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Consumer Perceptions and Attitudes Towards Food Safety in Portugal AgEcon
Ventura-Lucas, Maria Raquel.
The recent food crises and its great diffusion through the media had as consequence a reduction of the European consumer's confidence, in general, and of the Portuguese ones in particular, in the products that they buy and consume. These events also served to disclose some of the existing problems in the current marketing chain, in which many sectors result to have low, or no transparency or unknown ones to the consumers. For moreover, these crises had demonstrated that science and technology, in set with the governmental regulation do not offer guarantees that the risks associated with food have acceptable levels. All these questions triggered the interest of researchers to study the impact of food safety related issues on consumer behaviour. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Consumer behaviour; Perceptions; Attitudes; Portugal; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24986
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Conventional Tillage versus No-till: Characteristics of Producers and Farms AgEcon
Djido, Abdoulaye Ibrahim; Vitale, Jeffrey D.; Epplin, Francis M..
A survey of Oklahoma farmers was conducted to determine characteristics of farms across three tillage categories: conventional tillage exclusively; no-till exclusively; other (combination of systems). The seven percent that use no-till exclusively crop more acres, rent more acres, and use more crop rotations than farms that use conventional tillage exclusively.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: No-till; Conventional tillage; Survey; Farm machinery; Farm size; Wheat; Perceptions; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46717
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Ecosystem Services and Abrupt Transformations in a Coastal Wetland Social-Ecological System: Tubul-Raqui after the 2010 Earthquake in Chile Ecology and Society
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Natural disasters; Perceptions; Transformations; Well-being.
Ano: 2014
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Factors influencing adoption of conservation tillage in Australian cropping regions AgEcon
D'Emden, Francis H.; Llewellyn, Rick S.; Burton, Michael P..
The purpose of this research is to improve understanding of conservation tillage adoption decisions by identifying key biophysical and socio-economic factors influencing no-till adoption by grain growers across four Australian cropping regions. The study is based on interviews with 384 grain growers using a questionnaire aimed at eliciting perceptions relating to a range of possible long- and short-term agronomic interactions associated with the relative economic advantage of shifting to a no-tillage cropping system. Together with other farm and farmer-specific variables, a dichotomous logistic regression analysis was used to identify opportunities for research and extension to facilitate more rapid adoption decisions. The broader systems approach to...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Adoption; Conservation tillage; Herbicide resistance; No-till; Perceptions; Weed management; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118537
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Is sustainable development a motor or a constraint for the professionalization of the pearl oyster industry in tahiti? ArchiMer
Rey-valette, Helene; Lacoste, Elise; Perez, Jose; Raux, Pascal; Gaertner, Jean-claude; Gaertner-mazouni, Nabila.
This article reports the results of a survey of the pearl oyster industry in French Polynesia territory. Its purpose is to examine the perceptions of the priorities for the development of this industry towards sustainable development. These perceptions were apprehended by a survey of pearl oyster farmers and other stakeholders of the sector (management authorities, scientists). After describing the methodological protocol of these investigations, it comes to confront the priorities chosen by professionals (i.e. pearl farmers) concerning sustainable development, with the perceptions of others stakeholders in the sector. Secondly it comes to build a typology of the priorities of pearl farmers concerning sustainable development. This analysis enables the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sustainable development; Pearl oyster farming; Perceptions; Collective learning process; Indicators; French Polynesia.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00288/39918/38479.pdf
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NGO Microfinance in Vietnam: Stakeholders' Perceptions of Effectiveness AgEcon
Nghiem, Son; Laurenceson, James.
The microfinance industry in Vietnam, particularly those sponsored by nongovernment organisations (NGOs), has experienced rapid expansion in recent years. Yet in spite of this growth, an analysis of their effectiveness has been lacking. In a bid to help address this shortcoming, this paper reports on a subset of data that was obtained during a survey and interview process that incorporated various stakeholders including financial donors, NGO-sponsored microfinance institutions (NMPs), village leaders and NMP members and non-members. Perceptions of NMPs effectiveness are discussed from the standpoint of various stakeholders. NMPs are found to be at a critical juncture. While their activities are widely perceived to contribute to poverty alleviation, their...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Microfinance; NGO; Vietnam; Perceptions; Effectiveness; Financial Economics; O12; O16; O17; P34; R29.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25594
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Perceptions of PDO Beef: The Portuguese Consumer AgEcon
Marreiros, Cristina; Ness, Mitchell.
