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Registros recuperados: 46
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A New Methodology for Assessing the Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas OceanDocs
Angulo-Valdés, J.A.; Hatcher, B.G..
La efectividad de manejo se entiende como el grado en que los objetivos de manejo de un área protegida han sido cumplidos. Antes del 1993 no existían en la literatura trabajos sobre este tema, y solo se encontraban artículos que trataban sobre los objetivos y beneficios de las áreas protegidas vistos desde una perspectiva biológica solamente. En el presente trabajo se desarrolla una nueva metodología para evaluar la efectividad de manejo de un área marina protegida y la misma se aplica a un estudio de caso real. La metodología propuesta constituye una herramienta interdisciplinaria que pudiera mejorar el manejo de las áreas marinas protegidas. Esta metodología constituye un paso adelante que se nutre de las contribuciones anteriores y provee un nuevo...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Management; Marine sciences; Protected areas.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4926
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A Spatial-Intertemporal Model for Tropical Forest Management Applied to Khao Yai National Park, Thailand AgEcon
Albers, Heidi J..
This paper discusses the application of a spatial-intertemporal model for tropical forest management to Khao Yai National Park in Thailand. This type of model, especially the spatial components, finds different optimal land allocations than do traditional models at empirically relevant levels of benefits. The spatial analysis here suggests that most of this park can be best used as a preserved area and also provides support for expanding the park into an adjacent unpopulated area. The analysis demonstrates that the park's benefits to regional agriculture and villagers are large enough that preservation can proceed without international support, and that local people, as a group, have incentives to maintain most of the area as preserved land. Although the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Parks; Protected areas; People-park conflict; Spatial; Biodiversity; Option value; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q2; Q15; O13.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10751
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CAMPFIRE and Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Local Communities Bordering Northern Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe Ecology and Society
Gandiwa, Edson; Resource Ecology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; Scientific Services, Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority, Chiredzi, Zimbabwe; egandiwa@gmail.com; Lokhorst, Anne M.; Knowledge, Technology and Innovation Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; annemarike.lokhorst@wur.nl; Prins, Herbert H.T.; Resource Ecology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; School of Life Sciences, University of Kwazulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban, South Africa; Herbert.Prins@wur.nl; Leeuwis, Cees; Communication and Innovation Studies Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; Cees.Leeuwis@wur.nl.
Human-wildlife conflicts are a global problem, and are occurring in many countries where human and wildlife requirements overlap. Conflicts are particularly common near protected areas where societal unrest is large. To ease conflict, integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) have been implemented. The Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) is an example of an ICDP. We hypothesized that (i) a higher perceived effectiveness of CAMPFIRE would be associated with a decline in human-wildlife conflicts, and (ii) local communities with higher perceived effectiveness of CAMPFIRE programs would have more favorable attitudes towards problematic wild animals. Four focus group discussions and interviews with 236...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Benefits; Human-wildlife conflicts; Integrated conservation and development projects; Perception; Protected areas.
Ano: 2013
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CHARM : Atlas des Habitats des Ressources Marines de la Manche Orientale ArchiMer
Carpentier, Andre; Coppin, Franck; Dauvin, Jean-claude; Desroy, Nicolas; Dewarumez, Jean-marie; Eastwood, Paul D.; Ernande, Bruno; Harrop, Stuart; Kemp, Zarine; Koubbi, Philippe; Williams, Nigel Leader; Lefebvre, Alain; Lemoine, Michel; Loots, Christophe; S. Martin, Corinne; Meaden, Geoff J.; Ryan, Nick; Tan, Lei; Vaz, Sandrine; Walkey, Mike.
INTRODUCTION: The Dover Strait (Figure 1) connects the North Sea to the English Channel. Here, northern France and South-East England are at their closest. This narrow corridor, one of the world's busiest straits for maritime shipping, is a key economic area for numerous activities, such as leisure and tourism, international ports and shipping, plus the exploitation of living or abiotic marine resources. This area is a significant resource for fisheries because many commercial fish species are abundant there, but also because of the presence of nursery and spawning areas and migratory routes linked to specific environmental characteristics. The vulnerability of these resources, which are subjected to strong anthropogenic pressures, has brought together...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Survey; Landings; Larvae; Eastern channel; Benthos; Fish; Sig; Policy analysis; Species protection; Habita protection; Protected areas; Marine biodiversity conservation.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/rapport-2350.pdf
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Community Participation in the Planning and Management of Marine Protected Areas: A Study Of Kenya and the Philippines OceanDocs
Ole-MoiYoi, L.K..
