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A kukorica és a vágósertés felvásárlási árának és mennyiségének ciklikussága AgEcon
Hegedusne Baranyai, Nora.
A vizsgálatok a rendszerváltozást követő időszakra vonatkozó piaci folyamatok – árak, felvásárolt mennyiségek – havi változásainak elemzésére irányultak. Célként fogalmazódott meg annak a hipotézisnek az igazolása, miszerint piacgazdasági körülmények között nem elhanyagolható rövid távú ciklikus ingadozásokkal szükséges számolni. A kukorica felvásárlási áránál öt teljes ciklus figyelhető meg az ár alakulásában 1992 januárja és 2011 januárja között. A ciklikus periódusok hossza 3-4 évre tehető. A vágósertésnél szintén öt ciklus rajzolódott ki a vizsgált időszakban. A hullámok hossza változó volt. A sertésáraknál a leghosszabbnak az utolsó előtti tekinthető, a maga három és fél évével. Vizsgálat tárgyát képezte a vonatkozó tényezők sztochasztikus...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Felvásárlási ár és mennyiség; Kukorica; Vágósertés; Ciklikusság; Regresszió; Korreláció; Purchase price and quantity; Corn; Swine; Cyclic changes; Correlation; Regression analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119940
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Ability of non-linear mixed models to predict growth in laying hens R. Bras. Zootec.
Galeano-Vasco,Luis Fernando; Cerón-Muñoz,Mario Fernando; Narváez-Solarte,William.
In this study, the Von Bertalanffy, Richards, Gompertz, Brody, and Logistics non-linear mixed regression models were compared for their ability to estimate the growth curve in commercial laying hens. Data were obtained from 100 Lohmann LSL layers. The animals were identified and then weighed weekly from day 20 after hatch until they were 553 days of age. All the nonlinear models used were transformed into mixed models by the inclusion of random parameters. Accuracy of the models was determined by the Akaike and Bayesian information criteria (AIC and BIC, respectively), and the correlation values. According to AIC, BIC, and correlation values, the best fit for modeling the growth curve of the birds was obtained with Gompertz, followed by Richards, and then...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chickens; Mathematical models; Poultry; Regression analysis; Weight gain.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982014001100573
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Adjusting prices for volume: a test of the Hotelling valuation principle AgEcon
Berck, Peter.
This paper tests the hypothesis that the net of extraction cost price of a natural resource does not change with volume. The hypothesis is shown to he a consequence of Hotelling’s theory. The tests are performed on equations estimated by a nonparametric regression (ACE), and we show that the usual least squares estimation techniques are not general enough to successfully perform the test. The test rejects the pure form of the Hotelling theory and shows that it is necessary to adjust sale prices for volume sold.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Natural resources; Prices; Regression analysis.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43665
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Analysis of factors affecting production costs and profitability of milk and dairy products in Turkey Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
AKIN,Ahmet Cumhur; CEVGER,Yavuz.
Abstract White cheese, kashar cheese, yogurt, and ayran are among the most common products produced by the dairy industry in Turkey. The present study determined the production cost of 1 kg of these packaged products as well as the financial implications on their distribution and the total cost. The study also estimated the cost factors affecting the profitability of the products by identifying the cost differences between production regions and scales, using a mean regression model for each product. The study used the data collected through a survey involving 15 dairy plants of three different sizes located in five different regions and involved in raw milk production. The study found a 2-year average capacity utilization rate of the businesses to be...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dairy industry; Economic; Cost; Husbandry; Regression analysis.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612019000300781
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Analysis of Factors Influencing Development of Resource-saving and Environment-friendly Agriculture in China AgEcon
Gao, Wen; Luo, Min.
By selecting the data from 1989 to 2009 in China, we conduct regression analysis on the total out value of agriculture, the usage amount of chemical fertilizer, total power of agricultural machinery, effective irrigation area, and the damage area. The results show that the usage amount of chemical fertilizer and the damage area, the great obstacle to the construction of resource-saving and environment-friendly agriculture, have significant impact on the output value of agriculture; total power of agricultural machinery and effective irrigation area have insignificant impact on the output value of agriculture. Based on these, the suggestions for promoting the development of resource-saving and environment-friendly agriculture are put forward as follows:...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Resource-saving and environment-friendly agriculture; Influencing factors; Regression analysis; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119687
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Assessment of participatory management of irrigation schemes in Sri Lanka: Partial reforms, partial benefits AgEcon
Samad, Madar; Vermillion, Douglas Lynn.
