Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 17
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agriculture, Structural Change and Socially Responsible Development in China and Vietnam AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
The gradualism of economic reforms in China and Vietnam (especially in China, which has led the way in this regard) has been commented on favourably by many analysts studying transitional economies. Early market reforms in China and Vietnam were constrained by political considerations and consequently, began in agriculture and in China’s case, in rural areas with the development of town-and-village enterprises as well. It is argued that at the time when the reforms began, they were socially responsible. However, they have created a legacy which has resulted in agricultural land disputes and many town-and-village enterprises now face new economic challenges resulting in social conflict as the structure of China’s economy alters and greater market...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: China; Commercialisation of agriculture; Economic reform; Land rights; Town-and-village enterprises; Transitional economies; Vietnam.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; P21; P25; P31; P32.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123022
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Approaches to the efficiency measurement of small business development AgEcon
Filimonova, Natalya; Basharina, Svetlana.
Small entrepreneurship state in Russia is still under its potential and demands for effective strategic management of regional authorities. Business performance indicators currently being used in regional management are old fashioned and they not effective in evaluation of performance of small enterprises. The authors calls for introducing a balanced system of quantitative indicators which, they believe, are more useful in measuring processes and results of small entrepreneurship.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Small business; Efficiency indicators for entrepreneurship; Strategic management in regions; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Marketing; Production Economics; L26; P25; R58.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94536
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Effects of rural non-farm employment on economic vulnerability and income distribution of small farms in Croatia AgEcon
Mollers, Judith; Buchenrieder, Gertrud.
Replaced with revised version of paper 10/06/09.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural non-farm employment; Rural poverty; Croatia; Income distribution; Agribusiness; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Q12; P25; O15; O18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52863
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
El beneficio de los caminos rurales: ampliando oportunidades de ingreso para los pobres AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Ponce, Carmen.
Muchos estudios han evaluado los beneficios de los caminos rurales concentrándose en la reducción de costos monetarios y de tiempo en que los pobladores incurren para acceder a mercados de bienes e insumos o a servicios públicos clave. Esta investigación complementa dicho enfoque con una evaluación del impacto de este tipo de infraestructura sobre indicadores clave de bienestar como el ingreso y el gasto de los hogares atendidos. Con una muestra de hogares rurales de algunos de los distritos más pobres del Perú, este estudio compara hogares conectados a caminos rurales rehabilitados con hogares control cuidadosamente escogidos, mediante técnicas de propensity score matching. Los resultados muestran que las mejoras en la infraestructura rural de transporte...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Carreteras; Ingresos de hogares; Empleo; Zonas rurales; Peru; Roads; Household income; Employment; Rural areas; Peru; Community/Rural/Urban Development; H54; P25; J17; R2; J2.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37750
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Evaluating the implementation process of LEADER in Romania AgEcon
Marquardt, Doris; Mollers, Judith.
LEADER supports integrated rural regional development. The programme is characterized by a participatory and bottom-up approach, public-private partnerships, multi-sectoral regional development strategies and innovation. An obligatory Common Monitoring and Evaluation Framework (CMEF) was set up for evaluating EU interventions. The CMEF builds upon sets of common indicators and evaluation questions. Romania, where LEADER is currently introduced, has set national priorities for the programme implementation. For assessing the impact of LEADER in Romania meaningfully, an extension of the CMEF is needed. This paper, identifies and suggests appropriate indicators. Social Network Analysis is proposed as a tool for investigating intangible outcomes of LEADER in a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: LEADER; Evaluation; Romania; Social network analysis; Common monitoring and evaluation system; Community/Rural/Urban Development; D79; P25; R19; R59.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94734
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Fallstudie zur Wirkung der Ausgleichszulage im Landkreis Oberallgäu (Bayern) AgEcon
Rudow, Katja; Pitsch, Marion.
Zusammenfassung: Ziel dieser Fallstudie im Landkreis Oberallgäu ist es, die Wirkung der Ausgleichszulage auf verschiedene Bereiche der Landwirtschaft und des ländlichen Raumes in einem „typischen“ benachteiligten Gebiet vertieft zu untersuchen. Dazu wurden vorhandene Statistiken, relevante Literatur und die Daten des Testbetriebsnetzes ausgewertet sowie Befragungen mit Landwirten und Experten durchgeführt. Anhand einer schriftlichen Befragung von Beratern aus strukturell ähnlichen Landkreisen wurde die Übertragbarkeit der Fallstudie geprüft und alle Ergebnisse anschließend auf einem Workshop mit den für die Ausgleichszulage zuständigen Fachreferenten der Länder und des Bundes diskutiert. Ergebnis der Fallstudie war, dass zum Zeitpunkt der Untersuchung die...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Benachteiligte Gebiete; Ausgleichszulage; Berggebiet; Fallstudie; Less Favoured Areas; Compensatory allowance; Mountainous areas; Case study; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; P25; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103252
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Fallstudie zur Wirkung der Ausgleichszulage im Landkreis Vogelsberg (Hessen) AgEcon
Daub, Regina.