For countless centuries, fishing-dependent indigenous communities have protected their marine environments from over-exploitation. Understanding that proper conservation guaranteed food for future generations, many of these communities fished only during certain times of the year, or divided up fishing grounds based on familial ties. However, as these communities lost water rights following the formation of certain nation-states, and international fishing fleets moved into the world’s oceans, a need arose to devise new techniques for protecting marine environments. Not only is this protection necessary to maintain biodiversity, but also to guarantee food security and the cultural traditions of fishing villages around the world. In 1957, British biologists...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Protected areas; Marine parks; Local communities; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_9000107.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/369
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Conservation narratives in Peru: envisioning biodiversity in sustainable development Ecology and Society
In the mega-diverse country Peru, a resource intensive development model collides with the interest of conserving biodiversity. Peruvian biodiversity experts have developed different lines of argumentation as to how to integrate conservation into the sustainable development of their country. Applying grounded theory, I define five groups of conservation narratives based on the analysis of 72 qualitative interviews with experts working in areas of biodiversity conservation. I have labeled them: biodiversity protectionists, biodiversity traditionalists, biodiversity localists, biodiversity pragmatists, and biodiversity capitalists. These groups are each discussed in connection with what they have to say about biodiversity in relation to human life,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Environmental discourses; Extractivism; Latin America; Natural capital; Political ecology; Protected areas; Sustainability.
Ano: 2016
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Current distribution and conservation of the huemul (Hippocamelus bisulcus) in Argentina and Chile Mastozool. neotrop.
Vila,Alejandro R.; López,Rodrigo; Pastore,Hernán; Faúndez,Ricardo; Serret,Alejandro.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Conservation; Current distribution; Protected areas.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0327-93832006000200012
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Developing Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluating Joint Management Effectiveness in Protected Areas in the Northern Territory, Australia Ecology and Society
Izurieta, Arturo; Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University; arturo_izurieta@hotmail.com; Sithole, Bevlyne; Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University;; Stacey, Natasha; Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University; natasha.stacey@cdu.edu.au; Hunter-Xenie, Hmalan; Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University;; Campbell, Bruce; Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University;; Donohoe, Paul; Northern Land Council;; Brown, Jessie; Wardaman Traditional Owner;; Wilson, Lincoln; Department of Natural Resources, Environment, The Arts and Sport/NT Parks and Wildlife Service;.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Evaluation; Indigenous people; Joint management; Management effectiveness; Monitoring; Participation; Partnership; Protected areas.
Ano: 2011
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Does Pastoralists' Participation in the Management of National Parks in Northern Norway Contribute to Adaptive Governance? Ecology and Society
Risvoll, Camilla ; University of Nordland; camilla.risvoll.godo@uin.no; Fedreheim, Gunn Elin; Nordland Research Institute; gef@nforsk.no; Sandberg , Audun ; University of Nordland; audun.sandberg@hibo.no; BurnSilver, Shauna; School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University; Shauna.Burnsilver@asu.edu.
Norwegian protected areas have historically been managed by central, expertise bureaucracy; however, a governance change in 2010 decentralized and delegated the right to manage protected areas to locally elected politicians and elected Sámi representatives in newly established National Park Boards. We explore how this new governance change affects adaptive capacity within the reindeer industry, as the reindeer herders are now participating with other users in decision-making processes related to large tracts of protected areas in which they have pasture access. Aspects within adaptive capacity and resilience thinking are useful as complementary dimensions to a social-ecological system framework (Ostrom 2007) in exploring the dynamics of complex...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Decentralization; National park governance; Participation; Pastoralists; Protected areas; Reindeer herding; SES framework; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
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Economic Constraints to the Management of Marine Protected Areas OceanDocs
Tessema, Y.; Emerton, L..
