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Registros recuperados: 77
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A Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain induces protection in different sites after Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium challenge in gnotobiotic and conventional mice Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Mendonça,A.H.; Cerqueira,M.M.O.P.; Nicoli,J.R.; Sousa,S.M.M.; Nardi,R.M.D.; Souza,F.N.; Fonseca,L.M.; Leite,M.O.; Arantes,R.M.E..
The ability of a Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain isolated from a healthy breast-fed human newborn to reduce the pathological consequences for the host due to an experimental oral infection with Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serov. Typhimurium in vivo was determined using gnotobiotic and conventional mice. Conventional mice received 0.1mL probiotic milk (8.0 log colony-forming unit) daily for 10 days before the oral pathogenic challenge (5.0 log colony-forming unit). Then probiotic treatment was continued until the end of the experiment. Probiotic treatment in germ-free mice consisted of a single dose of the probiotic milk at the beginning of the experiment and a challenge with S. Typhimurium 10 days later (3.0 log colony-forming unit). A protective...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Intestinal infection; Lactobacilli; Probiotics; Salmonella.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352014000200004
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A meta-analysis of probiotics for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm neonates BJMBR
Yang,Y.; Guo,Y.; Kan,Q.; Zhou,X.G.; Zhou,X.Y.; Li,Y..
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most common acquired diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in preterm infants. Some randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) have indicated that probiotics may potentially lower the incidence of NEC and mortality. However, debate still remains about the safety of probiotics and their influence on normal infant growth. We performed this meta-analysis to assess the safety and benefits of probiotic supplementation in preterm infants. We searched in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases for English references, and in Wanfang, VIP, and CNKI databases for Chinese references. Ultimately, 27 RCTs (including 9 Chinese articles) were incorporated into this meta-analysis. Relative risk (RR) and weighted mean difference...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Necrotizing enterocolitis; Probiotics; Meta-analysis; Preterm.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2014000900804
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A review on edible vaccines and their prospects BJMBR
Gunasekaran,B.; Gothandam,K.M..
For a long time, vaccines have been the main mode of defense and protection against several bacterial, viral, and parasitic diseases. However, the process of production and purification makes them expensive and unaffordable to many developing nations. An edible vaccine is when the antigen is expressed in the edible part of the plant. This reduces the cost of production of the vaccine because of ease of culturing. In this article, various types of edible vaccines that include algal and probiotics in addition to plants are discussed. Various diseases against which research has been carried out are also reviewed. This article focused on the conception of edible vaccines highlighting the various ways by which vaccines can be delivered.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Vaccines; Plants; Algae; Probiotics; Edible vaccine.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2020000200301
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Action time and feed frequency of Lactobacillus plantarum for Nile tilapia Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Jatobá,A.; Pereira,M. O.; Vieira,L. M.; Bitencourt,M.; Rodrigues,E.; Fachini,F. A.; Moraes,A. V..
RESUMO O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o tempo de ação do Lactobacillus plantarum no trato intestinal, assim como em qual frequência esse probiótico deve ser oferecido para tilápia-do-nilo (Oreochomis niloticus). Quarenta e oito tilápias foram alimentadas com ou sem probiótico, durante 14 dias. Após esse período, os peixes foram esviscerados, e amostras do trato intestinal foram semeadas em ágar TCBS, cetrimide e MRS. Esse procedimento foi repetido dois, quatro e seis dias após o 14º dia. Depois disso, 252 tilápias foram divididas em quatro tratamentos, peixes alimentados com probiótico suplementado em 100%, 50%, 25% e 0% (controle) das alimentações. Após nove semanas, os índices zootécnicos foram avaliados. No dia zero, verificou-se maior...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Probiotics; Oreochomis niloticus; Growth performance.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352018000100327
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Activity of encapsulated Lactobacillus bulgaricus in alginate-whey protein microspheres BABT
Chen,Meng-Yan; Zheng,Wei; Dong,Qiu-Yue; Li,Zhen-Hua; Shi,Lu-E; Tang,Zhen-Xing.
