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Registros recuperados: 42
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Absence de captage de Crassostrea gigas dans le bassin de Marennes-Oléron en 1981 : causes et conséquences ArchiMer
Berthome, Jean-paul; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Heral, Maurice; Razet, Daniel; Garnier, Jacqueline.
The want of C. gigas spat-catching in the Marennes-oleron basin in 1981 can be due to various different reasons which are analysed here. Physico -chemical and trophic factors that can induce variations in the quality of gametogenesis, are successively in comparison with the year 1979 when reproduction was good. The biochemical evolution and a study of gonads slow a lack in maturation in 1981 even during the summer period. Late maturation of gonads bring about physiological consequences which induced mortality of cultivated oysters at the end of winter. A feeble recruit and a decrease of the cultivated stock have economic consequences which here sketched up.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Larvae; Recrutment; Spat; Crassostrea gigas; Oysters; Larves; Recrutement; Captage; Crassostrea gigas; Huîtres.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1982/acte-2948.PDF
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Analyse des petits pelagiques, sardine et anchois, dans le golfe de Gascogne ArchiMer
Coiffec, Gaelle; Duhamel, Erwan; Biseau, Alain; Danzart, Marc.
Since 1993 the yearly amounts of sardine landings for the Bay of Biscay fishing ports have experienced a constant increase (10,000 tonnes in 1993); on that account sardine is the first species landed in the fishing ports of the Bay of Biscay (15,000 tonnes in 2003). It is sold 0.54 € / kg (constant price over ten years) which means a 8,100 k€ turnover in 2003 and the 12th rank in value landed in the fishing ports of Bay of Biscay. Though anchovy landings have decreased over the last ten years, especially since 2001, this species occupies the 3rd rank of the highest landings (7,300 tonnes) of the Atlantic shoreline in 2003.The decrease of anchovy landings over the last ten years may account for the high increase of its constant sale price of 1.5 € / kg from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Purse seiner; Midwater pair trawler; Sardine; Anchovy; Pelagic; Bay of Biscay; Recrutement; Senneur; Chalutier pelagique; Bolincheur; Sardine; Anchois; Pelagique; Golge de Gascogne.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/rapport-2287.pdf
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Biologie et écotoxicologie des véligères de Crassostrea Gigas (Thunberg) dans le bassin d'Arcachon ArchiMer
His, Edouard.
This study analyses the larval recruitment and biology in Crassostrea Gigas, in the Arcachon Bay. Three types of observations were conducted: - a study of the reproduction anomalies in C. gigas between 1976 and 1981. - observations of the particulate nutrition of the veligeres. - ecotoxicologic experiments (organostannic action on oyster reproduction, mostly). The reproduction anomalies in C. gigas could not be attributed to either the genitors' quality or the water quality in the Arcachon Bay, but to a perturbation of the veligeres' trophic regime; the hypothesis of an alteration of the nanoplancton in the Bay, during the summer period, and linked to the action of the organotins is highly considered. The assumption of responsibility of the particulate...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Organostanniques; Ecotoxicologie; Nutrition; Anomalies de la reproduction; Bassin d'Arcachon; Crassostrea gigas; Véligères; Recrutement.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1991/these-3347.pdf
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Campagnes expérimentales de chalutage en mer du Nord et Manche Orientale. Volume I. Les campagnes I.B.T.S. 1997 & 1998 ArchiMer
Verin, Yves; Dufour, Jean-louis.
Since 1976, France participates to the International Bottom Trawl Survey (IBTS), coordinated by the International Council for Exploration of the Sea (ICES). The main objective of the survey which is carried out on board of a research vessel, is to obtain annual forecasts of recruitment for the various commercial fish species of the North Sea. These estimates are used by ICES Working Groups to assess these various stocks and to propose management measures for the following year. In addition, the data collected during these surveys concern biological and abundance analysis of main commercial fish species exploited by European countries in the North Sea. The results of studies are published in scientific papers and have improved knowledge in this field....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mer du Nord. CIEM; Recrutement; Stocks de poissons; Indices d'abondance; Chalutage; Campagne d'échantillonnage; Mer du Nord; [CES; Recruitment; Fish stocks; Abundance indices; Trawling; Survey..
