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Acute inflammatory response in Nile tilapia fed probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum in the diet - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v33i3.8011 Biological Sciences
Dotta, Geovana; Laboratório AQUOS-Sanidade de Organismos Aquáticos, Depto. de Aqüicultura, CCA, UFSC - Rod. Admar Gozaga 1346 - 88040-900 - Florianópolis, SC - Brasil; Mouriño, José Luis Pedreira; Laboratório de Camarões Marinhos, Depto. de Aqüicultura, CCA, UFSC, Beco dos Coroas, Barra da Lagoa - Florianópolis, SC - Brasil; Jatobá, Adolfo; Laboratório de Camarões Marinhos, Depto. de Aqüicultura, CCA, UFSC, Beco dos Coroas, Barra da Lagoa - Florianópolis, SC - Brasil; Burgos Morán, Ricardo Ernesto; Universidad Politécnica de Catalunya, Campus del Baix Llobregat, Av. del Canal Olímpic, s/n - 08860 - Castelldefels, Catalunya - España; Pilati, Celso; UFSC; Martins, Maurício Laterça; UFSC.
The present study evaluated the acute inflammatory response induced by carrageenin (500 µg) injected in the swim bladder of Nile tilapia, after fed or not probiotic supplemented diet. Fifty four fish were distributed in six treatments and three replicates: Group A: Fish fed unsupplemented diet: 0.5 mL saline-injected fish; fish injected with 500 µg carrageenin diluted in 0.5 mL saline; Non-injected. Group B: Fish fed probiotic supplemented diet: saline-injected fish; carrageenin-injected fish; Non-injected. Fifteen days after feeding the fish were injected with carrageenin or saline. After six hours, inflammatory exudate was collected, as well as the blood for hematocrit, red blood cell (RBC) and white blood cell (WBC) counts,...
Tipo: Composição bioquímica Palavras-chave: 2.00.00.00-6 Ciencias Biologicas Tilapia; Probiotic; Lactobacillus plantarum; Inflammation; Haematology; Phagocytosis 2.00.00.00-6 Ciencias Biologicas Tilapia; Probiotic; Lactobacillus plantarum; Inflammation; Haematology; Phagocytosis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciBiolSci/article/view/8011
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An Acute-phase Protein as a Regulator of Sperm Survival in the Bovine Oviduct: Alpha 1-acid-glycoprotein Impairs Neutrophil Phagocytosis of Sperm In Vitro OAK
LIU, Jinghui; A. MAREY, Mohamed; KOWSAR, Rasoul; HAMBRUCH, Nina; SHIMIZU, Takashi; HANEDA, Shingo; MATSUI, Motozumi; SASAKI, Motoki; HAYAKAWA, Hiroyuki; PFARRER, Christiane; MIYAMOTO, Akio; 羽田, 真悟; 松井, 基純; 佐々木, 基樹; 宮本, 明夫.
We have previously shown that polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are present in bovine oviduct fluid under physiological conditions, and that the oviduct provides a microenvironment that protects sperm from phagocytosis by PMNs. Alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) is a major acute-phase protein produced mainly in the liver that has immunomodulatory functions. AGP mRNA is expressed in extrahepatic organs, such as the lung, kidney, spleen, lymph node, uterus, and ovary. Therefore, in this study, we investigated, 1) the local production of AGP in the bovine oviduct, 2) the effect of AGP on the phagocytic activity of PMNs for sperm and superoxide production and 3) the impact of AGP desialylation on the PMN phagocytosis of sperm. The AGP gene was expressed in...
Palavras-chave: Alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AGP); Bovine; Oviduct; Phagocytosis; Sperm.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3946
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Analysis of hemocyte parameters in Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, reared in the field — Comparison of hatchery diploids and diploids from natural beds ArchiMer
Gagnaire, Beatrice; Soletchnik, Patrick; Faury, Nicole; Kerdudou, Nolwenn; Le Moine, Olivier; Renault, Tristan.
