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Registros recuperados: 10
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Dairy supply chain restructuring and its impact on farmers' revenues in Poland AgEcon
Falkowski, Jan; Malak-Rawlikowska, Agata; Milkczarek-Andrzejewska, D..
Supply chain restructuring and its impact on farmers’ situation have become the subject of vast interest among agricultural economists. However, there have been relatively few studies trying to quantitatively asses this issue. This paper analyses the impact of supply chain modernisation on dairy farmers in Poland. It is shown that joining the modern marketing channel positively affects farmers’ revenues. The decision to enter the modern channel is crucially dependent on access to funds and facilitated by having larger cow herds.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Supply chain; Restructuring; Dairy sector; Poland; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44060
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IMPORTANT ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURE OF MOLDOVA AgEcon
Cimpoies, Dragos; Schulze, Eberhard.
Agrarian reform in Moldova, as in all former Soviet republics, involved the transfer of land and assets of collective farms in private possession, and also restructuring of the last. It was supposed that the given directions of reforms will provide, in shortest terms, recovery of agriculture and will serve as the catalyst for serious transformations of rural areas. As a matter of fact, they became the catalyst of new problems: As appeared subsequently, the end of land transformations does not mean at all the termination of problems, but only their beginning. It is well known the fact that improvement of the state in any sector of economy and even economy at all, is in direct dependence on correctness of decision-making. But the last one, is impossible...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Methoden der Datenerhebung; Mikroökonomische Daten; Befragung; Agrarian reform; Restructuring; Problems; Agrarian transformation; Аграрная реформа; Реструктуризация; Проблема; Аграрные преобра-зования.; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; C 81.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92028
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LOCAL COOPERATIVES' EVALUATION OF BUSINESS INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES AgEcon
Hine, Susan E.; Fulton, Joan R.; Loureiro, Maria L.; Vandeburg, Jennifer M.; McNamara, Kevin T..
Agricultural cooperatives have been restructuring, by way of mergers, acquisitions, joint-ventures, and strategic alliances, to increase efficiencies to remain competitive in a changing business environment. The research evaluating the reorganization of cooperatives has revealed that less than one-half of the restructured businesses are financially successful. There is the potential to significantly influence the future health of the cooperative business sector if, first, insights can be gained concerning the factors being considered by cooperative managers when making restructuring decisions and, second, extension education programs can be adapted to meet the greatest need. In this study we examine: (a) what methods of valuation cooperatives are using...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Capital budgeting methods; Cooperatives; Finance; Restructuring; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14677
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MARKET POWER AND EFFICIENCY IN A COMPUTATIONAL ELECTRICITY MARKET WITH DISCRIMINATORY DOUBLE-AUCTION PRICING AgEcon
Tesfatsion, Leigh; Petrov, Valentin; Nicolaisen, James.
This study reports experimental market power and efficiency outcomes for a computational wholesale electricity market operating in the short run under systematically varied concentration and capacity conditions. The pricing of electricity is determined by means of a clearinghouse double auction with discriminatory midpoint pricing. Buyers and sellers use a modified Roth Erev individual reinforcement learning algorithm to determine their price and quantity offers in each auction round. It is shown that high market efficiency is generally attained, and that market microstructure is strongly predictive for the relative market power of buyers and sellers independently of the values set for the reinforcement learning parameters. Results are briefly compared...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wholesale electricity market; Restructuring; Repeated double auction; Market power; Efficiency; Concentration; Capacity; Individual reinforcement learning; Genetic algorithm social learning; Agent-based computational economics; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18195
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Restructuring and the Cost of Reducing NOx Emissions in Electricity Generation AgEcon
Palmer, Karen L.; Burtraw, Dallas; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Paul, Anthony.
We look at the effects of restructuring on three issues: (a) economic surplus and environmental quality, (b) the cost of NOx control policies and who bears the costs, and (c) the cost-effectiveness of a seasonal and an annual NOx cap in the SIP Call region. We find that without the NOx cap, nationwide restructuring leads to higher NOx and carbon emissions from the electricity sector. Adding either a seasonal or an annual NOx cap-and-trade regime in the eastern United States mitigates the increase in NOx emissions but has a much smaller effect on carbon emissions. The out-of-pocket compliance cost associated with achieving a seasonal or an annual NOx cap is moderately higher with nationwide restructuring than without, but the changes in economic surplus are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Electricity; Restructuring; Deregulation; Competition; Emissions trading; Particulates; Nitrogen oxides; NOx; Health benefits; Cost effectiveness; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q4.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10549
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The Effect of Allowance Allocation on the Cost of Carbon Emission Trading AgEcon
Burtraw, Dallas; Palmer, Karen L.; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Paul, Anthony.