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00306/41760/40973.pdf
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Colonisation d'un récif frangeant de l'île de La Réunion par les larves de poissons coralliens ArchiMer
Durville, P; Bosc, P; Galzin, R; Conand, C.
The colonization of a fringing reef of Reunion Island by fish larvae takes place essentially from August to February with two peaks, in August-September, when the water temperatures are coldest, and in February when they are at a maximum. The number of fishes, as well as the number of sampled species, present similar values over two consecutive years with, nevertheless, a strong variation in the species involved. In Reunion Island, the number of post-larvae which colonise the reef is one hundred to four hundred times lower than on larger and more structured reefs. This phenomenon could be explained by the geographical characteristics of the island. The stock control of the adult fish in Reunion could largely be the result of the arrival of post-larvae on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Colonisation larvaire; Recrutement; Poisson corallien; Récif frangeant; Île de La Réunion; Larval colonization; Recruitment; Coral fish; Fringing reef; Reunion Island.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00322/43326/42928.pdf
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Comparaison de deux méthodes de prélèvement pour le dénombrement des larves de Crassostrea gigas en zone conchylicole ArchiMer
His, Edouard; Borel, Michel; Robert, Rene; Laborde, Jean-louis.
La numération des larves d'huître dans le plancton renseigne les ostréiculteurs sur la date de pose des collecteurs. La technique utilisée est très ancienne (BOURY, 1928) ; pour chaque station trois prélèvements par traits de filets pendant 10 minutes sont effectués : deux en surface (filet 200 et filet 130) et un à 1 mètre de profondeur (filet 130). Une méthode par pompage avec mesure instantanée du volume d'eau filtrée a été mise au point (prélèvements en surface et à 1 mètre de profondeur, et rétention des véligères sur filets 200). La comparaison des deux techniques met en évidence l'inadaptation de l'ancienne méthode. Le choix de la porosité (70 µm pour les filets 200) est mal adapté à la récolte des larves D (stade 1) dont le nombre peut être sous...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Numération; Technique; Reproduction; Crassostrea gigas; Larves; Naissain; Recrutement; Ostréiculture.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1987/acte-6444.PDF
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Description, évolution et importance des différentes techniques de captage en rivière Seudre (bassin de Marennes-Oléron) : incidence sur la production d'huîtres creuses C. gigas ArchiMer
Berthome, Jean-paul; Razet, Daniel; Garnier, Jacqueline.
Dealing with the study of the oyster stocks in Marennes Oleron basin, a method is set up to study oystr origin. Various collectors, factory-made or hand-made (about 90% of the whole) are described. Technical evolution, bound to the importance of potential catching in three concerned districts depands on the catching ability of the different types of collectors. The catching, achieved in the Seudre river, represents nearly 1 400 million units, wich is a theorical potentail quantity of 30 000 tons of adults oysters
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Larvae; Recrutment; Crassostrea gigas; Oysters; Oyster stock; Technique captage; Recrutement; Crassostrea gigas; Huîtres; Evaluation stocks.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1981/acte-2935.pdf
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Déterminisme du recrutement de la sole. Phase pélagique - Résultats des campagnes 1985 ArchiMer
Arbault, Suzanne; Camus, Patrick; Hersart De La Villemarque, Jacqueline; Koutsikopoulos, Constantin.
In order to analyse the recruitment process of a commercial fish, the common sole has been selected for making researches into the mecanisms which have an effect upon the distribution of the young fish stages and upon the plenty of the recruitment. In 1985, during three surveys for eggs and larvae off the estuary of the river Loire in march and april, severa! points have been studied : - physical and chemical data of the sea - distribution of eggs and larvae - vertical distribution of larvae in a little scale - some results on nutrition of larvae.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sole; Oeufs; Larves; Recrutement; Sole; Eggs; Larvae; Recrutment.