In this work, alginate-whey protein was used as wall materials for encapsulating Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus). The characteristics of encapsulated and free L. bulgaricus showed that the free L. bulgaricus lost viability after 1 min exposure to simulated gastric fluid (SGF) at pH 2.0 and 2.5. However, the viability of encapsulated L. bulgaricus did not decrease in SGF at pH 2.5 for 2 h incubation. The viable numbers of encapsulated L. bulgaricus decreased less than 1.0 log unit for 2 h incubation in SGF at pH 2.0. For bile stability, only 1.2 log units and 2.0 log units viability of the encapsulated L. bulgaricus was lost in 1 and 2% bile for 1 h exposure, respectively, compared with no survival of free L. bulgaricus under the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Encapsulation; Alginate; Whey protein; Probiotics; Stability.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132014000500736
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An alternative for antibiotic se in poultry: probiotics Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Edens,FW.
Over the past 50 years, there has been increasing amounts of antibiotics used prophylactically and as growth promoters. Today, there is a consumer and governmental outcry to eliminate that practice from poultry and livestock production. Evidence has been accumulated to show that there is a link between risk of zoonotic disease and growth promoting antibiotic usage in livestock and poultry. Therefore, alternatives to the use of growth promoting antibiotics must be found to promote growth or production at or near the genetic potential of the modern day broiler, turkey, and egg producer. The use of probiotics has many potential benefits and include modified host metabolism, immuno-stimulation, anti-inflammatory reactions, exclusion and killing of pathogens in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Antibiotics; Antibiotic resistance; Benefits; Characteristics; Chickens; Defined culture; Functions; History; Human health risk; Mechanism of action; Probiotics; Turkeys; Undefined culture; Zoonotic disease.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2003000200001
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Animal performance and nutrient digestibility of feedlot steers fed a diet supplemented with a mixture of direct-fed microbials and digestive enzymes R. Bras. Zootec.
Encinas,Christian Michael Alvarez; Villalobos,Guillermo Villalobos; Viveros,Joel Domínguez; Flores,Gabriela Corral; Almora,Enrique Alvarez; Rangel,Francisco Castillo.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a mixture of direct-fed microbials (DFM), yeast, and digestive enzymes on animal performance in feedlot cattle, as well as digestibility when finishing feedlot cattle. Thirty crossbreed (Charolais × Beefmaster) steers averaging 15 months old and 321.83±3.73 kg of initial body weight were used. Animals were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: control (basal diet) and a mixture of DFM, yeast, and digestive enzymes (basal diet + 30 g of the mixture). Each group contained fifteen experimental units. Animals were fed individually twice a day, and dry matter intake (DMI) was recorded daily. Body weights were recorded initially and subsequently at 28-day intervals for a total of 140...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Enzymes; Finishing; Probiotics; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Yeast.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982018000100615
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Antagonistic activity of Lactobacillus acidophilus LA10 against Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis SE86 in mice BJM
Scapin,Diane; Grando,Williani Fabiola; Rossi,Eliandra Mirlei; Perez,Karla Joseane; Malheiros,Patrícia da Silva; Tondo,Eduardo Cesar.
Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis is one of the main pathogens responsible for foodborne illness in Brazil. Probiotic bacteria can play a role in defense and recovery from enteropathogenic -infections. In this study, the ability of Lactobacillus acidophilus LA10 to colonise and exert anta-gonistic effects in the gastrointestinal tract was tested before and during experimental infection in conventional mice contaminated with S. Enteritidis (SE86). A dose of 0.1 mL containing 10(8) viable cells of SE86 and L. acidophilus LA10 was orally administered by gavage to mice. The experiment was divided into groups. As a negative control, Group 1 was administered only sterile saline solution. As a positive control, Group 2 was administered only SE86. Group 3...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: S. Enteritidis SE86; Probiotics; Mice; Lactobacillus acidophilus LA10.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822013000100008
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Antioxidant activities of kombucha prepared from three different substrates and changes in content of probiotics during storage Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
Fu,Caili; Yan,Fen; Cao,Zeli; Xie,Fanying; Lin,Juan.
