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Registros recuperados: 64
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A redescription of the Indo-West Pacific Spirobranchus corrugatus Straughan, 1967 (Serpulidae, Polychaeta), and an alternative hypothesis on the nature of a group of Middle Miocene microfossils from Poland Naturalis
Hove, Harry A. ten; Nishi, Eijiroh.
Spirobranchus corrugatus, a little known species, is redescribed based on ample material from Australia, Indonesia, Japan and the Seychelles. The species is characterized by a seemingly porous tube, sunk into the substrate. Characteristically, the opercular plate shows a number of radial ridges on its distal surface, resembling Middle Miocene microfossils from Poland. The ventral rim of the opercular bulb of Sp. corrugatus bears numerous ocelli, with single lenses. A comparison with similar species is given.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Polychaeta; Serpulidae; Indo-Pacific; Miocene; Poland.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/505214
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Accession of the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to the European Union: Impacts on Agricultural Markets AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Beghin, John C.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fang, Cheng; Kaus, Phillip J..
Using a world agricultural multimarket model, we analyze the consequences of enlargement of the European Union (EU) to include the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland for agricultural markets. We produce a market outlook through the year 2010 for two enlargement scenarios, which are based on different assumptions regarding the restrictions on grain and dairy production in the acceding countries. In both scenarios, accession of the three Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) leads to a permanent but moderate decrease in EU prices for virtually all commodities. For the three acceding CEECs, domestic prices increase dramatically. Their final consumption of agricultural products decreases in most instances, while production rises. Higher domestic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CAP; Economic integration; EU enlargement; Agricultural trade; Czech Republic; Hungary; Poland; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18388
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ADJUSTMENT OF POLAND’S AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECTOR TO CHALLENGES OF AGRICULTURAL POLICY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AgEcon
Kowalski, Andrzej; Wigier, Marek; Chmielinski, Pawel.
Paper is aimed in assessment of first period of Poland’s membership in EU and covering agriculture and rural areas with the support under the Common Agricultural Policy in the context of future challenges faced by the agricultural policy. Analysis shows that accession to EU became a strong impulse for growth of the Polish food economy, however the main challenge for the Common Agricultural Policy in future, from Poland’s perspective, will be strengthening the multifunctional agriculture, i.e. territorial cohesion and positive effects of agricultural activity on natural environment.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; Common agricultural policy; Rural development; Poland; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91129
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CHAIN QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN CO-OPERATIVES AgEcon
Hanf, Jon Henrich; Pieniadz, Agata.
This paper investigates the relationship between the chosen quality strategy and the vertical co-ordination mechanism of a focal company by using new institutional economics, as well as strategic management approaches. The theoretical findings are tested using evidence from 19 of the largest Polish dairy cooperatives, surveyed in spring 2006. The results show that all co-ops recognise the changing market requirements and are treating food quality as more than plain food safety and the ability to continuously reproduce an ex ante defined set of attributes. However, compared to investor-owned dairies, co-ops are disadvantaged in quality-based competition due to their lower flexibility and access to financial and qualified human resources. To overcome this...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Network theory; Relationship management; Quality management; Cooperatives; Poland; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7604
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Changes in Competitiveness of Farm Sector in Candidate Countries Prior to the EU Accession: The Case of Poland AgEcon
Zawalinska, Katarzyna.
Prior to the EU accession Polish agricultural sector was experiencing serious structural problems. Not surprisingly Polish agricultural negotiations with EU were the toughest. Polish officials wanted to convince domestic rural electorate that the farms will operate on the competitive basis in enlarged EU. This paper investigates, however, how the competitiveness has been evolving yet prior to the accession, given the strong pressures within which it had to operate. We asked if Polish farms were responsive to this pressure - that is whether they were able to increase their productivity sufficiently to counter negative forces at work and maintain their competitiveness. The research showed a gloomy picture of declining farm productivity together with...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Competitiveness; Productivity; Farm sector; Transition; Poland; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; Q12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24520
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Classification of Agri-Tourism / Rural Tourism SMEs in Poland (on the Example of the Wielkopolska Region) AgEcon
Przezborska, Lucyna.
The paper is based on data from a questionnaire survey (interviews) conducted in the western part of Poland on 183 rural tourism and agri-tourism small and medium enterprises. The classification of enterprises was based on the methodology proposed by Wysocki (1996) and included the k-means clustering algorithm. As the result of the research three types of SMEs were separated, including the top resilient enterprises aimed mainly at tourism activity and usually connected with horse recreation, a cluster of mixed SMEs for which tourism activity was an additional and less important source of income, and a group of SMEs for which tourism activity was an additional but important source of income. The classification may be used as a hint for rural development...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-tourism; Rural tourism; SMEs; Rural development; Poland; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24670
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Cooperativeness and its Role in the Polish Food Production System AgEcon
Przygodzka, Renata.
