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2004 update of overview supply and demand of organic concentrated feed in the EU Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne; Lowman, Steve.
Summary of key trends and changes in 2004 The total organic flock in the EU 25 appears to have increased by between 6 and 9 per cent, depending on stock category. Greatest increases occurred for sheep in France, Italy, Spain and the UK. In the other livestock categories, increases in some countries were balanced by decline in others, leading to overall small increases (see Table 3 update1). The production area of organic cereals increased between 2003 and 2004 by approximately 6 %. Significant reduction (9%) in the cereals area seems to have occurred in Italy, Spain and Hungary, whereas the area increased in Austria, Greece and Portugal (see Table 4 update). The area for pulses appears to have declined by a further 14% in the EU 25. Reductions...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Regulation; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/10980/1/wp42_2004_supply__and_demand_update.pdf
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A Dynamic Model of Mesh Size Regulatory Compliance AgEcon
Akpalu, Wisdom.
This paper employs a dynamic model for crimes that involve time and punishment to analyze the use of a net with illegal mesh size in a management regime where each community claims territorial use right over a fishery but has a discount rate that may differ from the social discount rate. The equilibrium stock and harvest levels are found to be much lower if the regulation is violated. Moreover, the optimal penalty for violation must be decreasing in the shadow cost of taking the risk to fish illegally, and increasing the risk of punishment increases the equilibrium stock level.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crime; Dynamic model; Fishery; Regulation; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61059
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A RENEWAL THEORETIC APPROACH TO ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARD SETTING AgEcon
Batabyal, Amitrajeet A..
The process of environmental regulation is usually a two-step one. In the first step, a standard for environmental quality is set. Then, in the second step, a regulatory mechanism is put in place to achieve the standard. In this paper I show how renewal theory can be used to set the quality standard optimally.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental; Regulation; Standard; Renewal; Theory; Environmental Economics and Policy; D81; Q20.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28354
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A reorganização da agropecuária orgânica do Estado do Rio de Janeiro em face da legislação brasileira atual e a formação do sistema participativo de garantia da Abio. Organic Eprints
FERES, A.M.B..
Nossa pesquisa parte do principio de que os produtos orgânicos são bens de qualidade diferenciada. Para se evitar o oportunismo, torna-se necessária a criação de um ambiente institucional sólido: a normatização dos parâmetros técnicos de produção e a construção de uma legislação clara. A nova legislação brasileira do setor estabeleceu que as certificadoras devem adotar os procedimentos da norma internacional ISO 65. Com isso, ABIO (Associação de Agricultores Biológicos do Estado do Rio de Janeiro), entidade que congrega a maior parte dos produtores orgânicos fluminenses, não mais conseguiria certificar seus membros a baixos preços. A manutenção da produção orgânica no estado foi ameaçada, uma vez que a maior parte dos membros da associação é de pequenos...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Social aspects; Markets and trade; Produce chain management; Regulation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22435/1/Feres_Reorganizacao.pdf
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Å strebe etter gode regler Organic Eprints
Løes, Anne-Kristin.
Artikkelen diskuterer regelverket for tilførte/innkjøpte næringsstoffer, og kritiserer definisjonen av "naturlig" og bruken av begrep som "lite løselig".
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Farm nutrient management; Evaluation of inputs; Regulation.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/31145/1/%C3%98kologisk%20Landbruk%20om%20regler%20desember%202016.pdf
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A study tour of organic poultry production in France - current & future implementation of standards & EU legislation Organic Eprints
Anon,.
Introduction There have recently been major changes in the regulations governing the production of organic poultry products in the EU. Member States have been required to set Standards for production that meet the minimum set in Regulation (EC) 1804/99 if products, including poultry, are to be sold as organic within the EU. This has raised concerns over consistency of implementation in other Member States, and whether, directly or through derogation, this might lead to competitive advantage over the UK. MAFF were aware that France had drafted derogations in accordance with Regulation (EC) 1804/99, and intended to implement some aspects of the Regulation which were claimed to be more stringent than the basic requirements. The aim of this project...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Regulation; Poultry; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/6612/1/OF0303_2551_FRP.pdf
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Abscisic acid biosynthesis and catabolism and their regulation roles in fruit ripening Phyton
Yang,FW; Feng,XQ.
Abscisic acid (ABA) plays a series of significant physiology roles in higher plants including but not limited to promote bud and seed dormancy, accelerate foliage fall, induce stomatal closure, inhibit growth and enhance resistance. Recently, it has been revealed that ABA also has an important regulator role in the growth, development and ripening of fruit. In higher plants ABA is produced from an indirect pathway from the cleavage products of carotenoids. The accumulation of endogenous ABA levels in plants is a dynamic balance controlled by the processes of biosynthesis and catabolism, through the regulation of key ABA biosynthetic gene and enzyme activities. It has been hypothesized that ABA levels could be part of the signal that trigger fruit ripening,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Abscisic acid (ABA); Biosynthesis; Catabolism; Regulation; Fruit; Ripening.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1851-56572015000200025
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Accountability in Government and Regulatory Policies: Theory and Evidence AgEcon
Guerriero, Carmine.