Internal defence mechanisms of bivalves include the hemocytes which assume several functions. Relationships exist between environmental factors, physiological state of oysters, defence system and pathogens. Hatchery oysters are more and more produced and reared in the field. The characteristics and particularly the defence system of these animals are poorly documented. In this context, two field trials were carried out from May to September 2002 and from April to July 2003 in order to monitor hemocyte parameters of diploid oysters from natural beds and hatchery-produced diploid oysters using flow cytometry. Several hemocyte parameters (cell mortality, granulocyte percentage, phagocytosis, esterase and peroxidase activities) were monitored. For both oyster...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hatchery; Natural beds; Diploids; Flow cytometry; Peroxidase activity; Esterase activity; Phagocytosis; Hemocytes; Crassostrea gigas; Pacific oyster.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3119.pdf
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Bioactivities of extracts from the marine sponge Halichondria panicea J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Purushottama,GB; Venkateshvaran,K; Pani Prasad,K; Nalini,P.
In the present study, we screened the biological activity of extracts from the marine sponge Halichondria panicea collected in the Arabian Sea. Crude toxin was obtained by methanol, chloroform-methanol (2:1) and aqueous extraction. Subsequently, the protein concentration of each crude extract was determined. The impact of both sponge methanolic and aqueous extracts was found to increase activities of Na+-K+ ATP-ase and Mg++ ATP-ase. In the case of chloroform-methanol extract, higher concentrations increased acetylcholine esterase (AchE) activity. The methanolic and chloroform-methanol extracts exhibited hemolytic activity on chicken and human erythrocytes, whereas the aqueous extract failed to do so. Methanol and aqueous extracts produced an...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Halichondria panicea; Phagocytosis; Neuromodulation; Hemolysis; Angiogenesis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992009000300007
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Bonamia ostreae, parasite de l'huître plate, Ostrea edulis: sa position taxonomique parmi les parasites du groupe "microcell", analyses des interactions hôte/parasite chez plusieurs populations d'huîtres plates ArchiMer
Besnard-cochennec, Nathalie.
Bonamia ostreae is the causative agent of hemocyte disease. It has been detected first during mortalities occured in Franc in 1979. Bonamiosis spread rapidly among oysters farming in France and Europ. Another species, Bonamia sp. has been detected in New Zealand and Australia. These paasites were both included in the "microcell" group. This group contains 2 others parasites, Mikrocytos mackini affecting Crassostrea gigas in British Columbia (Canada) and M. roughleyi affecing Saccostrea glomerata in Australia. Structural and molecular caracterisation of all these parasites were realised. Results show tha B. ostreae, B. sp., B. exitiosus. Molecular tools are available for genus detection, Bonamia spp. and Mikrocytos and species identification (B. ostreae, B....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bonamia ostreae; Ostrea edulis; Taxonomie; Diagnotic; PCR; In situ hybridation; Hémocytes; Lectines; Phagocytose; Résistance; Bonamia ostreae; Ostrea edulis; Taxonomy; Diagnotic; PCR; In situ hybridization; Hemocytes; Lectins; Phagocytosis; Resistance.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00211/32223/30671.pdf
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Bovine S protein (vitronectin) increases phagocytosis of Streptococcus dysgalactiae Rev. Microbiol.
Filippsen,Laerte Francisco.
The effects of bovine S protein (vitronectin) on phagocytosis of Streptococcus dysgalactiae strains isolated from cattle with mastitis were investigated. Phagocytized streptococci were determined by a fluorometric microassay using glass adherent polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). Preincubation of S. dysgalactiae with bovine S protein significantly increased their phagocytosis by PMN. Bovine S protein had no effect on phagocytic killing of non-S protein binding S. pyogenes cultures. Enzymatic digestion of the bovine S protein binding sites on S. dysgalactiae with pronase resulted in a significative reduction of the effects of S protein on phagocytosis. It could thus be concluded that in addition to its role as a promoter of cellular adhesion and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Streptococcus dysgalactiae; Bovine S protein; Phagocytosis; Bovine mastitis.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37141999000100003
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Changes of gill and hemocyte-related bio-indicators during long term maintenance of the vent mussel Bathymodiolus azoricus held in aquaria at atmospheric pressure ArchiMer
Bettencourt, R; Dando, P; Rosa, D; Riou, V; Colaco, A; Sarrazin, Jozee; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Santos, R.