Joint management for the purpose of meeting common needs has been the concept of cooperativeness for over 100 years. In Poland, it developed in various sectors of the economy, with uneven intensity. It appeared in the food production sectors, in particular in the dairy industry, at quite an early stage. After World War II, due to inclusion of Poland into the block of socialist states, the concept of cooperativeness was strongly perverted, as it was identified with the process of collectivization of agriculture, and only political prerequisites laid the foundations for such a process. Only after year 1989 possibilities of giving the proper role to the concept of cooperativeness appeared. Currently, this role is reinforced along with the growing care for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cooperativeness; Food Production System; Poland; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58115
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Credit Rationing in the Polish Farm Sector: A Microeconometric Analysis Based on Survey Data AgEcon
Petrick, Martin.
The objective of this paper is to empirically detect credit rationing of Polish farms. Based on cross-sectional survey data and motivated by a microeconomic farm household model, this effort is pursued by a methodology consisting of three interrelated steps. These steps include the analysis of qualitative survey data regarding farmers' experience with bank credit, based on this an econometric estimation of internal shadow prices of credit for the credit constrained sub-sample of respondents, and finally an investigation of interdependencies between determinants of consumption and production that should be influenced by the presence of a binding credit constraint. The results of the empirical analysis consistently suggest that among the observed randomly...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture credit; Credit rationing; Interest subsidy; Microeconometrics; Poland; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24951
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Dairy supply chain modernisation in Poland – what about those not keeping the pace? AgEcon
Falkowski, Jan; Malak-Rawlikowska, Agata; Milczarek-Andrzejewska, Dominika.
Taking into consideration a significant outflow of Polish farmers from dairy sector, we investigate what factors determine their decision to quit milk sales. We also analyse their current revenues and compare with that of similar households that remained in commercial milk production. Using logit model we find that severing relations with the market is mainly determined by worse endowment of farms with dairy specific assets, smaller cow herds and older age of the farm manager. Based on semi-parametric matching methods we find that in terms of revenues farms that decided for subsistence milk production perform worse than those that maintained commercial dairy business. However, more detailed analysis shows that this difference could be attributed to supply...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Milk production; Dairy supply chain; Subsistence farming; Matching methods; Poland; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Q12; Q13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52854
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Dairy supply chain restructuring and its impact on farmers' revenues in Poland AgEcon
Falkowski, Jan; Malak-Rawlikowska, Agata; Milkczarek-Andrzejewska, D..
Supply chain restructuring and its impact on farmers’ situation have become the subject of vast interest among agricultural economists. However, there have been relatively few studies trying to quantitatively asses this issue. This paper analyses the impact of supply chain modernisation on dairy farmers in Poland. It is shown that joining the modern marketing channel positively affects farmers’ revenues. The decision to enter the modern channel is crucially dependent on access to funds and facilitated by having larger cow herds.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Supply chain; Restructuring; Dairy sector; Poland; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44060
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Do Cooperative Banks Really Serve Agricultural Sector in Poland? AgEcon
Zawojska, Aldona; Siudek, Tomasz.
The aim of the paper is to assess the potential of cooperative banks for serving agricultural sector in Poland and to identify the areas with the most development potential. We discuss the transformation process in the cooperative banking system under market economy, and in particular investigate importance of cooperative banks for farms' financing on the basis of our survey of banks. Moreover, the role of cooperative banks in transmission of Government policy supporting farm sector in Poland is discussed. We find that despite growing competition from the commercial banking sector, farms and rural households in Poland are still of major importance for the cooperative banks in Poland.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cooperative banks; Agricultural sector; Poland; Agricultural Finance; G21; O18; Q14.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24479
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DOŚWIADCZENIA ODDOLNYCH INICJATYW ROZWOJU REGIONALNEGO ORAZ PERSPEKTYWY DLA PROGRAMU LEADER+ W REGIONIE DOLINY STRUGU W POLSCE AgEcon
Gramzow, Andreas.
This paper presents the results of a case study of local economic development in Dolina Strugu, Podkarpackie voivodship, Poland. Its aim is to analyse local development problems and chances, to investigate the potential of endogenous initiatives to support economic development, and to examine the prospects for an implementation of the EU’s initiative Leader+. The case study primarily relies on interviews conducted with local government authorities, NGOs, business owners and farmers in summer 2005. The hitherto unsatisfactory income situation in agriculture has been particularly precarious for the region because two thirds of the people in working age are employed in agriculture and alternative job opportunities are mostly absent. To respond to these...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural development; Endogenous initiative; Leader+; Cooperation; Poland; Ländliche Entwicklung; Endogene Initiative; Kooperation; Polen; Rozwój wsi; Inicjatywa lokalna; Współpraca; Polska; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; P 32; Q 13; R 11.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91960
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DYNAMICS OF POLISH WHEAT PRICES IN COMPARISON TO SELECTED WORLD PRICES IN A PERIOD OF ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION AgEcon
Figiel, Szczepan.
Poland's market reforms implemented in 1990 should possibly result in increasing price linkages between Polish and internationally traded agricultural commodities like wheat. Using regression and cointegration analysis Polish monthly wheat prices were found to be generally unrelated to selected world prices over the period of 1990/91 through 1996/97 mainly because of Polish government's intervention.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Poland; Price analysis; Intervention price policy; Wheat; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20864
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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN A FLEDGLING DEMOCRACY: THE POTENTIAL OF THE POLISH AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SYSTEM AgEcon
Doye, Damona G..
