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Registros recuperados: 49
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A civilização da juta na Amazônia - expansão e declínio. Repositório Alice
HOMMA, A. K. O..
1995
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Juta; Malva; Desenvolvimento agrícola; Produção; Política; Amazônia; Brasil; Jute; Agricultural development; Production; Policies.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/397230
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A economia política dos estudos sobre desenvolvimento rural no Brasil AgEcon
Schneider, Sergio.
O trabalho analisa as principais tendências teóricas e temas que integram o debate brasileiro recente sobre o desenvolvimento rural. Sustenta-se que a agenda do desenvolvimento rural no Brasil, da qual comungam e participam ativamente estudiosos, organizações e instituições, tem sido formulada pelo Estado e pelas políticas públicas implementadas desde a década de 1990. Entre os fatores que influenciaram a emergência do debate sobre o desenvolvimento rural destaca-se a crescente legitimação social e política da agricultura familiar e da reforma agrária, a reorientação das políticas governamentais, o crescente acirramento político e ideológico em relação ao agronegócio e as discussões sobre a sustentabilidade. Também se argumenta que as referências...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Desenvolvimento rural; Estado; Políticas; Agricultura familiar; Teoria social; Rural development; State; Policies; Family farming; Social theory; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103106
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A Reference Guide on t he Use o f Indicators for Integrated Coastal Management OceanDocs
Belfiore, S.; Balgos, M.; McLean, B.; Galofre, J.; Blaydes, M.; Tesch, D..
This first issue is devoted to the use of indicators for ICAM, and is a direct result of the IOC-DFO-NOAA-CSMP International Workshop on the same topic, organised in May 2002, in Ottawa. Based on a background paper prepared by the Center for the Study of Marine Policy (University of Delaware) in preparation for the workshop, the aim of this Reference Guide is to present a literature review on the use of indicators around the world, from various programmes and projects, at global, regional, national and local scale.The need for indicators and reporting techniques which reflects the performance of coastal management projects and programmes and reveals the complex relationship that exist between coastal ecosystem health and anthropogenic activities,...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Oceanography; Coastal oceanography; Coastal zone management; Marine ecology; Marine environment; Environment management; Socioeconomic aspects; Policies; Marine environment; Marine ecology; Policies; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4610; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4609; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6062.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2677
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A Sectoral Model for Analyzing Alternative Technologies in Pig Farming AgEcon
Helming, John F.M.; Surry, Yves R..
This paper develops a demand-augmented positive mathematical programming model to analyze the relationship between environmental pollution from animal manure, manure policies and different pork production systems in the Netherlands. The model features substitution of conventional and alternative pork from the demand side and endogenous manure prices. It is found that policies that put restrictions on environmental pollution from manure decreases the conventional pork production systems, but increases organic pork production systems. The latter is considered an improved system from both an animal welfare and environmental point of view.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Societal concerns; Positive mathematical programming; Pork; Markets; Policies; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24774
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AGRICULTURAL FINANCING POLICIES AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA AgEcon
Eze, Christopher C.; Lemchi, J.I.; Ugochukwu, Albert I.; Eze, V.C.; Awulonu, C.A.O.; Okon, A.X..
The study examined the agricultural financing policies of the government of Nigeria and effects on rural development .The study found that though the government has made serious efforts at making good agricultural policies through schemes, programmes and institutions, it has not been able to back them up with adequate budgetary allocation and financing coupled with corruption in the execution of the policies. It is recommended that for the government agricultural financing policies to achieve its target of rural development, Nigeria will need an adequate level of strategically targeted investment in agriculture, upgrade rural infrastructure, boost productivity, and increase competitiveness of the farm output, in addition to fighting corruption.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural financing; Policies; Institutions; Rural; Development; International Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91677
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Agriculture and Protection of Landscape Area of the White Carpathians AgEcon
Krumalova, Veronika; Backman, Stefan.
The protected landscape area of the White Carpathians in Czech Republic is confronted with several threats. The protection of the landscape involves instituted policies and restrictions on production. Due to the approaching EU accession and the possible subsequent institutional changes, there is an increased demand for knowledge on production opportunities and threats. In addition there are immediate concerns on the relation between agricultural production and the environment. One major concern is the abandonment of agricultural land. In this article the combination of production elements and protection is described. Factor analyses are used to identify groups of farms with similarities in production structure and organisation. The results of the factor...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Factor analysis; Landscape protection; Livestock production; Policies; Institutions; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18883
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Avaliação das mudanças na política de garantia de preços mínimos: período de 1997 a 2004 AgEcon
Del Bel Filho, Egmar; Bacha, Carlos Jose Caetano.
