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Registros recuperados: 9
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Avian Communities in the Amazonian Cangas Vegetation: Biogeographic Affinities, Components of Beta-Diversity and Conservation Anais da ABC (AABC)
BORGES,SÉRGIO H.; SANTOS,MARCOS P.D.; SOARES,LEONARDO M.S.; SILVA,ANTONITA S. DA.
ABSTRACT The Amazonian cangas is a vegetation type distributed as patches of open vegetation embedded in a matrix of tropical forest and that grows over iron-rich soils in the Serra dos Carajás region. To characterize cangas avifauna, we surveyed birds in eight patches varying from 43 to 1,366 hectares. Cangas avifauna has compositional affinities with savannas widespread throughout the Amazon and other biomes, and we estimate that more than 200 bird species occurs in this habitat. Species composition was relatively homogeneous, and the similarity among cangas patches was the dominant component of the beta-diversity. Bird communities in cangas patches exhibited statistically significant nested structure in respect to species richness and patch size. In...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amazonian habitats; Insular habitats; Iron mines; Neotropical birds; Rock outcrops.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652017000502167
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Development and characterization of microsatellite markers for Tibouchina hatschbachii (Melastomataceae), an endemic and habitat-restricted shrub from Brazil Biological Sciences
Maia, Fabiano Rodrigo; Sujii, Patricia Sanae; Goldenberg, Renato; Pereira, Viviane Silva; Zucchi, Maria Imaculada.
Tibouchina hatschbachii Wurdack (Melastomataceae) is an autogamous shrub restricted to granite (GO) and sandstone (SO) rock outcrops from subtropical Brazil. We designed primers for the amplification of microsatellite regions for T. hatschbachii, and characterized these primers to estimate genetic diversity parameters and contemporary genetic structure patterns. Eight loci were successfully amplified and were characterized using 70 individuals from three natural populations. Polymorphic information content ranged from 0.200 to 0.772 per locus. All loci were polymorphic, with allele numbers ranging from two to eight. The low degree of polymorphism may be explained by the fact that T. hatschbachii has disjunct populations and a recent genetic bottleneck, and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Genética Melastomataceae; Tibouchina; Granite; Sandstone; Rock outcrops; Population genetics; Simple sequence repeat (SSR) Marcadores microssatélites.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciBiolSci/article/view/31496
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Floristic composition, diversity and structure of the "cerrado" sensu stricto on rocky soils in northern Goiás and southern Tocantins, Brazil Rev. Bras. Bot.
Felfili,Jeanine Maria; Fagg,Christopher William.
The "cerrado" sensu stricto is a savanna woodland physiognomy which occupies most of central Brazil, with the degree of canopy cover varying from 10% to 60% at a site with trees reaching up to seven meters high. It occurs mostly on deep and well-drained soils but can also be found on shallower ones. The diversity and structure of the "cerrado" sensu stricto on shallow and rocky Cambisols and Litosols were studied here. Sixteen 20 x 50 m² plots were sampled in a random design over patches of this vegetation in northern Goiás State and southern Tocantins. All stems from 5 cm diameter at 30 cm from the ground level were measured. Vouchers were collected and deposited at the IBGE herbarium. A total of 87 species in 65 genera and 33 families were found....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cerrado; Diversity; Rock outcrops; Savanna; Woody vegetation.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-84042007000300004
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Growing Periandra mediterranea on post-mining substrate: native Fabaceae with potential for revegetation of degraded rupestrian grasslands in Brazil Acta Botanica
Figueiredo,Maurilio Assis; Diniz,Adriana Pedrosa; Abreu,Adriana Trópia de; Messias,Maria Cristina Teixeira Braga; Kozovits,Alessandra Rodrigues.
ABSTRACT Recovery of degraded areas of rupestrian grasslands is hampered mainly by the limited knowledge regarding substrate management and the biology of native species suitable for revegetation of these areas. The aim of our study was to examine the establishment and growth of Periandra mediterranea in different textures of lateritic substrate from a mining-degraded area. The growth of P. mediterranea was evaluated using fine and coarse laterite, both with and without the addition of topsoil. Survival, dry biomass, content of chemical elements and nodulation were evaluated in ten individuals per treatment sixteen months after planting. Although the substrate has low nutrient content, yet high metal concentrations, all plants survived. Plants growing on...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bauxite; Canga; Leguminosae; Recovery of degraded areas; Rock outcrops; Topsoil.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062018000200232
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Life-forms, pollination and seed dispersal syndromes in plant communities on ironstone outcrops, SE Brazil Acta Botanica
Jacobi,Claudia Maria; Carmo,Flávio Fonseca do.
