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Causes and Impact of Labour Migration: A Case Study of Punjab Agriculture AgEcon
Kaur, Baljinder; Singh, J.M.; Garg, B.R.; Singh, Jasdev; Singh, Satwinder.
In Punjab, the influx of migrant labour particularly in agriculture sector started with the green revolution and picked up subsequently. Due to monoculture in the cropping pattern, the state has become largely dependent on migrant labourers for various agricultural operations. The influx of seasonal as well as permanent labour from outside has led to various socio-economic problems in Punjab. In the wake of this, the present study was purposively conducted in the Central Zone of Punjab for the year 2011 to find the causes and impact of labour in-migration in Punjab. A total of 105 respondents belonging to the states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Nepal constituted the sample frame. The results have revealed that better income and...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Labour migration; Long-term migration; Short-term migration; Remittances; In-migration; Agricultural and Food Policy; J61; J62; R23.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119397
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF LABOR OUT MIGRATION AND REMITTANCES ON INCOME AND RICE PRODUCTIVITY IN THE PHILIPPINES, THAILAND AND VIETNAM AgEcon
Paris, Thelma R.; Rola-Rubzen, Maria Fay; Luis, Joyce; Thi Ngoc Chi, Truong; Wongsanum, Chaicharn; Villanueva, Donald.
Out migration from rural areas is increasingly becoming a strategy to get out of poverty. While rice–based agriculture remains to be the backbone in Southeast Asia, majority of the farming households particularly those who produce rice under rainfed conditions remain poor and insecure. This paper examines the relationship between migration and other socio-economic factors on household income using data from 1,874 rice sample farming households in Vietnam (north and south), Thailand (northeast) and Philippines (Luzon island). In the Philippines, remittances contribute about 60 per cent of household income of recipient families. In Thailand and Vietnam, these constitute about 40 per cent of total household income. International migration is most prevalent in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Migration; Remittances; Income; Rice; Farming systems.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48030
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF LABOR OUT MIGRATION AND REMITTANCES ON INCOME AND RICE PRODUCTIVITY IN THE PHILIPPINES, THAILAND AND VIETNAM AgEcon
Paris, Thelma R.; Rola-Rubzen, Maria Fay; Luis, Joyce; Thi Ngoc Chi, Truong; Wongsanum, Chaicharn; Villanueva, Donald.
Out migration from rural areas is increasingly becoming a strategy to get out of poverty. While rice–based agriculture remains to be the backbone in Southeast Asia, majority of the farming households particularly those who produce rice under rainfed conditions remain poor and insecure. This paper examines the relationship between migration and other socio-economic factors on household income using data from 1,874 rice sample farming households in Vietnam (north and south), Thailand (northeast) and Philippines (Luzon island). In the Philippines, remittances contribute about 60 per cent of household income of recipient families. In Thailand and Vietnam, of the total household income, about 40 per cent are from remittances. International migration is most...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Migration; Remittances; Income; Rice; Farming systems.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48165
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Efecto de las remesas internacionales en la economía de las poblaciones rurales con migrantes, en el estado de Campeche Colegio de Postgraduados
Velázquez Jiménez, Pedro.
En el estado de Campeche, las remesas internacionales tienen una participación fundamental en el ingreso familiar. Con base en información de campo proveniente de familias rurales con migrantes internacionales y el uso de matrices de contabilidad social aplicada a pueblos, se analizaron sus características e interrelaciones económicas y se observó una mayor capacidad económica en grupo de hogares con mayor edad en la migración. El estudio revela que las remesas recibidas por los hogares en comunidades rurales, tienen un impacto positivo tanto en la economía familiar, como en el resto de los sectores con los que se relacionan. Así mismo, se constató una relación directa entre participación de las remesas en el ingreso familiar y el valor del multiplicador...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Remesas; Economía rural; Matriz de contabilidad social aplicada a pueblos; Multiplicadores; Actividades productivas; Campeche; Maestría; Economía; Remittances; Rural economy; Social accounting matrix applied to people; Multipliers; Productive activities.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1592
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Efecto inflacionario de las remesas en la economía de México Colegio de Postgraduados
Espinosa Zamorano, Edy Gregorio.