This paper evaluates the main changes that happened in the Brazilian policies of agricultural minimum price since 1997, paying attention to operational issues and discrepancies among regions and products that occurred when implementing those policies. In 1996, Brazilian Federal Government created two new programs, Prêmio de Escoamento de Produto (PEP) and Contratos de Opções de Venda de Produtos Agropecuários (COVPA), in addition to other two traditional programs (Aquisição do Governo Federal, AGF, and Empréstimos do Governo Federal, EGF). However, the new programs only were implemented one year after. Since then, these four Federal programs of minimum prices have had different performances. This paper evaluates those differences, highlighting unequal...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Minimum price; Policies; Regions; Brazil.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56743
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Beyond Land Titling for Sustainable Management of Agricultural Land: Lessons from Ndome and Ghazi in Taita-Taveta, Kenya JARTS
Waswa, Fuchaka; Eggers, Helmut; Kutsch, Thomas.
This paper is based on a 1996-1999 case study that was done in semi-arid Ndome and Ghazi, Taita-Taveta District, in Kenya to determine the root causes of persistent erosion damage in the area. More than 10 years after land adjudication was done in these areas, more than 70% of the farmers still operate under tenure insecurity mainly due to lack of title deeds (r = 0.94**). Contrary to conventional expectation of land development, owning of land under private property rights was motivated by the sense of belonging, wealth, power and to some degree for speculative purposes. Adoption of structural soil and water conservation measures was still well below 50%. Preference was still given to indigenous land and water management (ILWM) technologies, with adoption...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Policy land titling; Sustainable land management; Policies; Kenya.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/5
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BREAKING THE BOOM AND BUST: EXPLORING THIRTY YEARS OF DIVERSIFICATION IN WESTERN CANADA AgEcon
Chambers, Edward J.; Ryan, Chris.
The topic of diversification has been studied extensively by academics and policy makers. The theory of diversification, dating back to the 1930s and the Great Depression, suggests that increasing the variety of industries in a region spreads the risk and reduces the likelihood that all industries will suffer a downturn at the same time. This serves to mitigate the boom and bust pattern often experienced by a heavy reliance on a limited number of industries, which in three of the four western provinces, means natural resource-based industries. This study examines diversification progress in the four western provinces over the last 30 years. The time span covers the greatest progress in trade liberalization policy in the nation’s history, and the evidence...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Alberta; Western Canada; Diversification; "boom and bust"; Shift-share; Portfolio choice; Employment; Sector shift; Development; Policy; Policies; Economic history; History; Retrospective; Location quotients; Industrial Organization; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60429
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Conservar recursos genéticos para preservar a natureza. Partes I e II. Infoteca-e
PAIVA, J. R. de.
Recursos geneticos da Amazonia: diversidade, densidade e variabilidade.
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Brasil; Forest; Policies; Floresta Tropical Úmida; Política; Preservação da Natureza; Recurso Florestal; Amazonia; Genetic resources.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/667431
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Contrastive Research on Domestic and Foreign Ecological Agriculture Policies AgEcon
Chen, Jianwei; Qi, Yan-bin; Zhao, Yufeng.
In the first place, the definitions of ecological agriculture defined by scholars both at home and abroad are introduced. In the second place, the domestic and foreign ecological agriculture policies are expounded. Through contrastive research on the domestic and foreign ecological agriculture polices, the problems in the development of ecological agriculture in China are found. By mirroring the western experiences in developing ecological agriculture, the countermeasures and relevant suggestions are put forward from the perspective of government. The first one is to increase the subsidies from the government to ecological agriculture. The second one is to clarify the standard of ecological agriculture construction. The third one is to promote the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Ecological agriculture; Policies; Agricultural subsidies; Sustainable development; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101889
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Desenvolvimento da pesquisa heveicola no Brasil. Repositório Alice
SOUZA, R.F.; VALOIS, A.C.C.; PAIVA, J.R. de; CARBAJAL, A.L.R.; ROCHA NETO, O.L.G. da; SOUZA, R.A..
