Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 33
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A model-based approach to moral hazard in food chains - What contribution do principal-agent-models make to the understanding of food risks induced by opportunistic behaviour? AgEcon
Hirschauer, Norbert.
Food risks may be caused by moral hazard, i.e. by opportunistic behaviour of upstream sellers who exploit the fact that many food product qualities remain uncertain to downstream buyers in the course of conventional market transactions (credence qualities). Due to this lack of market transparency buyers run the risk to pay premium prices for inferior products (quality risks); furthermore, they run the risk to use or consume substances which are harmful (health risks). Therefore, they will want to design optimal contracts and controls preventing opportunistic behaviour. Usually, however, buyers cannot contract contingent on the actions of upstream sellers because they cannot observe them directly (information asymmetry). Motivated by the obviously...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food risk; Information asymmetry; Moral hazard; Opportunistic behaviour; Prevention; Principal-agent-model; Traceability; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97448
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A strategy to prevent damages in portuguese small ruminants due to hot climate conditions IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Silva, J. Santos e; Fitas da Cruz, Vasco; Barbosa, José Carlos.
In some Portuguese inland regions, small ruminants can be subject to hot climate conditions, as high temperatures or heat waves. These conditions can affect animal production, mainly milk and its quality. In fact, data from revious years, shows that temperatures in Summer tend to be high, and several heat waves have occurred, with temperatures above 40 oC. To minimize the effects of these adverse climatic situations on animal production, we are carrying out a work to tackle this problem. Dans quelques régions intérieures du Portugal, les petits ruminants peuvent être sujets à des conditions climatiques chaudes, comme les températures levées ou vagues de chaleur. Ces conditions peut affecter la production animale, principalement le lait et sa...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Small ruminants; Hot climate; Heat waves damages; Prevention.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/3252
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Analyse et prevention des troubles du cycle reproductif chez les caprins en region semi-aride dans le Nordeste bresilien. Repositório Alice
QUIRIN, R.; LEAL, T. M.; FAYE, B..
Une enquete ecopathologique sur les avortements caprins en elevage traditionnel dans le nord-est du Bresil a permis de mettre en evidence une succession de troubles du cycle reproductif affectant le rendement zootechnique. L'analyse du cycle a fourni les elements necessaires a la formulation de mesures de prevention de ces troubles. Il s'agit, en manipulant le cycle reproductif, de realiser une meilleure adequation entre l'offre alimentaire, tres saisonnee, et la période de mises bas. Certaines mesures de conduite de la mise bas devraient entrainer une diminution importante de la mortalite des jeunes.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Desordem; Prevencao; Nordeste; Regiao semi-arida; Disorders; Prevention; Northeast; Semiarid region; Caprino; Distúrbio Fisiológico; Reprodução; Goats; Reproduction.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/132962
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Congenital toxoplasmosis transmitted by human immunodeficiency-virus infected women BJID
Azevedo,Kátia Martins Lopes de; Setúbal,Sérgio; Lopes,Vania Gloria Silami; Camacho,Luiz Antônio Bastos; Oliveira,Solange Artimos de.
We report the occurrence of congenital toxoplasmosis in three infants born to HIV infected women who had high anti-toxoplasma IgG and negative IgM during pregnancy. We briefly reviewed available literature and discussed the possible transmission mechanisms of congenital toxoplasmosis among HIV infected pregnant women. Serum samples were tested for Toxoplasma gondii IgM and IgG antibodies using commercial enzyme immunoassay and IgG-avidity tests. In the first case, fetal death occurred at 28th week of gestation. In the second case, congenital toxoplasmosis was diagnosis at 6th month of life; and in the third case, an HIV-infected newborn, congenital toxoplasmosis was asymptomatic. These cases point out to the possibility of enhanced maternal-fetal...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Congenital toxoplasmosis; Human immunodeficiency-virus; Prevention; AIDS.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702010000200014
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Distributional effects of flood risk management—a cross-country comparison of preflood compensation Ecology and Society
van Doorn-Hoekveld, Willemijn J.; Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law, Utrecht University School of Law, The Netherlands; w.j.hoekveld@uu.nl; Suykens, Cathy; KU Leuven, Belgium; cathy.suykens@kuleuven.be; Homewood, Stephen; Flood Hazard Research Centre, Middlesex University London, England; stephenhomewood@yahoo.co.uk; Chmielewski, Piotr J.; Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland; piotr.chmielewski1990@gmail.com; Matczak, Piotr; Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland; Institute of Sociology, Adam Mickiewicz University; matczak@amu.edu.pl; van Rijswick, Helena F.M.W; Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law, Utrecht University School of Law, The Netherlands; H.vanRijswick@uu.nl.