The deep-sea hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus azoricus has been the subject of several studies aimed at understanding the physiological adaptations that vent animals have developed in order to cope with the particular physical and chemical conditions of hydrothermal environments. In spite of reports describing successful procedures to maintain vent mussels under laboratory conditions at atmospheric pressure, few studies have described the mussel's physiological state after a long period in aquaria. In the present study, we investigate changes in mucocytes and hemocytes in B. azoricus over the course of several months after deep-sea retrieval. The visualization of granules of mucopolysaccharide or glycoprotein was made possible through their inherent...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vent; Hydrothermal vent; Bathymodiolus azoricus; Aquarium acclimatization; Phagocytosis; Alcian blue Periodic Acid Schiff staining; Mucopolysaccharide.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4357.pdf
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Characterization of abalone Haliotis tuberculata-Vibrio harveyi interactions in gill primary cultures ArchiMer
Pichon, Delphine; Cudennec, Benoit; Huchette, Sylvain; Djediat, Chakib; Renault, Tristan; Paillard, Christine; Auzoux-bordenave, Stephanie.
The decline of European abalone Haliotis tuberculata populations has been associated with various pathogens including bacteria of the genus Vibrio. Following the summer mortality outbreaks reported in France between 1998 and 2000, Vibrio harveyi strains were isolated from moribund abalones, allowing in vivo and in vitro studies on the interactions between abalone H. tuberculata and V. harveyi. This work reports the development of primary cell cultures from abalone gill tissue, a target tissue for bacterial colonisation, and their use for in vitro study of host cell—V. harveyi interactions. Gill cells originated from four-day-old explant primary cultures were successfully sub-cultured in multi-well plates and maintained in vitro for up to 24 days....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Haliotis tuberculata; Vibrio harveyi; Gill cell culture; Pathogenicity; Phenoloxidase; Phagocytosis.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00146/25683/23745.pdf
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Combination of a pesticide exposure and a bacterial challenge: In vivo effects on immune response of Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg) ArchiMer
Gagnaire, Beatrice; Gay, Melanie; Huvet, Arnaud; Daniel, Jean-yves; Saulnier, Denis; Renault, Tristan.
To assess the impact of pollution induced by pesticides on Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, health in France, in vivo effects of combined pesticide exposure and bacterial challenge on cell activities and gene expression in hemocytes were tested using flow cytometry and real-time PCR. As a first step, an in vivo model of experimental contamination was developed. Pacific oysters were exposed to a mixture of eight pesticides (atrazine, glyphosate, alachlor, metolachlor, fosetyl-alumimium, terbuthylazine, diuron and carbaryl) at environmentally relevant concentrations over a 7-day period. Hemocyte parameters (cell mortality, enzyme activities and phagocytosis) were monitored using flow cytometry and gene expression was evaluated by real-time PCR (RT-PCR)....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gene expression; Flow cytometry; Vibrio splendidus; Pathogenesis; Phagocytosis; Hemocyte; Pesticides; Bivalve immunity; Crassostrea gigas; Pacific oyster.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3022.pdf
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Comparative Quantitative and Qualitative Attributes of the Surface Respiratory Macrophages in the Domestic Duck and the Rabbit International Journal of Morphology
Mutua,P. M; Gicheru,M. M; Makanya,A. N; Kiama,S. G.