The objectives of this paper are to examine consumers' perceptions of Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) beef on the basis of a survey of consumers and buyers of beef. The paper identifies a profile of PDO beef consumers, examines their behaviour and perceptions on PDO beef, derives the dimensions of perceptions of PDO beef, and establishes segments based upon those dimensions. The results reveal that PDO consumers are representative of all geographical regions, age and profession groups, are lighter consumers of beef and shop for food mainly in the butchers. Consumers' perceptions on PDO beef emphasises quality, safety, and control. However, underlying those perceptions are six main dimensions and it is possible to identify three segments of PDO beef...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Protected designations of origin; Beef; Perceptions; Factor analysis; Cluster analysis; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24869
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Resident perceptions of natural resources between cities and across scales in the Pacific Northwest Ecology and Society
Morzillo, Anita T.; Department of Natural Resources & the Environment, University of Connecticut; anita.morzillo@uconn.edu; Kreakie, Betty J.; US EPA Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Laboratory, Atlantic Ecology Division; kreakie.betty@epa.gov; Netusil, Noelwah R.; Reed College, Department of Economics; netusil@reed.edu; Yeakley, J. Alan; University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Department of Geography and Environmental Systems; yeakley@pdx.edu; Ozawa, Connie P.; Portland State University, Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning; ozawac@pdx.edu; Duncan, Sally L.; Oregon State University, School of Public Policy; Sally.Duncan@oregonstate.edu.
As the global population becomes increasingly urban, research is needed to explore how local culture, land use, and policy will influence urban natural resource management. We used a broad-scale comparative approach and survey of residents within the Portland (Oregon)-Vancouver (Washington) metropolitan areas, USA, two states with similar geographical and ecological characteristics, but different approaches to land-use planning, to explore resident perceptions about natural resources at three scales of analysis: property level (“at or near my house”), neighborhood (“within a 20-minute walk from my house”), and metro level (“across the metro area”). At the metro-level scale, nonmetric...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Human dimensions; Landscape ecology; Natural resources; Pacific Northwest; Perceptions; Urban ecosystems.
Ano: 2016
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Risk in Public Policy Making: A Neglected Issue in Australia AgEcon
Hardaker, J. Brian; Fleming, Euan M.; Lien, Gudbrand D..
We argue for greater recognition of the risky nature of most policy decisions. In this context we discuss the gulf between public risk perceptions and attitudes and those of 'experts'. Public views of risk are often inconsistent and seemingly irrational. They nevertheless influence policy choices in a democracy. On the other hand, experts often claim unjustifiable levels of confidence in their predictions of policy choice outcomes, creating a lack of public faith in their recommendations. While risky policy choices deserve more systematic decision analysis, there is a need for more effective interaction between policy makers, decision analysts and the public.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Policy-making; Risk; Uncertainty; Decision Analysis; Perceptions; Subjectivity; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/5997
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SOCIETAL PERCEPTIONS OF AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Wachenheim, Cheryl J.; Rathge, Richard W..
Tension between farm operators and their surrounding neighbors within rural communities continues to escalate as residents become increasingly removed from production agriculture. An expanding gap exists between public perceptions of the effects of the structure and production practices of modern agriculture, and reality. Combined with a shrinking farm population and support base, misperceptions may have important consequences for farm legislation and regulations. Obtaining knowledge about how the public views agriculture is a necessary step in correcting misperceptions and may help the industry and policy makers understand the beliefs and values of the populace. Collecting information about perceptions of agriculture among residents of the North...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Perceptions; Rural issues; Agriculture; Structural change; Environment; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23541
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Sufficient Statistics for Measuring the Value of Changes in Local Public Goods: Does Chetty’s Framework Inform Lind? AgEcon
Klaiber, H. Allen; Smith, V. Kerry.
