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Registros recuperados: 13
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China’s water pricing reforms for irrigation: effectiveness and impact AgEcon
Liao, Yongsong; Gao, Zhanyi; Bao, Ziyun; Huang, Qingwen; Feng, Guangzhi; Xu, Di; Cai, Jiabin; Han, Huijing; Wu, Weifeng.
Irrigation occupies a central position in China’s crop production. However, due to low per capita water resources, much worse, unevenly distributed over regions and time and the rapid increase of water diversions to non-irrigation sectors, irrigation water shortages have become a very serious problem. Without the adoption of effective measures this problem may even threaten China’s food security. Currently, irrigation efficiency is very low in general, irrigation water prices cannot fully recover water supply costs, and irrigation facilities are aging due to the lack of funding for O&M (operation & maintenance). Since water prices are regulated by the government, and not determined by the market, water prices did not work effectively in water...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water rates; Pricing; Price policy; Cost recovery; Farmers attitudes; Water rights; Water market; Water supply; User charges; Irrigation water; Water allocation; Irrigation management; Participatory management; Water conservation; Institutions; Organizations; Water users associations; Cereals; Yields; Models; Labor; Cost benefit analysis; Irrigation requirements; Investment; Groundwater management; Wells; Irrigation canals; Food security; Legal aspects; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91872
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Does Marginal Price Matter? A Regression Discontinuity Approach to Estimating Water Demand AgEcon
Nataraj, Shanthi; Hanemann, W. Michael.
Although complex pricing schedules are increasingly common in utility billing, it is difficult to determine whether consumers respond to complicated marginal prices because price changes are often confounded with simultaneous demand shocks or non-price policies. To overcome this challenge, we exploit a natural experiment - the introduction of a third price block in an increasing block pricing schedule for water - in Santa Cruz, California. Using a regression discontinuity design, we find that consumers do respond to changes in marginal price. Doubling marginal price led to a 12% decrease in water use (500 cubic feet per bill) among high-use households.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water demand; Regression models; Price policy; Consumer behavior; Demand and Price Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; D12; Q21; Q25; L95.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47078
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ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF SOIL EROSION AND FERTILITY MINING IN NORTHERN TANZANIA AgEcon
Nkonya, Ephraim M.; Barkley, Andrew P.; Hamilton, Stephen F.; Bernardo, Daniel J..
This paper develops a soil conservation model that is relevant to smallholder farmers who apply little or no fertilizer. Empirical results drawn from northern Tanzania imply that, ignoring fertility mining problem in model specification leads to overestimation of profits for farms that apply little or no fertilizer. The model also shows that, the impact of output price on soil conservation efforts depends on the curvature of the soil erosion function.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Soil erosion; Fertility mining; Soil conservation; Price policy; Soil erosion function; Sub-Saharan Africa; Tanzania.; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21623
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Impacto de la política de precios y de crédito agrícola sobre la distribución del ingreso en el Perú: 1985-1990 AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier.
Este documento describe y analiza la estrategia agrícola del gobierno aprista, desde el punto de vista de sus efectos redistributivos. La estrategia, que pretendió beneficiar principalmente a los estratos más pobres de la agricultura, tuvo como eje al PRESA, programa dirigido a asegurar una demanda creciente a precios rentables para los productores agrícolas y fue acompañado por un programa de crédito agrícola que apuntaba a aumentar los recursos financieros canalizados a la actividad agrícola.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distribucion del ingreso; Politica agraria; Precios agricolas; Politica de precios; Credito agricola; Peru; Income distribution; Agricultural policy; Agricultural prices; Price policy; Agricultural credit; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; Q18; Q14.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42249
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Irrigation management in Pakistan and India: Comparing notes on institutions and policies AgEcon
Shah, Tushaar; Hussain, Intizar; Rehman, Saeed ur.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Productivity; Privatization; Groundwater irrigation; Irrigated farming; Equity; Water distribution; Groundwater management; Economic aspects; Tube wells; Price policy; Electricity supplies; Pumps; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92782
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La política de precios de los combustibles y la distribución del ingreso en el Perú: 1985-1990 AgEcon
Pasco-Font Quevedo, Alberto; Briceno Lira, Arturo.
Este documento evalúa los efectos sobre la distribución del ingreso de la política de precios e impuestos a los combustibles aplicada entre julio de 1985 y julio de 1990, período en el cual el gobierno manipuló activamente dichos precios e impuestos para combatir la inflación y mejorar la distribución del ingreso.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Combustibles; Polica de precios; Distribucion del ingreso; Fuels; Price policy; Income distribution; Peru; Political Economy; L71; P22; D33.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42250
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Neue empirische Befunde zur Preissetzung und zum Verbraucherverhalten im Lebensmitteleinzelhandel AgEcon
Herrmann, Roland; Moser, Anke; Werner, Elke.
