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Registros recuperados: 11
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Cost Efficiency and Scope Economies of Crop and Livestock Farms in Missouri AgEcon
Wu, Shunxiang; Prato, Anthony A..
This study investigates productive efficiency for a sample of Missouri crop-only (specialized) and integrated crop-livestock (diversified) farms using a cost frontier approach. Results suggest that significant cost inefficiency exists among sample farms. Lower cost efficiency in both types of farms was attributed to improper scale of operations and mis-allocation of inputs. On average, diversified farms were as technically and scale efficient as specialized farms. Lower allocative efficiency diluted gains in technical efficiency and resulted in greater cost inefficiency for diversified farms than for specialized farms. Technical efficiency was independent of farm size, whereas allocative, scale, and scope efficiencies were not.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cost efficiency; Crop; Livestock; Missouri farms; Scope economies; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Q12; R32.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43906
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Do Antibiotics Reduce Production Risk for U.S. Pork Producers? AgEcon
Liu, Xuanli; Miller, Gay Y.; McNamara, Paul E..
We combine econometric and financial analyses of the NAHMS 2000 Swine Survey data to examine whether evidence exists for reducing risk by using antibiotics for growth promotion (AGP) in the U.S. swine industry. A stochastic dominance analysis of alternative lengths of time (days) of AGP application reveals that AGP used in the range of 65—75 days is preferred by risk-averse producers. Risk is reduced and profits are increased from use of AGP. The combined impacts of increased average daily gain and decreased variability in pig live weight increase producer profits by $2.99 per pig marketed.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Antibiotics; Growth promotion; Pigs; Risk; Stochastic dominance; Variability; D21; D61; D81; Q12; R32.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42785
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Estudio de las preferencias de consumidores y distribuidores especializados respecto del producto ecologico AgEcon
Sanchez Garcia, Mercedes; Sanjuan, Ana Isabel; Gil Roig, Jose Maria; Gracia, Azucena; Soler, Francisco.
RESUMEN: La creciente preocupación por la seguridad alimentaria y la mayor sensibilidad al deterioro medioambiental pueden favorecer la expansión de los productos ecológicos. No obstante, el consumo de este tipo de productos no ha crecido al mismo ritmo que la producción. El diferencial de precios respecto de los productos convencionales, los deficientes canales de distribución, y su desconocimiento parecen estar en la raíz del problema. El objetivo de este trabajo se centra en estudiar en profundidad estas limitaciones. Con este fin, se han realizado dos entrevistas, en Pamplona, a los miembros de la cadena agroalimentaria básicos para el posible desarrollo de dicho mercado: consumidores y distribuidores. El primer colectivo se ha segmentado en función de...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Organic food products; Market segmentation; Consumers; Distributors; Conjoint analysis; Consumer/Household Economics; Q13; R32.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28765
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Evolucion economica y analisis de resultados en una muestra de explotaciones lecheras del occidentede Asturias (1993-1998) AgEcon
Mendez, Jose Antonio Perez; Cabezas, Angel Machado.
RESUMEN: Este trabajo tiene un doble objetivo: primero, un análisis de la evolución económica de una muestra de 42 explotaciones lecheras del occidente asturiano, en el período 1993-1998, y segundo, un estudio de la situación final (1998), identificando los rasgos que caracterizan a las unidades con mejores resultados económicos. Para ello se estudia la evolución de la productividad de la mano de obra, la cuenta de resultados, la variación en el margen sobre concentrados, el umbral de rentabilidad, y el valor añadido y su distribución; al igual que, con la ayuda del análisis de la varianza y de la regresión logística, se caracteriza a las unidades con mejores resultados en 1998 en su gestión a corto y largo plazo. Se observa la importancia de una dimensión...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; R11; R32.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28740
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Hedonic Housing Prices and Agricultural Pollution: An Empirical Investigation on Semiparametric Models AgEcon
Bontemps, Christophe; Simioni, Michel; Surry, Yves R..
The objective of this paper is to assess the impact on property values of agricultural pollution using alternative semiparametric hedonic price models. The proposed model specifications are made up of two parts: a partially linear component for house characteristics and a non (semi) parametric form to represent the non linear influence of agricultural pollution. A general-to-specific search procedure is adopted to select the best model specification. An application of theses parametric models to rural townships indicates that pollution resulting on livestock operations have a significant nonlinear impact on house prices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hedonic pricing; Semiparametric models; Agricultural pollution; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; C14; R21; R32; Q0.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24709
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Location and Spatial Pricing in Agricultural Markets AgEcon
Graubner, Marten; Balmann, Alfons; Sexton, Richard J..
