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Registros recuperados: 31
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A Multicriteria Approach for the Evaluation of the Sustainability of Re-use of Historic Buildings in Venice AgEcon
Giove, Silvio; Rosato, Paolo; Breil, Margaretha.
The paper presents a multiple criteria model for the evaluation of the sustainability of projects for the economic re-use of historical buildings in Venice. The model utilises the relevant parameters for the appraisal of sustainability, aggregated into three macro-indicators: intrinsic sustainability, context sustainability and economic-financial feasibility. The model has been calibrated by a panel of experts and tested on two reuse hypotheses of the Old Arsenal in Venice. The tests have proven the model to be a useful support in the early stages of evaluation of re-use projects, where economic improvements are to be combined with conservation, as it supports the identification of critical points and the selection of projects, thus providing not only a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic Reuse; Historical Building Conservation; Public Economics; Z1; R52.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46625
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Basing Superfund Cleanups on Future Land Uses: Promising Remedy or Dubious Nostrum? AgEcon
Wernstedt, Kris; Hersh, Robert; Probst, Katherine N..
Supporters of the effort to link cleanups at hazardous waste sites to the sites' expected land uses claim that amending language in the federal Superfund statute to allow this may yield a number of benefits. These include rationalizing the cleanup process and decreasing cleanup costs, promoting economic development in the local communities that host Superfund sites, and helping such communities exercise more control over the cleanups. However, interviews with Superfund stakeholders and a detailed case study call into question these arguments. The current role of land use in cleanup, uncertainties about whether economic development is likely at the bulk of Superfund sites, the long-run viability of institutional controls, the willingness of communities to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land use; Economic development; Superfund; Land Economics/Use; Q24; Q28; R52.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10540
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Community Response to Forestry Transition in Rural Canada: Analysis of Media and Census Data for Six Case Study Communities in New Brunswick and British Columbia AgEcon
Smith, Mark; Parkins, John R..
The forest economy is in transition across Canada. Faced with high dollar values, increasing competition within the global market, high input costs for energy, labour and fibre, and growing expectations for environmental performance, the forest sector is undergoing significant economic transitions as companies across the country cut costs, close mills and shed jobs. This report contributes to our understanding of community response to mill closure with a detailed description of six case study communities during a period of forest industry mill closures. Three communities are in British Columbia (Mackenzie, Quesnel and Fort St. James) and three communities are in New Brunswick (Dalhousie, Nackawic and Mirimachi). Empirical information is derived from...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Media analysis; Rural sociology; Community development; Rural development; Social change; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R52; R58; Q33.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98645
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Construction Minerals in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area: A Land Management Analysis AgEcon
Wernstedt, Kris; Cummings, Amy Mcabee.
The patchwork of government influences that shape the protection and management of construction mineral resources--sand, gravel, and crushed stone--includes statutes, regulations, guidance documents, and court decisions at the federal, state, and local level. Across the Washington-Baltimore metropolitan area, both these influences and the experiences that the counties have had in managing construction mineral resources range widely. Our principal objective in this study is to discuss the mechanisms that counties use to manage such resources; the level and source of concern that local residents have with respect to construction mineral extraction operations; officials' perceptions about trends in the supply and demand for mineral resources; and the level of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Construction minerals; Aggregates; Land use planning; Baltimore-Washington; Land Economics/Use; Q24; Q38; R52.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10731
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Environmental Issues in Animal Agriculture AgEcon
Abdalla, Charles W.; Lawton, Jennifer L..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries; Q0; F2; Q25; Q30; R52.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94386
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Estimating Effects of an Urban Growth Boundary on Land Development AgEcon
Cho, Seong-Hoon; Chen, Zhuo; Yen, Steven T.; Eastwood, David B..
