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Registros recuperados: 8
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Diel vertical migration of predators (planktivorous fish larvae) and prey (zooplankton) in a tropical lagoon Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Mendonça,Marcos Marques; Picapedra,Pablo Henrique dos Santos; Ferronato,Michelli Caroline; Sanches,Paulo Vanderlei.
ABSTRACT Based on the hypothesis that diel vertical migration (DVM) is a mechanism of predator avoidance, the objective of the present study was to test for the occurrence of DVM in planktivorous fish larvae of Hypophthalmus edentatus (Spix, 1829) (Siluriformes, Pimelodidae) and Plagioscion squamosissimus (Heckel, 1840) (Perciformes, Sciaenidae), and zooplankton (rotifers, cladocerans and copepods) in an isolated tropical lagoon in the floodplain of the Upper Paraná River, Brazil (region of Parque Nacional de Ilha Grande). We investigated spatial overlap between predators (planktivorous fish larvae) and prey (zooplankton), and tested which physical and chemical variables of the water are related to the DVM of the studied communities. We performed nocturnal...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Vertical distribution; Spatial overlap; Predator-prey interactions; Rotifers; Microcrustaceans.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212015000200174
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Emergence of a new predator in the North Sea: evaluation of potential trophic impacts focused on hake, saithe, and Norway pout ArchiMer
Cormon, Xochitl; Kempf, Alexander; Vermard, Youen; Vinther, Morten; Marchal, Paul.
During the last 15 years, northern European hake (Merluccius merluccius) has increased in abundance, and its spatial distribution has expanded in the North Sea region in correlation with temperature. In a context of global warming, this spatial shift could impact local trophic interactions: direct impacts may affect forage fish through modified predator–prey interactions, and indirect impacts may materialize through competition with other resident predators. For instance, North Sea saithe (Pollachius virens) spatial overlap with hake has increased while saithe spawning-stock biomass has decreased recently notwithstanding a sustainable exploitation. In this context, we investigated the range of potential impacts resulting from most recent hake emergence in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hake; Interspecific competition; Maximum sustainable yield; Multispecies stock assessment; Norway pout; Predator-prey interactions; Saithe; Simple foodweb; SMS.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00327/43794/45917.pdf
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ESCAPE OR BE PREYED: NEW RECORDS AND CURRENT KNOWLEDGE ON PREDATORS OF PSEUDINAE FROGS (ANURA: HYLIDAE) IN SOUTH AMERICA Acta biol.Colomb.
LANDGREF FILHO,Paulo; AOKI,Camila; SOUSA,Daiene Louveira Hokama de; SOUZA,Edivaldo Oliveira de; BRANDÃO,Reuber Albuquerque; ÁVILA,Robson Waldemar; ODA,Fabrício Hiroiuki.
ABSTRACT Neotropical amphibians play important roles as preys and predators in freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. The subfamily Pseudinae includes small and medium-sized frogs within three genera representing 13 valid species. Most published records of predation on Pseudinae frogs are anecdotic and scarce. Herein, we provide five new reports of predation and presenting a detailed literature review on Pseudinae predation, with 15 studies published between 1983-2017. Pseudinae species were preyed at both day and night by a wide variety of predators, principally birds. Adults were preyed upon more frequently than juveniles and tadpoles. In the present study, most predators were diurnal, with birds accounting for most records. A variety of invertebrates...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anura; Aquatic birds; Aquatic insects; Predator-prey interactions.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-548X2019000200397
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Habitat complexity does not influence prey consumption in an experimental three-level trophic chain Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Granzotti,Rafaela V.; Muniz,Carolina M.; Gomes,Luiz C..
ABSTRACT Habitat complexity influences species diversity and regulates trophic interactions, mostly by increasing resource partitioning within habitats and providing refuge for prey. The influence of habitat complexity on more than two trophic levels is not well understood, mainly because behavioral modifications of prey and predator may influence the outcome of trophic interactions. Thus, we conducted a two-factor experiment with a three-level trophic chain: a piscivorous fish [Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829)], an invertivorous fish (Moenkhausia forestii Benine, Mariguela & C. de Oliveira, 2009) and an aquatic macroinvertebrate (Chironomidae larvae). We measured prey consumption in low, intermediate and high habitat complexity,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Macrophytes; Predator-prey interactions; Piscivory; Foraging behavior.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212018000100228
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Hide and seek in the Bay of Biscaya functional investigation of marine megafauna and small pelagic fish interactions ArchiMer
Lambert, Charlotte; Authier, Matthieu; Doray, Mathieu; Doremus, Ghislain; Spitz, Jerome; Ridoux, Vincent.