Rock outcrops play an important role in enhancing plant diversity in montane ecosystems. Ironstone outcrops (cangas) are among the lithotypes less known and most threatened in SE Brazil, due to mining activities. Besides species composition, a key feature to promote their conservation and restoration is the knowledge of the community prevalent life-forms, pollination and seed dispersal syndromes. The analyses were done based on published floristic surveys of cangas in SE Brazil. A total of 353 species of angiosperms (70 families) were assigned to one of the two predominant physiognomies (open areas and forest islands) on ironstone outcrops. Sixteen families responded for 70% of all species. Compared to Raunkiaer's spectrum, phanerophytes were over- and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biological spectrum; Cangas; Conservation; Geoedaphic conditions; Rock outcrops.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062011000200016
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Small but important: The woody vegetation communities on the sandstone outcrops of Teyú Cuaré (Misiones, Argentina) Boletín de la Sociedad
VELAZCO,SANTIAGO JOSÉ ELÍAS; KELLER,HÉCTOR ALEJANDRO; GALVÁO,FRANKLIN.
Rock outcrops are commonly harsh environments that maintain important components of biodiversity because they are inhabited by endemic or relictual species. We studied the diversity and structure of the woody plant of rupestrian vegetation located in the San Ignacio department (Misiones, Argentina), and evaluated the beta diversity with respect to other neighbor vegetation formation (i.e. forest and savanna). We found 32 species, most of them were arboreal nonetheless of small size. Qualea cordata (Mart.) Spreng., Monvillea euchlora Backeb., Ocotea lancifolia (Schott) Mez and Myrciaria delicatula (DC.) O.Berg were the most important in the community structure. Rupestrian vegetation showed an intermediate woody species diversity compared to nearby forests...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Rock outcrops; Phytosociology; Rupestrian vegetation; Endemic species..
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1851-23722018000300006
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Species composition and biogeographic relations of the rock outcrop flora on the high plateau of Itatiaia, SE-Brazil Rev. Bras. Bot.
Ribeiro,Kátia Torres; Medina,Branca Maria Opazo; Scarano,Fabio Rubio.
We studied the flora of vegetation islands on rock outcrops on the Itatiaia Plateau (22°21'S and 44°40'W), at 2,400 m.a.s.l. A total of 114 vascular plant species, which correspond to ca. 20%-25% of the currently inventoried flora of the plateau, were sampled in 197 small vegetation islands (total area of 0.034 ha). Xerophytes and hydrophytes were often found side by side due to environmental heterogeneity at a small scale, explaining in part the high species diversity. Rock outcrops may support floras quite distinct from those in neighbouring habitats, due to the action of strong environmental filters, but in Itatiaia the geographic distribution patterns among rupicolous plants appear to mimic those described for the whole flora around it, with 15.1% of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Atlantic rain forest; Biogeography; "campos de altitude"; Endemisms; Rock outcrops; Rupicolous plants.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-84042007000400008
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Tropical inselbergs: habitat types, adaptive strategies and diversity patterns Rev. Bras. Bot.
Porembski,Stefan.
Inselbergs are isolated rock outcrops that rise abruptly above the surrounding plains. Granitic and gneissic inselbergs are geologically and geomorphologically old and occur throughout a broad spectrum of climatic zones. They form microclimatically and edaphically dry growth sites that support a highly specialized vegetation. Based on physiognomic criteria a number of habitat types can be distinguished that are widespread on inselbergs (e.g. ephemeral flush vegetation, monocotyledonous mats, rock pools). Three hot spots of global inselberg plant diversity can be identified which are both rich in species and endemics: a) southeastern Brazil, b) Madagascar and c) southwestern Australia.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Adaptive traits; Conservation; Endemics; Rock outcrops; Species richness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-84042007000400004
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Water relations of tree species growing on a rock outcrop in the "Parque Estadual de Itapuã", RS Rev. Bras. Bot.
Silva,Luiz Gustavo Rabaioli da; Dillenburg,Lúcia Rebello.
Water relations of the tree species Myrsine umbellata Mart. ex A. DC., Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. and Erythroxylum argentinum O. E. Schulz, growing on a rock outcrop in the "Parque Estadual de Itapuã" (RS), were studied. Environmental (precipitation, temperature, soil water) and plant (water potential, vapor pressure deficit, stomatal conductance, transpiration, leaf specific hydraulic conductance, osmotic potential and cell wall elasticity) parameters were collected in five periods and pooled into two sets of data: wet and dry periods. Myrsine umbellata showed great stability of the plant parameters, including the maintenance of high pre-dawn (psiwpd) and mid-day (psiwmd) water potentials in the dry period (-0.48 and -1.12 MPa, respectively), suggesting the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dodonaea viscosa; Erythroxylum argentinum; Myrsine umbellate; Rock outcrops; Water relations.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-84042007000400015
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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