Kombucha is a health-promoting fermented beverage worldwide. The present study compared the free-radical scavenging abilities and total reducing power (TRP) of kombucha prepared from low-cost green tea (LGTK), black tea (BTK), and tea powder (TPK). LGTK had the highest scavenging abilities against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), superoxide anion and hydroxyl radicals, while BTK showed the highest TRP. Changes in content of probiotics in LGTK were investigated during storage as well. The number of acetic acid bacteria decreased moderately up to 10 days of storage. The number of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) decreased significantly, and their survival rate was only 0.98% at the 8th day of storage.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Kombucha; Antioxidant activities; Probiotics; Storage.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612014000100018
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Antioxidant activity of essential oils from condiment plants and their effect on lactic cultures and pathogenic bacteria Ciência Rural
Farias,Paula Karoline Soares; Silva,Júlio César Rodrigues Lopes; Souza,Cintya Neves de; Fonseca,Francine Souza Alves da; Brandi,Igor Viana; Martins,Ernane Ronie; Azevedo,Alcinei Mistico; Almeida,Anna Christina de.
ABSTRACT: Studies about preservative and antioxidant activity of essential oils have been encouraged in recent years, given their importance to food industry. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the antioxidant properties and antimicrobial activity of essential oils deriving from Syzygium aromaticum, Cymbopogon citratus and Lippia alba against lactic and pathogenic bacteria responsible for food-borne diseases. Essential oil antibacterial activity was assessed through disc diffusion and macrodilution tests conducted in a mixed lactic culture of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus (YF-L903) and of Escherichia coli (ATCC 8739), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538), Salmonella enterica (ATCC 6017) strains. Based on...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Capim cidreira; Clove; Lemongrass; Lactic acid bacteria; Probiotics.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782019000200450
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Beneficial bacterial strains on Agaricus blazei cultivation PAB
Young,Li-Sen; Chu,Jiunn-Nan; Young,Chiu-Chung.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of six bacterial strains isolated from Agaricus blazei (ABM) on its cultivation. The six strains were characterized as to their effects on the productivity, polysaccharide-protein complex (PSPC), and polysaccharide contents of ABM cultured on sterilized casing soils. Three isolates enhanced ABM mycelium growth. Inoculation of Arthrobacter sp. or Exiguobacterium sp. on sterile peat casing soil resulted in 64% increase in ABM mushroom total fresh matter yield compared to the uninoculated control. Inoculation of Exiguobacterium sp., Microbacterium esteraromaticum or Pseudomonas resinovorans on sterilized loamy casing soil resulted in 62, 95, and 59% increase in ABM mushroom total fresh matter yield,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agaricus blazei; Beneficial microbe; Casing soil; Mushroom productivity; Polysaccharide-protein complex; Probiotics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2012000600012
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Bile Salt Hydrolase Activities: A Novel Target to Screen Anti-Giardia Lactobacilli? ArchiMer
Allain, Thibault; Chaouch, Soraya; Thomas, Myriam; Travers, Marie-agnes; Valle, Isabelle; Langella, Philippe; Grellier, Philippe; Polack, Bruno; Florent, Isabelle; Bermudez-humaran, Luis G..
Giardia duodenalis is a protozoan parasite responsible for giardiasis, a disease characterized by intestinal malabsorption, diarrhea and abdominal pain in a large number of mammal species. Giardiasis is one of the most common intestinal parasitic diseases in the world and thus a high veterinary, and public health concern. It is wellestablished that some probiotic bacteria may confer protection against this parasite in vitro and in vivo and we recently documented the implication of bile-salt hydrolase (BSH)-like activities from strain La1 of Lactobacillus johnsonii as mediators of these effects in vitro. We showed that these activities were able to generate deconjugated bile salts that were toxic to the parasite. In the present study, a wide collection of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Giardia duodenalis; Lactobacilli; Lactobacillus johnsonii; Lactobacillus gasseri; Probiotics; Bile salt hydrolases.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00424/53569/54417.pdf
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Carcass and cut yields and meat qualitative traits of broilers fed diets containing probiotics and prebiotics Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Pelicano,ERL; Souza,PA; Souza,HBA; Oba,A; Boiago,MM; Zeola,NMBL; Scatolini,AM; Bertanha,VA; Lima,TMA.