We investigate the cost-effectiveness and distributional effects of a revenue-raising auction, grandfathering, and a generation performance standard as alternative approaches for distributing carbon emission allowances in the electricity sector. We solve a detailed national electricity market model and find the auction is roughly one-half the societal cost of the other approaches. This result holds under a variety of assumptions about the future state of economic regulation and competition in the electricity sector. The differences in the cost of the approaches flow from the effect of each approach on electricity price. Grandfathering is the best for producers but it imposes a substantial cost on consumers. The generation performance standard yields the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Carbon; Emission allowance trading; Allowance allocations; Electricity; Restructuring; Air pollution; Safety valve; Auction; Grandfathering; Generation performance standard; Output-based allocation; Cost-effectiveness; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q25; Q4; L94.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10536
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The Effect on Asset Values of the Allocation of Carbon Dioxide Emission Allowances AgEcon
Burtraw, Dallas; Palmer, Karen L.; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Paul, Anthony.
Paradoxically, owners of existing generation assets may be better off paying for carbon dioxide emission allowances than having them distributed for free. This analysis shows that it takes just 7.5% of the revenue raised under an auction to preserve the asset values of existing generators.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Carbon dioxide; Emission allowance trading; Allocation; Electricity; Restructuring; Air pollution; Auction; Grandfathering; Generation performance standard; Outputbased allocation; Cost-effectiveness; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q25; Q4; L94.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10705
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The Food Processing Industry, Globalization and Developing Countries AgEcon
Wilkinson, John.
Transformations in the food processing sectors of developing countries are increasingly seen as strategic from the point of view of export earnings, domestic industry restructuring and dietary issues. This article reviews a selection of the literature on these themes. It begins with a discussion of the main trends identifiable in the food processing industries of the three regional blocs of the developed world, since it is their combined impact that determines the complex patterns of globalization. There follows a discussion of the importance of non-traditional food processing exports by developing countries and the different interpretations to which it has given rise. The internal transformations of the food processing sector of developing countries under...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food processing industry; Restructuring; Exports; Dietary issues; SME; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11999
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Uncertainty and the Cost-Effectiveness of Regional NOx Emissions Reductions from Electricity Generation AgEcon
Burtraw, Dallas; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; McGuinness, Meghan.
This paper analyzes uncertainties surrounding the benefits and costs of a policy to reduce nitrogen oxides (NOX) emissions from electricity generation in the eastern United States. Under each of 18 scenarios examined, we find an annual policy would yield net benefits that are at least as great as those expected under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) currently planned seasonal policy. Preferred (midpoint) assumptions yield additional benefits of $724 million per year under an annual policy compared to a seasonal one (1997 dollars). The subset of 11 northeastern states benefit the most from an annual policy relative to a seasonal one, but relative net benefits are also positive in the remaining states in the region. An annual policy...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Emissions trading; Electricity; Particulates; Nitrogen oxides; NOX; Health benefits; Market structure; Restructuring; Deregulation; Value of statistical life; Uncertainty; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q4.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10846
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Welfare Benefits: the changing face of the Queensland beef industry. AgEcon
Rolfe, John; Donaghy, Peter.
Australian agriculture has suffered from a long-term decline in its terms of trade and a persistent cost-price squeeze. The effects on farm viability have led to declining and aging rural populations, rising rural unemployment, and substantial agricultural restructuring. To cushion these effects and assist in rural restructuring Australian State and Federal Governments have provided support to primary producers including drought aid, reconstruction aid and other support mechanisms. In Queensland the principle agency responsible for providing this support is the Queensland Rural Adjustment Authority (QRAA). This paper will examine the recent pattern of support QRAA has provided the Queensland beef industry and comment on its effectiveness and flow-on effects.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Welfare; Restructuring; Beef industry; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123631
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