In mammals, surface respiratory macrophages (SM) are known to play a foremost role in protecting the respiratory system by providing first line of defense through engulfing pathogens and particulate matter respired with air. It has been reported that the pulmonary cellular defense system of domestic birds is inadequate. In particular, low number of SM and even lack of the cells in a healthy avian respiratory system have been associated with susceptibility of domestic birds to respiratory diseases. In an endeavor to resolve the existing controversy, the quantitative and qualitative attributes of the surface respiratory macrophages of the domestic duck and of the domestic rabbit were compared under similar experimental conditions. Quantitatively, the rabbit...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Avian; Cellular defense; Lung; Phagocytosis; Rabbit; Surface macrophages.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000200008
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Comparison of haemocytic parameters among flat oyster Ostrea edulis stocks with different susceptibility to bonamiosis and the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Comesana, Pilar; Casas, Sandra M.; Cao, Asuncion; Abollo, Elvira; Arzul, Isabelle; Morga, Benjamin; Villalba, Antonio.
Farming of the flat oyster Ostrea edulis in Europe is severely constrained by the protozoan Bonamia ostreae. The introduction of the resistant species Crassostrea gigas has been a relief for the farmers, while the pilot programmes to select O. edulis strains resistant to bonamiosis performed in various countries can be seen as a promising strategy to minimise the effects of bonamiosis. However, the physiological bases of this differential susceptibility remain unknown. A search for an explanation of the intra and interspecific differences in oyster susceptibility to bonamiosis was accomplished by comparing some immune parameters among various O. edulis stocks and C gigas. On December 2003, naive and Bonamia-relatively resistant flat oysters from Ireland....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostrea edulis; Crassostrea gigas; Bonamia ostreae; Haemocyte; Phagocytosis; Respiratory burst; Nitric oxide.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00074/18501/16092.pdf
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Comparison of hemocyte parameters in the pericardial cavity and the adductor muscle sinus in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas using two types of flow cytometers ArchiMer
Gagnaire, Beatrice; Duchemin, M; Auffret, Mathieu; Thomas-guyon, Helene; Renault, Tristan.
Parameters of hemocyte populations have been considered as relevant indicators of bivalve health and are currently used in immunotoxicological studies. Hemocytes in hemolymph can be collected by puncturing either the pericardial cavity or the adductor muscle sinus with a syringe. Flow cytometry is a methodological approach that is increasingly being used in laboratories for the study of hemocyte parameters in aquatic invertebrates. However, various protocols for hemocyte processing in laboratories equipped with different types of cytometers have been published. In this context, two flow cytometers ( EPICS XL4 (R), Beckman Coulter and FacsCalibur (R), Becton Dickinson) and two sites of hemocyte collection ( pericardial cavity and adductor muscle sinus) were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Phagocytosis; Hemocytes; Flow cytometry.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3898.pdf
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Curraleiro Pé Duro cattle breed (Bos taurus) differ in phagocytic Neutrophil function related to crossbreed cattle (Bos taurus X Bos indicus). Repositório Alice
JULIANO, R. S.; FIORAVANTI, M. C. S.; SILVA, A. R. B.; SOUZA, S. N.; OLIVEIRA, H. F.; COUTO, S. C. P.; MUN IZ JUNQUEIRA, M. I..
This work aimed to evaluate hematological parameters and phagocytic neutrophil functions of naturally selected Curraleiro Pé Duro cattle breed (Bos taurus) and crossbreed cattle (Bos taurus X Bos indicus). Two groups of adult cows: Natural= Curraleiro Pé Duro cattle breed (n=10) and Selected = ¾ Nelore X Simental crossbreed animals (n=10) were evaluated. Blood was sampled to make hemogram, in vitro evaluation of neutrophil phagocytosis and basal Nitroblue Tetrazolium - NBT reduction (without any stimulus). The results showed no difference in hematological parameters between these groups. Natural group had greater phagocytic index of neutrophils through pathogen-associated molecular patterns receptors (PAMPs) while in Selected group this same index was...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Innate immunity; Phagocytosis; Oxidative metabolism; Local cattle breed; Imunidade inata; Fagocitose; Metabolismo oxidative; Raça bovina local; Hematologia; Produção animal; Hematologic tests; Blood composition.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1048281
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Defense reactions of Dermatobia hominis (Diptera: Cuterebridae) larval hemocytes Biocell
Faraldo,Ana Carolina; Lello,Edy.