Revised version of paper added 01/16/09
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Election; Agency; Judges; Regulation; Electricity; K23; L51; Q43.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37849
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Achtergrondstudie bij de subsidies voor de biologische land- en tuinbouw in Vlaanderen Organic Eprints
De Cock, L; De Meyer, P; de Wit, Jan; Lauwers, L; Wolput, B.
In opdracht van de Vlaamse overheid heeft het Louis Bolk Instituut, samen met het Instituut voor landbouw- en visserijonderzoek (ILVO), een studie uitgevoerd naar de bedrijfseconomische gevolgen van de omschakeling van gangbare naar biologische landbouw. Aanleiding voor de studie waren een mogelijke herziening van de hoogte van de overheidssubsidie die biologische landbouwers in Vlaanderen hiervoor ontvangen en het geringe aantal omschakelende agrariërs. Conclusie van de studie is dat voor veel bedrijven omschakeling naar biologische landbouw een rendabel alternatief kan vormen. De studie bevestigt tevens een aantal fundamentele kwetsbaarheden en obstakels. Transitiekosten (het vergaren van nieuwe kennis en marktcontacten, de afzet van de producten en...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Regulation.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/17111/1/Rapport_biosubsidies_definitieve_versie.pdf
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Adequacy of the overall control system Organic Eprints
Stolze, Matthias; Huber, Beate; Neuendorff, Jochen.
Adequacy of the overall control system.
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; European Union; Regulation.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/28810/1/stolze-etal-2013-marekt-and-income-report-chap8_en.pdf
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Advanced Methods for Dose-Response Assessment: Bayesian Approaches - Final Report AgEcon
Wilson, James D..
Resources for the Future (RFF), in conjunction with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Society for Risk Analysis, and the Electric Power Research Institute, held a workshop Sept. 18-20, 2000, at the RFF Conference Center in Washington, DC. The intent was to discuss how Bayesian approaches could be useful in improving techniques for estimating exposure-response functions. Ten distinguished scholars from a range of fields (medical biostatistics, decision sciences, environmental engineering, and toxicology) served as faculty. Approximately 80 people attended the workshop. Bayesian methods have been applied to a variety of problems in biomedical research and environmental risk analysis, including design of clinical trials, estimation of exposures to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bayesian analysis; Dose-response; Regulation; Risk assessment; Arsenic; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10754
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Affouragement 2010 Directives de Bio Suisse Organic Eprints
Früh, Barbara; Chevillat, Véronique.
Bio Suisse met tout en œuvre pour une application crédible de son slogan "Bourgeon dessus? Bio dedans!". Ceci implique notamment un affouragement respectant les besoins spécifiques des animaux et provenant le plus possible de l'agriculture biologique. L'objectif affouragement 100 % biologique est atteint pour les ruminants depuis fin mars 2009. Pour les non-ruminants, la part de fourrages non biologiques diminue de 10 à 5 % début 2010. Cette fiche technique présente les directives valables dès le 1er janvier 2010.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Regulation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18049/1/fr%C3%BCh%2Dchevillat%2D2010%2Daffouragement.pdf
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Agricultura orgânica no Brasil: sua trajetória para a certificação compulsória. Organic Eprints
Alves, Alda Cristiane Oliveira; Santos, André Luis de Sousa dos; Azevedo, Rose Mary Maduro Camboim de.
Este artigo apresenta um histórico a respeito da regulamentação da produção de orgânicos no Brasil. São mencionados todos os documentos nacionais relevantes já publicados em Diário Oficial, destacando-se alguns deles conforme sua importância para o mercado de orgânicos no Brasil.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems; Regulation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22814/1/Alves_Agricultura%20org%C3%A2nica.pdf
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Agriculture biologique et protection de la qualité de l’eau : enjeux et perspectives. Etude comparative de différents projets de développement de l’agriculture biologique et de sa filière sur les territoires à enjeu «eau ». Organic Eprints
Vassy, Agathe; Vincent, Audrey.
Face au constat alarmant de l’état actuel des masses d’eau et aux objectifs de résultats fixés par la Directive Cadre sur l’Eau, les gestionnaires de l’eau sont contraints de mettre en place des mesures préventives, en développant des plans d’actions agricoles sur leurs aires d’alimentation de captage. Au vue de l’orientation prise par les institutions françaises, l’agriculture biologique apparait comme l’un des moyens pouvant être employé sur cette problématique. Le programme Agriculture Biologique et Aires d’Alimentation de Captage (ABAAC), piloté par l’ISARA-Lyon s’inscrit dans ce contexte à travers l’étude des enjeux et des perspectives d’un tel axe de développement. S’intéressant à l’émergence d’une nouvelle catégorie de projet visant à développer...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions; Policy environments and social economy; Regulation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/27929/1/Vassy_2011_Memoire_ABIPEC.pdf
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Alleged Transmission Undersupply: Is Restructuring the Cure or the Cause? AgEcon
Brennan, Timothy J..
Widespread concern over transmission capacity requires theoretical support to infer inadequacy from observed trends indicating reductions in the ratio of transmission to generation capacity over time. If integrated utilities had been regulated with allowed returns exceeding capital costs, transmission generation ratios would have been excessive, and observed trends might be a correction. However, numerous commentators claim that post-restructuring transmission rates have been too low, with NIMBY also discouraging investment. We model the possibility that inadequate separation between generation and transmission may result in reduced investment, in order to preserve incumbent market power in generation. However, consideration of transmission price caps and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Electricity transmission; Regulation; Deregulation; Vertical integration; Environmental Economics and Policy; L94; L51; L22.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10723
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Alles viel einfacher? – Neue Importregelungen der EU-Öko-Verordnung … Organic Eprints
Huber, Beate.
Neue Importregelungen der EU-Öko-Verordnung sind in Kraft. Was ändert sich? Ein Überblick.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Regulation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18357/1/huber%2D2009%2Dbiorecht.pdf
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Alternative oxidase in the branched mitochondrial respiratory network: an overview on structure, function, regulation, and role BJMBR
Sluse,F.E.; Jarmuszkiewicz,W..
Plants and some other organisms including protists possess a complex branched respiratory network in their mitochondria. Some pathways of this network are not energy-conserving and allow sites of energy conservation to be bypassed, leading to a decrease of the energy yield in the cells. It is a challenge to understand the regulation of the partitioning of electrons between the various energy-dissipating and -conserving pathways. This review is focused on the oxidase side of the respiratory chain that presents a cyanide-resistant energy-dissipating alternative oxidase (AOX) besides the cytochrome pathway. The known structural properties of AOX are described including transmembrane topology, dimerization, and active sites. Regulation of the alternative...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mitochondria; Alternative oxidase; Structure; Regulation; Electron partitioning.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X1998000600003
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Alternativen zum Einsatz von synthetischem Vitamin B2 und Vitamin B2 GVO Derivaten - Erhebung der Vitamin B2-Versorgung bei Bioschweinen Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; Schneider, Claudia; Früh, Barbara.
Derzeit wird in allen Bereichen der konventionellen Lebens- und Futtermittelherstellung Vitamin B2 als GVO-Derivat, welches im Fermenter mit Hilfe von gentechnisch verändertem Bacillus subtilis hergestellt wird, eingesetzt. Die Produktionen unter Biolabels bilden hier eine Ausnahme. Im Herbst 2007 wurde von Seiten der Hersteller von Biofuttermitteln eine europaweite Mangelsituation bei der Versorgung von synthetischem Vitamin B2 gemeldet. Es wurde der Wunsch geäussert, die Bio Suisse solle beim BLW eine Ausnahmebewilligung für Vitamin B2 aus Prozessen mit GVO beantragen. Im September 07 entschied der Bio Suisse Vorstand aber, dass keine GVO Derivate im Biolandbau eingesetzt werden dürfen. In der neuen EU Bioverordnung 834/07 fällt Vitamin B2 unter die...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Pigs; Regulation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18722/1/Vitamin_B2_Versorgung_Bioschweine.pdf
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Alternatives for the substitution of synthetic vitamin B2 or vitamin B2 produced from GMOs Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; Früh, Barbara; Schneider, Claudia.
Today in conventional food and feed production added vitamin B2 is produced almost exclusively from a GMO,1 namely the genetically modified Bacillus subtilis. Vitamin B2 applied in certified organic food and feed productions is an exception, as it is still synthesized conventionally. In fall 2007 and also recently, there has been a lack of non-GMO derived vitamin B2 on the European market, which has caused temporary supply problems for organic producers. This event triggered the political will to conduct new research in order to find alternative solutions for the substitution of synthetic vitamin B2 in organic agriculture.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Pigs; Regulation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18721/1/Summary_Vitamin_B2_2011.pdf
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AN AGENDA FOR THE STUDY OF LAND USE, WILDERNESS DESIGNATION, AND RESOURCE REGULATION IN THE AMERICAN WEST AgEcon
Batabyal, Amitrajeet A..
Atemporal and intertemporal use of public lands, the determination of optimal levels of wilderness designation and habitat preservation, and the appropriate regulation of natural resources have all been "hot button" issues in the American West for quite some time now. In this paper, I propose and describe a research agenda which promises to yield interesting and useful new policy insights into these fractious resource issues.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land use; Wilderness; Regulation; Research; Agenda; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; B41; Q20; Q25.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28360
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