There are two objectives of this article: (i) It is discussed theoretically how the dynamics of pricing decisions of multiproduct retailers can be explained. (ii) It is analyzed empirically by use of scanner data how prices are actually set and how consumers react at the point of sale to price changes and promotional activities by retailers. The empirical evidence focuses on breakfast products in general and jam and breakfast cereals in particular. Main results are the following: 1. Theory of optimal pricing by multiproduct firms suggests that direct and cross price elasticities of demand and marginal costs determine the profit-maximizing price at one point of time. Good reasons do exist additionally for multiproduct retailers to vary prices...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food retailing; Scanner data; Price policy; Food demand; Store-level; Price elasticity; Multiproduct firms; Jam; Breakfast cereals; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98115
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Opciones de politica de precios agricolas en el Peru: el caso de las bandas de precios AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Paz Cafferata, Julio.
Este documento analiza, en base a la experiencia peruana, las principales motivaciones para la intervención del estado en el proceso de formación de precios agrícolas. Asimismo, postula un mecanismo de bandas de precios que permite reducir la variabilidad de éstos, ligando la evolución de mediano y largo plazo de dichos precios a los costos de oportunidad de los bienes agrícolas.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Precios agricolas; Politica de precios; Peru; Agricultural prices; Price policy; Agricultural Finance; Q11.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42283
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Preispolitik für ökologische Lebensmittel: Eine neo-institutionalistische Analyse AgEcon
Spiller, Achim.
Price premiums are recognized as a central barrier for the diffusion of organic food. On average, the consumer has to pay about 50 % more for organic food than for comparable products. This is also true for large retailers although considerable economies of scale could be expected. Against this background the following article analyzes pricing strategies of supermarkets. It appears evident that higher prices of organic food reflect higher costs of production and lower output, but primarily this is due to inefficient structures in processing and marketing. Furthermore, the pressures of competition in the market are low; price reductions and bargain sales are avoided by competitors. If the premium prices are compared with the results of market research, a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Organic food; Marketing; Price policy; Neoinstitutional organization theory; Agribusiness; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Marketing.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99000
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Strategic analysis of water institutions in India: Application of a new research paradigm AgEcon
Saleth, Rathinasamy Maria.
The overall objective of this paper is to outline the analytical framework and theoretical approach underlying a new research paradigm and illustrate how this paradigm can be used for the strategic analysis of water institutions by applying it to the Indian context.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water management; Irrigation management; Institutions; Water law; Water rights; Water policy; Cost recovery; Price policy; Private sector; Public sector; Privatization; Financing; Conflict; Groundwater; Water market; Farmers’ associations; Water users’ associations; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44545
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The Nutrition Transition in High and Low-Income Countries: What are the Policy Lessons? AgEcon
Popkin, Barry M.; Ng, Shu Wen.
The world has seen a remarkable shift from a period when diets, activity patterns and body composition were characterized by the period termed the receding famine pattern to one dominated by nutrition-related non-communicable diseases (NR-NCDs). This presentation first examines the speed of these changes, summarizes dietary changes, and provides some sense of the way the burden of obesity is shifting from the rich to the poor not only in urban but also rural areas throughout the world. The focus is on the lower- and middle- income countries of Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America but some examples will come from the United States, Australia, and the UK. After showing that changes are occurring at great speed and at earlier stages of countries'...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Diet composition; Price policy; Economic growth; Health effects; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25493
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Variacao estacional de precos do melao produzido na regiao do Submedio Sao Francisco no periodo de 1986 a 1994. Repositório Alice
ARAUJO, J. L. P.; CORREIA, R. C.; COSTA, N. D..
Trata da estacionalidade de precos do melao produzido na regiao do submedio Sao Francisco durante o periodo de 1986 a 1994. O metodo empregado para a analise foi a media movel de 12 meses e os dados que foram coletados no mercado do produtor de Juazeiro- Bahia foram corrigidos pelo Indice Geral de Precos da Fundacao Getulio Vargas. Os resultados mostraram que os maiores indices estacionais de precos do melao foram entre os meses de fevereiro a julho, revelando o maior preco (65,24% acima do indice medio; no mes de maio, ficando os demais meses do ano com os indices abiaxo da media, sendo dezembro o mes qeu registrou o menor preco (49,55% abaixo do indice medio). O teste de X2 apresentou um comportamento de precos altamente instavel para a cultura do melao...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Nordeste; Submedio Sao Francisco; Melon; Price policy; Northeast; Melão; Cucumis Melo; Política de Preço.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/131526
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Wage and Price Control Policies in Socialist Transitional Economies AgEcon
Fardmanesh, Mohsen; Tan, Li.
This paper studies the structural impact of wage and price control policies in socialist transitional economies using a two-sector three-factor small open economy model. It illustrates the results quantitatively via simulation exercises. At the earlier stage of the transition when labor is immobile, a strict control on the price of the non-tradables and the wage rate minimizes the fall in employment and output. Also, a more severe control on the price of the non-tradables than on the wage rate alleviates the fall in the real wage at negligible costs in lost employment and output. At the later stage of the transition when labor becomes mobile, the liberalization of the price of the nontradables can proceed faster than that of the wage rate. This policy...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Liberalization; Structural adjustment; Price policy; Wage policy; Socialist transitional economies; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28515
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