This study estimates the effects of an urban growth boundary (UGB) on land development decisions in Knox County, TN, using a heteroscedastic probit model. With combined efforts of increased land development within the city boundary and decreased development within the UGB and the neighboring town of Farragut after the implementation of UGB, the UGB of Knox County has been successful in urban revitalization within the city boundary and discouraging urban sprawl. These UGB impacts may be related to the city government having the right to annex land parcels within the UGB without consent of land owners.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Heteroscedastic probit; Land development; Urban growth boundary; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; C35; Q24; R52.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43761
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Expert Opinion versus Transaction Evidence: Using the Reilly Index to Measure Open Space Premiums in the Urban-Rural Fringe AgEcon
Cotteleer, Geerte; Stobbe, Tracy; van Kooten, G. Cornelis.
Due to economic and population growth farmland and to a lesser extend other undeveloped areas are under pressure in the urban-rural fringe in British Columbia, Canada. The objectives of this paper are to determine if residential property values near Victoria, BC include open-space premiums for farmland, parks or golf courses, and to determine if using assessed values instead of market prices of the property result in the same findings. We estimate a Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) model with two hedonic pricing equations, one with actual market values as the dependent variable and one with assessed property values, and compare the resulting estimates of shadow prices for open space amenities. Furthermore, we take account of spatial autocorrelation and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Hedonic pricing models; Spatial dependence; Assessed property values; Open space; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use; R14; R52; C21; Q20; H23.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37085
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Explaining Variation in Farm and Farm Business Performance in Respect to Farmer Segmentation Analysis AgEcon
Wilson, Paul; Harper, Nicholas; Darling, Richard.
Results from a pilot application of Defra’s segmentation model applied to the Farm Business Survey for England are presented. Interviews with 750 FBS co-operators during 2010, using a discursive approach, classified co-operators into one of five segmentation groups: Custodians (14.0%); Lifestyle Choice (7.2%); Pragmatists (53.3%); Modern Family Business (21.1%); Challenged Enterprises (4.4%). On average, Modern Family Businesses operated the largest land area, achieved the greatest farm financial (and agricultural) output, and Farm Business Income (FBI), whilst the Lifestyle Choice segment returned the lowest average FBI. Variation in regional tendencies across the segmentation groups was observed, with variation also noted for forms of business, LFA and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Behaviour; Segmentation; Income; Output; Agriculture; Farm Management; D22; Q12; Q14; Q15; Q16; R52.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108783
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Farmland Conservation in the Netherlands and British Columbia, Canada: A Comparative Analysis Using GIS-Based Hedonic Pricing Models AgEcon
Cotteleer, Geerte; Stobbe, Tracy; van Kooten, G. Cornelis.
As a result of urban development farmland in many countries is under pressure. Reasons to preserve farmland are related to cultural heritage, food safety, open space, the environment, but also slowing and restricting development is a reason. To protect farmland countries use different land use policies. This paper will look specifically at two jurisdictions: The Netherlands and a particularly rich farming area in British Columbia, Canada. For these areas we will investigate how the institutions and laws present in these jurisdictions contribute to agricultural land preservation. We will analyse farmland values in a GIS-based hedonic pricing framework to answer this question. This combination enables us to analyse direct impacts of laws and regulations...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Hedonic pricing models; Zoning policies; Geographical Information System; Agricultural land values at the urban fringe; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q10; Q15; R52.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37045
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Fighting an Uphill Battle: Population Pressure and Declining Land Productivity in Rwanda AgEcon
Clay, Daniel C..
The research reported here draws attention to the structure of landholding as a set of mechanisms through which demographic changes in agrarian societies can alter the natural environment.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Demographic change; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; Downloads July 2008 - June 2009: 18; R52.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54692
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Going Digital: Computerized Land Registration and Credit Access in India AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Goyal, Aparajita.
