostrea gigas, Thunberg) on oxygen and nutrient fluxes has been studied in situ, in a coastal lagoon (Thau, France), during a seasonal cycle. On the first plan of the multiple factorial correspondences analysis (MCA), seasons were well discriminated. The fluxes were maximum in summer and minimum in winter. However, this seasonal pattern was not only linked to the water temperature, as autumn and spring (similar temperatures of about 12 degrees C) were distinct in the second factorial plan (2.3). Oxygen uptake by the oyster cultures varied between 0 mu mol m(-2) h(-1) (January) and 11 823 +/- 377 mu mol m(-2) h(-1) (July). Ammonia and nitrate-nitrites were released into the water column respectively at a rate of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oxygen; Nutrients; Fluxes; Oyster culture; Oxygène; Nutriments; Flux; Elevage ostréicole.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-840.pdf
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