Zusammenfassung: Ziel dieser Fallstudie im Landkreis Vogelsberg in Hessen ist es, die Wirkung der Ausgleichszulage auf verschiedene Bereiche der Landwirtschaft und des ländlichen Raumes in einem „typischen“ benachteiligten Gebiet vertieft zu untersuchen. Dazu wurden vorhandene Statistiken, relevante Literatur und die Daten des Testbetriebsnetzes ausgewertet sowie Befragungen mit Landwirten und Experten durchgeführt. Anhand einer schriftlichen Befragung von Beratern aus strukturell ähnlichen Landkreisen wurde die Übertragbarkeit der Fallstudienergebnisse geprüft und alle Ergebnisse wurden anschließend auf einem Workshop mit den für die Ausgleichszulage zuständigen Fachreferenten der und des Bundes diskutiert. Ergebnis der Fallstudie war, dass zum Zeitpunkt...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Benachteiligte Gebiete; Ausgleichzulage; Fallstudie; Less favoured areas; Compensatory allowance; Case study; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; P25; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104608
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
FARM OUTPUT, NON-FARM INCOME, AND COMMERCIALIZATION IN RURAL GEORGIA AgEcon
Kan, Iddo; Kimhi, Ayal; Lerman, Zvi.
This article examines the decision of farmers to sell part of their farm output on the market, using data from the Republic of Georgia. A two-level empirical model is used, in which endowments and resource allocation decisions determine farm output and non-farm income, and these in turn determine market participation. We found, as expected, that farm output affects market participation positively, while non-farm income affects it negatively. Landholdings have an indirect positive effect on market participation, through its positive effect on farm output. Education has a negative effect on market participation, mainly through its positive effect on non-farm income.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Commercialization; Market participation; Farm output; Non-farm income; Resource allocation; Farm Management; O12; P23; P25.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7179
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
INTERREGIONALE DISPARITATEN UND ENTWICKLUNG LANDLICHER RAUME ALS REGIONALPOLITISCHE HERAUSFORDERUNG FUR DIE NEUEN EU-MITGLIEDSSTAATEN AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Weingarten, Peter.
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG Seit Beginn der Transformation haben in den Ländern Mittel- und Osteuropas (MOEL) die interregionalen Disparitäten zugenommen. Insbesondere die Stadt-Land-Gegensätze haben sich verstärkt. Dieser Beitrag zeigt die Entwicklung der Disparitäten auf und diskutiert auf der Basis theoretischer Überlegungen und politischer Ziele die Notwendigkeit und Ausgestaltung regionalpolitischer Maßnahmen. Bei der ländlichen Entwicklung in den neuen EU-Mitglied-staaten kommt den Bereichen Institutionenaufbau, Wettbewerbsfähigkeit des Agrarsektors, außer-landwirtschaftliche Einkommensquellen und Arbeitsmobilität eine große Bedeutung zu. Diese Maßnahmen sollten den spezifischen Charakteristika der jeweiligen Gebiete angepasst sein. Die regionalpolitischen...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Regional disparities; Rural area; Regional policy; Structural policy; Central and Eastern Europe; EU Eastern Enlargement; Regional types; Community/Rural/Urban Development; P25; R58; O18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14899
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Is Income Inequality Endogenous in Regional Growth? AgEcon
Hailu, Yohannes G.; Kahsai, Mulugeta S.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Jackson, Randall W..
This study focuses on testing the relationship between income inequality and growth within U.S. counties, and the channels through which such effects are observed. The study tests three hypotheses: (1) income inequality has an inverse relationship with growth; (2) regional growth adjustments are the channels through which the inequality and growth are equilibrated; and (3) income inequality is endogenous to regional growth and its adjustment. Results, based on a system of equations estimation, confirm the hypotheses that income inequality has a growth dampening effect; income inequality is endogenous to regional growth and growth adjustment; and the channels through which income inequality determines growth are regional growth adjustments, such as...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income inequality; Economic growth; Gini coefficient; Growth modeling; Population change; Per capita income; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics; I32; J15; O18; P25; R11; R23; R25; R51; R53; R58.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46320
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Lessons of best practice in rural development: is there a pan-European consensus? AgEcon
Hubbard, Carmen; Gorton, Matthew.
This paper analyses expert attitudes to managing rural development in both established (EU15) and New Member States (NMS). It draws on case studies of five regions in the EU15 that have undergone, at least in some respects, successful rural development post-accession. Lessons of best practice were identified from interviews and supporting documentation, and verified / refined using a policy Delphi exercise. The results highlight the importance of creating appropriate national and regional structures to implement EU funded projects, capacity building, decentralisation, social capital and networking, and the role of “institutional memory”.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development; EU; Policy Delphi; Community/Rural/Urban Development; O18; P25; R58.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94906
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Mapping changes on agricultural and rural areas: an ex-post evaluation of the EU membership for Hungary AgEcon
Monasterolo, Irene; Pagliacci, Francesco.