The defense reactions against biological (Histoplasma capsulatum and Escherichia coli) and non-biological materials (China ink and nylon thread) were tested in vivo in third instar larvae of Dermatobia hominis. The cellular defense performed by larval hemocytes was observed under electron microscopy. China ink particles were phagocytosed by granular cells 5 h after injection. E. coli cells were internalized by granular cells as early as 5 min after injection and totally cleared 180 min post-injection, when many hemocytes appeared disintegrated and others in process of recovering. H. capsulatum yeasts provoked, 24 h after being injected, the beginning of nodule formation. Nylon thread was encapsulated 24 h after the introduction into the hemocoel. Our...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dermatobia Hominis; Hemocytes; Phagocytosis; Nodule Formation; Encapsulation.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0327-95452003000200005
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Depletion of Phagocytic Cells during Nonlethal Plasmodium yoelii Infection Causes Severe Malaria Characterized by Acute Renal Failure in Mice OAK
Terkawi, Mohamad Alaa; Nishimura, Maki; Furuoka, Hidefumi.
In the current study, we examined the effects of depletion of phagocytes on the progression of Plasmodium yoelii 17XNL infection in mice. Strikingly, the depletion of phagocytic cells, including macrophages, with clodronate in the acute phase of infection significantly reduced peripheral parasitemia but increased mortality. Moribund mice displayed severe pathological damage, including coagulative necrosis in liver and thrombi in the glomeruli, fibrin deposition, and tubular necrosis in kidney. The severity of infection was coincident with the increased sequestration of parasitized erythrocytes, the systematic upregulation of inflammation and coagulation, and the disruption of endothelial integrity in the liver and kidney. Aspirin was administered to the...
Palavras-chave: Phagocytes; Macrophages; Phagocytosis; Plasmodium yoelii.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4479
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Detection of early effects of a single herbicide (diuron) and a mix of herbicides and pharmaceuticals (diuron, isoproturon, ibuprofen) on immunological parameters of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) spat ArchiMer
Luna-acosta, Andrea; Renault, Tristan; Thomas-guyon, Helene; Faury, Nicole; Saulnier, Denis; Budzinski, Helene; Le Menach, K.; Pardon, P.; Fruitier-arnaudin, I.; Bustamante, Paco.
In the context of massive summer mortality events of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, the aim of this study was to investigate the early effects on genes, enzymes and haemocyte parameters implicated in immune defence mechanisms in C. gigas oysters exposed to a potentially hostile environment, i.e. to an herbicide alone or within a mixture. Following 2 h of exposure to the herbicide diuron at 1 mu g L-1 the repression of different genes implicated in immune defence mechanisms in the haemocytes and the inhibition of enzyme activities, such as laccase-type phenoloxidase (PO) in the plasma, were observed. The inhibition of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the plasma was also observed after 6 and 24 h of exposure. In the mixture with the herbicides...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Pollution; Gene expression; Laccase; Superoxide dismutase; Phagocytosis.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00083/19435/17475.pdf
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Dietary lipid sources affect freshwater catfish jundiá, Rhamdia quelen, survival, when challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v35i4.19617 Animal Sciences
Vargas, Rodrigo Javier; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC); Dotta, Geovana; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC); Mouriño, José Luiz; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC); Silva, Bruno Correia da; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC); Fracalossi, Débora Machado; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC).