Despite strong beliefs that property titling and registration will enhance credit access, empirical evidence in support of such effects remains scant. The gradual roll-out of computerization of land registry systems across Andhra Pradesh’s 387 sub-registry offices (SROs) allows us to combine quarterly administrative data on credit disbursed by all commercial banks for a 11 year period (1997-2007) aggregated to the SRO level with the date of shifting registration from manual to digital. Computerization had no credit effect in rural areas but led to increased credit-supply in urban ones. A marked increase of registered urban mortgages due to computerization supports the robustness of the result. At the same time, estimated impacts from reduction of stamp...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Registration; Credit; Transactions; Computerization; India; International Development; Land Economics/Use; G28; Q24; R51; R52.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61257
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HEDONIC PRICE FUNCTIONS: GUIDANCE ON EMPIRICAL SPECIFICATION AgEcon
Kuminoff, Nicolai V.; Parmeter, Christopher F.; Pope, Jaren C..
The hedonic pricing model is widely accepted as a method for estimating the marginal willingness to pay for spatially delineated amenities. Empirical applications typically rely on one of three functional forms—linear, semi-log, and double-log—and rarely involve rigorous specification testing. This phenomenon is largely due to an influential simulation study by Cropper, Deck and McConnell (CDM) (1988) that found, among other things, that simpler linear specifications outperformed more flexible functional forms in the face of omitted variables. In the 20 years that have elapsed since their study, there have been major computational advances and significant changes in the way hedonic price functions can be estimated. The purpose of our paper is to update and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hedonic; Functional Form; Monte Carlo Simulation; Property Value Model; Demand and Price Analysis; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q15; Q51; Q53; C15; R52.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6555
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Institutional Impediments to Groundwater Trading: the case of the Gnangara groundwater system of Western Australia AgEcon
Skurray, James H.; Pandit, Ram; Pannell, David J..
The development of a market in groundwater usage rights can be inhibited by constraints arising from the institutional context. Such impediments may reduce the potential gains from trade and may generate high transaction costs for prospective traders. We analyse the regulations and policies influencing groundwater transfers in a case-study area -- the Gnangara groundwater system around Perth, Western Australia -- and identify significant impediments to a groundwater market. Property rights are found to be conditional, temporary, and vulnerable to amendment. Regulatory approval is required for all transfers. Facilitating infrastructure is lacking, and price information is unavailable. Management area boundaries reflect land ownership and use rather than...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q15; Q25; Q28; Q38; Q56; Q57; Q58; D02; R52; H41; H23; H11; D23; D47; D78; H44.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117825
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Land Use and Remedy Selection: Experience from the Field - The Fort Ord Site AgEcon
Wernstedt, Kris; Hersh, Robert.
In September of 1994, the Army closed the Fort Ord Military Reservation, a Superfund site of some 28,000 acres located in Monterey County, California. Under the Base Closure and Realignment Act, nearly all of this land will be transferred to federal and state entities and to a number of cities of the Monterey peninsula that border the base. A good deal of this property is valuable real estate -- coastal dunes, golf courses, and barracks that can be converted to apartments or dormitories. For the beneficiaries of these property transfers the Fort Ord cleanup is a modern day gold rush that is taking place as part of a Superfund cleanup. What effect have economic development pressures had on the cleanup process and on decisions about cleanup standards? This...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Superfund; Land use; Economic development; Land Economics/Use; Q24; Q28; R52.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10847
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Making Markets for Development Rights Work: What Determines Demand? AgEcon
Kopits, Elizabeth; McConnell, Virginia D.; Walls, Margaret.
Many economists see current land use patterns as inefficient due to various market failures, and planners argue that current patterns do not follow sound planning practice. One policy of interest to both groups is transferable development rights (TDR). TDRs allow the development rights from land that is preserved in an undeveloped state to be transferred to other areas where development can be made denser. This paper addresses one of the greatest difficulties TDR programs face-insufficient demand. We develop a simple theoretical model and estimate a TDR demand function using data from Calvert County, Maryland, one of the only regions where data on individual sales are available. We find that baseline zoning is a critical determinant of TDR demand- demand...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: TDRs; Density; Zoning; Subdivisions; International Development; R14; R52; R21.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10880
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Modeling Suburban and Rural-Residential Development Beyond the Urban Fringe AgEcon
Newburn, David A.; Berck, Peter.
This article investigates how land-use regulations differentially influence suburban versus rural-residential development. Particular emphasis is placed on how both the provision of municipal services (e.g., sewer and water) and zoned maximum density constrain higher-density residential development. We estimated a spatially explicit model with parcel data on recent housing development in Sonoma County, California. To account for heterogeneity in compliance with zoning regulations, we used a random-parameter logit model. The designation of sewer and water services was the most important determinant of suburban development. Meanwhile, it did not significantly affect the likelihood of rural-residential development, which actually leapfrogged into areas well...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q24; R14; R52.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21068
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Modeling Suburban and Rural-Residential Development Beyond the Urban Fringe AgEcon
Newburn, David A.; Berck, Peter.
This article investigates how land-use regulations differentially influence suburban versus ruralresidential development. Particular emphasis is placed on how both the provision of municipal services (e.g., sewer and water) and zoned maximum density constrain higher-density residential development. We estimated a spatially explicit model with parcel data on recent housing development in Sonoma County, California. To account for heterogeneity in compliance with zoning regulations, we used a random-parameter logit model. The designation of sewer and water services was the most important determinant of suburban development. Meanwhile, it did not significantly affect the likelihood of rural-residential development, which actually leapfrogged into areas well...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q24; R14; R52.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7154
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Moving from ‘land titling’ to ‘land governance’: The case of the Kyrgyz Republic AgEcon
Undeland, Asyl; Burns, Tony; Deininger, Klaus W.; Selod, Harris.
There is a growing recognition that well-defined and enforceable property rights to land are important for a range of economic and social functions. To assess land governance at the country level, the World Bank has elaborated a diagnostic tool based on empirical indicators that aims to identify areas for improvement and that could be used to monitor progress in the land sector. This tool, the Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF), was first tested in Peru, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Indonesia and in the Kyrgyz Republic, and is currently being implemented in a number of other countries worldwide. The present paper summarizes the main results obtained from the Kyrgyz pilot to illustrate the case of land governance issues that arise in a post-transition...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Indicators; Land policy; Land administration; Transition economy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy; P21; Q15; R52.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90831
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Open Space and Urban Sprawl: The Case of the Maryland Forest Conservation Act AgEcon
Lichtenberg, Erik.
Rapid urbanization enhances the desirability of policies for preserving open space but those policies may expand the urban boundary and create leapfrog development. We investigate this potential conflict between open space preservation and urban sprawl conceptually and empirically using data from the Baltimore-Washington suburbs. The estimated econometric model indicates that both zoning and forest planting requirements contribute to sprawl by increasing the amount of land needed to accommodate the current number of households. The impacts of these regulations on sprawl are modest, however, increasing urbanized area by less than one percent in response to a one percent increase in any of these three forms of regulation. Thus, while there does seem to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use; R52; R14.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37812
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Precio de la tierra con presión urbana: un modelo para España AgEcon
Decimavilla, Esther; San Juan, Carlos; Sperlich, Stefan.
RESUMEN: Estudiamos el precio de la tierra para uso agrario y las variables que determinan su evolución en España, tratando de identificar qué parte de la subida de precios observada se justifica por elementos «internos», relacionados con la renta agraria esperada, y cuál proviene de elementos externos o especulativos, vinculados a cambios en el uso del suelo. Además se relaciona el ciclo de precios con la aceleración de la especialización en el ámbito regional y la integración en la PAC. La novedad de este trabajo consiste en identificar, mediante técnicas de datos de panel, factores no fundamentales (presión urbanizadora, creación de regadíos, cambio demográfico) que, además de los fundamentales (ingresos esperados y localización geográfica) determinan...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Especialización regional; Especulación urbana; Datos de panel; Precios de la tierra; Productividad agraria; Urban pressure; Panel data; Land prices; Agricultural productivity; Regional specialization; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q15; R14; Q24; R52.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37186
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