Ano: 1986 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00503/61493/65304.pdf
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Déterminisme du recrutement larvaire de l’huître creuse (Crassostrea gigas) dans la lagune de Thau. ArchiMer
Lagarde, Franck; Fiandrino, Annie; Richard, Marion; Bernard, Ismael; Mortreux, Serge; Ubertini, Martin; Chiantella, Claude; Boj, Marie; Meddah, Slem; Leurion, Axel; Soriano, Solenn; Fuhrmann, Marine; Le Gall, Patrik; Chiera, Caroline; Berteaux, Tom; Guillou, Jean-louis; Roque D'Orbcastel, Emmanuelle; Perignon, Adeline; Bonnet, Delphine; Roques, Cecile; Bec, Beatrice; Cochet, Helene; Gervasoni, Erika; Miron, Gilles; Pouvreau, Stephane.
Since spat mortality events that were firstly detected in 2008, Mediterranean shellfish industry seeks to exploit the Pacific oyster spat from lagoon natural recruitment. The CRCM, Cepralmar and Ifremer developed accordingly a research project named PRONAMED Phase 1 and 2 - 2010-2014, in order to define the economic potential of spatfall and improve knowledge of the reproductive cycle of Crassostrea gigas in this specific environmental context. The results of the past three year‘s study (2012, 2013, 2014) showed that broodstock have the ability to provide larvae after sexual maturation and spawning. A coincidence was noted between moon phase (new and full moon) and spawnings with an amplifying effect of storms on the intensity of spawning (Ubertini et al....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lagune; Recrutement; Naissain; Huître creuse; Ecologie larvaire; Cycle de reproduction; Captage naturel.; Lagoon; Recruitment; Spat; Pacific oysters; Larval ecology; Reproduction Cycle; Natural spat collection..
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00279/39054/37620.pdf
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Déterminisme du recrutement. Séminaire de Nantes, 2-4 juillet 1984 ArchiMer
Ifremer.
The causality of recruitment is of paramount importance for the progress of the control of marine living resources, but its study remains technically complax.The aim of the Nantes panel was to evaluate the state of advancement of three running programs on exploited species (sole, scallops and oysters), and to set out the basis of a wider national program of interest for both basic and targeted research.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Recrutement; Variabilité; Déterminisme; Sole; Coquille St Jacques; Huître; Recruitment; Variability; Causality; Sole; Scallop; Oyster.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00136/24713/22766.pdf
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Développement et utilisation des marqueurs génétiques hypervariables chez les espèces marines. Rapport de synthèse 1995-1998 ArchiMer
Bonhomme, Francois; Gerard, Andre.
L'objectif scientifique de l'Unité de Recherche Marine n0 16 est de partager les savoir faire conceptuels et méthodologiques des deux équipes, pour faire aboutir des programmes appliqués ou fondamentaux dans le domaine de la génétique des organismes marins. Ces programmes concernent plus particulièrement le développement et l'utilisation des marqueurs génétiques fournis par les techniques de biologie moléculaire dans les programmes suivants: Chez les huîtres des genres Ostrea et Crassostrea : Le modèle prioritaire de l'URM sera les huîtres Crassostrea et Ostrea. Pour des raisons historiques, les recherches sur Ostrea sont plus avancées et donneront des résultats plus rapidement. 1-Sélection assistée par marqueurs chez Ostrea edulis et Crassostrea gigas...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Génétique; Marqueur génétique; Biologie moléculaire; Sélection génétique; Ressource génétique; Recrutement; Bivalvia; Crassostrea; Ostrea; Pisces; Dicentrarchus labrax; Génotypage.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00043/15459/12834.pdf
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Diversité génétique et dynamique du recrutement chez l'huître plate Ostrea edulis L. (2003) ArchiMer
Lapegue, Sylvie; Taris, Nicolas; Boudry, Pierre; Langlade, Aime; Bonhomme, Francois.