This study evaluated the use of different probiotics, prebiotics and symbiotics on the quality of carcasses and meat of broiler chickens. One hundred and eight day-old Cobb male broilers were used (n=108) in a completely randomized design according to a 3x3 factorial, with 3 probiotics in the diet (no probiotics, probiotics 1, probiotics 2) and 3 prebiotics in the diet (no prebiotics, prebiotics 1, prebiotics 2). There were nine treatments with 4 replicates and 3 birds per replicate. The results showed that the carcass and cut yields, color (L* - lightness, a* - redness, and b* - yellowness), pH, cooking losses, shearing force and sensory analysis were not affected by the use of different growth promoters at 42 days of age. It was concluded that growth...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broilers; Carcass yield; Cut yield; Meat quality; Prebiotics; Probiotics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2005000300006
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Characterization of the antiyeast compound and probiotic properties of a starter Lactobacillus plantarum DW3 for possible use in fermented plant beverages Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Kantachote,Duangporn; Prachyakij,Pakorn; Charernjiratrakul,Wilawan; Ongsakul,Metta; Duangjitcharoen,Yodsawee; Chaiyasut,Chaiyavat; Nitoda,Teruhiko; Kanzaki,Hiroshi.
Lactobacillus plantarum DW3 produced antifungal compounds that inhibited the growth of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa DKA, contaminating yeast in fermented plant beverages (FPBs) and various potential human pathogens. Phenyllactic acid (PLA) identified by gas chromatography- mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was produced at 31 mg/L PLA in MRS medium and 5 mg/ml inhibited growth of the target yeast in vitro by 90%. Other inhibitors were also present but not specifically identified. Results of in vitro tests showed that DW3 also had probiotic properties as it survived various human biological barriers resistance to pH 3, bile salts, growth without vitamin B12 and the presence and absence of oxygen. Its inhibitory effect against food borne pathogenic bacteria and spoilage...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Fermented plant beverage; Lactobacillus plantarum; Phenyllactic acid; Probiotics; Rhodotorula mucilaginosa; Weight control.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582010000500002
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Comparison of the effects of the dietary addition of two lactic acid bacteria on the development and conformation of sea bass larvae, Dicentrarchus labrax, and the influence on associated microbiota ArchiMer
Lamari, Faouzi; Castex, Mathieu; Larcher, Thibaut; Ledevin, Mireille; Mazurais, David; Bakhrouf, Amina; Gatesoupe, Joel.
Probiotics may have many effects on health and development of fish larvae. One of the most promising is related to spinal conformation, though the mode of action is not clearly understood. The present study attempted to investigate the effects of two strains of lactic acid bacteria on associated microbiota, histological development and gene expression. Sea bass larvae were fed since 5 dph (day post hatch) with either a standard control diet (Diet C), or the same diet supplemented with Pediococcus acidilactici MA18/5M (Diet P), or with an autochthonous strain of Lactobacillus casei (X2; Diet L). The two lactic acid bacteria were incorporated in the diets at the levels of 106 and 107 CFU (colony forming units) g-1 in two consecutive experiments,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fish larvae; Probiotics; Microbiota; Histopathology; Gene expression; DGGE.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00108/21966/19673.pdf
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Consumer attitude regarding products containing probiotics Ciência Rural
Carvalho,Naiara Barbosa; Costa,Thiago de Melo Teixeira da; Ferreira,Marco Aurélio Marques; Simiqueli,Andréa Alves; Minim,Valéria Paula Rodrigues.
This study sought to determine the attitude of consumers in the city of Viçosa-MG, Brazil in relation to products containing probiotics using a validated questionnaire. A total of 352 individuals responded to questionnaires which, in addition to the items of attitude, also assessed the health of consumers and acceptance and frequency of consumption of these products. Internal validation utilized the Cronbach coefficient to measure the reliability of the attitude scale. To analyze the profile of these consumers, descriptive statistics was utilized. The results indicated a low consumption of products containing probiotics by respondents. A reliable attitude scale was obtained (alpha = 0.70). In general, the attitude of respondents was positive however it was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Probiotics; Consumer; Questionnaire; Attitude; Health benefits.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782014000701319
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Deconjugated Bile Salts Produced by Extracellular Bile-Salt Hydrolase-Like Activities from the Probiotic Lactobacillus johnsonii La1 Inhibit Giardia duodenalis In vitro Growth ArchiMer
Travers, Marie-agnes; Sow, Cisse; Zirah, Severine; Deregnaucourt, Christiane; Chaouch, Soraya; Queiroz, Rayner M. L.; Charneau, Sebastien; Allain, Thibault; Florent, Isabelle; Grellier, Philippe.
Giardiasis, currently considered a neglected disease, is caused by the intestinal protozoan parasite Giardia duodenalis and is widely spread in human as well as domestic and wild animals. The lack of appropriate medications and the spread of resistant parasite strains urgently call for the development of novel therapeutic strategies. Host microbiota or certain probiotic strains have the capacity to provide some protection against giardiasis. By combining biological and biochemical approaches, we have been able to decipher a molecular mechanism used by the probiotic strain Lactobacillus johnsonii La1 to prevent Giardia growth in vitro. We provide evidence that the supernatant of this strain contains active principle(s) not directly toxic to Giardia but able...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Giardiasis; Lactobacilli; Probiotics; Microbiota; Bile salts; Anti-giardial activity; Choloylglycine bile acid hydrolase.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00351/46211/45906.pdf
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Demographic and Economic Profiling of U.S. Demand for Probiotics: The Case of Drinkable Yogurt AgEcon
Dharmasena, Senarath; Capps, Oral, Jr..
Data from U.S. households for calendar year 2008 were used in examining demographic and economic factors affecting demand for drinkable yogurts using Heckman two-step procedure. Price, region, race and gender of household head were significant drivers of consumption of drinkable yogurts. Statistically significant sample selection bias was observed.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Probiotics; Drinkable yogurts; Nielsen HomeScan data; Heckman two-step; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; D11; D12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98743
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Dietary probiotic live yeast modulates antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae ArchiMer
Tovar-ramirez, D.; Mazurais, David; Gatesoupe, J. F.; Quazuguel, Patrick; Cahu, Chantal; Zambonino-infante, J. L..
The main goal of this work was to determine the effect of dietary live yeast Debaryomyces hansenii on the enzymatic antioxidative status of sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax larvae. Growth, activity and expression of the main antioxidative enzymes: catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), and heat shock protein (HSP70) were measured in sea bass larvae at 23 and 48 days after hatching. Larvae were fed on two microdiets: group one, fed microdiet containing live yeast and the control group fed microdiet without yeast. Heat shock protein 70 showed the same expression levels in both fish larvae fed yeast and the control diet. The group fed D. hansenii showed highest growth and lower activity and expression levels of GPX and SOD...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antioxidant enzymes; Probiotics; Debaryomyces hansenii; Dicentrarchus labrax.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11299/7881.pdf
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Digestibility and fecal characteristics of dogs fed with Bacillus subtilis in diet Ciência Rural
Félix,Ananda Portella; Netto,Marina Volanski Teixeira; Murakami,Fabiane Yukiko; Brito,Cleusa Bernardete Marcon de; Oliveira,Simone Gisele de; Maiorka,Alex.
Considering the benefice demonstrated by the modulating action of probiotics on the host intestinal microbiota, this study aimed to evaluate diet digestibility and fecal characteristics of dogs fed with diets supplemented with Bacillus subtilis (C-3102). Twelve young Beagle dogs were distributed in a completely randomized experimental design consisting of two treatments: diet with no addition or with the addition of 0.01% Bacillus subtilis (C-3102). Dogs passed through 25 days of adaptation to the diets, and five days of total feces collection. The following fecal characteristics were evaluated: pH, fecal score (1 - watery feces; 5: dry and hard feces), and ammonia content. Diet mean digestibility was compared by the Tukey test, and fecal characteristics...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fecal texture; Intestinal health; Intestinal microbiota; Probiotics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782010001000019
Registros recuperados: 77
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