Desenvolvimento da producao da borracha no Brasil. Estimulo a producao de borracha natural. Antecedentes e evolucao da pesquisa da seringueira. Criacao do Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de seringueira e Dende-CNPSD. Programa de Pesquisa da Seringueira-PNP Seringueira. Tecnologias disponiveis. Proposta da pesquisa.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Seringueira; Hevea; Especie; Pesquisa; Programa; Politica; Historia; Brasil; Rubber tree; Species; Research; Program; Policies; History.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/667396
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Does Adoption of Improved Maize Varieties Reduce Poverty? Evidence from Kenya AgEcon
Mwangi, Wilfred; Mwabu, Germano; Nyangito, Hezron Omare.
Adoption of technologies that increase farm yields is a prerequisite for poverty alleviation in agrarian societies. However, the link between adoption of improved agricultural technologies and poverty reduction is not well understood or documented. This relationship is explored with an example of improved maize seed adoption in Laikipia and Suba - two rural districts in Kenya. We show that adopters of improved maize varieties have higher yields per acre and that poverty is negatively correlated with technology adoption. Policies for increasing diffusion of these technologies include improving access roads to market centers to enhance maize profitability and extension of information about improved maize varieties to farmers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Maize adoption; Technologies; Poverty; Policies; Kenya; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25376
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Ecological and Social Aspects of Ecological Restoration: New Challenges and Opportunities for Northern Regions Ecology and Society
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Ecological restoration; Northern regions; Policies; Social-ecological systems; Techniques.
Ano: 2013
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Evolution of social science research at ICRISAT, and a case study in Zimbabwe Open Agri
J.D..
Palavras-chave: Social sciences; Crop management; Cash flow; Assets; Synergism; Farm inputs; Agricultural credit; Strategies; Policies; Weather hazards.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/3321
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Factors affecting peasants’ empowerment in West Halmahera District – a case study from Indonesia JARTS
Aminah, Sitti; Sumardjo, _; Lubis, Djuara P.; Susanto, Djoko.
Agricultural development has not yet created empowered farmers in Indonesia. Most farmers living in eastern Indonesia are peasants with low access to development resources. This condition causes most of the peasants to be classified as poor citizens. This research was meant to formulate improvement strategies for empowerment of the peasants. The data were collected between March – May 2012 using the following methods: observation, interview and focus group discussion. The data was analysed using descriptive statistic and structural equation modelling (SEM) and showed that: (1) the empowerment of peasants was within the lowest category for all variables, namely: the peasant characteristics, the role of the agents for development, program quality, the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and human ecology agricultural development; Governmental support; Indonesia; Peasant empowerment; Policies.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2014020344939
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Forces behind China's Surging Trade: Competitiveness or Policy Driven? AgEcon
Somwaru, Agapi; Tuan, Francis C.; Gehlhar, Mark J.; Diao, Xinshen; Langley, Suchada V..
This paper delves into China's differential growths in trade flows with high income countries by focusing on bilateral content of trade data over the time period 1962-2005. Unlike other studies, we account for end use of traded goods ranging from primary, intermediate, and finished goods because China's policies impact all segments China's trade flows. China's trade growth patterns with major high income countries clearly indicate that the adjacency-neighborhood partners alone is unlikely to explain its unprecedented growth in exports and imports. China's outstanding performance in trade growth can be traced back to the 1970s with changes in its policies and increased involvement in the international segmentation of production processes and preferential...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; International trade; Growth; Policies; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9907
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Fruit Policies in Japan AgEcon
Ito, Kenzo; Dyck, John H..
Government programs and subsidies regulate and support Japan’s large fruit-production sector, bolstering farm incomes and output levels. Supply-management programs that target annual production levels for some fruits, in order to maintain market prices, contribute to higher prices for consumers, although other programs aim to increase fruit consumption. Japan’s tariffs and phytosanitary measures also create barriers to fruit consumption and limit imports. Producers in the United States, a major fruit supplier to Japan, could benefit from reduced barriers.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Japan; Fruits; Policies; Production; Subsidies; Insurance; Farm markets; Tariffs; Phytosanitary measures; U.S. Department of Agriculture; USDA; Economic Research Service; ERS; FTS-341-01; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92336
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Future challenges and opportunities for agricultural R&D in the semi-arid tropics Open Agri
J.G..
Palavras-chave: Crops; Pigeonpeas; Chickpeas; Millets; Sorghum; Policies; Private sector; Coarse grains; Genes.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4225
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Future of Agriculture in the Semi-Arid Tropics Open Agri
M.C.S..
Palavras-chave: Water harvesting; Land resources; Tropical zones; Policies; Products; Biotechnology; Soil degradation; Sustainable agriculture; Electrophoresis; Agricultural trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/3696
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