Several progresses have been made in evaluating the development policies for rural areas in the last years; many indicators1 have been set for assessing the effectiveness of Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and Rural Development Policies (RDPs) and their role on the convergence process of the EU members, but a shared definition of rurality is still missing. The results obtained at the level of growth and development by the most lagging behind areas, are far from being satisfactory (Brasili, 2005). The evaluation of the policies and programmes introduced evidenced lack of institutional planning and implementing abilities, and an insufficient targeting of policies and payments (Mantino, 2010). The experience of the 10 New Member States (NMSs)2 showed how the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and rural development policy evaluation; Rural areas; Policy targeting; EU enlargement; Agricultural and Food Policy; O18; P25; R58.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98988
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Mapping Serbia: more targeted rural areas for better policies AgEcon
Monasterolo, Irene; Coppola, Nicola.
The analysis of the experiences of Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEs) in transition, which became EU members in the historical 2004 (and 2007) enlargement, evidences the importance of timing and targeting policy intervention for a balanced growth (Monasterolo et. al, 2008). In fact, even if the Countries, till the last financial and economic crisis, showed a clear path of convergence (EC, 2008; EC, 2009) with EU average levels of development thanks to a sustained growth in GDP, at the same time they had to face a notable increase in regional inequality (Brasili, 2005), mainly driven by the persisting backwardness of agricultural and rural areas. The European pre-accession funds had limited effect in preventing the spread in internal divergence...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Mapping rural areas; Policy targeting; RD policy evaluation; EU enlargement; Community/Rural/Urban Development; O18; P25; R58.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94737
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
New model of citizen participation: Identification of farming and forestry production systems in Leon and Chinandega departments, 2008-2009. AgEcon
Zúniga-González, Carlos Alberto.
This Paper is part of the Research: Analysis of the farming and forestry systems contribution in the local development municipalities of the Leon and Chinandega: a measure of its efficiency and productivity.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Production Model from Citizen Power; Production System; Production Cabinets.; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; P25; P36; R28; R38; R58.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56692
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
The benefits of rural roads: enhancing income opportunities for the rural poor AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Ponce, Carmen.
Most studies have measured the benefits of rehabilitated rural roads by focusing on reductions in monetary or time costs needed to access product and factor markets or key public social services. This paper complements these studies by evaluating their impact on key welfare indicators such as income or consumption. Looking at rural households living in some of the poorest districts of Peru, this study compares (using propensity score matching techniques) households located near rehabilitated roads to suitable controls. Results show that rehabilitated road accessibility can be related to changes in income sources, as the rehabilitated road enhances non-agricultural income opportunities, especially from wage-employment sources. The study also finds that...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Carreteras; Ingresos de hogares; Empleo; Zonas rurales; Perú; Roads; Household income; Employment Rural areas; Peru; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; H54; P25; J17; R2; J2.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37751
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
TYPOLOGY OF RURAL AREAS IN THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN EU NEW MEMBER STATES AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Trapp, Christian; Weingarten, Peter.
Rural areas in Central and Eastern Europe are very often associated with a backwardness in terms of income and employment opportunities, a high dependency on agriculture, the out-migration of young, skilled people, a low population density and an insufficient infrastructure. In this paper 3 typologies are presented, which show that rural areas cannot be considered homogeneous and not all of them need the same developmental measures. The first typology classified all NUTS-3 regions in the ten Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC-10) by means of cluster analysis according to 7 demographic and socio-economic criteria. The result revealed 5 different types of regions as most adequate: three are largely rural, one includes both rural, and especially...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural area; Typology; Central and Eastern Europe; Cluster analysis; Community/Rural/Urban Development; C19; P25; R12.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14906
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Water communities in the Republic of Macedonia: an empirical analysis of membership satisfaction and payment behaviour AgEcon
Gorton, Matthew; Sauer, Johannes; Peshevski, Mile; Bosev, Dane; Shekerinov, Darko; Quarrie, Steve.
Utilizing primary survey data, we investigate the performance of Water Communities (WCs), a form of self-managing organisation for irrigation, in the Bregalnica region of the Republic of Macedonia. While their introduction improved cost recovery, only modest changes occurred in the cost of irrigation water and many farmers remain indifferent to the WCs. Econometric analysis focuses on the decision of farmers to join a WC, determinants of farmers’ satisfaction with WCs and factors associated with changes in payment behaviour. Key determinants identified include transparency and trust regarding the conduct of WCs, cost recovery rates, farm size and irrigation costs. Membership satisfaction is an important determinant of payment behaviour.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Irrigation; Self-management; Water User Associations; Macedonia; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; O17; P25; Q25.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51030
Registros recuperados: 17
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional