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Registros recuperados: 12
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A REGIONAL ECONOMETRIC MODEL OF U.S. APPLE PRODUCTION AgEcon
Roosen, Jutta.
A four-region econometric model of U.S. apple production and consumption is developed. Technical progress has benefited growers in the Northwest the most, but prices there are much lower in comparison to other regions. Estimated elasticities are used to estimate national and regional welfare impacts of pesticide cancellations.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Apple; Econometrics; Regional; Three-stage least square; Crop Production/Industries; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21663
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A REGIONAL ECONOMETRIC MODEL OF U.S. APPLE SUPPLY AND DEMAND AgEcon
Roosen, Jutta.
An econometric model of U.S. apple supply and demand is estimated using annual data for 1971-1997. Supply is arranged into four geographical regions, the Northwest, the Southwest, the Central, and the East. The structural model consists of five components: supply, allocation between fresh and processed utilization, pricing, demand and net imports. Estimated supply elasticities illustrate regional differences in growers' ability to respond to market changes.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Apple; Econometrics; Regional; Three-stage least square; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18237
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Analyzing the Agricultural Trade Impacts of the Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement AgEcon
Malhotra, Nisha; Stoyanov, Andrey.
In this paper we study the agricultural trade impacts of the Canada Chile Free Trade Agreement (CCFTA). We find that the effect of the CCFTA on Chilean agricultural exports to Canada is large and positive. We estimate that approximately one-half of a 90 percent increase in Chilean exports to Canada can be attributed to trade preferences that the country received under the agreement. We found no effect of the agreement on Canadian exports to Chile. As far as we know, our paper is among the few that carries out a detailed empirical analysis of \ the effect of the FTA on agriculture. Most empirical papers that have studied the trade impact of FTAs rely on country-wide gravity models and aggregate trade data. These aggregate analyses can hide negative effects...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Canada; Chile; FTA; Regional; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46628
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Economic costs and payoffs of bilateral/regional trade agreements AgEcon
Vollrath, Thomas L.; Hallahan, Charles B..
The rapid increase in the number of bilateral and regional free-trade agreements since 1995 is a striking development. The proliferation of these agreements has raised questions among academicians and policymakers about whether they have, in fact, opened markets, created trade, promoted economic growth, and/or distorted trade. This study uses panel data from the 1975-2005 period and the gravity framework to identify the influence of bilateral/regional free-trade agreements on bilateral trade in merchandise, agriculture, and clothing sectors. A benchmark, Heckman sample-selection, and two generalized models, one of which accounts for reciprocal-free-trade-agreement phase-in effects, are used to gauge the impact on partner trade of mutual as well as...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade policy bilateral; Regional; Missing trade gravity models reciprocal trade agreements Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49375
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Ensaio brasileiro e regional de linhagens de aveia - São Carlos, 2006. Repositório Alice
GODOY, R.; SOUZA, F. H. D. de; BATISTA, L. A. R..
2007
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Aveia; Regional; Ensaio brasileiro.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/48220
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Exploring the usefulness of scenario archetypes in science-policy processes: experience across IPBES assessments ArchiMer
Sitas, Nadia; Harmáčková, Zuzana V.; Anticamara, Jonathan A.; Arneth, Almut; Badola, Ruchi; Biggs, Reinette; Blanchard, Ryan; Brotons, Lluis; Cantele, Matthew; Coetzer, Kaera; Dasgupta, Rajarshi; Den Belder, Eefje; Ghosh, Sonali; Guisan, Antoine; Gundimeda, Haripriya; Hamann, Meike; Harrison, Paula A.; Hashimoto, Shizuka; Hauck, Jennifer; Klatt, Brian J.; Kok, Kasper; Krug, Rainer M.; Niamir, Aidin; O'Farrell, Patrick J.; Okayasu, Sana; Palomo, Ignacio; Pereira, Laura M.; Riordan, Philip; Santos-martín, Fernando; Selomane, Odirilwe; Shin, Yunne-jai; Valle, Mireia.
Scenario analyses have been used in multiple science-policy assessments to better understand complex plausible futures. Scenario archetype approaches are based on the fact that many future scenarios have similar underlying storylines, assumptions, and trends in drivers of change, which allows for grouping of scenarios into typologies, or archetypes, facilitating comparisons between a large range of studies. The use of scenario archetypes in environmental assessments foregrounds important policy questions and can be used to codesign interventions tackling future sustainability issues. Recently, scenario archetypes were used in four regional assessments and one ongoing global assessment within the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Assessment; Biodiversity; Decision making; Ecosystem services; Futures; Nature; Regional; Scenarios.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00516/62748/67140.pdf
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Place-Based Economic Policy: Innovation or Fad? AgEcon
Johnson, Thomas G..
This paper explores the emerging concept of place-based economic policy. It reviews recent literature on place-based economics policy, especially regional competitiveness policy, and explores the adoption and diffusion of this concept by economic development practitioners and social science researchers. It attempts to answer the question: Are place-based economic policy and the underlying conceptual foundations lasting innovations, or are they fads which economic development practitioners and social scientists will adopt until another fad emerges? The conclusion is that economic development practitioners and social scientists do tend to respond to fads. To ensure that regional economic development policy is not dominated by fads, social scientists must get...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Regional; Competitiveness; Place-based; Clusters; Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10160
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Reciprocal Trade Agreements: Impacts on Bilateral Trade Expansion and Contraction in the World Agricultural Marketplace AgEcon
Vollrath, Thomas L.; Hallahan, Charles B..
The rapid increase in the number of bilateral and regional free-trade agreements since 1995 is a striking development. The proliferation of these agreements has raised questions about whether they have, in fact, opened markets, created trade, promoted economic growth, and/or distorted trade. This study uses panel data from 1975 to 2005 and a gravity framework model to identify the influence of reciprocal trade agreements (RTAs) on bilateral trade in the world agricultural marketplace. A benchmark, Heckman sample-selection and two generalized models, one of which accounts for RTA phase-in effects, are used to gauge the impact on partner trade of mutual as well as asymmetric RTA membership. Empirical results show that RTAs increase agricultural trade between...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Trade policy; Reciprocal trade agreements; Bilateral; Regional; Missing trade; Gravity models; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102755
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Rural Economic Development: What Makes Rural Communities Grow? AgEcon
Aldrich, Lorna M.; Kusmin, Lorin D..
Factors related to local and regional economic growth are attractiveness to retirees, right-to-work laws, excellent high school completion rates, good public education expenditures, and access to transportation networks. These were associated with improved county earnings in 1979-89, according to a multiple regression analysis of rural counties. Factors associated with poor earnings growth included higher wage levels, concentrations of transfer-payment recipiency, and concentrations of small independent businesses in the goods-producing sector.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Counties; Rural; Nonmetropolitan; Regional; Economic growth; Earnings; Economic development; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33677
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The Impact of Regional Food Cost Differences on the TFP Recommendations AgEcon
Zhang, Ge; You, Wen; Carlson, Andrea; Lin, Biing-Hwan.
The Thrifty Food Plan (TFP) adapts a national average price and stipulates that all foods should be prepared at home (FAH). Our purpose was to calculate the TFP with regional prices and add Food Away From Home (FAFH) into the TFP model. Measures were calculated and compared across the TFP, the regional models with FAFH, and low-income consumers’ diet pattern. The preliminary results indicated that considering moderate FAFH in the TFP yielded similar nutrient and food group composition as the TFP with FAFH added in it, while greatly increased the practicality and adaptability of the recommendations. However, the regional TFP costs are all larger than the TFP with FAFH cost. These findings may be used by nutrition educators to develop healthful FAFH...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Regional; Food Cost; The TFP; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61643
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The likely regional impacts of an agricultural emissions policy in New Zealand: Preliminary analysis AgEcon
Sin, Isabelle; Brunton, Emma; Hendy, Joanna; Kerr, Suzi.
Hendy and Kerr (2005b) find that an emissions charge on agricultural methane and nitrous oxide of $25 per tonne of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent would be likely to reduce New Zealand‘s net land-use related emissions for commitment period one in the order of 3%, with full accounting. The costs per farmer and as a percentage of profit would be very high. This paper considers the regional impacts of such a policy in New Zealand by allocating the emission charge across space according to the location of animals. We then combine our emissions charge information with data on the socio-economic characteristics of the affected areas. Obviously rural areas are heavily affected. In many respects, for example median income, ethnic mix, and percentage of working...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate change; Land use; Social impacts; Methane; Nitrous oxide; Dairy; Sheep; Beef; Distribution of costs; Regional; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Q25; Q28; R14.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98506
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The Political Geography of EU Agricultural Policy Adjustment AgEcon
Winter, Michael.
This paper provides an historical context to policy reform and agricultural adjustment within the EU, primarily through examining the development of policy concerns and issues in the UK. It suggests that, notwithstanding the emergence of a common policy for European agriculture there is still considerable scope for national, regional and local difference, based on the different cultural, political and geographical circumstances of member states. The paper examines how the underlying rationale for a common policy, built around the notion of family faming, is being supplanted by a new public justification for intervention based on rural development and agri-environmental distinctiveness.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Political geography; CAP; Rural development; Regional; Spatial; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15758
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