Agricultural markets often feature significant transport costs and spatially distributed production and processing which causes spatial imperfect competition. Spatial economics considers the firms’ decisions regarding location and spatial price strategy separately, usually on the demand side, and under restrictive assumptions. Therefore, alternative approaches are needed to explain, e.g., the location of new ethanol plants in the U.S. at peripheral as well as at central locations and the observation of different spatial price strategies in the market. We use an agent-based simulation model to analyze location and spatial pricing in a general model under multi-firm competition, two-dimensional space, and a continuum of potential price strategies. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Spatial competition; Location; Price discrimination; Oligopsony; Simulation; Industrial Organization; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C63; Q11; R32.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61225
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Optimal Stocking Density for Dual-Purpose Winter Wheat Production AgEcon
Kaitibie, Simeon; Epplin, Francis M.; Brorsen, B. Wade; Horn, Gerald W.; Krenzer, Eugene G., Jr.; Paisley, Steven I..
Dual-purpose winter wheat production is an important economic enterprise in the southern Great Plains of the United States. Because of the complex interactions involved in producing wheat grain and beef gain from a single crop, stocking density is an important decision. The objective of the research is to determine the stocking density that maximizes expected net returns from dual-purpose winter wheat production. Statistical tests rejected a conventional linear-response plateau function in favor of a linear-response stochastic plateau function. The optimal stocking density of 1.48 steers/ha (0.60 steers/acre) is 19% greater with a stochastic than with a nonstochastic plateau.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dual purpose; Response function; Stochastic plateau; Stocking density; Wheat; R32; Q12; C29; D21.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37313
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Regional Log Market Integration in New Zealand AgEcon
Niquidet, Kurt; Manley, Bruce.
In this paper the integration of log prices across four regions in New Zealand was assessed. A time series of prices for six radiata pine (Pinus radiata D. Don) log grades in each of the regions were tested for co-integration using Johansen’s method and Engle-Granger pair wise tests. Prices for export grades display significant integration across regions and generally follow the law of one price. However, markets for domestic grades tend to be regionally segregated. These results are most likely due to the high costs of transporting logs between regions. Future modelling will need to incorporate such transportation costs in order to adequately characterise log markets in the country.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Log market; Co-integration; Law of one price; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q23; R32.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37082
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Schnellwachsende Baumarten - Chance fur zusatzliches Einkommen im landlichen Raum? AgEcon
Pallast, Gregor; Breuer, Thomas; Holm-Muller, Karin.
Based on previous experiences with the cultivation of short Rotation Coppice in Germany, the present article deals with the profitability of tree-plantations for bio-energy generation. The production process is divided into several steps in order to compare the resulting production costs with the associated revenues of potential users. As the cultivation of short rotating coppice in Germany is still in its experimental stage, the focus of this article is on the comparison of different production processes as well as on a critical evaluation of the available data base. The results show that – with no government aid taken into account – large scale cultivation can reach profitability only under very optimistic assumptions. Considering the necessary long term...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Short rotation Coppice; Farmer’s income; Renewable energy; Profitability; Rural areas; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q23; R32.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18785
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Spatial Agglomeration, Technology and Outsourcing of Knowledge Intensive Business Services. Empirical Insights from Italy AgEcon
Antonietti, Roberto; Cainelli, Giulio.
Aim of this paper is to explore the main drivers of outsourcing of knowledge intensive business services by Italian manufacturing firms. While anecdotal and empirical evidence has emphasized labour cost and scale economies as behind firms’ choices to outsource production or service activities, here we focus on spatial agglomeration and technology as important factors. Using microeconomic data on a repeated cross-section of Italian manufacturing firms for the period 1998-2003, we develop a two-stage model in order to avoid selection bias: first, we estimate the determinants of the firm's decision to outsource business-related services; second, we estimate the main factors underlying the intensity and complexity of KIBS outsourcing, expressed by the number...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: KIBS; Service Outsourcing; R&D; ICT; Spatial Agglomeration; Labor and Human Capital; L24; L84; R32; R12.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8221
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Using Weak Separability and Generalized Composite Commodity Theorem in Modeling Ground Beef Demand AgEcon
Schulz, Lee L.; Schroeder, Ted C.; Xia, Tian.
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/15/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Aggregation; Generalized Composite Commodity Theorem; Beef demand; Weak separability; Demand and Price Analysis; Q13; Q18; R32.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103904
Registros recuperados: 11
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