Describes the application of a standard methodology developed by IWMI to assess the impact of irrigation management transfer on the performance of irrigation schemes. Includes detailed analysis of the effects of participatory management on the performance of irrigation schemes in Sri Lanka.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Privatization; Policy; Performance evaluation; Indicators; Operating costs; Irrigation management; Economic aspects; Returns; Participatory management; Farmer participation; Government managed irrigation systems; Small scale systems; Large-scale systems; Regression analysis; Models; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44577
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Assessment of performance and impact of irrigation and water resources systems in Taiwan and Sri Lanka: Final report AgEcon
Sakthivadivel, Ramasamy; Aloysius, Noel; Matsuno, Yutaka.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Irrigation systems; Water scarcity; Water allocation; Water supply; Water quality; Water distribution; Decision making; Water management; Regression analysis; Performance evaluation; Sustainability; Irrigated farming; Agricultural development; Farm size; Irrigation management; Farmers' associations; Rain; Paddy cultivation; Crop yield; Costs; Productivity; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92774
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Chestnut high forest stands: biometrical study in the north of Portugal IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Nunes, Luís; Monteiro, Maria do Loreto; Patrício, Maria do Sameiro; Alpuim, Teresa; Martins, Lucílio.
Growing sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa) in high forest stands is a lucrative investment. Wood with medium and large dimensions can attain interesting profitability levels. Furthermore, forest producers are interested of new on this species and decision criteria for the best management are needed for landowners. So, accuracy is very important when evaluating volume in standing trees. Based on regression theory, it is developed predicting equations of wood volume as a function of tree variables easily measured (fast and cheap), such as diameter at breast height (DBH) and tree total height (h). Variable selection in volume equations was based on a stepwise modified procedure (linear models) and using generalized-F tests (nonlinear models). The resulting...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Castanea sativa Mill; High forest; Regression analysis; Volume equations.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/2845
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Cranial Capacity in an Adult Sri Lankan Population: Sexual Dimorphism and Ethnic Diversity International Journal of Morphology
Ilayperuma,I.
Cranial capacity exerts a close correlation with the volume of the brain. A large body of evidence shows a clear racial variation in cranial dimensions. Therefore detailed knowledge of the population specific data on biometric features of the cranial cavity is important in the study and comparison of the crania of populations from different racial backgrounds, assessing growth and development of an individual and in the diagnosis of any abnormalities of cranial size and shape. Despite its significance, little is known concerning the cranial capacity in Sri Lankans. Hence, the present study was undertaken to establish the cranial capacity in an adult Sri Lankan population. A total of 210 subjects with an age span of 20-23 years were included in the study....
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Cranial capacity; Linear dimensions; Regression analysis; Sri Lanka.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000200029
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Description of blackberry fruit growth by nonlinear regression models Rev. Bras. Frutic.
Silva,Édipo Menezes da; Tadeu,Maraísa Hellen; Silva,Victor Ferreira da; Pio,Rafael; Fernandes,Tales Jesus; Muniz,Joel Augusto.
Abstract Blackberry is a small fruit with several properties beneficial to human health and its cultivation is an alternative for small producers due to its fast and high financial return. Studying the growth of fruits over time is extremely important to understand their development, helping in the most appropriate crop management, avoiding post-harvest losses, which is one of the aggravating factors of blackberry cultivation, being a short shelf life fruit. Thus, growth curves are highlighted in this type of study and modeling through statistical models helps understanding how such growth occurs. Data from this study were obtained from an experiment conducted at the Federal University of Lavras in 2015. The aim of this study was to adjust nonlinear,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Regression analysis; Model Selection; Fit quality; Sigmoid; Small fruits; Fruit development.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452020000200701
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Determinants of Trust between Buyers and Suppliers in Agribusiness: Empirical Evidence from the German Pork Sector AgEcon
Schulze, Birgit; Spiller, Achim.
There are several hints that there is lack of trust in the relationships between farmers and processors in the meat industry. To generate instruments of trust management, a survey is conducted in the German pork chain measuring the level of trust perceived by farmers as well as the antecedents of trust. Overall satisfaction, the perceived neutrality of the carcass grading system, fairness and farmer orientation are the most import factors explaining trust.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Satisfaction; Reliability; Regression analysis; Pork chain; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7719
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Determination of Drilling Rate Index Based on Rock Strength Using Regression Analysis Anais da ABC (AABC)
YENICE,HAYATI.
Abstract: Drillability is influenced by many factors, including machine parameters and rock properties. The main machine parameters for drilling include rotational speed, thrust force, torque and flush pressure. The specific rock characteristics that affect penetration rate comprise uniaxial compressive strength (UCS), tensile strength, Young’s modulus, hardness and brittleness. In this study, drilling rate index (DRI) is attempted to predict based on UCS and Brazilian tensile strength (BTS) of rocks. Simple and multiple regression analyses have been carried out to determine the best measure of the relation between DRI and two geomechanical properties. The DRI value is strongly related to the uniaxial compressive strength and indirect tensile strength....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Drillability; Uniaxial compressive strength; Tensile strength; Regression analysis.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652019000500906
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Development of a clinical scoring system for the diagnosis of smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis BJID
Soto,Alonso; Solari,Lely; Agapito,Juan; Acuna-Villaorduna,Carlos; Lambert,Marie-Laurence; Gotuzzo,Eduardo; Stuyft,Patrick Van der.
This study developed a clinical score based on clinical and radiographic data for the diagnosis of smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (SNPT). SNPT was defined as a positive culture in Ogawa in a patient with two negative sputum smears. Data from patients admitted to the emergency ward with respiratory symptoms and negative acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smears was analyzed by means of logistic regression to develop the predictive score.Two hundred and sixty two patients were included. Twenty patients had SNPT. The variables included in the final model were hemoptysis, weight loss, age > 45 years old, productive cough, upper-lobe infiltrate, and miliary infiltrate. With those, a score was constructed. The score values ranged from -2 to 6. The area under the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Tuberculosis; Pulmonary; Regression analysis; Scoring methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702008000200006
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Digestible tryptophan requirements for broilers from 22 to 42 days old R. Bras. Zootec.
Duarte,Karina Ferreira; Junqueira,Otto Mack; Filardi,Rosemeire da Silva; Siqueira,Jefferson Costa de; Puzotti,Maíra Mangili; Garcia,Edivaldo Antônio; Molino,Andrea de Britto; Laurentiz,Antonio Carlos de.
The objective of this experiment was to establish different criteria to evaluate the requirements of digestible tryptophan for broilers from 22 to 42 d of age, using different regression models (quadratic, exponential and Linear Response Plateau) and in case of statistical significance the comparison of means by Duncan test at 5% probability was also adopted. A total of 1,920 Cobb 500 male broilers were distributed in a completely randomized experimental design, with 6 treatments (6 digestible tryptophan levels: 0.1395, 0.1610, 0.1825, 0.2040, 0.2255 and 0.2470%) and 8 replications containing 40 broilers each. Performance and carcass characteristics were evaluated. The level of 0.2255% of digestible tryptophan numerically improves feed conversion, and the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Digestible amino acids; Ideal protein; Performance; Regression analysis.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982013001000006
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Driving Factors and Model of Change in Arable Land Area in China AgEcon
Lei, Zhanbo; Du, Haowen.
We analyze the characteristics of the change in arable land area in China according to the change data of arable land area and other relevant data from the year 1996 to 2006, and adopt Factor Analysis Method and Stepwise Regression Method to carry out quantitative analysis on the driving factors of arable land change of China. We also establish the regression model of driving factors and arable land area. Finally, some corresponding suggestions are put forward.
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Arable land; Driving factor; Factor analysis; Regression analysis; China; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53592
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Effect of solvent polarity on extraction yield and antioxidant properties of phytochemicals from bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) seeds BJPS
Nawaz,Haq; Shad,Muhammad Aslam; Rehman,Najiha; Andaleeb,Hina; Ullah,Najeeb.
The effect of solvent polarity on extraction yield and antioxidant properties of phytochemical compounds in bean seeds was studied. Seed flour of three varieties of bean was extracted in a series of organic solvents with increasing polarity (n-hexane, petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, ethanol, acetone and water). Preliminary screening of phytochemicals showed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, anthocyanins, terpenoids, carotenoids, ascorbic acid and reducing compounds in all extracts. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) of results showed that extraction yield, phytochemical content and antioxidant properties were significantly influenced (p<0.05) by the polarity of extracting solvents. The regression analysis of data...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Beans seeds/antioxidant properties; Phaseolus vulgaris/phytochemical composition; Regression analysis; Solvent polarity.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-82502020000100501
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Environmental factors affect population structure of tree ferns in the Brazilian subtropical Atlantic Forest Acta Botanica
Schwartz,Carlos Eduardo; Gasper,André Luís de.
ABSTRACT Tree ferns are important elements of tropical forests, mainly because they are common and provide microhabitats for epiphytic plants. Due to their ecological importance, the aim of this study was to evaluate population structure, distribution, and influence of environmental variables on tree ferns in the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. All tree ferns with a diameter at breast height ≥ 10 cm on 418 sampling units (SUs) systematically distributed throughout the study area were measured (total sampled area of ​​153.4 ha). Population structure was evaluated through classical phytosociological parameters and the relationships among dominance and environmental variables were evaluated through multiple linear regression models. Dicksonia...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cyatheaceae; Dicksoniaceae; Environmental variables; Population structure; Regression analysis; Tree ferns.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062020000100204
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Estimación de volumen, biomasa y carbono aéreo en tres especies arbóreas de Pluma Hidalgo, Oaxaca. Colegio de Postgraduados
Aquino Ramírez, Martín.
Los reservorios y el potencial de almacenamiento de la cantidad biomasa y carbono se desconocen en la mayoría de los bosques tropicales de México, por lo que es importante realizar estimaciones precisas mediante el desarrollo de ecuaciones alométricas para conocer su variación espacial y temporal presente en los ecosistemas forestales. El presente estudio se realizó en el municipio de Pluma Hidalgo, Oaxaca, México, perteneciente a la región fisiográfica de la Sierra Madre del Sur, con el objetivo de desarrollar ecuaciones para estimar volumen comercial, biomasa y carbono aéreo total en las especies Cupania dentata DC., Alchornea latifolia Sw. e Inga punctata Willd. Se aplicó un muestreo destructivo a 48 árboles de los que se obtuvieron muestras de los...
Palavras-chave: Árboles tropicales; Análisis de regresión; Variable indicadora; Ecuaciones alométricas; Concentración de carbono; Tropical trees; Regression analysis; Indicator variable; Allometric equations; Carbon concentration; Ciencias Forestales; Maestría.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2333
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Forecasting the Electricity Consumption in a Higher Education Institution BABT
Pepplow,Luiz Amilton; Betini,Roberto C.; Pereira,Thulio C. G..
Abstract The objective of this paper is to present a mathematical representation by Regression Analysis that enables the projection of electricity consumption according to the built area and population in Higher Education Institutions (HEI) and to define an Indicator that contemplates the most significant variable in consumption. of electric power. The Null Hypothesis -H0 is that in a HEI the most appropriate indicator is the Kilo Watt Hour per square meter (kWh / m2) as proposed by the Ministry of Planning and Management - MP. The research universe is 2,368 HEI, identified in a report from the Ministry of Education (2015). As Sample and case study, data from the thirteen Campi of the Federal Technological University of Paraná (UTFPR) are used. As a...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Indicators of electricity consumption; Regression analysis; Decision making.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132019000200203
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Global patterns of aboveground carbon stock and sequestration in mangroves Anais da ABC (AABC)
ESTRADA,GUSTAVO C.D.; SOARES,MÁRIO L.G..
ABSTRACT In order to contribute to understand the factors that control the provisioning of the ecosystem service of carbon storage by mangroves, data on carbon stock and sequestration in the aboveground biomass (AGB) from 73 articles were averaged and tested for the dependence on latitude, climatic parameters, physiographic types and age. Global means of carbon stock (78.0 ± 64.5 tC.ha-1) and sequestration (2.9 ± 2.2 tC.ha-1.yr-1) showed that mangroves are among the forest ecosystems with greater capacity of carbon storage in AGB per area. On the global scale, carbon stock increases toward the equator (R²=0.22) and is dependent on 13 climatic parameters, which can be integrated in the following predictive equation: Carbon Stock in AGB = -16.342 + (8.341 x...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biomass; Carbon; Ecosystem services; Mangrove; Regression analysis; WorldClim.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652017000300973
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