The performance of quasi-experimental methods applied to changes in non-market goods depends on the ability of reduced form models to accurately measure willingness to pay. When exogenous changes are non-marginal, the accuracy of the reduced form approximations is not well understood. Further complicating the performance of reduced form models is that the true representation of the non-market good in household utility functions may differ from the perceptions of that good as captured in the reduced form model. This paper evaluates a series of before/after quasi-experiments where the true model is known and examines the performance of these methods under a variety of conditions. We find that performance is impacted by the scale of the change and that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Welfare Measurement; Quasi-Experiment; Assignment Model; Perceptions; Non-Marginal Change; Open Space; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49596
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The Role of Economic and Social Factors Driving Predator Control in Small-Game Estates in Central Spain Ecology and Society
One of the most important human-wildlife conflicts in the world is that where predators are involved. Predators may compete with us for the same resources, such as game species. As a consequence, predators have been frequently controlled by game managers, which has negatively affected many predator populations worldwide. The understanding of human-wildlife conflicts requires a multidisplicinary framework that is rarely considered. We aim to evaluate the attitudes and behavior of game managers with regard to predator management in central Spain, as well as to explore factors that lead to these attitudes and behavior. Data were gathered through face to face interviews with game managers from 59 small-game hunting estates within central Spain. Predator...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes towards predators; Game management; Human-wildlife conflicts; Perceptions; Pica pica; Vulpes vulpes.
Ano: 2013
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Traceability: European consumers' perceptions regarding its definition, expectations and differences by product types and importance of label schemes AgEcon
Chryssochoidis, George M.; Kehagia, Olga C.; Chrysochou, Polymeros E..
Given the heterogeneity of European consumers it is not unsurprising that they have different perceptions and expectations regarding (but also understanding thereof) 'traceability'. A large number of individuals may not even have a memory anchor for the concept. Consumers may also perceive traceability differently among different product types. The present study is based upon focus groups analysis of 12 countries across Europe. It presents an explanation of traceability's understanding by European consumers. It also presents consumer's expectations towards traceability and its differences according to different product types.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Focus groups; Traceability; Cross-national; Perceptions; Food products; Labels; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10088
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Understanding social-ecological change and transformation through community perceptions of system identity Ecology and Society
Andrachuk, Mark; University of Waterloo; Environmental Change and Governance Group; mandrach@uwaterloo.ca; Armitage, Derek; University of Waterloo; Environmental Change and Governance Group; derek.armitage@uwaterloo.ca.
We developed an empirical approach to consider social-ecological system change and transformation by drawing on resource users’ knowledge and perceptions. We applied this approach in the Cau Hai lagoon, a coastal area dominated by small-scale fisheries in central Vietnam. Nine focus groups with more than 70 fishers were used to gather information about key social-ecological system elements and interactions, historical social-ecological dynamics, and possible thresholds between distinct social-ecological system identities. The patterns of change in livelihoods and resource exploitation in the Cau Hai lagoon are similar to those seen in other coastal lagoon and small-scale fishery contexts. Our findings show some promise for the use of local...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Environmental change; Governance; Local knowledge systems; Perceptions; Resilience; Small scale fisheries; Social-ecological transformations.
Ano: 2015
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Urban Ethnohydrology: Cultural Knowledge of Water Quality and Water Management in a Desert City Ecology and Society
Gartin, Meredith; School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University;; Crona, Beatrice; Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Sweden; Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity, Arizona State University; beatrice.crona@stockholmresilience.su.se; Wutich, Amber; School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University; Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity, Arizona State University ;; Westerhoff, Paul; Department of Civil, Environmental and Sustainable Engineering, Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering, Arizona State University ;.
Popular concern over water quality has important implications for public water management because it can both empower water utilities to improve service but also limit their ability to make changes. In the desert city of Phoenix, Arizona, obtaining sufficient high-quality water resources for a growing urban population poses a major challenge. Decision makers and urban hydrologists are aware of these challenges to water sustainability but the range of acceptable policy and management options available to them is constrained by public opinion. Therefore, this study examines cultural models of water quality and water management, termed ethnohydrology, among urban residents. The study yields three key findings. First, urban residents appear to have a shared...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Cultural consensus; Cultural model; Freelist; Perceptions; Phoenix; Urban; Water quality.
Ano: 2010
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Wealth, Living Standards and Perceptions in a Cotton Economy: Evidence from the Cotton Reform in Burkina Faso AgEcon
Kaminski, Jonathan.
The cotton economy of Burkina Faso has been characterized by a changing rural environment for farmers since late nineties, which has come with the cotton reform and the resulting cotton boost. There have been slight improvements in living standards and rural households’ income while the subjective feeling of wealth has significantly increased. In this paper, I explore the channels through which the elements of the changing rural environment can bridge the wedge between subjective and objective measures of wealth. In addition to the basic determinants of subjective welfare that can be found in the happiness economics literature, namely absolute and relative income measures, health and social status (and expectations of future incomes), I investigate the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Subjective wealth; Burkina Faso's cotton; Rural development; Agricultural policy; Perceptions; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; I32; O13; Q16; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45780
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