Agricultural economists who serve as educators in emerging democracies have the opportunity to contribute to economic development by building human capital. A channel for educators to share lessons learned in these countries could benefit individuals preparing for assignments in foreign countries. Understanding the cultural and social differences in decision-making systems is critical to successful educational program development and implementation. Individuals in the emerging democracies often need training in management and market economics to apply at institutional as well as personal levels. Similar training for recipients of economic development funds could result in more effective application of funds.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International education; International extension; Poland; International Development; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15192
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Economic Situation and Development Perspectives of Farms in Poland - An Analysis Based on Survey Data from Selected Polish Voivodships and a Comparison with German Farms AgEcon
Petrick, Martin; Spychalski, Grzegorz; Switlyk, Michal; Tyran, Ewa.
The aim of this paper is to present an analysis of farm-level data collected in a survey of 464 Polish farms in 2000. Performance indicators of farms in three Polish voivodships are compared with farm accountancy data from two German Länder. The results show that Polish farms are much less profitable than their German counterparts. The gap in income levels is much higher between persons employed in the agricultural sector than between average working persons in the two countries. Living standards of the Polish farm population in the north-west exceed those in the south-east of the country. The analysis suggests that the lower profitability of farms has two major reasons. First, farms in the German regions receive much higher levels of subsidies. Second,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Farm performance; Survey data; Poland; Germany; International Development.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98251
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Empirical Tests of Impacts of Rationing: The Case of Poland in Transition AgEcon
Huffman, Sonya Kostova; Johnson, Stanley R..
This study tests the theory of rationing, examining changes in household consumption behavior during the transition to a market economy in Poland, 1987–92. A model of consumption under rationing is developed and fitted to prereform quarterly data from the Polish Household Budget Survey. Virtual prices, prices at which consumers would have voluntarily chosen the rationed levels of goods, are derived for food and housing. The prereform Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) model with rationing is estimated. Estimates from the virtual AIDS yield plausible values for price and income elasticities. The AIDS model (without rationing) is also fitted to postreform quarterly household survey data for comparison and evaluation. When the two sets of results are compared,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: AIDS model; Hicksian; Poland; Rationing; Transition; Political Economy.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18613
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Evaluation of rural development programs after Poland’s accession to the EU: regional CGE approach AgEcon
Zawalinska, Katarzyna.
rural policy, pillar 2, Poland
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development policy; Regional computable general equilibrium model; Poland; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q18; R13; H43; O1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51342
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EXPERIENCE WITH ENDOGENOUS RURAL DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES AND THE PROSPECTS FOR LEADER+ IN THE REGION "DOLINA STRUGU", POLAND AgEcon
Gramzow, Andreas.
This paper presents the results of a case study of local economic development in Dolina Strugu, Podkarpackie voivodship, Poland. Its aim is to analyse local development problems and chances, to investigate the potential of endogenous initiatives to support economic development, and to examine the prospects for an implementation of the EU's initiative Leader+. The case study primarily relies on interviews conducted with local government authorities, NGOs, business owners and farmers in summer 2005. The hitherto unsatisfactory income situation in agriculture has been particularly precarious for the region because two thirds of the people in working age are employed in agriculture and alternative job opportunities are mostly absent. To respond to these...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural development; Endogenous initiative; Leader+; Cooperation; Poland; Community/Rural/Urban Development; P32; Q13; R11.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14907
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Explaining differences in farms efficiencies in Polish agriculture AgEcon
Hockmann, Heinrich; Pieniadz, Agata.
This paper deals with the estimation of a random coefficient model. The virtue of this approach is that it considers firm heterogeneity, which conventional SFA models do not. When the model is applied to Polish farms, the results indicate that the conventional random and fixed effect models overestimate the potential production increases due to the reduction of inefficiency. Additionally, our findings provide evidence of the importance of input quality for efficiency analysis. Moreover, the results indicate that farm heterogeneity is a significant determinant of agricultural production. We found that differences in productivity between the farms can partly be attributed to farm size, degree of integration in the product markets and incurred transaction...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: SFA; Random component model; Poland; Agriculture; Firm heterogeneity; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q12; C23; D24; L23.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51051
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Facing the future: strategies and investment behaviour of polish farmers AgEcon
Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
This paper analyses farm-household strategies and investment behaviour of Polish farmers with a particular focus on the perceived effects of CAP. The paper is based on a survey of Polish farmers carried out in 2006 on a sample of 63 farms. Farmers where selected in order to fit in the intersection of the following categories: different altitudes (plain/mountain); different specialisation (arable crops, livestock, fruit trees), different technology (conventional, organic). The survey includes information about farm and household structure, expectations, reaction to planned and intended investment, as well as about potential reforms such as decoupling of EU payments. Results show multifaceted expectations toward the future. The main objectives expressed by...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural Policy (CAP); Single Farm Payment (SFP); Decoupling; Impact analysis; Poland; Investment behaviour.; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7842
Registros recuperados: 64
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