We seek to examine the manner in which either the EU member states of France, the Netherlands, Poland, and Sweden or parts of them, such as the country of England in the UK or the Flemish Region in Belgium, deal with the distributional effects of the flood risk management strategies prevention, defense, and mitigation. Measures carried out in each of these strategies can cause preflood harm, as in the devaluation of property or loss of income. However, different member states and authorities address this harm in different ways. A descriptive overview of the different compensation regimes in the field of flood risk management is followed by an analysis of these differences and an explanation of what may cause them, such as the geographical differences that...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Defense; é Galité Devant les charges publiques; Equity; Flood risk management; Legitimacy; Loss; No-fault liability; Preflood compensation; Prevention; Protection of property rights; Solidarity; Spatial planning.
Ano: 2016
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Drugs and lifestyle for the treatment and prevention of coronary artery disease: comparative analysis of the scientific basis BJMBR
da Luz,P.L.; Nishiyama,M.; Chagas,A.C.P..
In this article, we compare two strategies for atherosclerosis treatment: drugs and healthy lifestyle. Statins are the principal drugs used for the treatment of atherosclerosis. Several secondary prevention studies have demonstrated that statins can significantly reduce cardiovascular events including coronary death, the need for surgical revascularization, stroke, total mortality, as well as fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction. These results were observed in both men and women, the elderly, smokers and non-smokers, diabetics and hypertensives. Primary prevention studies yielded similar results, although total mortality was not affected. Statins also induce atheroma regression and do not cause cancer. However, many unresolved issues remain, such as...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Atherosclerosis; Statins; Lifestyle; Coronary disease; Prevention.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2011001000002
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Epidemiological survey of scorpion envenomation in southwestern Morocco J. Venom. Anim. Toxins
TOULOUN,O.; SLIMANI,T.; BOUMEZZOUGH,A..
The high frequency and severity of scorpion envenomation in Morocco is a serious public health problem, especially in semi arid and arid areas with a large rural population. In view of this alarming situation, we have conducted this investigation on scorpion envenomation in the Haouz and Souss plains between 1994 and 1998. Preliminary results have shown a high rate of scorpion envenomation with several deaths. With the exception of Scorpio maurus, the suspected species are generally anthropophilous, which belong to the Androctonus genera of the Buthidae family. The Buthidae family is responsible for 96.93% of the envenomings. In the southwestern Morocco, the death rate is of about 3.84%. The Androctonus mauretanicus is responsible for 60% of deaths. We...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Scorpions; Scorpion envenomation; Epidemiology; Prevention; Southwestern Morocco; Haouz; Souss.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-79302001000200006
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Fusarium wilt of banana by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4: contingency planning, best farm biosecurity practices for prevention and capacity building in Latin America & Caribbean. Repositório Alice
RODRIGUEZ, M. A. D.; VICENTE, L. P..
Banana world production (2015) was133.7 million ton and is the most important fruit commodity representing a gross value of 45 billion USD. Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) produce 24 % of the banana world production and 64% of this production are locally consumed, representing food security and livelihoods for millions people. Seven countries of the region belong to the top-10 exporting nations. Fusarium wilt (FW) caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4) is a major threat for this crop. Current increment of movement of persons, commodities and germplasm, increase risks of transboundary movement of pests putting under press exotic pest surveillance. Measures implementation to prevent introduction and dissemination of...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Exotic pests; Prevention; Diagnostic; Surveillance; Pest control; Quarantine; Pest monitoring.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1077999
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Glyphosate Applied at the Early Reproductive Stage Impairs Seed Production of Glyphosate-Resistant Hairy Fleabane Planta Daninha
PIASECKI,C.; MAZON,A.S.; MONGE,A.; CAVALCANTE,J.A.; AGOSTINETTO,D.; VARGAS,L..