Eastern Africa contains an extensive network of marine protected areas (MPAs), stretching from the Red Sea states of Sudan, Eritrea and Djibouti, along the Indian Ocean coastline of Somaliland, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique, and out to the Indian Ocean islands of Seychelles, Comoros, Réunion, Mauritius and Madagascar. Most of these MPAs have been gazetted because they contain species or habitats of particular interest, importance or conservation concern that are under threat in some way. The main threats to Eastern Africa’s MPAs arise from human economic activities. These include over-fishing and destructive fishing techniques (such as poison fishing, dynamite fishing and the use of small-mesh nets), the over-harvesting of other marine products...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Marine parks; Protected areas.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/373
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Ecosystem Services, Governance, and Stakeholder Participation: an Introduction Ecology and Society
Paavola, Jouni ; University of Leeds; j.paavola@leeds.ac.uk; Hubacek, Klaus; Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland; hubacek@umd.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive; Ecosystem services; Governance; Participation; Payment for ecosystem services; Protected areas; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Stakeholders.
Ano: 2013
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Effectiveness of a Cuban marine protected area in meeting multiple management objectives OceanDocs
Angulo-Valdés, J. A..
In this work the management effectiveness of a Cuban MPA is assessed using an interdisciplinary approach. A series of three hypotheses are tested to determine how effective the Punta Frances Marine Protected Area (PFMPA) has been in meeting the multiple objectives of conserving biological diversity and ecological integrity, while allowing for the development of economic opportunities for tourism, and satisfying the needs of local and distant human populations. A new typology of benefits derived from MPAs was produced to provide managers with a practical tool that enable them to: 1) identify the benefits at the early stages of MPA creation, 2) state MPA objectives in a clear and measurable way, 3) assess the effectiveness of their MPA in meeting...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Protected areas; Methodology; Abundance.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5483
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Effects of protected area downsizing on habitat fragmentation in Yosemite National Park (USA), 1864 – 2014 Ecology and Society
Golden Kroner, Rachel E.; Department of Environmental Science and Policy, George Mason University; Betty and Gordon Moore Center for Science, Conservation International; rachelelizabethgolden@gmail.com; Krithivasan, Roopa; Department of Geography, Clark University; rkrithivasan@clarku.edu; Mascia, Michael B.; Betty and Gordon Moore Center for Science, Conservation International; m.mascia@conservation.org.
Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) has been documented worldwide, but its impacts on biodiversity are poorly understood. To fill this knowledge gap, we reviewed historical documents to identify legal changes that altered the boundaries of Yosemite National Park. We identified two downsizes and five additions between 1905 and 1937 that reduced the size of Yosemite National Park by 30%. To examine the effects of these downsizing events on habitat fragmentation by roads, we compared protected, never-protected, and downsized lands at three spatial scales using four habitat fragmentation metrics: road density, fragment (land surrounded by roads) area-to-perimeter ratio, fragment area, and fragment density. In general, lands that...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Downsizing; Governance; Habitat fragmentation; PADDD; Protected areas; Yosemite National Park.
Ano: 2016
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Etats des lieux nationaux - Projet CEPIA: dynamiques halieutiques et systèmes de gestion des pêches OceanDocs
Projet CEPIA, Construire Ensemble une gestion des Pêches Intégrant les Amp, Dakar (Sénégal); Centre de Recherches Océanographiques de Dakar Thiaroye, Dakar (Sénégal); Djiga Thiaw; Moustapha Déme; Hamed Diaw Diadhiou; Adama Mbaye.
Commission Sous Régionale des Pêches
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fisheries management; Fishery legislation; Ecosystems; Demersal fisheries; Fishery policy; Protected areas.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4585
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Etude diagnostic de la pêcherie de mulets sur la grande côte du Sénégal OceanDocs
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Mullet fisheries; Reproduction; Growth; Migrations; Ecology; Stocks; Landing statistics; Inland fisheries; Fishing gear; Exploitation; Canoe fisheries; Marketing; Artisanal fishing; Fishing licenses; Mesh regulations; Protected areas; Reef fisheries; Fishing effort.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4578
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Exploring the Contribution of Fiscal Transfers to Protected Area Policy Ecology and Society
Borie, Maud; UMR 5175 CEFE CNRS, Montpellier; maud.borie@gmail.com; Mathevet, Raphaël; UMR 5175 CEFE CNRS, Montpellier; raphael.mathevet@cefe.cnrs.fr; Ring, Irene; UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research; irene.ring@ufz.de; Thompson, John D.; UMR 5175 CEFE CNRS, Montpellier; john.thompson@cefe.cnrs.fr.
