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10 years of transition in Ukraine agriculture: An analysis of productivity and efficiency of enterprises AgEcon
Lissitsa, Alexej; Odening, Martin; Babycheva, Tamara.
This paper analyzes efficiency and total factor productivity (TFP) change of large agricultural enterprises during their transition to a market economy in Ukraine. In this case the efficiency is calculated by data envelopment analysis and the productivity change is measured by the Malmquist Productivity Change Index in the period between 1990 and 1999. On average, TFP declined by 6% annually, dropping a total 42%. The main reason for the observed TFP decline is a decrease in technical efficiency, which is found to be remarkably significant. At the same time there is a high variation among individual enterprises: their distribution of efficiency scores widens, which indicates that the farms diverge with respect to their economic performance. The Tobit...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Эффективность; Общая продуктивность фактора; Анализ оболочки данных; Малмквист-индекс изменения общей продуктивности фактора; Переходный период; Украина; Effizienz; Totale Faktor Produktivität; Data Envelopment Analysis; Malmquist Productivity Change Index; Transition; Ukraine; Efficiency; Total Factor Productivity; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Productivity Analysis; Q12; D25; O1; O4; P3.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92168
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2009 Michigan Dairy Farm Business Analysis Summary AgEcon
Wittenberg, Eric; Wolf, Christopher A..
This report summarizes the financial and production records of 104 dairy farms from throughout Michigan in 2009. To be included, the farms must have produced at least 50 percent of gross cash farm income from milk and dairy animal sales. The records came from Michigan State University’s TelFarm project and the Farm Credit Service system in Michigan. The values were pooled into averages for reporting purposes. The average herd reports here is larger than would be the average dairy herd in Michigan. Average values are reported in the summary tables and discussion that follows but one should be aware that considerable variation across herds exists in virtually every measure.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100918
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2009 Michigan Upper Peninsula Dairy Business Analysis Summary AgEcon
Wittenberg, Eric; Wolf, Christopher A..
This report summarizes the financial and production records of 18 dairy farms across the Upper Peninsula (UP) of Michigan. To be included, the farms must have produced at least 50 percent of gross cash farm income from milk and dairy animal sales. The records came from Michigan State University’s TelFarm project and Farm Credit Service system in Michigan. Farm records checked for accuracy. Average values are reported in the summary tables and discussion that follows but readers should note that considerable variation exists in most measures.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100919
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A Bayesian Total Factor Productivity Analysis of Tropical Agricultural Systems in Central-Western Africa And South-East Asia AgEcon
Tonini, Axel; Matus, Silvia Saravia; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio.
This paper computes and analyses total factor productivity (TFP) growth rates for tropical agricultural systems in Central-Western Africa and South-East Asia. Two regions that despite sharing common agro-ecological conditions, have pursued different adoption rates of green revolution technology and have reported dissimilar yields per hectare. A panel data set is constructed for the period 1987-2007 from the FAOSTAT database. A Bayesian stochastic frontier model with country specific temporal variation in technical efficiency is estimated. Technical efficiency estimates reveal that there is substantial room for improvement in both continental sub-sets and that TFP estimates show on average larger rates of growth for South-East Asian countries as compared to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bayesian Inference; Stochastic Production Frontier; Time Varying Technical Inefficiency; Total Factor Productivity Growth; Tropical Agricultural Systems; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis; C15; D24; O47.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116088
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A Comparative Analysis of Agricultural Productivity Trends in Centrally Planned Countries AgEcon
Wong, Lung-Fai; Ruttan, Vernon W..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7482
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A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTIVITY AND COMPETITIVENESS IN AGRI-FOOD PROCESSING IN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES AgEcon
Martin, Larry J.; Stiefelmeyer, Kate.
This study starts with three objectives: a. to revisit and revise, if necessary, the definition of competitiveness and characterize the factors that affect relative competitiveness. b. To apply the definition of competitiveness empirically by measuring labour productivity, as well as value-added for industries in the agri-food sector in Canada and the US. c. To assess and describe changes in agri-food sector competitiveness over time
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18098
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A COMPARISON OF MULTIFACTOR PRODUCTIVITY CALCULATIONS OF THE U.S. AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AgEcon
Trueblood, Michael A.; Ruttan, Vernon W..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14165
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A COMPARISON OF PROCEDURES FOR ESTIMATING RETURNS TO RESEARCH USING PRODUCTION FUNCTIONS AgEcon
Davis, Jeffrey S..