ABSTRACT: Glyphosate-resistant hairy fleabane [Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronq.] is one of the most important weeds in the world. Among the factors that make this weed species widely distributed in the most diverse environments is the high seed production capacity and dispersal. Hairy fleabane plants not controlled by herbicide application regrowth and overcome crop canopy, use environmental resources, interfere with crops, and complete their life cycle by producing thousands of seeds and replenishing the seed bank. Management strategies that reduce production and viability of hairy fleabane seeds can be adopted within the integrated management to reduce the seed bank and prevent further infestations. In this way, experiments were carried out in a greenhouse...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Conyza bonariensis; Resistance; Integrated weed management; Prevention; Soil seed bank.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582019000100198
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
InBUy database of Invasive and Alien Species (IAS) in Uruguay: a useful tool to confront this threat to biodiversity Biota Neotropica
Masciadri,Silvana; Brugnoli,Ernesto; Muniz,Pablo.
In Uruguay, as well as in other regions of the world, IAS cause negative impacts on natural and managed ecosystems. The use of databases is a helpful tool to elaborate different strategies for prevention and control, and to develop policies and scientific analyses related to IAS. The database of IAS in Uruguay (InBUy) was developed during two time periods (2006-2007 and 2009-2010). It currently contains information on 33 specialists of different taxonomic groups, 14 research projects, 185 references, 351 species and 4,715 records, with vascular plants having both the highest number of species and records. Among vascular plants, herbaceous life forms are the most strongly represented, followed by trees and shrubs. Within animals, the fishes and mollusks are...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alien species; Biological invasions; Area of origin; Cause of introduction; Prevention.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032010000400026
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Is prevention better than cure? An empirical investigation for the case of Avian Influenza AgEcon
Longworth, Natasha; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Saatkamp, H.W.; Huirne, Ruud B.M..
The new EU Animal Health Strategy suggests a shift in emphasis away from control towards prevention and surveillance activities for the management of threats to animal health. The optimal combination of these actions will differ among diseases and depend on largely unknown and uncertain costs and benefits. This paper reports an empirical investigation of this issue for the case of Avian Influenza. The results suggest that the optimal combination of actions will be dependent on the objective of the decision maker and that conflict exists between an optimal strategy which minimises costs to the government and one which maximises producer profits or minimises negative effects on human health. From the perspective of minimising the effects on human health,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Avian influenza; Prevention; Control; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44200
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Kidney health for everyone everywhere – from prevention to detection and equitable access to care BJMBR
Li,P. Kam-Tao; Garcia-Garcia,G.; Lui,Siu-Fai; Andreoli,S.; Fung,W. Wing-Shing; Hradsky,A.; Kumaraswami,L.; Liakopoulos,V.; Rakhimova,Z.; Saadi,G.; Strani,L.; Ulasi,I.; Kalantar-Zadeh,K..
The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the 5th most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual healthcare budget in high-income countries. However, the onset and progression of CKD is often preventable. In 2020, the World Kidney Day campaign highlights the importance of preventive interventions – be it primary, secondary, or tertiary. This article focuses on outlining and analyzing measures that can be implemented in every country to promote and advance CKD prevention. Primary prevention of kidney disease should focus on the modification of risk factors and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Kidney diseases; Prevention; Detection; Awareness.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2020000300101
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Mastite caprina: algumas medidas de prevenção. Infoteca-e
SILVA, E. R. da; ALVES, F. S. F.; PINHEIRO, R. R..
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Prevention; Caprino; Mamite; Doença animal; Profilaxia; Goats; Mastitis; Animal diseases.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/515153
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
MORBIDITY/MORTALITY AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT OF SWINE IN THE UNITED STATES AgEcon
Bush, Eric J..
A national survey on swine health was conducted by the National Animal Health Monitoring System ( NAHMS ) from December 1989 through January 1991. The survey sample was designed in collaboration with the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS ) in order to provide inferences about the nation's hog population, 95 percent of which was represented. The program consisted of two parts: the first was a general farm management and policy questionnaire that was completed by 1,661 producers. The second part of the program was a monitoring phase that took place over a three-month period for each of 712 participating producers. Per litter estimates for the national population showed an average of 9.9 piglets born alive and 8.4 weaned. Estimates attributed 57...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Swine; Monitoring; Epidemiology; Production; Morbidity; Mortality; Births; Litter size; Prevention; Disease; Docking; Teeth clipping; Vaccination; Injection; Antibiotics; Water quality; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32761
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Obesity and kidney disease: hidden consequences of the epidemic BJMBR
Kovesdy,C.P.; Furth,S.L.; Zoccali,C..