Por su impacto en la economía mexicana, las Remesas tienen gran importancia y sus efectos son positivos. Sin embargo, es posible que tengan un componente inflacionario. Este trabajo analiza su efecto sobre el nivel general de precios en la economía mexicana. Bajo la óptica de cointegración, se concluye que las Remesas de los migrantes mexicanos no están asociadas al nivel general de precios de la economía y no manifiestan ningún efecto sobre el agregado monetario M1. Sin embargo, bajo una representación autorregresiva vectorial, las Remesas con dos rezagos afectan directamente el nivel general de precios y el agregado monetario M1. Por tanto, Remesas, el nivel general de precios y M1 no tienen causalidad contemporánea, pero si al rezago._______For it´s...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Agregado monetario M1; Cointegración; Índice nacional de precios al consumidor; Regresión espuria; Remesas; Vectores autorregresivos; Maestría; Economía; Monetary aggregation M1; Cointegration; National index of price to the consumer; Spurious regression; Remittances; Vector autoregressions.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1598
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Internal Mobility and International Migration in Albania AgEcon
Carletto, Calogero; Davis, Benjamin; Stampini, Marco; Trento, Stefano; Zezza, Alberto.
Using evidence from two recent data sources – the 2002 Albania Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS) and the 2001 Population Census of Albania – the paper documents the phenomena of internal and external migration in Albania, a country that in the past decade has experienced dramatic changes as it makes its transition to a more open market economy. Albania is a country on the move, both internally and internationally. This mobility plays a key role in household-level strategies to cope with the economic hardship of transition and it is perhaps the single most important political, social, and economic phenomenon in post-communist Albania. The order of magnitude of the observed flows is astonishing. Almost one half of all Albanian households have had...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Migration; Albania; Migration Networks; Remittances; Coping Strategies.; Labor and Human Capital; F22; N34; O15; P2; R23.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23797
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LA CONJUNCIÓN DE LOS PROGRAMAS GUBERNAMENTALES, LOS INGRESOS PROPIOS Y LAS REMESAS; UNA OPORTUNIDAD DE AGRONEGOCIOS EN COMUNIDADES DE ALTA MIGRACIÓN AgEcon
Avila Cisneros, Rafael; Espinoza Arellano, Jose de Jesus; Rocha Valdez, Juan Leonardo; Ruiz Torres, Jose.
This work of investigation comprises of a project ampler than it must by objective identify and take advantage of the real possibilities to combine the resources by remittances, own income of producers and the governmental contributions to generate more organization and major investment in the municipality of Hidalgo Durango . One includes how antecedent some characteristics of the government programs and a range of experiences of contributions of public work immigrants with philanthropic aims. The sample size that threw the scientific methodology to us was of 200 questionnaires; and in this one work of it presents/displays the analysis of the 100 first; same that was applied of random way in the 16 communities that conform the municipality indicated...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Remittances; Agribusiness; Poverty.; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56551
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Las redes sociales y migratorias, un acercamiento al fenómeno migratorio de Perote, Veracruz y Guadalupe Victoria, Puebla. Colegio de Postgraduados
López Toxqui, María Guadalupe.
La migración de mexicanos hacia los Estados Unidos se incrementó en los años 2000 a 2006 en 37.29%, favoreciendo las remesas que para el 2008 fueron de 23,978.99 millones de dólares, el estado con mayor monto fue Michoacán con 2,263.55 millones de dólares y Veracruz recibió 1,473.9. El objetivo fue caracterizar la migración de los municipios de Perote Veracruz y Guadalupe Victoria, Puebla. El enfoque metodológico fueron las redes sociales. Los resultados muestran que los migrantes tenían una actividad productiva en las comunidades expulsoras, es decir, la migración no es la falta de oportunidades si no el bajo ingreso que percibían, también que las remesas son para gastos familiares y que a excepción de la construcción de casas, no se destinan para la...
Palavras-chave: Migración; Red Social; Remesas; Estructura migratoria; Migration; Social Networks; Remittances; Migratory structure; Doctorado; EDAR; Estrategias para el Desarrollo agrícola regional.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/91
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Las redes sociales y migratorias, un acercamiento al fenómeno migratorio de Perote, Veracruz y Guadalupe Victoria, Puebla. Colegio de Postgraduados
López Toxqui, María Guadalupe.
La migración de mexicanos hacia los Estados Unidos se incrementó en los años 2000 a 2006 en 37.29%, favoreciendo las remesas que para el 2008 fueron de 23,978.99 millones de dólares, el estado con mayor monto fue Michoacán con 2,263.55 millones de dólares y Veracruz recibió 1,473.9. El objetivo fue caracterizar la migración de los municipios de Perote Veracruz y Guadalupe Victoria, Puebla. El enfoque metodológico fueron las redes sociales. Los resultados muestran que los migrantes tenían una actividad productiva en las comunidades expulsoras, es decir, la migración no es la falta de oportunidades si no el bajo ingreso que percibían, también que las remesas son para gastos familiares y que a excepción de la construcción de casas, no se destinan para la...
Palavras-chave: Migración; Red Social; Remesas; Estructura migratoria; Migration; Social Networks; Remittances; Migratory structure; Doctorado; EDAR; Desarrollo agrícola regional.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/91
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Migración e inversión de remesas en el sector rural del estado de Durango Colegio de Postgraduados
Esparza Vela, Mario Edgar.
El presente documento analiza la socioeconomía de la migración rural en el estado de Durango, enfatizando en los aspectos de recepción y asignación productiva de las remesas. Uno de los objetivos de la investigación fue conocer las características del migrante y de la unidad de producción familiar, que permitieran la definición de las variables significativas, sobre las que puede incidir la política económica para reorientar o fortalecer el uso productivo de las remesas. Se construyó un índice que muestra el potencial de inversión productiva, según el cual dicho potencial existe en 13 de los municipios del estado. La investigación muestra que la población migrante del estado inicia su vida migratoria en una edad joven (22 años), es principalmente...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Migración; Remesas; Inversión; Durango; Sector Rural; Doctorado; Economía; Migration; Remittances; Investment; Rural Sector.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1493
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Migración, remesas e indicadores de bienestar en grupos domésticos de Tenampulco, Puebla Colegio de Postgraduados
Barrios Escobedo, Hilda Jenny.
El objetivo de esta investigación es conocer y comparar desde la perspectiva de género el nivel de satisfacción de las necesidades de subsistencia, protección, afecto, entendimiento, participación, ocio, creación, identidad y libertad, entre grupos domésticos de Tenampulco, Puebla. El análisis se realiza con el apoyo de la matriz de Max Neef que permite evaluar los satisfactores para las necesidades humanas propuestas. Se consideraron diez grupos domésticos que reciben remesas y la misma cantidad de los que no cuentan con este recurso, para identificar el impacto diferenciado de las remesas en la satisfacción de sus necesidades. Además se realizó una encuesta a integrantes de 37 grupos domésticos para caracterizar la migración en la comunidad...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Necesidades; Remesas; Género; Indicadores de bienestar; Grupos domésticos; Maestría; Desarrollo Rural; Necessities; Remittances; Gender; Well being’s indicators; Domestic groups.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1639
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Migration and Rural Development AgEcon
Lucas, Robert E.B..
The paper summarizes the key routes through which internal and international migration impact rural development and some of the evidence pertaining to these effects in low income countries. It concludes that, although the study of migration impacts on rural economies has come a long way from the early dual theories of development, some of the potentially more important aspects remain to be investigated systematically.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Migration; Rural development; Remittances; Rural poverty; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; F22; O13; O15; O18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112594
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Migration of Husbands, Remittances and Agricultural Production: Impacts when Wives Head Households in Rural Kenya AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
This paper uses data collected from migrant's wives in the Nyeri district of Kenya. The main objective is to determine whether migration and remittances contribute to the development of agriculture. Our results suggest that most migrants are pushed out of rural areas, belong to the group of low-paid workers in urban areas, send little and irregular remittances to their wives back in rural areas and that these remittances are mainly used for consumption purposes and do not contribute to any significant development in agriculture. Our results also indicate that altruism or social obligation might be the main reason for migrants sending remittances to their rural wives.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Migration; Remittances; Female-headed households; Rural investment; Agricultural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100211
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Patterns and Determinants of International Migration in Northern Albania AgEcon
Meyer, Wiebke; Mollers, Judith; Buchenrieder, Gertrud.