The production function approach has been one of the two main ex-post procedures used to estimate the rate of return to agricultural research. A critical part of estimating the marginal internal rate of return (MIRR) is the procedure adopted to spread the benefits of research through time. Past studies using this approach have given only brief consideration to this computational procedure. The objective in this study was to review the different computational procedures used and, then, using cross-section production function estimates for U.S. agriculture, determine whether the MIRR estimates are sensitive to the computational procedure used. The results from this comparison indicate a large range in the estimates. The implication, then, is that careful...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22632
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A Country-Level Analysis of Competitive Advantage in the Wine Industry AgEcon
Castaldi, Richard; Cholette, Susan; Hussain, Mahmood.
The purposes of this paper are (1) to examine driving forces and key success factors related to the increasing globalization of the wine industry, and (2) to analyze the current competitive advantage positions of four Old and five New World wine producing countries. Each country will be profiled using key industry data and analyzed regarding their national capabilities to address five key success factors that contribute to their national competitive advantage position. The countries fall into three groups with respect to their national comparative competitive advantage position. The group with the strongest competitive position includes United States, Australia, and Chile. Australia and Chile both have small populations that provide for a tiny domestic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14859
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A CRISE DO PODER ESTATAL E A REPRODUCAO DO CAPITALISMO AgEcon
Siqueira, Euler David de.
In advanced capitalist societies, classified by Claus Offe as tardy-capitalists, one verifies a structural contradiction among the logics concerning valorization of capital and the processes of the publicadministration system. The continuous increase of work taxes in services, use values-producing work, or concrete work, usually classified as improductive work of higher value in advanced capitalist societies, according to Claus Offe, increasingly becomes a structural condition so that part of the work force may be converted into production of abstract trade/work values or into the merchandise social form. According to the Offean analysis on the growth of political-administrative systems in societies of tardy-capitalism, when organizing a portion of the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Work in a job; Crises of capitalist state; Non-governability; Trabalho em serviços; Crises do estado capitalista e ingovernabilidade; Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101916
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A Discriminant Analysis of Factors Associated with The Adoption Of Certified Organic Farming By Smallholder Farmers in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa AgEcon
Kisaka-Lwayo, Maggie.
Discriminant analysis was used to identify the characteristics that distinguish between fully-certified organic, partially-certified organic and non-organic farmers in Umbumbulu district, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa (SA) during October- November 2004. 200 farmers interviewed were drawn by purposively selecting the 151 members of the Ezemvelo Farmers’ Organisation (EFO), and by random sampling 49 non-organic farmers in wards neighbouring EFO. Results from the two estimated discriminant functions suggested that farmers with higher household sizes, incomes, input costs per hectare and number of chickens owned, locations further from innovators and less risk aversion were more likely to be certified as organic. Household location should be considered in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Organic; Discriminant Analysis; South Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52155
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A Distance Function Approach to Multifactor Productivity Measurement in U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Lambert, David K.; Ussif, Al-Amin M..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35793
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A DYNAMIC MODEL OF THE FOOD PROCESSING SECTOR IN THE NEW MARKET ECONOMIES OF CENTRAL EUROPE AgEcon
Lyons, Robert F.; Goodhue, Rachael E.; Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K..
We evaluate the importance of the competitiveness and productive efficiency of the food processing sector for predicting policy outcomes, and the sector's performance under selected government interventions. Our model is based on firm-level decisions and focuses explicitly on the effects of government policies on firms' incentives.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21003
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A FARM GROWTH MODEL FOR POLICY ANALYSIS IN AN EXTENSIVE PASTORAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM AgEcon
Beck, Anthony C.; Dent, J. Barry.
The development of a simulation model of an extensive pastoral farming system to assist analysts in their assessment of government policy measures is described. The model was designed to simulate, over a number of years, the physical and financial operation of a sheep and beef production system typically found in the North Island hill country of New Zealand. By manipulating model parameters and data related to prices, costs, taxation and credit, a range of policies can be represented and their effects simulated. The model is used to undertake an ex post analysis of the farm-level impact of the supplementary minimum price scheme in New Zealand and to project farm performance following the abolition of the scheme. Consideration is given to the use of the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22580
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A Flexible Parametric Family for the Modeling and Simulation of Yield Distributions AgEcon
Ramirez, Octavio A.; McDonald, Tanya U.; Carpio, Carlos E..
The distributions currently used to model and simulate crop yields are unable to accommodate a substantial subset of the theoretically feasible mean-variance-skewness-kurtosis (MVSK) hyperspace. Because these first four central moments are key determinants of shape, the available distributions might not be capable of adequately modeling all yield distributions that could be encountered in practice. This study introduces a system of distributions that can span the entire MVSK space and assesses its potential to serve as a more comprehensive parametric crop yield model, improving the breadth of distributional choices available to researchers and the likelihood of formulating proper parametric models.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Risk analysis; Parametric methods; Yield distributions; Yield modeling and simulation; Yield nonnormality; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C15; C16; C46; C63.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90675
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A Game Theoretic Approach to Analyse Cooperation between Rural Households in Northern Nigeria AgEcon
Gerichhausen, M.; Berkhout, Ezra D.; Hamers, H.J.M; Manyong, Victor M..
To improve the livelihood of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) much attention has been paid to the development of new agricultural technologies. We hypothesize that farmers can also improve their livelihood through cooperation. Partial cooperation, in which knowledge is shared or bargaining power improved, is relatively common in SSA, while cooperation where all resources are fully shared, which we address, has rarely been investigated. An important pre-requisite to establish such cooperation, is the need for a fair division rule for the gains of the cooperation. This paper combines linear programming and cooperative game theory to model the effects of cooperation of (individual) households on income and farm plans. Linear programming establishes...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cooperations; Linear Programming; Nigeria; Livelihood; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52146
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A gender performance indicator for irrigation: Concepts, tools and applications AgEcon
van Koppen, Barbara.
Although gender issues are today a priority on the agendas of irrigation policy makers, interventionists, farm leaders and researchers, there is still a considerable gap between positive intentions and concrete action. An important but hitherto ignored reason for this is the lack of adequate generic concepts and tools that are policy-relevant and can accommodate the vast variation in irrigation contexts worldwide. The Gender Performance Indicator for Irrigation (GPII) aims to fill this gap. In any particular scheme, this tool diagnoses the gendered organization of farming and gender-based inclusion or exclusion in irrigation institutions. It informs irrigation agencies what they themselves can do for effective change-if necessary. The tool also identifies...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Gender; Women; Irrigation management; Water management; Policy; Decision making; Performance evaluation; Indicators; Irrigated farming; Farming systems; Case studies; Water users' associations; Leadership; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44562
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A Hedonic Price Analysis of Corn and Soybean Herbicides AgEcon
Vassalos, Michael; Dillon, Carl R..
Herbicides account for approximately 2.2% of total farm expenses and are applied to more than 80% of farmland in the USA. The widespread adoption of herbicides contributed to the increased and relatively cheaper productivity of modern intensively managed agricultural systems in developed countries. The present study uses a hedonic framework to analyze the effect of selected attributes on the price of corn and soybean herbicides. Two different empirical models were estimated separately for the two crops. The data include information on 51 herbicides, 27 for corn and 24 for soybean crops used in Kentucky. Findings indicate that efficacy against weeds and crop response (illustrates the potential of an herbicide to injure a crop) of herbicides are significant...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hedonic price analysis; Herbicide pricing; Herbicides mode of action; Herbicides characteristics; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109419
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A Joint Estimation Method to Combine Dichotomous Choice CVM Models with Count Data TCM Models Corrected for Truncation and Endogenous Stratification AgEcon
Gonzalez, Juan Marcos; Loomis, John B.; Gonzalez-Caban, Armando.
We update the joint estimation of revealed and stated preference data of previously published research to allow for joint estimation of the Travel Cost Method (TCM) portion using count data models. The TCM estimation also corrects for truncation and endogenous stratification as well as overdispersion. The joint estimation allows for testing consistency of behavior between revealed and stated preference data rather than imposing it. We find little gain in estimation efficiency, but our joint estimation might make a significant improvement in estimation efficiency when the contingent valuation scenarios involve major changes in site quality not reflected in the TCM data.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Contingent valuation models; Joint estimation; Nonmarket valuation; Recreation; Travel cost models; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Productivity Analysis; Q51.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47207
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A Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) Comparison between Conventional and Biotech Sweet Corn AgEcon
Nalley, Lawton Lanier; Popp, Michael P.; Niederman, Zara; Thompson, Jada.
Replaced with revised version of poster 07/19/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Life Cycle Analysis; Greenhouse Gas; Sweet corn; Biotech; Environmental Economics and Policy; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103680
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