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and also for chronic kidney disease (CKD). A high body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset CKD. In individuals affected by obesity, a compensatory hyperfiltration occurs to meet the heightened metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in intraglomerular pressure can damage the kidneys and raise the risk of developing CKD in the long-term. The incidence of obesity-related glomerulopathy has increased ten-fold in recent years. Obesity has also been shown to be a risk factor for nephrolithiasis, and for a number...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Obesity; Chronic kidney disease; Nephrolithiasis; Kidney cancer; Prevention.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2017000500101
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Partial replacement of sodium chloride by potassium chloride in the formulation of French bread: effect on the physical, physicochemical and sensory parameters Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
GUSMÃO,Thaisa Abrantes Souza; ALEXANDRE,Anatalha Marinho; SOUZA,Nayara Gabriela Gonçalves de; SASSI,Katharina Kardinele Barros; GUSMÃO,Rennan Pereira de; MOREIRA,Ricardo Targino.
Abstract This study aimed to the replacement of sodium chloride (0.4 to 1.6%) by potassium chloride (0.2 to 0.8%) in French bread formulation and evaluate its effect on physical, physicochemical and sensory characteristics. For the preparation of bread was used a factorial design 22 with 4 factorial points and 3 central points, totaling 7 experiments. The physical and physicochemical parameters analyzed were: specific volume, moisture, color of the peel and crumb, pH, acidity and texture profile, sodium and potassium. The sensory evaluation of bread was performed using quantitative descriptive analysis, with 12 sensory terminologies. Response variables of salty taste and sensory chewiness generated statistically significant models. The results indicated...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Hypertension; Prevention; Sodium reduction.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612017000500055
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Pegajosidade da pluma do algodao: Causas, efeitos, prevencao e controle. Infoteca-e
BELTRAO, N.E. de M.; NOBREGA, L.B. da; CRISOSTOMO, J.R..
Consideracoes gerais; Fatores que podem causar a pegajosidade da fibra do algodoeiro; Metodos para determinar o conteudo de carboidratos na fibra do algodao e o grau de pegajosidade; Maneiras de evitar e corrigir a pegajosidade da fibra do algodao.
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Algodao; Fibra; Acucas; Doce; Pegajosidade; Controle; Pluma; Prevencao; Gossypium hirsutum; Annual cotton; Fiber; Sweety; Clammy; Control; Plume; Prevention.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/262640
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Pepper Mild Mottle Virus (PMMOV) detected in imported quarantine chili pepper germplasm. Repositório Alice
JORCELINO, T. M.; GUIMARÃES, G. C.; GELELETE, T. B.; NORONHA, P. A.; BENITO, N. P.; ECKSTEIN, B.; INOUE-NAGATA, A. K.; SANCHES, M. M.; SILVA, M. S..
bitstream/item/208211/1/ANAIS-Vegetal-2.pdf
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Prevention; Serological-molecular diagnosis; Surveillance; Quarantine; Vegetables.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1118233
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Prevenção e controle da tiririca em áreas cultivadas com hortaliças. Infoteca-e
PEREIRA, W..
1998
Tipo: Circular Técnica (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Hortalica; Tiririca; Prevencao; Controle quimico; Manejo integrado; Herbicida; Erradicacao; Disseminacao; Alachlor; Atrazine; Butylate; Metolachlor; Simazine; Bentazon; Paraquat; Dicamba; Diquat; Diuron; 2; 4 D; Glyphosate; Propanil; EPTC; Imazapyr; Imazetapyr; Molinate; MSMA; Naproparmide; Sulfosate; Cyperus rotundus; Cyperus esculentus; Cerrado; Brasilia; Distrito Federal; Brasil; Vegetables; Prevention; Chemical control; Integrated weed management; Herbicides; Nutsedge; Brazil.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/765603
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Prevenção e tratamento das doenças dos caprinos. Infoteca-e
PADILHA, T.N..
Trata sobre algumas orientações das doenças dos caprinos: como prevenir e tratar as doenças dos caprinos; outros cuidados para evitar doenças nas criações.
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Caprino; Doença; Prevenção; Tratamento; Pathology; Prevention; Treatment; Caprino; Goat.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/132771
Registros recuperados: 33
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional