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Registros recuperados: 9
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A New Discrimination Scheme for Oceanic Ferromanganese Deposits using High Field Strength and Rare Earth Elements ArchiMer
Josso, P.; Pelleter, Ewan; Pourret, O.; Fouquet, Yves; Etoubleau, Joel; Cheron, Sandrine; Bollinger, C..
Ferromanganese (Fe-Mn) deposits constitute a ubiquitous mineral type in oceanic settings, with metal (Cu, Ni, Zn, Co, Pt) and rare earth elements (REE) enrichments of potential economic interest. Routine analysis of trace elements by ICP-MS has advanced our understanding of the impact of hydrogenetic, diagenetic and hydrothermal processes on the mobility and interaction of high field strength elements (HFSE: Zr, Ti) and REE and yttrium (REY) with Fe-Mn oxyhydroxides. Recent discoveries in the French exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of Wallis and Futuna (southwest Pacific Ocean) have brought new insight to the formation of low temperature (LT) hydrothermal Mn deposits and lead us to reconsider the classification and discrimination diagrams for of Fe-Mn...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ferromanganese mineralization; Hydrogenetic crusts; Nodules; Hydrothermal deposits; Rare earth elements; High field strength elements; Classification.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00350/46156/45854.pdf
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Determination of Rare Earth Elements, Sc, Y, Zr, Ba, Hf and Th in Geological Samples by ICP-MS after Tm Addition and Alkaline Fusion ArchiMer
Bayon, Germain; Barrat, Jean Alix; Etoubleau, Joel; Benoit, Mathieu; Bollinger, Claire; Revillon, Sidonie.
We present a revised method for the determination of concentrations of rare earth (REE) and other trace elements (Y, Sc, Zr, Ba, Hf, Th) in geological samples. Our analytical procedure involves sample digestion using alkaline fusion (NaOH-Na2O2) after addition of a Tm spike, co-precipitation on iron hydroxides, and measurement by sector field-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (SF-ICP-MS). The procedure was tested successfully for various rock types (i.e., basalt, ultramafic rock, sediment, soil, granite), including rocks with low trace element abundances (sub ng g(-1)). Results obtained for a series of nine geological reference materials (BIR-1, BCR-2, UB-N, JP-1, AC-E, MA-N, MAG-1, GSMS-2, GSS-4) are in reasonable agreement with published...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Digestion des Echantillons; Spike de Tm; ICP MS; MatEriaux de rEfErence; Echantillons gEologiques; ElEments du groupe des Terres Rares; Sample digestion; Tm spike; ICP MS; Reference materials; Geological samples; Rare earth elements.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6449.pdf
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Evidence for intense REE scavenging at cold seeps from the Niger Delta margin ArchiMer
Bayon, Germain; Birot, Dominique; Ruffine, Livio; Caprais, Jean-claude; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Bollinger, C.; Donval, Jean-pierre; Charlou, Jean-luc; Voisset, Michel; Grimaud, S..
For many trace elements, continental margins are the location of intense exchange processes between sediment and seawater, which control their distribution in the water column, but have yet to be fully understood. In this study, we have investigated the impact of fluid seepage at cold seeps on the marine cycle of neodymium. We determined dissolved and total dissolvable (TD) concentrations for REE and well-established tracers of fluid seepage (CH4, TDFe, TDMn), and Nd isotopic compositions in seawater samples collected above cold seeps and a reference site (i.e. away from any fluid venting area) from the Niger Delta margin. We also analyzed cold seep authigenic phases and various core-top sediment fractions (pore water, detrital component, easily leachable...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Rare earth elements; Neodymium isotopes; Seawater; Cold seeps; Fe-Mn oxyhydroxides; Benthic fluxes.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00066/17754/15571.pdf
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Geochemical provenance of sediments from the northern East China Sea document a gradual migration of the Asian Monsoon belt over the past 400,000 years ArchiMer
Beny, Francois; Toucanne, Samuel; Skonieczny, Charlotte; Bayon, Germain; Ziegler, Martin.
The reconstruction of the long-term evolution of the East Asian Monsoon remains controversial. In this study, we aim to give a new outlook on this evolution by studying a 400 kyr long sediment record (U1429) from the northern East China Sea recovered during IODP Expedition 346. Neodymium isotopic ratios and rare earth element concentrations of different grain-size fractions reveal significant provenance changes of the sediments in the East China Sea between East Asian continental sources (mainly Yellow River) and sediment contributions from the Japanese Archipelago. These provenance changes are interpreted as the direct impact of sea level changes, due to the reorganization of East Asian river mouth locations and ocean circulation on the East China Sea...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Monsoon; Eastern Asia; East China sea; Quaternary; Radiogenic isotopes; Neodymium; Rare earth elements.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00439/55088/56791.pdf
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Lanthanum content and effects on growth, gas exchanges, and chlorophyll index in maize plants Biological Sciences
Duarte, Ana Carolina Oliveira; Oliveira, Cynthia de; Ramos, Sílvio Júnio; Castro, Evaristo Mauro de; Siqueira, José Oswaldo; Guilherme, Luiz Roberto Guimarães.
Rare earth elements, such as lanthanum (La), have been applied to agriculture via fertilizers, aiming to increase the productivity and crop quality, such results observed mainly in China. However, the knowledge about the effect of La on maize growth, as well as for other species, despite the growing interest it is still limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of La on maize growth, La content, photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll content in maize plants in response to La treatment (0, 25, 50, 100, 150, 300 and 600 μM) in nutrient solution for three weeks. The plants were placed in geminated pots using a split-root technique. One of the pots in the geminated set was filled with a complete nutrient solution without La, while another was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ciências Agrárias crops; Photosynthesis; Rare earth elements; Zea mays. Produção Vegetal.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciBiolSci/article/view/38469
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Multi-Element Determination of Trace Elements in Natural Water Reference Materials by ICP-SFMS after Tm Addition and Iron Co-precipitation ArchiMer
Bayon, Germain; Birot, Dominique; Bollinger, Claire; Barrat, Jean Alix.
We report on an improved method for determining trace element abundances in seawater and other natural waters. The analytical procedure involves co-precipitation on iron hydroxides after addition of a Tm spike, and measurement by inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-SFMS). The validity of the method was assessed through a series of co-precipitation experiments, using ultra-diluted solutions of a certified rock reference material (BIR-1). Results obtained for four natural water reference materials (NASS-5, CASS-4, SLEW-3, SLRS-4) are in agreement with published working values for rare earth elements, yttrium, vanadium and, when available, for hafnium, zirconium, thorium and scandium. A set of proposed values with uncertainties...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seawater; Reference material; ICP-MS; Trace elements; Rare earth elements; Eau de mer; Materiau de reference; ICP-MS; Elements traces; Terres Rares.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00031/14189/18000.pdf
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Rare earth elements and neodymium isotopes in sedimentary organic matter ArchiMer
Freslon, Nicolas; Bayon, Germain; Toucanne, Samuel; Bermell, Sylvain; Bollinger, Claire; Chéron, Sandrine; Etoubleau, Joel; Germain, Yoan; Khripounoff, Alexis; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Rouget, Marie Laure.
We report rare earth element (REE) and neodymium (Nd) isotope data for the organic fraction of sediments collected from various depositional environments, i.e. rivers (n=25), estuaries (n=18), open-ocean settings (n=15), and cold seeps (n=12). Sedimentary Organic Matter (SOM) was extracted using a mixed hydrogen peroxide/nitric acid solution (20%-H2O2 – 0.02M-HNO3), after removal of carbonate and oxy-hydroxide phases with dilute hydrochloric acid (0.25M-HCl). A series of experimental tests indicate that extraction of sedimentary organic compounds using H202 may be complicated occasionally by partial dissolution of sulphide minerals and residual carbonates. However, this contamination is expected to be minor for REE because measured concentrations in H2O2...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Organic matter; Rare earth elements; REE; Neodymium isotopes; ΕNd; Sediment; Boundary Exchange; Paleoceanography.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00191/30250/28682.pdf
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Sulfate minerals control dissolved rare earth element flux and Nd isotope signature of buoyant hydrothermal plume (EMSO-Azores, 37°N Mid-Atlantic Ridge) ArchiMer
Chavagnac, Valerie; Ali, Hassan Saleban; Jeandel, Catherine; Leleu, Thomas; Destrigneville, Christine; Castillo, Alain; Cotte, Laura; Waeles, Mathieu; Cathalot, Cecile; Laes, Agathe; Pelleter, Ewan; Nonnotte, Philippe; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Cannat, Mathilde.
While hydrothermal vents are now thought to be a major source of dissolved iron to the oceans, they have always been considered to be a sink for the dissolved rare-earth elements (DREEs). However, true dissolved REE observations in hydrothermal plumes are still lacking. Here we report for the first time the DREE concentrations and neodymium isotopic compositions (DεNd) of buoyant hydrothermal fluids at Lucky Strike (Mid-Atlantic Ridge). We find that 27 to 62% of total hydrothermal DREEs are rapidly scavenged by anhydrite precipitation at the onset of buoyant plume formation. After this initial loss, all DREEs behave quasi-conservatively within the buoyant plume. Dissolved phase εNd (DεNd) in the evolving plume are identical to black smoker DεNd of +9.0 and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Black smokers; Rare earth elements; Neodymium isotopes; Hydrothermal; Sulfate minerals; EMSO-Azores.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00456/56733/58511.pdf
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Trace element behaviour at cold seeps and the potential export of dissolved iron to the ocean ArchiMer
Lemaitre, Nolwenn; Bayon, Germain; Ondreas, Helene; Caprais, Jean-claude; Freslon, Nicolas; Bollinger, Claire; Rouget, Marie-laure; De Prunele, Alexis; Ruffine, Livio; Olu-le Roy, Karine; Sarthou, Geraldine.
Seawater samples were collected by submersible above methane seeps in the Gulf of Guinea (Regab and Baboon pockmarks) in order to investigate the behaviour of iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) and rare earth elements (REE) during fluid seepage. Our aim was to determine whether cold seeps may represent potential sources of dissolved chemical species to the ocean. Dissolved (<0.45 μm filtered samples) and total dissolvable (unfiltered samples) concentrations were determined over ∼50 m long vertical transects above the seafloor and at various discrete locations within the pockmarks. We show that substantial amounts of Fe and Mn are released into seawater during seepage of methane-rich fluids. Mn is exported almost quantitatively in the dissolved form (more than...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Iron; Rare earth elements; Cold seeps; Seawater; Organic ligands; Iron-sulfide nanoparticles.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00211/32190/30704.pdf
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