The European Union (EU) is the main source of remittances world wide and Albania, struck by abject poverty, is Europe’s number one country sending out migrants. Albania’s economy as well as its households’ welfare strongly depend on remittances. Consequently, the topic of migration is cutting-edge for EU and Albanian policy makers. Thus, up-to-date information is decisive for taking effective policy measures. This poster paper aims at making a fruitful contribution to understanding the varied context of migration in Albania. It presents recent data on socio-economic characteristics of households with absent family members. A binary logistic regression is employed to identify determinants of participation in international migration in Northern Albania.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Albania; Migration; Remittances; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44406
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Remittances and economic growth in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Impact of the human capital development AgEcon
Garcia-Fuentes, Pablo A.; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
Remittances are one source of external financing for developing countries that have been increasing in both size and importance as of late. However, the issue about the impact on economic growth from remittances is still opened for discussion. This paper adds to this discussion by investigating the impact of remittances on growth through human capital using a panel data analysis for a sample of 14 Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries during the period 1975-2000. The results indicate that remittances have a positive impact on economic growth in the representative countries from the LAC region; however, the realization of this impact holds only when the remittance receiving country has a minimum threshold of human capital stock.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Remittances; Human Capital; Growth; Latin America and the Caribbean; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46751
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Remittances, Inequality and Poverty: Evidence from Rural Mexico AgEcon
Taylor, J. Edward; Mora, Jorge; Adams, Richard H., Jr.; Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro.
Remittances
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Migration; Remittances; Inequality; Poverty; Mexico; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60287
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Rice and Remittances: The Impact of Labour Migration on Rice Intensification in Southern Laos AgEcon
Manivong, Vongpaphane; Cramb, Rob A.; Newby, Jonathan C..
Despite being a low‐income, agriculture‐based country with a subsistence‐orientation, Laos is in the early stages of a major economic transformation whereby rural households have been experiencing rapid change in their farming and livelihood systems. Some households have engaged in what the World Bank classifies as market‐oriented farming while other households have adopted labour‐oriented or migration‐oriented livelihood strategies. This paper explores how rural households in six villages in the lowlands of Champasak Province in southern Laos make a living. These villages vary in their access to irrigation and to markets. Nevertheless, in all villages, long‐term migration of younger household members to neighbouring Thailand has come to play a large role...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Migration; Remittances; Rice intensification; Livelihood strategy; Rural poverty; Laos; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124337
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Servicios financieros en comunidades de alta marginacón : el caso del municipio de San Felipe, Guanajuato, Méx. Colegio de Postgraduados
Hernández Martínez, Fabiola.
Los Servicios Financieros ofertados por las instituciones financieras son crédito, ahorro, cambio de remesas, cambio de cheques, entre otros, sin embargo no todas las personas tienen acceso a algunos de ellos. La presente investigación pretende identificar si la oferta de Servicios Financieros que actualmente se encuentran en el mercado del municipio de San Felipe, Guanajuato son los servicios que están demandando los habitantes de las comunidades estudiadas. La investigación responde a un enfoque Mixto dominante Cuantitativo, complementándose con aspectos cualitativos. Se usó el Muestreo Simple Aleatorio (MSA) para la determinación de la muestra. Se aplicaron 79 cuestionarios en las localidades de este municipio. En el análisis de la matriz de...
Palavras-chave: Servicios Financieros; Crédito; Ahorro; Remesas; Actividades Productivas; Financial Services; Credit; Savings; Remittances; Productive Activitie; Economía; Maestría.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2106
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Shocks, Groups, and Networks in Bukidnon, Philippines AgEcon
Quisumbing, Agnes R.; McNiven, Scott; Godquin, Marie.
This study examines the role of groups and networks in helping poor Filipinos manage their exposure to risks and cope with shocks. It brings together two strands of literature that examine how social capital affects economic variables and investigate the processes by which social capital formation, participation in networks and groups, and trusting behavior comes about. Using a longitudinal study from a province in Northern Mindanao, Philippines, the authors find that households belong to a number of formal and informal groups and networks, but participation differs according to household characteristics. Households belonging to the lower asset quartiles belong to fewer groups, and households with more human and physical capital have larger social...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Social networks; Groups; Social capital; Poverty; Remittances; Philippines; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44357
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THE IMPACT OF MIGRATION AND REMITTANCES ON RURAL INCOMES IN CHINA AgEcon
de Brauw, Alan; Taylor, J. Edward; Rozelle, Scott.
New Economics of Labor Migration (NELM) theory posits a complex relationship between migrants and household income generation. This paper uses NELM and original survey data to examine the impacts of migration on income sources in Northeast China. Migration is found to increase farm incomes but decrease self-employed incomes.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Migration; Remittances; China; Self-employment; Income sources; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21656
Registros recuperados: 21
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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