The immune modulatory activity of diet long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in fish has been previously demonstrated, although results for freshwater species are controversial.  This study evaluates the effect of different dietary lipids on freshwater catfish jundiá, Rhamdia quelen, survival and its non-specific response (phagocytosis) after being inoculated with the pathogen  Aeromonas hydrophila. Five diets were offered to jundiá fingerlings during 150 days prior to challenge: cod liver oil (FO), sunflower oil (SO), linseed oil (LO), canola oil (CO) and coconut oil (CNO). Accumulated mortality was significantly lower in fish fed FO and CNO diets and higher in fish fed LO. In spite of the highest values observed for phagocytotic activity in CNO-fed fish...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 5.06.03.00-0 mortality; Phagocytosis; Oils; Immune response Mortality; Phagocytosis; Oils; Immune response.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/19617
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Effect of a mono-specific algal diet on immune functions in two bivalve species - Crassostrea gigas and Ruditapes philippinarum ArchiMer
Delaporte, Maryse; Soudant, Philippe; Moal, Jeanne; Lambert, Christophe; Quere, Claudie; Miner, Philippe; Choquet, Gwenaelle; Paillard, Christine; Samain, Jean-francois.
The impact of diets upon the fatty acid composition of haemocyte polar lipids and consequently upon immune parameters has been tested in the oyster Crassostrea gigas and the clam Ruditapes philippinarum. Oysters and clams were fed each of three cultured algae: Chaetoceros calcitrans, which is rich in 20:5(n-3) and 20:4(n-6) and poor in 22:6(n-3) fatty acids; T-Iso (Isochrysis sp.), which is rich in 22:6(n-3) and deficient in 20:5(n-3) and 20:4(n-6); and Tetraselmis suecica, which is deficient in 22:6(n-3) and contains only small amounts of 20:5(n-3) and 20:4(n-6). Fatty acid composition of haemocyte polar lipids was greatly affected by the diet. Oysters and clams fed C. calcitrans maintained a higher proportion of 20:5(n-3) and 20:4(n-6) in their haemocyte...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ruditapes philippinarum; Crassostrea gigas; Polyunsaturated fatty acids; Phagocytosis; Oxidative activity; Haemocyte membrane; Nutrition; Immunology; Bivalve; Immunologie; Bivalve; Ruditapes philippinarum; Crassostrea gigas; Acides gras poly insatures; Phagocytose; Flambee respiratoire; Membrane; Hemocyte; Nutrition.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-354.pdf
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Effect of Bothrops alternatus snake venom on macrophage phagocytosis and superoxide production: participation of protein kinase C J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Setubal,SS; Pontes,AS; Furtado,JL; Kayano,AM; Stábeli,RG; Zuliani,JP.
Envenomations caused by different species of Bothrops snakes result in severe local tissue damage, hemorrhage, pain, myonecrosis, and inflammation with a significant leukocyte accumulation at the bite site. However, the activation state of leukocytes is still unclear. According to clinical cases and experimental work, the local effects observed in envenenomation by Bothrops alternatus are mainly the appearance of edema, hemorrhage, and necrosis. In this study we investigated the ability of Bothrops alternatus crude venom to induce macrophage activation. At 6 to 100 ¼g/mL, BaV is not toxic to thioglycollate-elicited macrophages; at 3 and 6 ¼g/mL, it did not interfere in macrophage adhesion or detachment. Moreover, at concentrations of 1.5, 3, and 6 ¼g/mL...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Snake venom; Bothrops; Macrophages; Phagocytosis; Superoxide; Protein kinase C; Inflammation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992011000400010
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Effect of in vivo pesticide exposure and injection of bacteria on immune gene expression in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Gagnaire, Beatrice; Renault, Tristan; Thomas Guyon, Hélène; Burgeot, Thierry.
Bay of Marennes-Oleron is an important French area of reproduction for sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax. This area is often subjected to many pollutions due to anthropic activities, including pesticides and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) which cause adverse effects in aquatic organisms. The harmful effects of such contaminants on fish immune system leading to a decreased resistance against pathogens begin to be described, but remain poorly known. In this context, influence of micropolluants, like PAH, on the defense mechanisms developed by sea bass was tested. Fish were exposed five days to a soluble fraction of PAH with environmental concentration (760 ng/L). At the end of the contamination, fish were transferred to non contaminated sea water and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Phagocytosis; Vibrio; Pesticides; Pollutant; Crasssotrea gigas; Oysters.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/acte-3317.pdf
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