Le milieu marin est un milieu difficile à appréhender car composé d'un ensemble d'organismes et d'écosystèmes caractérisés par des conditions de fonctionnement tout à fait originales et souvent difficiles d'accès. Ces spécificités peuvent être attribuées à la structure spatiale du milieu marin, qui à bien des égards, diffère du milieu terrestre. En effet si les notions de barrières géographiques sont une réalité concrète pour les organismes terrestres, elles restent rarement identifiées en milieu marin (PALUMBI 1994). Dans un tel environnement, les organismes présentent des cycles de vie souvent mal connus, notamment ceux qui associent phase benthique et phase planctonique. L'étude de la structure génétique des populations, dans un espace aussi ouvert aux...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diversité génétique; Génétique; Recrutement; Génotypage; Variabilité génétique; Huître plate; Ostrea edulis.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00044/15478/12857.pdf
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Dynamique de la population de Sandre Stizostedion Lucioperca OceanDocs
Toujani, R.; Kraiem, M.M..
L’étude de la dynamique de population du sandre Stizostedion lucioperca dans la retenue du barrage de Sidi Salem (nord de la Tunisie) a été réalisée durant deux saisons : avril 1996 - mars 1998 . Elle a porté sur un échantillon de 1325 individus capturés par les pêcheurs professionnels. Cette étude a montré que: - La taille moyenne individuelle des sandres captures est inférieure à 30 cm pour une proportion supérieure à 75 % . - La taille de recrutement dans la pêcherie estimée à 18 cm est très inférieure à la taille de première maturité sexuelle de l’ espèce qui est de 24 cm. - La taille et la masse individuelles moyennes des sandres capturés se sont améliorées durant la saison 1997 par rapport à celle de 1996. - Le taux de mortalité par pêche des groupes...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Taille; Mortalité; Length-weight relationships; Recrutement; Masse; Recruitment; Stizostedion lucioperca; Mortality; Freshwater fish; Population dynamics; Pike perch; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5877.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/221
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Écologie de la reproduction de l’huître Crassostrea gigas en lagune méditerranéenne ArchiMer
Lagarde, Franck.
The Mediterranean lagoons host many anthropogenic uses including shellfish aquaculture since the beginning of the 20th century. Imported in 1970, the cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas, has adapted perfectly and has allowed an important development of oyster’s industry until 2008, the year of occurence of spat outbreak related to the emergence of an Ostreid Herpes-virus μvar. The scarcity of spat and the speculation on this product changed regionally cultural practices and the supply of juveniles, with in particular the wish of developing a local activity of spat collection. However the cycle of reproduction of the species and the recruitment of juveniles were poorly known in lagoon environments. In this context, the objective of this thesis is to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître; Écologie larvaire; Ressource trophique; Connectivité; Recrutement; Lagune côtière; Oyster; Larval ecology; Trophic resource; Connectivity; Recruitment; Coastal lagoon.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00472/58347/60901.pdf
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Effets climatiques sur les écosystèmes marins. Exemple du recrutement des Crustacés Cirripèdes sur la côte ouest du Cotentin ArchiMer
Dreves, Luc.
A nuclear power plant is set up at Flamanville (Channel; West coast of the Cotentin). For monitoring studies, one species (or a group of species) has been chosen in each major unit for a reference population dynamics study. Hard bottoms are covered by several species of barnacles. These species present different temperature affinities, and have reached here an equilibrium stage. The recruitment period of Balanus balanoides, the main species, has been determined. A relationship is established between the wintry temperature and the numerical importance of its spring recruitment.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Centrale nucléaire; Flamanville; Surveillance; Crustacés cirripèdes; Balanus balanoides; Recrutement; Flamanville; Monitoring; Nuclear power plant; Balanus balanoides; Barnacles; Recruitment.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00396/50759/51472.pdf
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Eléments concernant l'huître plate, Ostrea edulis ArchiMer
Martin, Anne-genevieve.