Biodiversity payments have become an increasingly proposed tool to promote conservation measures. An unexplored issue concerns the potential role of fiscal transfers between the state and infra-national authorities potentially as direct financial incentives for biodiversity conservation. We explore how protected areas can be taken into account in a redistributive fiscal transfer system between the state and local authorities, i.e., municipalities. Different simulations were made in the Mediterranean region of southern France, a major biodiversity hotspot subject to increasing threats. We examined two methods for fiscal transfer: first, a “per hectare” method, based on the surface of the protected area within the boundaries of the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Conservation policy; Ecological solidarity; Fiscal transfer; Protected areas; Public funding.
Ano: 2014
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Factors Influencing the Sustainability of Resource Use and Management Within Multiple Use Marine Protected Areas OceanDocs
Senaratna, S..
Multiple Use Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have emerged as an important mechanism in the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources. This study investigates whether there are common factors that enhance or constrain the sustainability of resource use and management within the MPAs. A comparative analysis of resource use patterns and associated socio-economic, socio-political, and institutional factors was carried out in four MPAs: Hikkaduwa Nature Reserve (Sri Lanka), Mafia Island Marine Park (Tanzania), Hon Mun Marine Protected Area (Vietnam), and the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (Australia). In this investigation a simple analytic framework was used. This was broadly based on a framework developed by the Sustainable Use Specialist Group...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Sustainability; Marine parks; Protected areas.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/343
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Going Transboundary? An Institutional Analysis of Transboundary Protected Area Management Challenges at Mt Elgon, East Africa. Ecology and Society
Vedeld, Paul; Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Noragric; pal.vedeld@umb.no; Vatn, Arild; Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Noragric; arild.vatn@umb.no.
We analyze institutional challenges for a joint transboundary protected area regime. Employing the case of Mt Elgon in Uganda and Kenya, we use the concepts of fit and interplay to guide our examination in the challenges of the establishment of a transboundary protected area management (TBPAM) regime. Although transboundary regimes are thought to provide better fit for the resources, fitness is a contested phenomenon. The findings are critical to the perceived benefits of the TBPAM strategy in the form of one, fully integrated regional regime. We reveal how such a regime will be seriously constrained by the interplay of complex institutional factors. We moreover find evidence that TBPAM entails a reintroduction of the old top-down conservation paradigms,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Africa; Fit; Kenya; Protected areas; Institutions; Interplay; Transboundary conservation; Uganda..
Ano: 2013
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Impacts of Unsustainable Mahogany Logging in Bolivia and Peru Ecology and Society
Kometter, Roberto F; Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina; kometter@lamolina01.lamolina.edu.pe; Martinez, Martha; Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International; m.martinez@conservation.org; Blundell, Arthur G; EGAT Forest Team, USAID; art.blundell@alum.dartmouth.org; Gullison, Raymond E; Hardner & Gullison Associates; ted@hg-llc.com; Steininger, Marc K; Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International; m.steininger@conservation.org; Rice, Richard E; Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International; d.rice@conservation.org.
Although bigleaf mahogany [Swietenia macrophylla King (Meliaceae)] is the premier timber species of Latin America, its exploitation is unsustainable because of a pattern of local depletion and shifting supply. We surveyed experts on the status of mahogany in Bolivia and Peru, the world's past and present largest exporters. Bolivia no longer has commercially viable mahogany (trees > 60 cm diameter at breast height) across 79% of its range. In Peru, mahogany's range has shrunk by 50%, and, within a decade, a further 28% will be logged out. Approximately 15% of the mahogany range in these two countries is protected, but low densities and illegal logging mean that this overestimates the extent of mahogany under protection. The international community...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Bolivia; Latin America; Peru; Expert survey; Forest conservation; Forest inventories; Forest regeneration; Mahogany; Protected areas; Questionnaire; Range; Sustainable forestry.
Ano: 2004
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Le secteur des pêches au Sénégal: tendances, enjeux et orientations politiques OceanDocs
Kebe, Moustapha; Groupe de Recherche et d'Echanges Technologies, Dakar (Sénégal); Programme Kurukan Fugan (Union Européenne/Gouvernement du Sénégal/Enda Graf/Gret), Dakar (Sénégal).
Programme KURUKAN FUGAN (Union Européenne/Gouvernement du Sénégal/EndaGraf/GRET)
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Marine environment; Socioeconomic aspects; Fishery management; Aquaculture; Artisanal fishing; Fisheries; Industrial fish; Fishery resources; Fishing policy; Protected areas; Professionals.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4586
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