Prey and predator distributions influence one another. Understanding the scale and the orientation of predator-prey spatial correlations is crucial in foraging ecology. Growing evidence suggests that predator-prey interactions are more constrained by functional characteristics of both the predator and the prey. Unfortunately, in marine pelagic systems, the scale and orientation of spatial correlations between predators and prey have been only little explored from a functional point of view. We tested the existence of fine-scale association between predators and fish functional groups. Visual predator sightings and acoustic fish records were collected synchronously during oceanographic surveys from 2004 to 2014. Prey biomass was integrated by nautical miles...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Cetaceans; Functional traits; Marine top predators; Predator avoidance; Predator-prey interactions; Prey profitability; Seabirds.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00488/59998/63448.pdf
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North Sea saithe Pollachius virens growth in relation to food availability, density dependence and temperature ArchiMer
Cormon, Xochitl; Ernande, Bruno; Kempf, Alexander; Vermard, Youen; Marchal, Paul.
North Sea saithe Pollachius virens, a major top predator in the area, supports the fishery economy of several European countries. However, recent stock assessments suggested a decrease in spawning stock biomass along with a decline in saithe mean weight-at-ages. In this context, we investigated North Sea saithe growth characteristics at the population level. First, saithe annual weight increments and age-length relationships were studied. Modelling of saithe age-length relationships was carried out using (1) the traditional von Bertalanffy growth function model, (2) the Verhulst logistic model and (3) an empirical linear model. Second, the effects of environmental factors on saithe growth were investigated. Explanatory environmental factors included food...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bottom-up processes; Von Bertalanffy growth function; Logistic growth; Norway pout; Prey availability effects; Density-dependence; Predator-prey interactions; Resource limitation; Competition.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00314/42499/41875.pdf
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Phytoplankton assemblages and characterization of a Dinophysis acuminata population during an upwelling-downwelling cycle ArchiMer
Gonzalez-gil, Sonsoles; Velo-suarez, Lourdes; Gentien, Patrick; Ramilo, Isabel; Reguera, Beatriz.
The distributions of Dinophysis acuminata, its potential prey Myrionecta rubra, and the microplankton populations associated with them, were studied in Ria de Pontevedra (NW Spain) during a 2 wk cruise that covered an upwelling-downwelling cycle, and during intensive sampling over 21 h at the end of the cruise. Special attention was focused on the characterization and physiological condition of D. acuminata. There was vertical segregation between a phytoplankton assemblage that was dominated by upwelling-promoted diatoms and another assemblage that was dominated by small dinoflagellates, located in the warmer surface layer (0 to 5 m) where D. acuminata was observed. High spatio-temporal variability was observed in the frequency of cells containing starch...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Harmful algal blooms; Plankton communities; Dinophysis acuminata; Myrionecta rubra; Predator-prey interactions.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11296/7822.pdf
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Seasonal variation in fish trophic networks in two clear-water streams in the Central Llanos region, Venezuela Neotropical Ichthyology
Peterson,Christopher C.; Keppeler,Friedrich W.; Saenz,David E.; Bower,Luke M.; Winemiller,Kirk O..
ABSTRACT Food webs are not static entities; consumer resource interactions vary in both time and space, which complicates depiction and comparisons of food web structures. We estimated fish assemblage structure and diets in two clear-water streams in the Venezuelan Llanos region (Charcote and Charcotico) and constructed trophic networks (sub-webs defined by fishes as the principal consumers) during four periods of the annual flood pulse. As stream conditions changed from high-water to low-water, we hypothesized that: 1) the piscivore-non-piscivore ratio would increase; 2) dietary diversity would decrease; 3) interspecific dietary overlap would decline; 4) fewer allochthonous food items would be consumed; and 5) food-web connectance would increase. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aquatic ecosystem; Flood pulse; Predation; Predator-prey interactions; Trophic niche.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252017000200215
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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