La production française d'huîtres plates (Ostrea edulis) est assurée en majeure partie par les centres bretons. Le captage de cette espèce se fait essentiellement en Bretagne dans la baie de Quiberon et les rivières attenantes. Le laboratoire conchylicole ISTPM de La Trinité S/Mer consacre donc une partie de ses programmes, d'une part à l'étude de la reproduction de l'huître plate afin de déterminer la période favorable à la pose des collecteurs, d'autre part à l'évaluation du recrutement sur ces collecteurs.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître plate; Ostrea edulis; Reproduction; Captage; Recrutement.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00016/12704/9626.pdf
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Etude bio-économique de l'exploitation des ressources sous diverses hypothèses de gestion ArchiMer
Biseau, Alain; Ould El Kettab, Mustapha.
The model developed is a multi-species, multi-fleet and multi-sector model that consists of a dynamic allocation of the fishing effort. It can therefore measure the amplitude of the effort's generated outputs by strict, implemented and honoured regulatory measures. The management measures likely to be simulated give an account of the main trends of the regulations in effect in Community waters. Their effects on both the resource and the fleets are evaluated. Each stock, confined or not to a sector, has its own dynamic described by a model structured by ages: recruitment is assumed to be constant. Biological interactions (intra- and inter-species contact) as well as the problems of exchanges between sectors are not taken into account. In order to treat the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dynamique des stocks; Eaux communautaires; Recrutement; Activité des flottilles; Mesures reglementaires; Gestion de la ressource; Modèle biologique.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/rapport-2578.pdf
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Evaluation du recrutement d'huîtres plates (Ostrea edulis) collectées sur tuiles dans le quartier d'Auray (Bretagne) ArchiMer
Martin, Anne-genevieve; Grizel, Henri; Langlade, Aime.
La région d'Auray avec la Baie de Quiberon et les rivières attenantes, est le seul centre de captage de l'huître plate en Bretagne. Celui-ci s'effectue sur des parcs situés en zone intertidale à partir de tuiles chaulées. La présente étude a permis de dénombrer les collecteurs posés durant la campagne de reproduction 1979 et d'évaluer le poids de naissain récolté. Celui-ci est de 516,36 +/- 45,36 tonnes pour un total de 19 383 000 tuiles. Les données obtenues seront utilisées ultérieurement pour analyser les performances du captage en fonction de la date et du mode de pose des collecteurs.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître plate; Ostrea edulis; Recrutement; Naissain; Collecteur; Auray; Baie Quiberon; Bretagne.
Ano: 1980 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00009/11987/8691.pdf
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Influence des facteurs climatiques sur la production conchylicole du bassin de Marennes-Oléron ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice; Prou, Jean; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc.
The authors are comparing the recruitment, the commercialised production, the cultivated biomasses of oysters Crassostrea gigas and Crassostrea angulata with the statistics of the meteorology (1885-1984). The temperature plays a role up on the date of spawning but partialy explains the lack of recruitment, which has less impact on the commercialised production than on the total biomass. The annual and seasonal characteristics of the precipitations and water temperatures do not show tight correlations with the variations of the production and of the biomass, for these cultivated populations in opposition with the sensitivity of the natural molluscan populations towards the climatic factors.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Meteorology; Recruitment; Biomass; Production; Crassostrea angulata; Crassostrea gigas; Météorlogie; Recrutement; Biomasse; Production; Crassostrea gigas; Crassostrea angulata.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1986/publication-2968.pdf
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Influence du climat sur le recrutement et sur la production d'huîtres cultivées (Crassostrea angulata et Crassostrea gigas) dans le bassin de Marennes-Oléron (France) ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Prou, Jean.
Recruitment, marketed yield and cultivated biomasses of oysters Crassostrea angulata and Crassostrea gigas are compared to climatic indices for the period 1885-1984. Temperature plays a role up on the date of spawning but explains only partially the failure of recruitment, which has less influence on the marketed yield than on the total biomass Contrary to the sensitivity of wild molluscan stocks to climatic conditions, yield and biomass of these cultivated stocks are not hightly correlated to the annual and seasonal indices of rainfall and air temperature.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marennes Oleron Bay; Climatic conditions; Recrutment; Crassostrea gigas; Crassostrea angulata; Oysters; Marennes Oléron; Facteurs climatiques; Recrutement; Crassostrea gigas; Crassostrea angulata; Huîtres.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1986/acte-2972.pdf
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